Ship Incident & Shipwreck List for Scilly

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This maritime compendium covers the archipelago of the Isles of Scilly. It also covers the surrounding sea areas which use Scilly as a focus, i.e. incidents, usually referred to as ‘off Scilly’. The Seven Stones are certainly included and some incidents may cover an area nearer to the Wolf Rock and Land’s End. The intention is to identify and verify significant maritime incidents and recorded historical events by searching contemporary archives for references. It is not intended to record detail which can be found in a well-researched, published format, hopefully referenced here. Trying to locate the source of a particular incident is, however, the objective. Many of the early historical events have been sourced from archives like British History Online (BHO), later ones from Lloyd’s Maritime Lists and those provided by the Times and the British Newspaper Archive (BNA); all available via the Internet. Ideally, at a minimum, these entries will provide limited information on the event and, for some, notes may guide you to additional information which may be found in specialist publications and the Internet. The principle section, the directory, is a listing of the Isles of Scilly historical maritime ‘incidents’; it does not only include a ‘total’ or ‘complete’ wreck. It includes other incidents generally referred as ‘casualties’. There are codes which attempt to classify the various incident categories; they are based on the information available.

Particularly with the directory, not all the information from these various sources is consistent, and many of the publications available are poor in respect of references. As a result, correct spelling of the vessel’s name and subsequent indexing, has at times, been difficult.

Early newspaper reports and sources like 'Lloyd's List', sometimes provide the only reference to many of these incidents, particularly those prior to c.1750. Where possible all these transcribed reports have been reproduced as close as possible to the actual written entries in the specific report. Included in this contemporary text is the archaic use of capital letters, punctuation, tense and contemporary spelling. Generally, particularly for the more detailed reports, it makes what can be very boring, more interesting to read. A few of these entries are unfortunately quite brief, occasionally illegible, and there certainly are errors. Newspaper reports in particular, must always be treated with caution.

Early Lloyd’s List: records appear to be reasonably reliable and are often the best at identifying the master/captain; spellings, however, often vary. Fortunately, much of the newspaper material in the earlier period is often sourced from Lloyd's. Some of the newspaper entries transcribed here, may, if very lengthy, indicate additional information available in the original report. Every effort has been made to ensure that there is a least one reliable reference as to the source, but it certainly does not mean the content is a hundred per cent reliable.

From the late eighteenth century the number of local newspapers increased significantly and there is often much duplication, called ‘copy’. Circa 1800, for significant stories, you could easily find twenty or more titles with a similar report. Reports may also be lengthier and more detailed, often with relevant, local news additions, if published, for example, close to the home port.

Where there is multiple ‘copy’ in newspapers, and certainly if researching a particular incident, be prepared to view all the reports of relevance. Some, often obscure titles, contain much more information than others and the best extracts may not have been transcribed here. We must emphasis again; be very wary of misinformation and misspellings. Incident dates, however, in these entries can generally be relied upon for month and year.

Unless the archive records have been transcribed into a digital word processor format, the Internet searches are made using Optical Character Recognition (OCR) which, because of the sometimes poor state of the aged print and non-standard fonts, like the long ‘s’, will often miss the words you are searching. Many thousands of these incident reports have been searched visually for this publication, but many have not! If you are researching a particular incident listed here, more information may be found in archives like the Times and the BNA where the OCR text can be read from the screen.

There is little doubt that all incidents are noteworthy. Keep in mind that not only is there the particular Isles of Scilly event, in most instances there is also the home port somewhere else in the maritime world. If we are dealing with a total wreck, then the chances are that these ports may also be affected by the personal loss of crew and/or passengers; certainly a valuable vessel and cargo. Local archives can also be very informative. It is a tragedy that the Isles of Scilly parish records were lost due to a fire in 1751. In the case of a few reports transmitted to Lloyd’s, circa 1785, from the agent at Scilly, there may be an issue, and this is discussed in Section 2.2, dealing with observations of losses where the identity of the vessel is not known.

There are currently about 1620 incident entries in the main incident directory list where the vessel involved has a name or clear identity. The unidentified vessel detail (approximately 230 entries) has been presented in date order. Additional sections, again in date order, are listed in the contents list on page 1 and have been added for historical interest. The Appendix I, at the end of the publication, lists all the named vessels in date order by month. Within the month they are in alphabetical order since in many cases the stated day of the month is unreliable.

A special effort has been made to identify the names of individuals and other vessels recorded in all these events in order that they may appear in genealogy and research searches made on the digital version of this publication. A few entries are local vessels, lost elsewhere. Spelling variations found in the records may also be added to the record to assist digital searches.

Any remains of the wooden sailing vessels, not recoverable at the time, particularly those encountering coastal rocks or coming 'on shore’ or ‘ashore', will have been long removed by nature and/or the local populace. Wooden vessels sinking in deeper water were soon eaten away by marine boring organisms and, where their cargoes were perishable, it is unlikely that the final resting place will ever be found. Recorded cargo items which are not perishable; iron concretions and metal artifacts may provide an important clue to a newly discovered underwater site. Armed, wooden vessels, privateers and men-of-war, will, if not salvaged, often leave significant iron concretions from guns, anchors and ammunition.

There are a large number of cannon sites around Scilly. You will note from these records that it is the later iron/steel vessels which provide most of the 'diveable' wrecks in the Isles of Scilly waters. Some of the vessels listed were dispersed, towed away, re-floated, repaired or salvaged; this is not always clear from the record.


The symbol '?' means there could be some uncertainty with the data or, that the meaning is not fully understood. Some entries may mention that a reference has not been found. This is a challenge, not a deterrent; information is continuously being added to archives, many of which are available via the Internet.

If there are any copyright issues, please inform the Editor.


(AD) – Abandoned Derelict

(AU) – Ashore Undamaged

(Col) – Collision

(DNR) – Damaged Needing Repair

(FFU) – Final Fate Unknown

LV) – Local Vessel Lost Elsewhere

(M) – Missing Vessel

(PTL) - Probable Total Loss

(PMR) – Possibly Misleading Report

RNR) – Record Needing Research

(Sal) – Salvage Involved

(TL) – Total Loss

(WL) – War Loss. See also Section 5


‘Hhds’ – Hogsheads: ‘Bulged’ or ‘bilged’ - The vessel’s bottom has been holed:

‘&c’ – and so on or etc.: ‘Ultimo’ or ‘ult.’ – last month: ‘Instant’ or ‘inst.’ - current month: ‘To make contact’ – A collision: ‘Se’nnight’ – Fortnight:

(S); ss or SS – Steam Ship: ‘Strand’ – Position of the stranding: The term can also mean a total loss:

‘Missed Stays’ - The moment when, during the operation of tacking, a sailing vessel is head to the wind. If she hangs there, with her head not paying off on the opposite tack, she is said to be 'in stays'. If her head fails to pay off on the opposite tack but falls back on the original tack, she is said to have 'missed stays'.

This resulted in several wrecks, particularly in poor weather.


1 - The Main Incident Directory

Incidents, ‘total loss’ and ‘casualties’ of named and identified vessels in alphabetical order.




2 – Unidentified Vessels Recorded Lost

Period c.1120 to 1749 - Records mainly from the historical archives.


Period from 1750 – Mainly from Lloyd’s and various newspaper archives.


“Trinity House tells me that they have made their application to the King that the coast of England may be generally surveyed anew, the appearing universally to be laid down false, and particularly Scilly, 10 minutes more north than it aught to be; by which our ships have been always to this day exposed to ruin.” Samuel Pepys


1 - The Main Incident Directory

‘A’ Entries

A. A. RAVEN [14/3/1918] (TL) The American steamship A. A. Raven was torpedoed and sunk by German Submarine UB-55 on 14/3/1918, off the Scilly Islands (17 miles off St. Mary’s).

Ref. (Their Reference: Hocking C Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the age of steam.)

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 206. (See also MAT.)

ABEONA [12/1852] (PTL) (RNR) – Morning Post, Wednesday, 29/12/1852:

A piece of wood, 15 inches long with Abeona carved thereon, in letters 1½ inch long, was picked up at Tresco on the 22nd Dec.

ABYSSINIA [12/1891] (TL) – Hull Daily Mail, Tuesday, 22/12/1891:

A Lloyd’s telegram from Scilly says: - The Norddeutscher steamer Spree, from New York, signaled that the Abyssinia steamer, of London, has been destroyed by fire. All hands saved and well.

The Belfast News-Letter, Tuesday, 23/2/1892 has a very lengthy and informative report detailing the Board of Trade Inquiry.

ACASTUS – [10/1869] (TL) (M) – Edinburgh Evening Courant, Wednesday, 6/10/1869:

It is with much reason feared that the barque Acastus, of North Shields, which sailed from Queenstown, for London, on the 11th or 12th of September, laden with timber and Indian corn from the Black Sea, has foundered during the violent gale which prevailed about the time she left Queenstown, and that all hands have perished. On the 27th ult. the stern and bottom of one of the boats belonging to the Acastus was picked up off Tenby, in Wales; intelligence has been received by the owners (Messrs. John & John S. Twizell, of Tyne Street, North Shields that another of the boats had been cast ashore at Scilly; and it is reported that part of a boat marked ‘Acastus, North Shields’ and some boxes of onions and loose oranges, has been washed ashore at Marloes. [sic]”

ACHILLE MARIE [14/2/1884] (TL) – Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Thursday, 21/2/1884:

The Achille Marie, French schooner, from Fowey for Huelva, foundered on the 14th off Scilly.

Crew landed at Gibraltar.”

ACHILLIES [c.29/10/1784] (TL) - Reading Mercury, Monday 22/11/1784:

A letter from Dublin, dated, October 13, says; “The Achilles, Captain Bready, from Lisbon to London, laden with wine and fruit, was lost on St. Mary’s Rocks of Scilly, on the 29th ult. Of 21 persons on board, among who were 3 female passengers, only the captain and boy were saved, who were picked up by a vessel bound to Londonderry, and are now arrived in this city. The above vessel was partly owned by a merchant at Cork.”

Derby Mercury ‘Copy’.

ACHILLIES [c.26/3/1886] (AD) (Sal) - Times: Monday, 29/3/1886, Issue 31719:

‘Derelict Achillies towed to mainland’

The brigantine Albert Rene, of Nantes, arrived in Penarth Roads on Saturday night, with the German barque Achillies of Memel, in tow, having picked her up derelict between Scilly Isles and the Longships. The Achillies had all her sails set, and when boarded by the Albert Rene appeared to have been very recently abandoned by her crew. The Achillies has a cargo of coal and was outward bound from Cardiff. Nothing is known of her crew.”

Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Wednesday, 7/4/1886:

Suspicious Circumstances: An examination of the German barque Achilles, which was found deserted last week near Scilly Isles and towed to Cardiff, has revealed some startling circumstances. In the aft part of the vessel two holes had been bored with a large auger below the water mark, and temporarily stopped by belaying pins, which however, had swollen and remained fast. A large hole had also been cut in the deck amidships on the port side, and boards had been nailed inside the stanchions, the effect of which would be to allow heavy seas shipped to flow into the hold. The German authorities have ordered an inquiry into the matter.

ACORN / REDPOLE [9/3/1911] (Col) (DNR) – Times: 9/3/1911, Issue 39528:

Collision, no serious damage.

ACTIVE [24/12/1804] (PTL) - Times: Saturday, 29/12/1804, Issue 6216(7):

The ship Active, Morgan, from Portsmouth, in ballast, to Chepstow, is lost at Scilly. Crew saved by the Scilly Pilots.”

Note: Times, 30/12/1805:

“Ten days since two victualling brigs sailed from hence with provisions for our ships at St. Mary’s, Scilly; They encountered shocking weather; the Active, one of them, shipped such a sea as carried away her masts and she arrived at Scilly in a bad state; the other, it is feared, has foundered.

Possibly the brig Harvey.

See also Royal Cornwall Gazette 29/12/1804] & Lloyd’s List: Fri. 28/12/1804, No. 4178.

ADA of Scilly [3/1837]

Times; Wednesday, 15/3/1837, Issue 16364: (Incident) – ‘Murder at Sea’.

