Letter 'D'

Daffodil - Botanical name is Narcissus.  Usually these are large single, trumpet like flowers.  This species prefer it cool they need some autumn cold before they sprout. The optimum summer temperature is 17 degrees centigrade.  See also Narcissus.

Damasinnas (The Sinners) Great, Middle & Outer - Rocks south of St Martin's, south of Cruther's Point.

Darrity's Hole (East St Mary's) - East of Normandy, slightly north of Gap Point.

Davies, Rev. William - Appointed to the sole and individual care of Tresco by the S.P.C.K. in February 1783.  He soon fell out with his predecessor John Troutbeck on St Mary's.  It was said he had erratic behaviour [iosgfm pp76-83]

Day Mark (St Martins) - Sited on Chapel Down at St Martins Head in 1687.  This mark clearly visible as you approach the Isles of Scilly is a conspicuous landmark painted in red and white bands. Erected 1683 by Thomas Ekins, first steward of the Godophin Family to live on the islands. Rendered granite.  Circular tower. 4.8 metres in diameter and 6.4 metres high, set back to conical termination making it a total of approx 50 metres high. The entrance door is sealed off with incorrect date of 1637. It was painted white until 1822 but by 1833 had been painted red, and is now painted in bands of red and white. The earliest surviving dated example of a beacon in the British Isles.

Deep Point - East Coast St Mary's, east of Normandy Down.  To the north is Darrity's Hole a large cavern.

Deer Park, Samson - Constructed by Augustus Smith (Lord Proprietor of Scilly) once he had completed the depopulation of the island c.1858.  His imported fallow deer had, it is said, escaped (probably drowned) by about 1860.

Definition - Scilly Islands (From a crossword solver) - "an archipelago of small islands off the south-western coast of England near the entrance to the English Channel; formerly a haven for smugglers and pirates".

Defoe, Daniel - Early writer.  Tour of Great Britain, 1724.  Wrote the infamous comment on the so called 'Scilly Wreckers':
 "the sands covered in people, they are charged with strange bloody and cruel dealings, even sometimes with one another, but especially with poor distressed seamen who seek help for their lives and find the rocks themselves not more cruel and merciless than their prey."

Delabole - Type of small roof slate also referred to as 'peggies'.

De Gwenner Club - Cornish for; 'The Friday Club'

De Wike - Significant family present on Scilly during the medieval period said to have come from Week St Mary in north Cornwall.  See also Blanchminster, Stratton, north Cornwall.

Dock - Family of plants e.g. Curled, Shore & Fiddle Dock.

Dolmen (Dolmaen) - A type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table). Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BC). Dolmens were usually covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow, though in many cases that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone "skeleton" of the burial mound intact.  Has also been used to describe a horizontal capstone type rock like the pulpit at Peninnis.  Also a Pivoting Rock.

Dolphin House, Tresco - Built in 1799 as a missionary house for the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge (SPCK).  Dolphin House - SV 89085, 15390.

Dolphin Town, Tresco - Main village with the church.  Between New Grimsby Quay on the west side and Old Grimsby on the east.  May be named from Godolphin?

Domini de Scilly - Early name given to the Abbott and Convent of Tavistock. [vyvy p24]

Dorrien-Smith - Family established by Augustus Smith.  There are memorials to five young men from this family in St Nicholas Church, Tresco who were tragically killed in WW2.

Dover Castle or Dover Fort - The Blockhouse (built 1554) or area around it on Tresco.  See [sa67]

Downderry, Down Derry - Area [1909 Map] behind Town Beach.  Behind Anglican Church?  See Islander Magazine.

Dracæna - Type of Palm.

Drew de Barrentine - A Governor, sent by Henry III c. 1248 to Scilly to pick up 'seven quarters' of wheat.

Druid's Chair - [nr] - See Arch Druids Chair.  14 metres east of Sun Rock.  It is said that he sat here to observe the rising sun at the Summer Solstice.

Duchy of Cornwall - The Duchy estate was created in 1337 by Edward III for his son and heir, Prince Edward (later known as The Black Prince) who became the first Duke of Cornwall. The Duchy’s primary function is to provide an income from its assets for The Prince of Wales.  The Duchy have owned title to the Isles of Scilly since c. 1536 -1541 when there was the dissolution of the Abbey of Tavistock.  In 1949 it sold the freehold to many of the citizens of Hugh Town.  In 1570 they leased Scilly to Francis Godolphin which the family continued until 1831.  The island was run by the Council of Twelve. In 1832 this was changed to a Select Vestry of thirty two prominent Scillonian's meeting once per month.  In 1834 Augustus Smith was granted a lease by the Duchy, and similarly his nephew T. A. Dorrien-Smith 1872-1918. Select Vestry ceased in 1891 due to the Local Government Act. Today only Tresco is leased; currently by Robert Dorrien-Smith.  In 1985 all the untenanted land was leased (99 years) to the Scilly Wildlife Trust.

Ducking Chair - Mode of seventeenth to mid eighteenth century punishment.  Placed at the end of the Quay.

Dumpling Inn - An old St Mary's Public House which was somewhere near No Where!

DEL/DELS - These are Defence Electric Light(s) OR Range Finding Search Lights. These were installed on the Garrison in c. 1900 and powered by the sunken generator building which can be seen inside the Colonel George Boscowen's Battery.  See Pillboxes & DELS.


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