Falmouth, March 11 – On the 9th instant a small vessel called the Ada of Scilly, Edwards master, arrived here from St. Michael, with a cargo of fruit, consigned to a mercantile house here. Yesterday a seaman named Petrie who had been put on board by the British Consul, for passage to this country as a distressed subject, went to the mayor and deposed, that a boy had died on the passage in consequence of the ill treatment of the master and mate. Today a full enquiry has taken place at the Town Hall, before the mayor and one of the justices for the borough. It appeared that the vessel had sailed from St. Michaels on the 22nd July; that on the 26th the diseased boy had been charged with having drunk part of the coffee intended for the master’s breakfast; inconsequence the latter had struck him across the back with a handspike, and caused him to be tied by the legs and hoisted up to the “jaws of the gaff” legs uppermost, which he was kept sometime; that the boy after a while, managed to get head upwards, and was then taken down; and that he was on coming down, forced over the side of the vessel into the water. Various other acts of severity were disposed of, one of which was, that the captain tied the boy with a rope round the waste and threw him overboard till he was senseless, and the foam was issuing from his mouth. The boy was laid on the deck in his wet cloths, where he continued groaning until about 9 at night, when he was found to be quite dead. In these acts the master and mate appeared by the evidence to have acted with about equal brutality. The evidence of Petrie was fully corroborated by a seaman belonging to the vessel named Sullivan, and a boy belonging to Poole named Harley. The master and mate are remanded a week to the town gaol. In the mean time the depositions will be forwarded to the Secretary of State upon the receipt of whose instructions the prisoners will be committed to take their trial, either on the charge of murder, or that of manslaughter. The mate’s name is Woodcock. The Town Hall was crowded to hear the depositions of the witnesses, which so excited the feelings of the auditory that the Court was frequently obliged to repress their expression by threatening to have the hall cleared.”

Times: Saturday, 8/3/1837, Issue 16385: ‘Central Criminal Court’.

Before Mr. Justice Littledale and Mr. Justice Coleridge. Richard Edwards, sailor, aged 21, and John Woodcock aged 19, were indicted for the willful murder of Alexander Nance, aged 19, upon the high seas within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty. After a long trial they were convicted of manslaughter.”

See, Times; Wednesday, 15/3/1837, Issue 16364: Trial of Scillonian Boatmen, 1837:

Times: Friday, 14/4/1837, Issue 16390: – ‘Central Criminal Court’

Richard Edwards and John Woodcock, who had been convicted of manslaughter on the high seas under very aggravated circumstances were then placed at the bar.

The Recorder told them that they had been convicted of the offence of manslaughter, the circumstances attending which differed very little from the crime of willful murder. One of them was the master, and the other the mate, of the vessel on board of which a lad, under their command, met his death by their cruel treatment. It appeared from the evidence adduced at the trial, that they had both been guilty of a series of barbarous acts towards the unfortunate deceased, until by their cruelty he lost his life. They had frequently thrown him overboard secured by a rope around his body, and dragged him through the sea while the vessel was pursuing her voyage. They beat him almost every day, caused him to be tied up to the mast of the ship with his feet suspended in the air and his head downwards, and practiced other acts of such atrocious cruelty upon him, that he died by their hands. The laws of the country were ever willing to respect and uphold that necessary authority and control which were vested in the captain of a vessel and the officers below him. They had right to punish disobedience of orders or any conduct of a mutinous description; but the law which gave them that right would not permit that those placed in peril by their acts; and he hoped that the sentence which he was about to pronounce would serve as a warning to others in command of ships at sea.

The learned Recorder then sentenced the prisoners to be transported for life”.

Times: Tuesday, 9/5/1837, Issue 16411 – ‘Removal of Convicts’

In order to make room for the prisoners committed for trial at the present session, the following convicts have been removed from Newgate Prison to the hulks, preparatory to their voyage to New South Wales: For Life – Others, plus Richard Edwards, 21; J Woodcock, 19.

ADA [3/10/1916] (TL) (WL1) - On 3/10/1916, Ada, on a voyage from Bilbao to Glasgow with a cargo of iron ore, was sunk by the German Submarine UC-26 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow),

15 miles SW from Wolf Rock. There were no casualties.

Note: according to Norwegian sources, she was sunk by UC-36. Ref.

ADELINE [30/1/1860] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 10/2/1860:

The Bishop Lighthouse Damaged. – On the 30th ult. a gale of awful violence swept over the Islands of Scilly; two vessels in a good anchorage there were in great danger; while one was saved the other (Adeline) is a wreck.”

Also; London Evening Standard, Thursday, 2/2/1860: “Scilly, Feb. 1: The Adeline, Troon to Malaga, drove on shore in a gale, Jan. 30, and is full of water.”

Good detail in IOSM page 79 & SI from Board of Trade Deposition 7/2/1860.

ADOLPHIE or ADOLPHE [2/12/1863] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 11/12/1863:

The French vessels Euphemie, Retour, master, from Cardiff for Nantes and the Adolphe, Quesler, master, from Cardiff for St. Nazaire were both sunk and complete wrecks; crews saved.” Severe weather over Scilly. Same storm that affected the Friar Tuck. Diana, Oscar and Lavinia

Extra detail in SI. Lloyd’s List: 5/12/1863.

ADVANCE [6/1862] (DNR) - Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 27/6/1862:

Scilly, June, 23: The Norwegian brig Avance, Christopherson, from Cardiff for New York, arrived on the 19th inst., leaky and with loss of sails, bulwarks, and stanchion, and mainmast sprung, having been out 40 days.” Note: “The sum of £20 has been forwarded by the sub-commissioners for pilotage to the crew of the pilot cutter Presto, of St. Mary’s, for services rendered in pumping and assisting into this port the Norwegian brig Avance, Christopherson master, bound to New York with a cargo of coals.”

ADVENA [3/1/1854] (DNR) – Holmes, master, driven onto Samson. Refloated. CSIOS, page 122.

ADVENTURE [3/1786] (TL) - Times: Friday, 24/3/1786, Issue 389 – "An English vessel, supposed the Adventure, Salmon, is wrecked off Trepani, Scilly." Sicily not Scilly, Lloyd’s, 24 March were wrong!

ADVENTURE [18/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - The British Drifter Adventure was sunk on 18/5/1917 by gunfire from the German Submarine UB-20 (Hermann Glimpf), 25 miles SW of Bishop Rock.

There were no casualties. Ref.

ADVICE [14/7/1599] (TL) - Calendar of State Papers Domestic Elizabeth 1598 - 1601. Vol. 271, July, 1599. “they of the Groyne sent out a strong ship to take him, but by a shot from the ‘Advice’ the Spaniard was set on fire, and so they left her and came for England. Your other brother is come into Scilly with the prize, and they lost the ‘Advice’ near there on Thursday”

Listed in IOSM, page 9, but not the warship HMS Advice mentioned here, this was sold in 1617.

AEGIR or AEIGR [2/5/1864] (Sal) (DNR) – Taunton Courier, and Western Advertiser, Wednesday 18/5/1864: “A Danish brigantine, the Aeigr, of Sandswale, with a cargo of (olive) oil, had a narrow escape from shipwreck at the Scilly Islands. The Aeigr had called into Queenstown for orders and was proceeding on her voyage when she went ashore at Santa Warna Bay, in the island of St. Agnes; but by the assistance of the brave islanders the vessel was saved from destruction, and towed into harbour.” IOSM, spelling the name Aegir, adds that the master was Wendin, that the sum of £150 was awarded to the salvors and she had to discharge for repairs at St. Mary’s. Just to confuse matters the Royal Cornwall Gazette, 13/5/1864 has it as a Swedish brig by the name of Alger.

AFON CEFNI [1894] (M) (TL) – This was a large four-masted steel ship out of Swansea which became a missing vessel. On the 31st January, she sailed on the 4th. A pile of timber and a lifebuoy belonging to her were picked up at Scilly. She had a crew of thirty.

See Belfast News-Letter, 9/3/1894; Glasgow Herald, 21/5/1894 & Liverpool Mercury, 14/11/1894.

AFRIC [11/2/1917] – (TL) (WL1) - The British steamship Afric was 12 miles S.S.W. of the Eddystone Lighthouse at about 5.15 a.m. on the 12/2/1917. Suddenly a torpedo struck her on the starboard side about abreast of the engine-room, causing a terrific explosion, which stopped the engines, put out all lights, broke the telegraphs, and brought the aerial down. The engineers and greasers on watch at the time were killed. The rest of the crew left the ship and stood by in eight boats, leaving the master, first officer and steward on board. At 6 a.m. a second explosion occurred on the port side abreast of No. I hold. The ship was finally abandoned after this, and at about 6.20 a.m. Submarine UC-66 appeared, questioned the master, and then shelled the ship, which sank at 7.45 a.m. The boats were picked up about 5 hours later. Five men were killed, probably by the first explosion.

Ref. Listed in WoS, 12 miles SW of the Bishop Rock.

AGENORIA [11/1834] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 24/11/1834:

Scilly, November 18: The Agenoria, Turnball, from Cadiz to London, has put in here leaky, with loss of foretopmast, sails, rigging, &c. part of the cargo unstowed, and some casks supposed damaged, having pumped up wine.”

AGNESE / CIRCASSIAN [4/1/1864] (Col) (PTL) – Liverpool Mail, Saturday, 9/1/1864, page 7:

Agnese, from Llanelly for Granville, abandoned.

Note: The Circassian which landed the crew, was also badly damaged.

Little more detail in SI & WoS page 179. Lloyd’s List, 8/1/1864, No. 15,521.

AGNES EWING – [1/1852] (TL) (RNR) – Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, Sunday, 4/1/1846:

The stern post of a vessel’s longboat, marked on the outside ‘Agnes Ewing’ was picked up off Scilly, December 24.” IOSM only, reference page 74.

AGNETTA [31/7/1783] (TL) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 9/8/1783:

Letter from Scilly, August 1st: Yesterday a large ship drove on shore on the rocks, and almost the instant she struck she went down, and all the crew, except three men and a boy, were drowned. She was a Danish ship, called Agnetta, homeward bound, and laden with tobacco, oil, &c. from America.

AIMEE MARIA [4/2/1917] (TL) – The French barque Aimee Maria was sunk on 4/2/1917 by the German Submarine U-53 (Hans Rose), south from the Scilly Isles in position 49°27N - 06°40W. Aimee Maria was on passage from Lisbon to St. Servan. Ref.

Reported in SI as Airnee Maria. Scuttled by a German submarine.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 89.

AKSAI [2/11/1875] (TL) - Times: Wednesday, 3/11/1875, Issue 28463:

"Penzance, Nov. 2 – The Aksai, Russian steamer, from Cardiff for Odessa, with coals, stranded yesterday morning on White Island, one of the Scilly group. The Captain (Boltine) and crew of 40 men were safely landed on St. Agnes. The Penzance steamer Lady of the Isles was sent off to her assistance, but owing to the thick weather, the attempt to get her off was abandoned until tomorrow."

Also; London Evening Standard, Wednesday, 3/11/1875, page 6.

Lloyd’s List: 2/3/1875, No. 19,198.

More detail. SI & WoS page 146.

Location: N49-59-110; W006-17-360.

ALA CHARLES [6/6/1883] (TL) – Western Mail, Thursday, 7/6/1883:

The crew of the schooner Ala Charles, of Aberystwith, Captain Edwards, landed at Cape Cornwall, near St. Just, on Wednesday morning, their vessel having foundered off the Seven Stones. The Ala Charles was of 74 tons’ register, and was bound from Workington to Southampton with 125 tons of rod iron. At two o’clock on Wednesday morning she was about four miles W.N.W. of the Seven Stones, a heavy sea and swell prevailing, causing the ship to labour heavily. Suddenly the vessel made a lurch to starboard, shifting the cargo and throwing the ship on her beam ends, straining her and causing her to leak. Finding there was no chance of the vessel righting, the captain had the boat launched, and the crew got on board, the schooner foundering within ten minutes afterwards. The boat was afterwards picked up by the French brigantine Antares, of Nantes, bound from Porthcawl, which vessel stood in towards land, and the shipwrecked crew landed in their own boat. Owing to the schooner being thrown on her beam ends the crew were unable to save their personal effects, and the captain lost his watch and other property.” Lloyd’s List: 7/6/1883.

Limited detail in IOSM, more in SI.

ALAMODE [20/2/1855] (AD) (PTL) – Dorset County Chronicle, Thursday, 15/3/1855:

Poole: The brigantine Alamode, Kimber master, the property of Messrs. Cox and Slade, of this port, laden with fish and oil, from Newfoundland, for Poole, was abandoned on the 20th ult., about 150 miles S.W. of Scilly. One of the crew, a native of Christchurch, was washed overboard and drowned; the others were taken off by a French barque, and landed at Havre. Before the vessel was abandoned she was water-logged, the decks had been swept of boats and everything thereon, and between seven and eight feet of water was in the hold.

ALBANA / MERIRI [25/5/1890] (Col) (TL) – Sheffield Independent, Tuesday, 27/5/1890, page 5:

Information was received at Cardiff last night of a disastrous collision between the steamer Meriri, of London, and the steamer Albana, of Sunderland, off Scilly, on Sunday morning. The vessels collided with terrific force, and the Albana sank in a few minutes. One man was so badly injured that he now lies in hospital in a precarious condition. The steam tug Britannia, which was close at hand at the time of the disaster, picked up the crew, (26 in number), of the Albana, and landed them at Cardiff, whence they proceed to London.”

The IOSM has brief detail with the name SS Nerissa instead of SS Meriri.

ALBATROSS / TOPEKA (TL?) [19/4/1898] (Col) (DNR) – Cornishman, Thursday, 28/4/1898:

On Tuesday afternoon, at 5 p.m., the Swedish barque Albatross, Captain Piersson, was towed into Falmouth harbour in a sinking condition. She is on a voyage from Mobile, with pitchpine for Dundee. All went well until midnight of Tuesday, when, sixty miles S.W. of Scilly, a large steamer crashed into her, carrying away bowsprit and jibboom, besides damaging the bows of the vessel. She at once began to make water badly, and all efforts by the crew at the pumps failed to prevent the water gaining on the vessel. Fortunately, the cargo prevented the Albatross from sinking. About one o’clock on Wednesday the steamer Iola Morganing? of Cardiff, Captain Owen, Huelva to Manchester, with copper-ore hove in sight, and offered to take the barque in tow. This was accepted, and the vessels reached Falmouth.

Mystery surrounds this collision. The unknown steamer, of thousand tons, loomed out of the darkness, struck the barque, threw an electric light on the scene, and suddenly disappeared. The captain of the Albatross thinks she sank with all hands.”

Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Saturday, 23/4/1898:

“The Central News Falmouth correspondent says fears are encountered that the vessel which collided with the barque Albatross, about sixty miles’ south-west of Scilly on Tuesday night, was the United States cruiser Topeka, which left Falmouth at five o’clock the same evening.

ALBATROSS (Incident off Scilly) [1997] (DNR) – Struck North Bartholomew leaving a quantity of her iron ballast on the sea bed.

Scillonian Magazine. 245/90 & 249/128 & Scilly Now & Then No. 49, March 2012, pages 26 & 27.

ALBERTA [9/3/1891] (TL) – Western Mail, Tuesday, 17/3/1891:

The Norwegian barque Pioneer landed at Penarth Dock on Saturday night two sailors, named John Watts and Thomas Barnes, rescued on Thursday last from the ketch Alberta, bound from Par to Gloucester with china clay, which was fallen in with about 5 pm. in a sinking condition about thirty miles N.N.W. of the Seven Stones light-ship. The master of the ketch unfortunately was lost in being hauled from one vessel to the other. The men had suffered much exposure and exhaustion at the pumps. They desire to publicly return thanks for the great kindness shown to them by Captain Nieson and all on board the Pioneer. The wants of the shipwrecked men were promptly attended to by Mr. James Edwards, hon. Agent for the Shipwrecked Mariner’s Society at Penarth, and railway warrants given to frank them home.

ALBERT [2/1870] (TL) – London Evening Standard, Wednesday, 23/2/1870:

Kinsale, Feb. 21. – Put in the Bridesmaid, brigantine, from Swansea for St. Malo, leaky, with the crew of the brig Albert, which foundered off Scilly, Captain Aagon, of Brest.

ALBERTINA [6/8/1809] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 18/8/1809, No. 4380:

The Albertina, master? From London to Liverpool, ran on a Rock at Scilly, 6th inst. and received so much damaged as to be obliged to repair there.

Similar report in Bell’s Weekly Messenger, 20/8/1809.

ALBERTINE BEATRICE [15/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Reference to the ship itself;

Tobacco for Europe – A Batavia telegram states that, as a result of the shortage of steamers, the Albertine Beatrixe, the first Dutch East Indies sailing vessel to be used for the purpose, will sail next week with a cargo of tobacco for Europe.” Reuters; The Dutch cargo Albertine Beatric was sunk on 15/6/1917 by the German Submarine U-82 (Hans Adam), 200 miles SW of Fastnet.

Albertine Beatrice was on her way from Sourabaya to Rotterdam with a cargo of tobacco.

Ref from

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 145.

ALBION [10/1/1797] (TL) - Times: Wednesday, 11/1/1797, Issue 3790:

Two wrecks, Juno & Albion. The Juno transport, from London to Africa, the Albion, Johnson, from Ipswich to Bristol, are lost at Scilly. Several other vessels have sustained considerable damage in the last gales.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 10/1/1797, No. 2888.

ALBION [1821] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 3/4/1821, No. 5580:

The Albion, Evans, from Milford to Penzance & Southampton, sailed from Scilly 23rd ult. but put back again, her Cargo having shifted.”

ALBION [25/12/1836] (TL) – Bristol Mercury, Saturday, 14/1/1837:

The Ship Albion, Thompson, of London, was totally wrecked on the night of the 25th ult. near Scilly. The captain died in the rigging. Four of the crew saved, who were taken off the wreck by a Dutch galliot, and landed at Liverpool on the 6th inst.

The Crew were Bristol men. Names of the four survivors: Joseph Wilman, William Thisselbrook, John Marks, Egart Reynolds.”

ALBION [11/1840] (PTL) – Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, Saturday, 21/11/1840:

Abraham Newman a Swede and a Mr. Wood, a man of colour, were charged with vagrancy. The latter, who was examined in the absence of the other, stated that they had been sailors on board the Albion of Liverpool, which vessel was wrecked off Scilly about a week since, on her passage from Quebec to Liverpool; and the material points of his story having been so far corroborated by the Swede as to leave little doubt of its correctness, they were discharged.”

ALBION [2/1854] (TL) – Dorset County Chronicle, Saturday, 16/9/1854:

Has details of a petition detailing survivors from the Albion. They were R. Marshall, master, John Jones, carpenter, seven seamen and two passengers. The vessel, of Bristol, was destroyed by fire on her homeward-bound passage from Port Louis, Mauritius, laden with sugar, coffee, and rice. The survivors were picked up by the brig Ann on the 4th of February at sea, Scilly bearing E.N.E., distance 30 leagues. More detail available in the report.

ALBION [18/11/1858] (TL) – Western Daily Press, Friday, 26/11/1858:

The brigantine Albion, Wyatt, of and for Plymouth, from Swansea, foundered off Scilly on the 18th inst.; crew saved by the Euphrates, of South Shields, and landed at Queenstown.”

ALERT [c.2/1870] (TL) – Liverpool Daily Post, Wednesday, 23/2/1870:

The Alert has foundered off Scilly.”

ALEXANDER [24/5/1768] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/5/1768, No. 3375:

The Alexander, Cobb, from Lisbon to London, is lost going into Scilly.

ALEXANDER [12/1836] (TL) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Friday, 23/12/1836:

The Alexander, Walters, from Loo to Newport, is on the rocks at Scilly Island, and bilged.”

ALEXANDRINE [2/1862] (AD) (Sal) (DNR) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Friday, 31/1/1862:

The brig Alexandrine, Newman, of and from Cardiff for Southampton, with coals, parted, was abandoned by her crew, and afterwards taken charge of by two boat’s crews who ran her ashore at St. Martin’s, where she lies at present with little injury and will be got off by lightening if the weather keeps fine. There will be a claim for salvage by the boat crews. One of the Alexandrine’s crew was drowned after they abandoned her.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 21/2/1862: “Scilly: The sum of £97 has been paid to the pilots and boatmen for their services in boarding the brig Alexandrine, of Cardiff, laden with coals, after she parted her chains and was abandoned in the roadsteads, Scilly in a gale of wind on the morning of the 24th ult., and running her upon the beach at the Island of St. Martin’s; and also for assisting to get her off the strand, and recovering one of the chains. This was in addition to £7 that had been paid to the same person for removing a portion of the cargo into a lighter, to enable the brig to be got off the strand.”

ALEXANDRO IL GRANDE [1/1/1851] (PTL) - Times: Friday, 10/1/1851, Issue 20695:

Scilly, Jan 6. – The Alexandro Il Grande, Gavagnin, from Galway for Cardiff, went ashore the 1st inst., during a gale, and fills with the tide; she has been surveyed and will be sold.”

There are various spellings, IOSM has Allessandro. WoS has Alessandro. Not featured in SI.

ALICE [c.12/1860] - Salvage Inquiry - Times: Friday, 10/5/1861, Issue 23929: ‘Salvage of the Alice

This was a case of salvage brought by the owners and crew of the American bark Edwin, the steam tug Little Western, the cutter Scilly & the pilot cutter Agnes against the American ship Alice, of 627 tons, to obtain remuneration for salvage services, rendered from the 29th of November till the 8th of December, 1860. The Edwin, of 449 tons, was on a voyage from New York to Antwerp, laden with a valuable cargo, and when in latitude 47.49 north, and longitude 13 west, the master observed the Alice about two points on the starboard bow of his ship, at a distance of about six miles, and she appeared to be in distress. The Edwin made for her, and passed under stern, but, as no answer was made to the hailing from the bark, the chief mate and for hands proceeded to the Alice in a boat, and with great difficulty boarded her, when they found she was derelict. She had a valuable cargo of flour and wheat, but her decks were full of water, and she was in a disabled state. The mate returned to his own ship and reported the condition of the derelict vessel, when it was resolved to take her in tow. The mate and two seamen again proceeded to the Alice, and at great risk were enabled to board her. It was found, however, that on account of the heavy sea and boisterous weather the Edwin would not steer with the Alice in tow, and therefore the mate and two hands agreed to incur the risk and responsibly of navigating her to some port. With very great difficulty and danger these three men navigated the ship in very severe weather till the afternoon of the 7th December, when the Scilly pilot approached, and the pilot and six hands were employed to get the Alice into the nearest port. The steam tug Little Western and the Agnes, of the Scilly Isles rendered additional assistance, and on the evening of the 8th December the ship was brought to anchor in St. Mary’s Roads. The value of the ship, freight and cargo was fixed by agreement at £13,000., but that value was disputed. A complex salvage case resulted where the value was set at £10,000. The Court awarded to the crew of the Edwin; £700 to Brown, the mate; £700 between the two seamen who were with him; £700 to the owners to permit their servants to perform such services when in their power; £200 to the master of the Edwin, and £200 to her crew on account of their increased labour in consequence of losing the mate and two hands. He gave £130 to the Agnes, £200 to the owners of the Little Western, £50 to her master, and £50 to her crew. As to the Scilly he pronounced for a tender of £20, with costs.”

ALICIA / BUCENTAUR [5/1881] (Col) (TL) – Dundee Courier, Wednesday, 11/5/1881:

There is reason to fear that a collision with lamentable results has occurred at the mouth of the English Channel. On Monday a pilot boat landed at Scilly a medicine chest marked Alicia, Aberystwith; also a box containing lifebuoys marked Bucentaur, Newcastle, picked up at the mouth of the Channel. On the western side of the Lizard on Monday there came ashore a large ship’s mast and a buoy with the words Bucentaur, Newcastle. The Alicia is a schooner owned by Mr. John Stoffel, of Aberaith.

The Bucentaur is a steamer of 1100 tons, owned by Mr. John Hall, Newcastle.”

ALIDA [16/2/1869] (TL) - Cornish Times 24/2/1869:

Dutch schooner of Veendam, Swansea to Tarragonna, with patent fuel, foundered three miles north of White Island, St. Martin's, Crew rescued by the gig Linnet.

Excellent detail in SI. Lloyd’s List: 19/2/1869, No. 17,114. Also; Recorded in IOSM, page 90:

Alida, master Nagel, Dutch schooner of Veendam, Swansea to Tarragonna with patent fuel, foundered three miles N.E. White Island, her crew of eight and a pilot being saved by St. Martin’s gig Linnet.

ALIDIA [14/7/1869] (TL) – Not reported in SI, but listed in WoS as offshore? No other reference found.

ALIDA JANTINA [1/11/1823] (TL) - The Morning Chronicle, 8/11/1823, Issue 17022: Netherlands: The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean off the Isles of Scilly with the loss of a crew member washed overboard. Survivors were rescued by Artuosa (UK). She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire, UK to Antwerp.

Lloyd’s List: Fri. 7/11/1823, No. 5853:

The master was Bruins, from Liverpool to Antwerp. Crew carried to Newport.

ALGONQUIN [12/3/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Lawrence & Chicago Steam Navigation Company. In 1912 she went to the Port Colborne & St. Lawrence Navigation Co Ltd of Port Colborne, Ontario and four year later to the Wasis Steamship Company, Ltd. of New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. After 30 years in service on the Lakes she passed back along the St. Lawrence, this time in one piece, to enter war service on the Atlantic under the US flag of Moore & McCormack of New York. On 12/3/1917 the old Clyde built vessel was sunk by German Submarine U-62, with bombs and gunfire, about sixty-five miles west of Bishops Rock, off the Isles of Scilly. Ref.

ALLEGHANY [Incident: 1904] (DNR) - Times: Tuesday, 30/8/1904, Issue 37486:

The steamer Alleghany, which struck some rocks off the Scilly Islands and afterwards put into Falmouth as reported in a telegram yesterday, is a vessel of 4262 tons, owned by the Chesapeake and Ohio Steamship Company. That she got off may be a matter for particular congratulation, for unfortunately, vessels that strike near Scilly generally remain there!”

ALLEGRO [10/1906] (AD) (PTL) – Western Times, Friday, 12/10/1906:

The barque Allegro of Stavanger, from Cardiff for Pernambuco, with a cargo of coal, sprang a leak, and was abandoned in a sinking condition about 200 miles west of Scilly at 4 a.m. on the 8th inst. The crew took to the boat, and were picked up by the trawler Gwalia and landed at Queenstown.

ALLINGTON [c.4/1899] (AD) (Sal) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Tuesday, 11/4/1899:

The Yarmouth ketch Allington, laden with boxwood for Kinsale, was picked up on Sunday off St. Martin’s, Scilly. The East Coast fishing boat Wild Flower picked up a small boats belonging the Allington two miles from the Seven Stones. A later telegram says the crew of the Allington were landed at Falmouth on Sunday.”

Cornishman, Thursday, 27/4/1899:

“St. Martin’s, Islands of Scilly, men have received salvage for bringing to port the ketch Allington, abandoned during the late gale.”

More local detail in IOSM page 110.

The Allington* appears in a much later report in the Glasgow Herald, 25/9/1899:

A telegram from Ramsgate states that the smack Isessa arrived on Saturday in the harbour with a crew of four hands of a Yarmouth ketch Allington on board. The rescued men belong to Great Yarmouth. Their vessel sprang a leak while in the North Sea, and the rescue was effected yesterday about 20 miles from Lowestoft. It may be that the vessel seen to founder by the Annie King was the Allington after she had been abandoned, as both accounts refer to the same locality.

*Is this the same Allington?

ALMA [5/1864] (TL) – Waterford Mail, 18/5/1864: Conspiracy to Scuttle a Ship. A lengthy but very interesting saga. Précis: The Alma was a Prussian vessel which sailed from Ramsgate having had expensive repairs and 70 miles off Scilly she foundered in calm weather. She had distress flags flying and was seen by the vessel Helena took her crew and a large amount luggage and stores. It was one of crew who alerted suspicion saying that captain spoke about doing away with the ship. It was alleged that holes were made in the vessel’s bottom, enlarged when the crew had transferred everything they needed to the Helena. The prisoner, Henrick Kohn, was remanded.

ALNWICK CASTLE [19/3/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 5,900 gross tons, defensively-armed, 19/3/1917, 310 miles W ½ S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 40 lives lost. Ref.

ALONZO [14/12/1840] (DNR) - Morning Chronicle, Monday, 28/12/1840:

The Alonzo, from Cardiff to Hamburg, was assisted into harbour on the 14th inst. making three feet of water per hour, and must discharge to repair.

AMAZON [4/1/1852] (TL) – The Royal Mail Steamer, Amazon, from Southampton to West Indies with 153 passengers catches fire having just cleared Scilly, 110 miles to the W.S.W. A terrifying tragedy detailed in many of the newspapers. See an excellent and detailed report in the South Eastern Gazette, Tuesday, 13/1/1852, page 6.

In the Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 2/12/1866 it records Elliot Warburton was lost on the Amazon.

(Irish Traveler and Novelist)

AMIABLE CATERINA See L'Amiable Caterina.

AMIABLE SARA(H) or L'AMIABLE SARAH [12/1785] (Sal) - Times: Monday, 2/1/1786.

Issue 319: Extracts of a letter from Penzance, Dec 22:

"On Saturday last, about seven o'clock in the morning, a large ship was seen about two leagues west of Lands’ End, in apparent great difficulties; the wind then very hard and east.

Thirty people from a small village called Sunning, [Sennen], went out in two boats to their assistance, between the ship and the shore, they were met by two boats from the vessel, who told them they were from Port au Prince, bound for Dunkirk, that they had been out fifty six days, and had met very hard weather. the Ship was very leaky and when they quitted her, she had six feet of water in the hold, and they supposed she would go down in less than a quarter of an hour; this did not stop the Cornish men; they boarded her, and found very foul play had been used, and great pains taken to sink the ship. Three augers were found with which they had bored holes under the cabin and also the rigging was cut away, the more to disable her, and the principal pump gear hid away. They stopped the holes as soon as possible, and in a few hours got her safe into St. Mary's, in Scilly, where they are now discharging her cargo, which is coffee, sugar and indigo; and I am just now informed by a letter (from home) that it is worth ten thousand pounds. The person who calls himself the Captain, says his name is Francis Cardon, the ship called the Sarah; and that they left the real Captain sick in the West Indies, but that story gains very little credit here. They brought a great quantity of specie on shore with them which is safely lodged in town; I understand fifty chests of dollars.”

See; Advertisement in Times Issue 1348. The sale appears to have taken place three years later. There is no mention of the specie i.e. the fifty chests of dollars?

Times: Friday, 27/3/1789, Issue 1331: – Wreck of L’Amiable Sarah - Sale of L’Amiable Sarah and her cargo at St. Mary’s, Scilly.

IOSM page 35 (1785?). Also Gentleman’s Magazine. 1786, Vol. 56. Part 1.

AMBASSADOR [12/6/1853] (TL) – London Evening Standard, Wednesday,15/6/1853:

Scilly, June, 13: The Ambassador, from Cardiff to Malta, struck the Pollard Rock (Seven Stones) yesterday, and sank in deep water; Crew saved.

Lloyd’s List, 15/6/1853, No. 12,238. WoS page 165.

AMELIA [31/8/1810] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: 7/9/1810, No. 4491:

Wrecked on Crebawethan in the Isles of Scilly while carrying coffee, cotton, rum, sugar and silver dollars from Demerara to London.

See Also; Royal Cornwall Gazette, 8/9/1810. More detail in WoS page 56.

AMELIA [18/11/1867] (TL) – A schooner, with four crew, carrying culm, foundered 13 miles off the Bishop Rock. Recorded in IOSM, page 89. No other reference found.

Note: The Amelia, Burgess, schooner of Cardiff, with coals, bound for Totnes, foundered between the Lizard and Land’s End also on the 18th. See Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser, 30/11/1867.

AMERICA [2/2/1854] (TL) – North Devon Journal, Thursday, 16/2/1853:

On Tuesday information was received of the total loss of the America on the Seven Stones, off Scilly. The America, Smith master, was on her homeward voyage from Callao, for London, with a cargo of guano. The crew were picked up by the pilot cutter New Providence, and landed at St. Mary’s, Scilly. The America was nearly a new ship, built at St. John’s New Brunswick, and was with her cargo fully insured.” Lloyd’s List: 6/2/1853, No. 12,440. Additional data in SI. Similar reports in WoS and IOSM.

AMERSON Incident [11/5/1851] (Col) - Times: Saturday, 17/5/1851, Issue 20804:

Ship incident: Amerson: Naval Intelligence, Plymouth – “The Russian ship Amerson, Captain Notzke, from St. Ubes, for Memel, with a cargo of salt, put into this port on Tuesday, to have damages, sustained by collision, made good. On Sunday, the 11th inst., at midnight, when off Scilly, she was run into by an American ship (name unknown), which stove in her larboard bow. The American passed on without offering any aid.”

AMETHYST [23/4/1851] (TL) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Saturday, 26/4/1851:

Falmouth, April 24: The Amethyst, Owen, of Exeter, from Teignmouth to Quebec, struck on the Seven Stones at noon yesterday, and foundered at 6 p.m., about seven miles from the Longships; crew saved by the Mary Laing, Brown, from Sunderland to Quebec, and landed here.”

Similar reports in IOSM, SI and WoS page 165.

Lloyd’s List: 25/4/1851, No. 11,572 & Lloyd’s List: 2/5/1851, No. 11,577.

ANDALUSIAN [12/3/1915] (TL) (WL1) – SS Andalusian was a 2,349 gross ton, British Merchant Ship. On the 12/3/1915 when 25 miles WNW from Bishop Rock, Cornwall, UK she was captured by German Submarine U-29 and scuttled when on passage from Liverpool for Patras. Ref. Also; Andalusian, 2,349 gross tons, 12/3/1915, 25 miles WNW from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine and scuttled. Ref.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 5.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1. Excellent detail in SI & WoS page 182.

ANGEL [1623] (TL) - Trinity House of Deptford Transactions 1609-1635.

London Record Society. Vol. 1, 1623.

“At the request of John Duff, of St. Maries, London, a Scotsman, they certify that he was the Master and owner of the Angel of London, which was cast away in foul weather at the Isles of Scilly, coming from Ireland from La Rochelle, to his great loss.”

ANGELINA [25/12/1804] (DNR) – London Courier and Evening Gazette, Tuesday, 8/1/1805:

The Prussian galliot Angelina, (Albertiena?) from Rendsburgh to Lisbon, laden with wheat, linen, &c. in the gale of Christmas-day, off Scilly, was thrown on her beam ends with the violence of the sea, which carried away her main boom, damaged her rudder, and washed a man overboard, who was drowned; she was brought in here last night, but is going round to Dartmouth to repair.”

ANGLESEA [24/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,534 gross tons, defensively-armed, 24th April 1917, 160 miles W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

ANN [15/11/1807] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 24/11/1807, Issue 7213: “Wrecks. Arrived the Ceres, from Cork, with provisions, last from Scilly; she brings intelligence that the brigs Ann, Langdon, and Tamar, Bebbins (Bibbins or Bevins), both belonging to this port, were driven on the rocks of Scilly on Monday last, and totally wrecked; crews saved. They were both in ballast, bound to Ireland.

Also; Royal Cornwall Gazette 28/11/1807 & Caledonian Mercury; Issue 13403, 28/11/1807.

ANN [16/1/1820] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 31/1/1820: “The Ann, Codner, from Swansea to Teignmouth, in leaving Scilly 16th inst., struck a rock, lost her rudder and received other damage, but was got off with assistance, and carried into St. Mary’s Pier.” Note: Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, 17/2/1820: “Teignmouth, Feb. 14”, mentions her being on shore at Saltz?

ANN [1/4/1830] (TL) – Brighton Gazette, Thursday, 22/4/1830: Ann of London, an Irish trader, cargo of pork, bacon, &c. caught fire on the 1st inst., 120 miles from Scilly W by S. The vessel burnt out in 4 hours the crew having taken to their boat. They were picked up by the Magdalen of London and landed at Standgate Creek. More detail in this report.

ANN [28/10/1841] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Monday, 22/11/1841:

Scilly, November 12: The Ann, Clements, from Falmouth to Cork, put in here on the 28th ult., very leaky, with loss of bulwarks, sails split and other damage, and was run on shore near the pier; cargo discharging.”

ANN [c.1875] (TL) – Reported wrecked on the Seven Stone in IOSM, page 97.

ANN (or ANNE) (TL) – [3/1789] - Times: Wednesday, 25/3/1789, Issue 1329:

"The Anne [Ann], Grant, from Newfoundland and Vigo to Dartmouth, is lost at Scilly.

Similar report in Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/3/1789, No. 2075.

ANNE [10/1742] (TL) - Newcastle Courant, Saturday, 2/10/1742, page 3:

The Anne, Cobbet, bound from Sunderland to Scilly is on Shoar on the latter Place, and no hopes of getting her off.”

ANN BANFIELD of Scilly [4/11/1871] (TL) (LV) – Bucks Herald, Saturday, 3/8/1872:

The Board of Trade have awarded an aneroid to Captain Reverdy Ghiselin, of the American Ship American Congress, of New York, in acknowledgment of his humanity and kindness to the master and crew (ten in all) of the brig Ann Banfield, of Scilly, whom he rescued from their sinking vessel on the 4th of November, 1871, on the southern end of the banks of Newfoundland, and landed in London on the 22nd of the same month.

ANN & JANE [3/1853] (Sal) (DNR) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 11/3/1853:

The schooner Ann and Jane, Pritchard, of and from Carnarvon, for Perth, with slate, was assisted in on the 3rd inst. with loss of main boom, and very leaky, and both pumps broken, the crew obliged to bale with buckets, having struck on a sunken rock about 1 o’clock the same morning – St. Agnes light bearing S.S.E. The cargo is being discharged; and the pilots have been awarded the sum of £30 for their services in bringing her in, by the sub-commander of pilotage.”

ANNA [6/1799] (DNR) - Aberdeen Journal, 17/6/1799: “The Anna, Berk, from St. Croix to Copenhagen, is got into St. Mary’s, Scilly, with much Damage, after being on the Rocks.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 4/6/1799, No. 3071.

ANNA [31/10/1815] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/11/1815, No. 5020:

The Anna, Ives, from London to Lisbon, put into St. Mary’s, Scilly, 31st ult. in a leaky state, and Bowsprit sprung.”

ANNA [3/1869] (TL) – North Devon Journal, Thursday, 11/3/1869: Précis: The American vessel Anna, 1,077 tons, was thrown on her beam ends about eighty miles southwest of Scilly. The captain, his wife and twenty crew were saved by the Arrow schooner of Brixham. More detail in this report.

Taunton Courier, 17/3/1869, adds; the vessel was 1077 tons’ register, the property of Mr. S.C. Blanchard, of Yarmouth, Maine. She was valued at £12,000, and the cargo at £1400.

ANNA DI ADRIANA [23/2/1759] (TL) - New Owens Weekly Chronicle 1759:

"Information has been sent to the same office that on the 23rd last month (February) at night, the Schooner Anna Di Adriana was wrecked on the Islands of Scilly, the crew lost and also the cargo, which is supposed to be tobacco stalks."

ANNA GURINE [24/10/1916] (TL) (WL1) - The Norwegian cargo vessel Anna Gurine was sunk on the 24/10/1916 by the German Submarine UB-29 (Herbert Pustkuchen), 30 miles S1/2W from the Longships Light-vessel. Anna Gurine was on passage from Glasgow to Nantes with a cargo of coal. There were no casualties. Ref.

ANNA MARGRETA [7/1/1852] (PMR) – Wrong Burnt Island entry in SI and WoS.

ANNA MARIA (DE) [17/1/1760] (AD) (Sal) – Dublin Courier, Monday, 4/2/1760:

A Dutch doggar, burthen 150 tons, and laden with 220 hhds of tobacco, from Whitehaven, suppos’d for Holland, was towed into Scilly the 17th ult. with no living creature on board; she had wrote on her stern in gold letters ‘17 De Anna Maria 39’.”

ANNA MARIA [24/5/1861] (TL) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 11/6/1861:

Anna Maria, Captain Siegers, from Ibrail to Falmouth, with barley, foundered off Scilly on the 24th May; crew picked up and landed here. Malaga, June, 8.

ANNE AND MARY [2/12/1732] (TL) - Derby Mercury, Thursday 11/1/1733, page 4:

The ‘Anne and Mary’ of Cork, William Lucas, Master, bound for Gibraltar, but last from Cadiz for London, was lost on the 2nd December last, on the rocks of Scilly and her crew were all drowned.

Except one boy, who saved himself on a piece of timber.”

ANNIE F. CONLON [3/10/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Annie F. Conlon was attacked by the German Submarine UC-47 (Paul Hundius) in the Scilly islands (UK) and sank while she was towed.

Ref. (See also MAT.)

Can be seen on Google Earth at: N49-57-230: W006-18-181:

Excellent reports in SI & WoS page 156.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 175.

ANS [6/12/1916] (TL) WL1) – The Russian schooner Ans was on a voyage from Preston to Nantes when she was sunk on 6/12/1916 by the German Submarine UB-29 (Erich Platsch), 15 miles SW of Bishop Rock. Ref.

Recorded in SI. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 76.

ANTHONY [17/12/1838] (TL) – North Devon Journal, Thursday, 27/12/1838:

Plymouth: On Friday morning, the brig Anne of this port, Fowler, master, arrived here, having picked up near the Seven Stones, on Wednesday, two seamen, named Wm. Biswick and Wm. Rowett, who had saved themselves in the jolly boat, being the only survivors of the crew of the brig Anthony, of Scarborough, Headly master, which vessel was totally lost between 12 and 2 o’clock a. m. on Wednesday last, on the Seven Stones Rocks, near Scilly, when, dreadful to relate, the master, his wife, and seven of the crew, were unfortunately drowned. She was from Gloucester to London, with salt; she struck on those sunken rocks, and in ten minutes after, she went down; six or seven of the crew got into the pinnace, but this boat was carried down with the vessel, and those in her sunk in the dreadful abyss-one only rose (one of those saved) who was picked up by his shipmate, who had jumped overboard as the vessel was sinking, and got into the jolly boat, which fortunately was adrift, and by that means their lives were saved. These poor fellows, when taken up by Captain Fowler, had no other clothing than their shirts and drawers. They were treated with the greatest possible kindness by the master and crew of the Anne and on their arrival here, a subscription was immediately commenced in order to alleviate their distress, and procure them necessaries.

ANTINOE [28/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 2,396 gross tons, defensively-armed, 28/5/1917, 150 miles W.S.W. from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 21 lives lost including Master. Ref. WoS has Antone.

ANTONIOS Ex Greta Holm [8/12/1912] (TL) - Times: Thursday, 12/12/1912, Issue 40080:

Feared Loss of a Greek Steamer – News was yesterday received that wreckage had been washed ashore at St. Agnes and that on an oar was the name Greta Holme. The wreckage included two lifeboats, derricks, and hatches. Nothing was seen of any of the crew. The Greta Holme is the name under which the Greek steamer Antonios was previously known, and consequently the Antonios at once became almost uninsurable. The Antonios was bound from Fiume for Liverpool and was reported to have left Algiers on December 2; she is described in the Register as a vessel of 2,626 tons, built in 1894, is insured on a valuation of £18,000, of which only £12,500 is payable in the event of total loss. The current policy expires on Friday.

Should the Antonios have thus been totally wrecked the loss of her cargo will be much more serious matter financially than the loss of the hull. She was laden with a full cargo of sugar, which may be estimated roughly to be worth £40,000. Sugar cargoes, which are, of course, highly susceptible to water damage, are considered to have brought some rather heavy claims of late, and consequently the rate from Fiume to Liverpool was recently advanced from 10s to 15s per cent. Yesterday on the fear that the Antonios had been lost underwriters were quoting 20s per cent. for sugar from Fiume in a British boat.

Note: She was not found for many years, and only identified, c. 1968, near the Old Bess Rock by divers searching for the stern of the HMS Association.

Reports in IOSM, SI & WoS page 46. Location: N49-51-718; W006-24-238.

ANTONIOS M MAVROGORDATOS [17/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) - This Greek steamship was torpedoed and sunk by UC-48 about 7 miles S. of Wolf Rock on passage Liverpool for Gibraltar with coal.

Ref. (WoS has Antonios M Mairog’s)

ANTWERPEN SS [12/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) – SS Antwerpen was torpedoed during her maiden trip on 12/9/1916 by UB-18, some 30 miles from the Scilly Islands. She was on her way from New York to London. The crew was saved by the British destroyer Cameleon. Ref.

AQUILA [4/1837] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 17/4/1837:

Scilly, April 11: The Aquila, Powis, from? to London, came in here 9th inst. with loss of topmast, yard, jib boom, and leaky, and part of the cargo thrown overboard.

ARCADE [1/1/1811] (Sal) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 8/1/1811, No. 4526:

The Arcade, Gardner, from Brisbane to Falmouth and Jamaica, ran on shore at Scilly 1st ult. but was got off without damage.”

ARCANA / L’OBILIGO [16/6/1876] (Col) (PTL) - Times: Saturday, 17/6/1876, Issue 28658:

Collision, Arcana & L’Obiligo off Scilly; Fatal Boat Accident, - “A St. Ives fishing boat, the Arcana, was run into yesterday morning off Scilly by the Italian brig L’Obiligo. There were seven men on board the fishing boat at the time, and all but two managed to scramble on board the brig. Those two; Thomas Benetto, aged 20, and William Mitchell, aged 70, of Newlyn, near Penzance were drowned. The rescued men were afterwards transferred to a pilot cutter and landed at Falmouth. They say the captain of the Italian brig refused to put about to endeavour to rescue the two men.” The Arcana was found derelict.

ARDENCRAIG [8/1/1911] (TL) - Crim Rocks - Times: Monday, 9/1/1911, Issue 39477:

Loss of a British Sailing Ship – The Glasgow sailing ship Ardencraig foundered off the Scilly Isles yesterday afternoon in view of a considerable number of people who were watching.

About 2 p.m. distress guns were fired from the Bishop Lighthouse, and the St. Agnes and St. Mary’s lifeboats were soon afloat. There was a thick fog at the time, but about 2.30 the fog cleared and a large ship was seen in Broad Sound. She had apparently been ashore, but when seen was drifting with her foreyard aback. After watching her for about an hour, the crowd saw her suddenly roll over to port and founder. Several boats were seen close by, and it was supposed the crew were in them. This proved to be correct, as the boats were soon making for the shore. The crew subsequently landed all safe.”

Times: 10/1/1911, Issue 39478: Wreck of the Ardencraig and the question of Submarine Signaling.

More detail in this Times report. Lloyd’s List: 9/1/1911. Reports in IOSM, SI & WoS page 60 & 61.

Location: N49-55-302; W006-23-654.

ARDENT [29/10/1815] (Sal) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/11/1815, No. 5020:

The Ardent of Cardigan, Lloyd, from Waterford to London, was driven on shore during a Gale on 29th ult. on some rocks near Annette, Scilly, and was abandoned by the Crew; but they returned to her next morning and found her nearly discharged by the Islanders, and about 300 firkins of Butter missing. The Ardent was got off, and on 31st ult. was at Anchor near St. Mary’s.”

ARGO [23/10/1880] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 28/10/1880:

The schooner Argo, Lewis master, belonging to Bridgewater, and from Newport with a cargo of coal for Polruan, having sprung a leak at sea, made for Old Grimsby Harbour, Scilly, with four feet of water in her hold, on Saturday evening. But darkness coming on, she struck on the rocks at Teän Island and remained. The master and crew landed on the island, where they were seen and rescued on Sunday morning. The vessel will become a total wreck. Salvors have stripped her of her sails and other materials, and brought them to St. Mary’s in charge of the Lloyd’s agent.” Cornishman, 4/11/1880:

On Monday, the wreck of the Argo, of Dublin, with a cargo of coal on board, was sold for £11.”

Excellent detail in SI. Lloyd’s List: 26/10/1880, No. 20,748.

ARGYLL [13/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,547 gross tons, defensively-armed, 13/4/1917, 110 miles W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 22 lives lost.


ARIADNE / VENUS [4/1819] (AD) (PTL) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 24/4/1819:

The Ariadne, Rohde, from Bourdeaux to Bremen, was run foul of 15th inst., to the southward of Scilly, by the Venus, Krayer, from Amsterdam to Cadiz; the former filled with water, fell on her beam ends, and was abandoned by the crew; the latter put into Falmouth on the 17th, with loss of bowsprit, boat stoved in, and stern broken.”

ARIADNE of Scilly [28/10/1859] (LV) (TL) – Jersey Independent and Daily Telegraph, 1/11/1859:

Newhaven, Oct. 28: The Ariadne, of Scilly from Malaga for Leith, is totally wrecked, and the cargo (fruit) washed away. Crew saved.”

ARMENIAN [28/6/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Yorkshire Evening Post, Thursday, 1/7/1915, page 6:

The Leyland liner Armenian (8000 tons) has been torpedoed and sunk near the western entrance to the English Channel by a German Submarine. The attack took place late on Monday afternoon, but it was not until to-day that the news became available for publication. There has been loss of life, but up to the present it is not possible to say exactly to what extent. One correspondent says there were 30 deaths. The West African Mail steamer Tarquah, which arrived at Plymouth on Tuesday, reported that on Monday afternoon, about four o’clock, a wireless call ‘S.O.S’ was received from the Armenian, which was then twenty-three miles west of Trevose Head, on the Cornish Coast. She reported that she had been attacked by a submarine, which two hours later was reported to have fired on the Armenian.

Skipper Peter Defer, of the Belgian steam trawler President Stevens, who has arrived at Milford Haven, reports that at seven o’clock on Tuesday morning he picked up some men, including the captain of the Armenian who told him that the vessel was bound from America to an English port.

On Monday night, when 54 miles north-east of the Bishop Rock, Scilly Isles, the Armenian was torpedoed. Some of the crew were either killed outright or drowned, while others were badly wounded. The Belgian skipper did his best to succor them.

Six survivors of the Armenian have arrived at Cardiff. They confirm the statement that some lives were lost. The Armenian was bound from Newport News, and the submarine was sighted about 200 miles of the Scilly Isles. Efforts were made to escape, but the steamer was rapidly overhauled. The submarine fired two torpedoes, causing the Armenian to sink in about half-an-hour. The submarine ran close to a capsized boat-load of men, but did not pick any up. As nearly as the survivors could remember there were 16 ship’s officers on board and two Marconi operators, while the crew numbered about 50. Some were picked up by a Belgium trawler (presumably the President Stevens), but it is feared that some were killed by shell fire or were drowned. It is stated by one of the survivors that the submarine was the U-58. Another survivor said the German Submarine was sighted a long distance off, and Captain Trickey made a gallant effort to escape. A shell dropped through the skylight into the engine-room. When the boats were launched one of them capsized, and all the occupants fell into the sea.

A Cardiff correspondent says the Armenian carried a crew of 50, and altogether about 30 lives were lost. The Armenian left Newport News ten days ago. Most of the surviving members of the crew have gone on from Cardiff to Liverpool. A Lloyd’s message, received late this afternoon, says five of the Armenian’s boats were picked up by the Belgian trawler, and it is reported that none were killed and a few wounded.” Excellent up-to-date detail in WoS page 184.

AROS CASTLE [21/11/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,460 gross tons, defensively-armed, 21/11/1917, 300 miles W by S ¼ S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 2 lives lost. Ref.

ARTHEMISE [4/3/1861] (Col) (TL) – Morning Chronicle, Monday, 18/3/1861:

Scilly, March 4: The French brig Arthemise, Le Merc, of Bordeaux, from Cardiff for St. Nazaire, which was run on shore after collision, Feb. 28, has since sustained so much that she will no doubt become a wreck. Part of her cargo and materials saved. Both* accidents were duly recorded, in February, by the Morning Chronicle.” *The French brig Pauline.

ARZILLA [1/1883] (TL) – Edinburgh Evening News, Tuesday, 30/1/1883: “A Plymouth telegram say the ship Arzilla has been lost off Scilly Island with all hands, her nameboard, boats rudder, and broken deck planking having come ashore. The Arzilla is owned by Mr. Metcalfe of Sunderland. She would have, at least, a crew of 30 hands. Another account says; The ship Windsor Castle, which arrived yesterday in the Thames from Sydney, states that whilst coming up the English Channel a large ship totally dismasted, was sighted on the lee bow. The Windsor Castle passed close under the other ship’s stern, and found she was abandoned and fast sinking. She was hailed, but no sign of any one being on board was discovered. The vessel proved to be the Arzilla, 1120 tons’ register, bound from Cardiff to Monte Video. A few minutes after being passed she heeled over and foundered. The crew of 35 men have not been heard of.

ASHLEAF [29/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 5,768 gross tons, defensively-armed, 29/5/1917, 150 miles West from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

ASON [17/12/1916] (TL) (WL1) – Dundee Evening Telegraph, Wednesday, 20/12/1916:

The owners of the steamer Ason have received a telegram announcing that the vessel has been torpedoed. The cargo is insured in Britain. The crew were picked up and landed at a British port.”

Recorded in SI. Torpedoed and sunk by UB-38.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 78.

ASP [18/1/1917] (TL) WL1) - Built by Sir James Laing, Sunderland (No. 523); 1759 gross tons, Triple expansion engine (NE Mar. Eng. Co. Ltd., Sunderland), 169 hp. On 18/1/1917, the Norwegian cargo ship SS ASP, owned at the time of her loss by T. B. Heinstein & Sons, Kristiansand, was on a voyage from Barry to Fayal (Azores) with coal, when she was sunk by German Submarine UB-38, 45 miles N1/2E from Bishop Rock. Ref.

ASSIMACOS [11/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) - SS Assimacos, built by C. S. Swan & Hunter, Newcastle in 1890 and owned at the time of her loss by M. Embiricos, Andros, was a Greek steamer of 2898 tons. On 11/9/1916, Assimacos, on a voyage from Glasgow to Genoa with a cargo of coal, was scuttled and sunk by the German Submarine UB-18 (Otto Steinbrinck), 45 miles south of Seven Stones.



An extremely well documented incident. The History of the life and Reign of Her Majesty Queen Anne. Published in 1740. October 1707 entry Page 246: “We received an account the later end of the same month of the loss of Admiral Shovel, in her Majesty’s ship the Association, together with the Eagle, Romney, and Firebrand in their way home from the Straights.”

(Firebrand is covered in part here, in wreck entry Golden Lyon 1681)

Definitive: Sir Cloudesley Shovell, Stuart Admiral by Simon Harris. ISBN: 1862270996. 2001.

Scillonian Magazine. 265/125. Location: N49-51-741; W006-24-272.

ASSOCIATION [3/1/1780] (TL) - Saunders’s News-Letter, Wednesday, 19/1/1780:

The Association, a French ship of war of 22 guns, besides swivels, built by a company of merchants at Havre de Grace, was lost on the 3rd inst. About ten o’clock at night on the rocks of Scilly. Part of the crew were drowned; the rest got on shore.

ASTILLERO [17/2/1913] (Col) (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 27/2/1913:

On board the steamer Manistee, and in a pitiable plight, were 24 of the crew of the Spanish steamer Astillero who had been picked up off the Scillies. Their vessel had been in a collision with an unknown sailing vessel, and, with no provision and with only inadequate clothing, the crew took to the boats. It was 12 hours later when the Manistee noticed their distress signal and picked them up, several being almost naked, and all in a pitiable state of exhaustion. Shortly after the arrival of the Manistee the steamer Chindwin arrived with three more of the Astillero’s crew, who had been picked up 20 miles north of Scilly. They reported that the Astillero sank after the collision. She was a vessel of 1,488 tons, bound from Glasgow to Bordeaux.

Short reports in IOSM & SI.

ATHENIAN [8/4/1878] (TL) – Portsmouth Evening News, Wednesday, 10/4/1878:

The captain and a portion of the crew of the Strathenian (wrong name), which sank off Scilly on Monday, landed at Queenstown to-day, by the steamer Harry S. Edwards. Chief officer and remainder of the crew in second boat, missing.

Just to confuse matters: Stafford Sentinel, Wednesday, 10/4/1878 has;

The steamer Athenian, from Liverpool to Constantinople, capsized sixty miles from Scilly, on the 8th inst. The captain and fifteen men have been picked up, but the boat containing the mate and seven hands is still missing.

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Thursday, 11/4/1878: “The missing boat’s crew of the steamer Athenian, which as reported yesterday foundered off Scilly on Monday, were landed at Crookhaven yesterday, having been picked up at sea by the schooner Puella, Capt. Jones.

The Athenian belonged to Messrs. Shotten and Co., North Shields.”

Much more additional information and detail in the Derry Journal, Friday, 12/4/1878:

ATLANTIC [22/1/1868] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 30/1/1868:

Scilly: During a terrific storm the pilot cutter Atlantic was driven from her moorings in the pool at St. Mary’s, and became a total wreck on the rocks.”

Similar report in IOSM & SI. Lloyd’s List: 27/1/1868.

ATLANTIC [13/12/1874] (TL) – Birmingham Daily Post, Friday, 3/11/1876:

Her Majesty’s Government has awarded a binocular glass to Captain Linderman, master of the German ship Meta, in acknowledgment of his kindness to the master and crew of the barque Atlantic, of London, whom he rescued from the wreck of their vessel on the 13th of December, 1874, sixty miles’ south-west of Scilly. The shipwrecked crew were treated with great kindness by Captain and Mrs. Linderman and the crew of the Meta, and were landed at St. Nazaire on the 21st of December following.”

ATLANTICO [30/9/1918] (TL) (WL1) – SS Atlantico was an Italian cargo steamer of 3,069 gross tons which was captured and scuttled by German Submarine U-38 when 15 miles SE of Formentera when on route from Buenos Aires for Genoa with a cargo of wheat.

Ref. (from Some good detail in SI & WoS page 189.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 236.

ATTITI / NEGOCIATOR [15/3/1862] (Col) (TL) – Waterford Mail, Wednesday, 19/3/1862:

Plymouth, 19th March: The ship Negociator of Sunderland, with coal for Genoa, ran down the Russian brig Attiti on the morning of the 15th, about 70 miles off Scilly. The brig sank immediately – one man drowned. The Negociator was abandoned shortly after in a sinking state. The crews of both vessels were picked up, and have just been landed here.” Some reports have Ahti and some Abiti.

AUGUST ROSE [12/9/2000] (TL) – Sunken fishing trawler. Listed in WoS. Recorded in

AURORA [31/5/1780] (Col) (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 9/6/1780, No. 1170:

The Aurora, Gosling, from Dartmouth to Waterford, was run down the 31st ult. between the Land’s End and Scilly, by a large Prussian Ship; the Crew saved.”

Also Caledonian Mercury, Wednesday, 14/6/1780.

AURORA [31/12/1784] (PTL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 14/1/1785, No. 1638:

The Aurora, Dixon, from Leverpool (sic) to London, with Coals, struck on some sunken Rocks near Scilly Islands, was got off into St. Hellen’s Gap, where she sunk; it is hoped Part of the Materials and Cargo will be saved.”

AURORA [4/1811] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 2/4/1811, No. 4550:

The Aurora, Wetherall, from Waterford to Lisbon, put into Scilly 24th ult., leaky, and must discharge part of her Cargo to repair.” Lloyd’s List: Tues. 9/4/1811, No. 4552: “sailed from thence the 1st ult.”

AURORA [11/12/1811] (TL) - A total loss when stranded on the Seven Stones Reef between Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly while carrying cork from Lisbon to Cork, Ireland. Detail in SI.

AURORA [19/8/1860] (TL) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 21/8/1860:

Scilly, August 20: Aurora (Austrian Brig), Captain Merlato, from Ibrail to Falmouth, with wheat, struck on the Western Rocks yesterday morning, vessel and cargo totally lost, crew saved.”

Lloyd’s List: 23/8/1860, No. 14,477. WoS page 55 & 59.

AUSPICIOUS [2/1821] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 27/2/1821, No. 5572:

The Auspicious, Drewitt, from London to Waterford, which was on shore on the Rocks at Scilly, has been got off by assistance, with her keel and fore foot damaged, and carried into New Grimsby to repair.” Morning Post, 19/2/1821: “The Auspicious, Drewett, from London to Waterford, got on a rock in New Grimsby Harbour on the 10th inst. by which she broke part of her knee and filled with water, and is now on her beam ends.

Her stores are landed, and it is expected she will be got off next spring tide.”

AUXILIAN [5/1/1867] – (Sal) (DNR) Carlisle Journal, Friday, 18/1/1867:

The barque Auxilian, of North Shields, 300 tons, Franzier master, from Alexandria, has been aground near St. Mary’s Pier, Scilly, with 7½ feet of water in her hold.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 24/1/1867:

The pilots and boatmen of the island of St. Agnes have been awarded £275 for services rendered to the barque Auxilian, of Shields, from Alexandria, with a cargo of cotton seed, on the night of the 5th inst.

Newcastle Journal, Monday, 14 1/1867: A very lengthy and detailed report. Here however, she is referred to as the Auxiliar!

AWARD [19/3/1861] (TL) - Times: 26/3/1861, Issue 23890:

‘Loss of the Award, of Liverpool’

This ship was from Liverpool, bound to New Orleans, in ballast. She was stranded on the 19th inst. At about 1 a. m. on a small island called Gweal; westward of Bryher, Scilly Islands, and will, no doubt, become a total wreck. At the time she struck it was blowing a gale from the north-north-west – a most terrific sea running; had she not been a very strongly-built ship, she must have broken up at once, and all her crew, consisting of 23, would have perished, as there was no possibility of approaching her with a boat. When first observed she was lying with her head to the north-east and her foremast cut away; she then swung round upon her heel, her bow coming on the rocks on the north point of Gweal. Her foremast, which was still fast to the ship by the stay, washed on the rocks. About noon one of the crew, an Italian, and a most courageous fellow, went down the stay, taking a line with him, and, at the risk of his life, succeeded in effecting a communication with the shore; a hawser was then made fast to a rock, and by this means the crew were all safely landed upon Gweal. A great many persons were assembled on the nearest point of Bryher, having a boat in readiness (should the sea subside) to get the crew from Gweal. The distance across from Bryher to Gweal, at the then state of the tide, is from 100 to 150 fathoms; there was a very heavy surf in the neck, but notwithstanding this, at 2 p. m. a boat was launched over the rocks about 100 yards, manned by the following persons – viz., Mr. W. Johns, Coastguard, chief officer; Phillip Glanville, Coastguard; Patrick Trevellick, Stephen Woodcock, John Jenkins, James Jenkins, and Richard Ellis, boatmen; and, after several ineffectual attempts to reach Gweal, they were forced to abandon their object, but not until they had spoken with the crew, and learnt that they had provisions. The risk they ran was very great. On Wednesday, the 20th inst., at 4 a.m. the boat was again launched; the same persons as mentioned above were in the boat, with the addition of James Jenkins, Trinity pilot, and Captain Hicks, of the Merlin. This time they managed to reach Gweal, and were forced to haul the boat up to save her, and wait for the next tide. When they got on the island they found the poor fellows were without water and suffering very much in consequence. At 2 p.m. the weather having somewhat moderated, and the sea gone down in a measure, the boat was launched, and by 5 p.m. the crew were all safely landed on Bryher, but not without great risk. No one had anything but what he stood in; all were, thoroughly wet, having to pass through the surf on both sides. Every one was heartily glad to see the poor fellows safe, who had behaved most admirably under the circumstances; but the rush for water by the crew is beyond description. There is great credit due to the brave fellows who went in the boat; it was certainly at the risk of their lives.”

Greenock Advertiser, Thursday, 11/4/1861: Reports that due to fine weather that the whole of the stores and materials from the Award have been saved. “Captain Watts, with his gang of men will be able to save everything that can be moved.”

Lloyd’s List: 23/3/1861, No. 14,654, WoS page 127, Islander Magazine, Summer, Edition 5, page 60 & Scilly Now & Then, No.57 page 41, 2013.


‘B’ Entries

BAGDALE [2/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) – The British steamer Bagdale was torpedoed and sunk by UC-66, 13 miles N by E1/2E of Creach Point, Ushant (Ouessant). She was on passage Clyde for Naples. Twenty-three lives were lost. Crew reported to have got to Scilly. Ref. (WoS page 185.)

BALLARAT [25/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 11,120 gross tons, defensively-armed, 25/4/1917, 24 miles S by W from Wolf Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

BANDOENG [22/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Daily Mirror, Thursday, 1/3/1917:

Amsterdam; Tuesday: It is understood that the whole of the cargo of the Dutch vessel Bandoeng, which was sunk by the Germans, consisted of Borneo tobacco belonging to a German plantation. It was insured at Hamburg, and its loss will therefore only affect Germany.” Lost 30 miles W of Bishop Rock.

Dundee Courier, Tuesday, 29/5/1917:

“An interesting ceremony took place in the Royal Naval Offices at Aberdeen yesterday. This was the presentation of a handsome gold watch from the Netherlands Government to Mr. Alexander Mackay lately skipper of one of HM trawlers, residing at 132 Walker Road, Torry. The gift was in recognition of services rendered in saving not only the crew of the Dutch vessel Bandoeng, but also the ship’s valuable cargo; the skipper bringing the whole, including the ship, safely into port after the vessel had struck a mine. Captain Laird, senior naval officer at Aberdeen, made the presentation, and Skipper Mackay, who appeared wearing the Distinguished Service Medal, which was presented to him some time ago by King George for naval services rendered on a former occasion, suitably replied.”

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 97. Part of the 22/2/1917 Dutch convoy.

BANGALORE [4/3/1881] (AD) (PTL) – London Evening Standard, Monday, 7/3/1881:

Foxhound (steamer) arrived at Cork. Captain states he has rescued twelve men from the Bangalore.”

The ship was abandoned and sank 25 miles north of Scilly.

Lloyd’s List: 7/3/1881. Detail in IOSM & SI.

BARACOLE [12/9/1993] (TL) – Yacht smashed on rocks at Porthcressa.

IOSM page 136 & Scillonian Magazine. 273/189.

BARBADOS or BARBADOES [10/10/1816] (TL) - Times: Monday, 11/11/1816, Issue 9989:

Wreck: Melancholy Shipwreck. “A letter from Weymouth, of the 8th ult. says; “It is with extreme concern that I have to communicate the loss of the ship Barbados, Captain Parry, belonging to Liverpool, on the 10th of last month, on the Rocks of Scilly; she was from Smyrna, bound to London, with a valuable cargo. The captain and 15 men took two of the ship’s boats, but soon after leaving the ship the boats upset, and they all perished. The chief mate, Mr. C. Grumly, the only person saved, who is now with me, give me the above account; he says he was the only man that remained on board; that, after the loss of the captain and crew, he constructed a small raft, on which he was driven to sea; that on the second day (say the 12th ult.) he was taken up by a small French vessel, and landed in France. He came over to this port yesterday by the Countess of Liverpool packet, from Guernsey.

BARBARA / PETERSBURG [4/1870] (Col) (TL) – Liverpool Daily Post, Tuesday, 26/4/1870:

The Barbara, from Seville for Bremen, was in collision off Scilly with SS Petersburg from this port (Liverpool) for Bombay, and is supposed to have foundered. The crew were landed at Gibraltar by the Petersburg.

BARON ERSKINE [19/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Daily Record, Saturday, 21/8/1915:

The Baron Erskine (5500 tons), registered at Ardrossan, has been sunk. All the crew, numbering 116, have been saved. She was built at Dumbarton, and was owned by Messrs. H. Hogarth & Sons, Glasgow.”

Baron Erskine, 5,585 gross tons, 19/8/1915, 25 miles NNW from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 9. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 23.

Excellent report in SI.

BARON HERRIES [22/4/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 1,610 gross tons, defensively-armed, 22/4/1918, 43 miles N by W ½ W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 3 lives lost & 2nd officer taken prisoner. Ref.

BARREMAN(N) [9/7/1887] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 22/7/1887:

There is much reason to believe that a large vessel has been lost on the Seven Stones rocks, near the Isles of Scilly. On Monday last one of the Sennen fishing-boats, whilst cruising near the Seven Stones, saw standing out of the water the topmast of a vessel; the sea was too rough to allow close inspection. Two or three days later the mast had disappeared, and pieces of wreckage washed up along the coast of West Cornwall. The first intelligence of this fact came from Land’s End cliffs, where the name board of a vessel, marked ‘Barremann’, was washed ashore, and later some fishermen from Porthgwarah (midway between the Logan Rock and Land’s End) discovered a ship’s boat floating near the Russell Stone, and having on it ‘Barreman’.”

Cornishman, Thursday, 15/9/1887:

At Glasgow, on Wednesday, Sheriff Mair, delivered judgment regarding the wreck of the ship Barreman off the Scilly Islands, by which twenty-seven lives were lost. The court found the master blameworthy for navigating his vessel in such dangerous waters when he had ample room in other directions.” Lloyd’s List: 16/7/1887, No. 15,567. See excellent detail in SI & WoS, page 168.

BARROWMORE [19/2/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 3,832 gross tons, defensively-armed, 19/2/1918, 53 miles NW by W ¼ W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 25 lives lost including the Master. Ref.

BARTHOLOMEW [16th Century] (TL) - Bartholomew Ledge. Unidentified Protected wreck. Circa 1570.

Possible understanding towards the now protected, unidentified, wreck site found by Mick Pirie on the Bartholomew Ledges. Numerous broken swivel guns’ small anchors and about 30 boat shaped lead ingots were found at the site. However, to try to understand the identity of this shipwreck we must first look to the cargo of broken fragments of bronze bells that were also found in great quantity on the wreck site. In a book entitled- Hawkins of Plymouth by James A. Williamson (1949) there is a possible clue to this wreck. On pages 168 to 170 are passages that refer to a fleet from England going to aid the Huguenots in Rochelle in 1569. A fleet of more than sixty ships, commanded by John Hawkins, set sail for Rochelle that year. The mission was successful and the fleet returned- “fully laden with salt from the Biscay marshes, wine from the western vineyards, and popish bells from every church the Huguenots had sacked; invaluable for the re-casting into bronze ordnance.” In such cases it is known that, in order to save space aboard ship, items such as ‘popish bells’ from the wars between Protestant England and its Catholic enemies, were naturally broken up prior to transportation back to England. It is therefore entirely possible that the wreck at Bartholomew Ledge was either a Spanish ship captured at the time of this fleet and put to use by the English, or indeed it is an English ship and not a Spanish vessel as has thus far been assumed. Further to this, if it were not of the particular fleet mentioned above, then the ship is from that of another similar voyage of the same period. The fact that a few Spanish coins were found on the site are not positive proof that this is a Spanish ship. Most trading nations converted their own currency into Spanish silver as it was the currency favoured at the time and indeed well into the 1800’s. The English fleet under Hawkins would also have had captured money on board from France and Spain. The identification lies in the cargo of ‘Popish Bells’ and possibly the place of origin of the lead ballast ingots found on the site which are most likely to be English.

The actual name of this wreck has long been a mystery and what with the loss of a vast treasure carrying Spanish Galley named, the San Bartholomew, occurring in an unknown position between Scilly and the Bay of Biscay in the year 1597, speculation abounds. The name of the wreck that lies at Bartholomew may never actually become known as many ships of the earlier periods in our history were not even given names. However, there are varying reasons why that particular ledge was named Bartholomew, and why it may not even point towards an actual ship having hit that rock but more towards a person’s association with it. Rocks and reefs often become named because of a certain incident or because of a particular person’s association with that particular spot. Especially if that incident was something extremely noteworthy or the person was someone of standing in that area during their time on earth. One possible explanation dates back to the period 1161 to 1184 during the Episcopate of Richard Bartholomew at Scilly. It is interesting to note that whilst the north islands of Scilly were then under the control of Tavistock Abbey, Richard Bartholomew was given the south Islands of St. Mary’s and St. Agnes and rights to the waters around them. Coincidentally Bartholomew Ledge lies in the channel that divides those two pieces of land, at approximately half way between them. The ledge does not show above water and is only denoted by the waters of low tide swirling about it. More than this Richard Bartholomew had been given all rights of wreck around his two islands. However, we still do not have positive evidence of an actual wrecking at Bartholomew Ledge that occurred during the reign of Bartholomew, so one is left to wonder if Richard Bartholomew is connected in some way to the reef. No reports of wrecks there or salvage or rescue in that period but that is not to say that something did not happen there during his time. However, just as in every other century since the tenancy of Bartholomew, the Isles of Scilly was then plagued with pirates. So much was the problem that by the time the son of Richard Bartholomew took over, (the son was given the same name as his father) he was forced to do something about the problem. And here is an incident big enough to live long in the memory and certainly of great enough sufficiency to warrant the naming of a particular spot after the incident or person involved. It is recorded that in the year 1209, Richard Bartholomew junior, had captured what amounts to be a ship full of pirates, recorded in the Annals of Tavistock as being: 120 men in number, and, as a show of force and warning to others, Bartholomew is recorded to have had them all beheaded. So, did this event occur on the islands of St. Mary’s or St. Agnes? Or did it in fact take place aboard ship in the middle of the stretch of water between those two islands that Bartholomew then controlled? It would certainly make sense and be more fitting to do it at sea, especially if this heinous deed was done aboard the pirates own captured vessel.

Moreover, it would certainly be easier to simply ditch the remains of the bodies overboard rather than to have your precious island stained with the blood of so many ungodly criminals, and then be left with the erroneous task of having to dispose of the bodies on your valued and hallowed earth. Why have the problem of cleaning up such a bloody mess on land when the sea can take care of its own? Yes, this maybe just good supposition but this event had taken place somewhere about in the more southern parts of Scilly and, arguably, Bartholomew ledge is a very probable candidate. There is another, if shorter, explanation. There was once a Garrison on St. Mary’s and the vast remains of its defensive wall is still very much in evidence around the west side of the Island. Each redoubt and each battery along its length has a name. One of these gun positions overlooks Bartholomew Ledge and it is called ‘Bartholomew’s Battery’. Was there a commander named Bartholomew whom liked to fire his guns at the reef? Did he position small floating objects over by the reef for his gunners to aim at during gunnery practice; thus the position he used was named after him? This too is quite probable, or indeed more mere coincidence.

Lastly. The possible date of the wreck on Bartholomew Ledge is circa 1570. Interestingly the Huguenots had massacred many Catholics in cold blood on St. Bartholomew's Day, 24/8/1569. This is the same year as the La Rochelle fleet carrying broken up popish bells sailed back from France. Another double coincidence?

Unidentified wreck circa 1570 possible 1588 Armada ship.

Similar to that above, another area of wreckage was found by the author near Spanish Ledge, in 25 metres of water. This too has the same type of swivel gun and, although much larger, the same type of anchor to those found at Bartholomew Ledge above. Lead ingots of exactly the same shape, size and weight, were also found; suggesting that this wreck was lost at the same time as that on Bartholomew ledge. Either that, or this is part of the same ship- as tide and weather could easily connect the two sites. The lead ingots on both sites are boat shaped and being so closely matched in every way, may suggest they came from the exact same mould and place of origin. The wreck near Spanish ledge may hold a lot more to discover yet but sadly in order to find it, a layer of very deep sand will have to be overcome. If the two wrecks above are indeed Spanish rather than English, then an identity of the two wrecks may have a connection to the following narrative, found in the Calendar of State Papers Spain. (Sminacas) Vol. 4 1587-1603:

Letter from the Duke of Medina Sedonia to the King of Spain dated 30/7/1588.

Medrano sent word to me that the sea was very heavy for the galleys, and if necessary he should run for shelter to the coast of France. I begged him to make every effort to continue with the fleet, as I, perhaps, might not touch at the Scillys, but run into the Channel direct. I sent two pataches to stand by the galleys in case the latter should require assistance, and to enable them to communicate with me. This was done on the 26th instant, and all that day the three galleys were in sight; but after nightfall, when the weather became thick, with very heavy rain, they were lost sight of and we have seen them no more………” Also further down the page……. “The galleys have not appeared, nor have I any tidings of them, which causes me great anxiety.”  After a night of running up into the channel in very bad weather these galleys could easily have been wrecked at Scilly after separation from their fleet on the 26th. Two Galleys were lost; was one on Spanish Ledge and the other on Bartholomew?

Location: N49-54-364: W006-19-889.

BARTON / LIBERIA [5/1874] (Col) (TL) – Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Friday 15/5/1874:

The steamship Barton, Glasgow, is given up for lost. It is supposed to have been in collision with the Liberia off Scilly Isles. The Barton had a crew of 17, all married.” See also Liberia.

BARUNGA [15/7/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 7,484 gross tons, defensively-armed, 15/7/1918, 150 miles W by S ½ S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.


BASSENTHWAITE [7/4/1836] (TL) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Sunday, 17/4/1836:

Scilly, April 12. – Bassenthwaite, Mitchinson, from Liverpool to Quebec, struck on one of the wrecks (rocks?) at the entrance to Broad Sand (Sound), 7th inst. bilged and sank; two of the crew drowned.”

Slightly different report in Belfast Commercial Chronicle:

“Scilly, April 12 – The Bassenthwaite of Maryport, Mitchenson, from Liverpool to Quebec, struck the Crim Rock 7th inst. and immediately went down. The master and nine crew took to the boats, and landed on St. Agnes Island; one man and a boy took to the rigging, and were drowned.”

WoS page 64. Lloyd’s List: No. 7,151.

BATHURST [30/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 2,821 gross tons, 30/5/1917, 90 miles W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

SS Bathurst was a British Merchant steamer of 2,808 gross tons and owned by the Elder-Demster Line. She was torpedoed by German Submarine off Bishops Rock, Land’s End, Cornwall and sunk in 1917. Ref.

BEATRICE [20/7/1917] (TL) WL1) - SS Beatrice, built by Richardson, Duck & Co., Stockton in 1890 and owned at the time of her loss by Cleeves Western Valleys Anthracite Collieries, Ltd. (T. D. John), Swansea, was a British steamer of 712 tons. On 20/7/1917, Beatrice, on a voyage from Penarth to Honfleur with a cargo of coal, was sunk by the German Submarine UC-47 (Paul Hundius), 10 miles E by S of the Lizard. 11 persons were lost.

Ref. referencing the Hydrographic Office.

BECKFORD [29/8/1794] (Incident) – Lloyd's List: Friday, 5/9/1794, No. 2644:

The Beckford, Boulton, from the Coast of Barbary, was taken on the 29th ult. by three French Frigates, and since retaken by some pilots from Scilly, and carried in there."

See ‘Saga of the Beckford: Saunders’s News-Letter, Thursday, 11/9/1794: A Letter from Mr. Thomas Phillips, of the Island of Scilly to Messrs. Wood and Cornish, dated 2d September:

One of my boats being a little to the westward of these islands, last Sunday evening, fell in with a brig. On their coming along-side, a man from the deck whispered to my people, that she was a prize to the French, and that if they could get on board, he would assist in endeavouring to retake her. Immediately my people, three only in number, got on board the vessel, armed with a fishing gaff and the pump brag of the boat. The four men instantly attacked the Frenchmen, seven in number. The battle was short but desperate. No lives were lost, but the French prize-master was very severely wounded, and the four English prevailed. The vessel is now safely moored in this harbour, (St. Mary’s), and proves to be the Beckford, of Great Yarmouth, belonging to a Mr. John Drake, merchant, of that place. Her cargo consists of salt-petre, hides, &c. She was taken last Friday by three French frigates, 50 Leagues S. W. of Scilly, and was the 25th prize of that squadron this cruise. The crew of the Beckford, all but one man and a boy, had been taken out, and put on board the frigates.

BEE [11/12/1815] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 23/12/1815:

The Bee, Elms, from Cork to Cadiz, put into Scilly on the 11th inst., with damage, and must discharge.”

BEECHPARK [2/8/1917] (TL) (WL1) – 4,763 gross tons, defensively armed, 2/8/1917, 4 miles South from St. Mary's, Scilly, torpedoed (by UC-75) without warning and sunk by submarine.


Referenced in SI. British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 65.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 61. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 161.

SS Beechpark was a British cargo steamer of 4,753 gross tons built in 1917 by Greenock & Grangemouth Dockyard Co. Ltd, Greenock, England for J. & J. Denholm, Greenock, England. On the 3/8/1917 when 4 miles S of St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly she was torpedoed and sunk by German Submarine UC-75 when on route from the Tyne for Port Said with a cargo of coal and coke.

Ref. (See also MAT.)

BEEMAH [27/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) – 4,750 gross tons, defensively-armed, 27/4/1917, 30 miles SW by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 3 lives lost.


The British cargo SS Beemah was sunk on 27/4/1917 by the German Submarine UB-32

(Max Viebeg) 30 miles SW from Bishop Rock. Beemah was on a voyage from Cardiff to Italy with a cargo of coal. 3 of the crew were killed. Ref.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 124. A good report in SI.

BEGONIA 21/3/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 3,070 gross tons, defensively-armed, 21/3/1918, 44 miles S by W from Wolf Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.

Ref. (See also MAT.)

BEGUM [29/5/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 4,646 gross tons, defensively-armed, 29/5/1918, 270 miles W by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 15 lives lost.


BELINDA [27/6/1854] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 7/7/1854:

The brig Lieutenant Petterson, of Westerwick, Capt. Tongvist, from Liverpool to Nordkopen, on the 26th ult., off the Bishops, at 10 p.m., fell in with the Belinda smack, of and from Cardiff for Cork, with a cargo of Limestone. The wind was blowing very hard and the sea running high. The master of the smack told them that his vessel was in a sinking condition, and with his crew begged to be taken on board the brig. The weather was too tempestuous to lower a boat; lines were thrown aboard on the vessel’s being brought as near as could be, when the master, a man and a boy, were hauled on board the brig safely. Capt. Tongvist noticed that the smack labored heavily and the sea was making a breach over her. On the night of the 29th, off Coverack, the unfortunates were landed, and very thankful were they of their deliverer.”

BELLA [12/1788] (TL) - Times: Monday, 15/12/1788, Issue 1205:

About a week since, advice was received here from Scilly that part of the wreck of a vessel came on shore at St. Mary’s, on a piece of which about 18 feet long, supposed part of the stern, was, “The Bella, Douglas, “also several bottles, pickles, kidney beans, &c, &c. and as every person on board must have perished, it is not yet known what vessel it was.”

BELLE [2/7/1874] (Sal) (DNR) - West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 9/7/1874:

Mr. Scown, of Plymouth, with his diving party, while working on the Earl of Arran, near Nornour, Scilly, on Thursday, the 2nd inst., had hove up a large pieces of wreck. This coming under the bottom of their vessel, the Belle, knocked a hole through her. She leaked so badly that they let go the piece of wreck; and while some of the party remained to pump. The other rowed ashore to St. Mary’s and got assistance of the Queen of the Bay, Capt. Gibson, who proceeded to English Island neck, and towed the Belle into the Pool, from whence she was warped inside the Old Pier, with water some inches deep in her hold, although the pump had been kept going all the time. It was blowing strong at the time from the westward.”

BELLE OF THE SOUTH [7/7/1871] (DNR) - Times: Monday, 10/7/1871, Issue 27111:

The Belle of the South, from London for Algora Bay, struck on a reef and is aground near the Pier at Scilly, making very much water; must discharge. Has since been brought alongside at St. Mary’s with 10 ft. of water in her hold.

London Evening Standard, Wednesday, 19/7/1871:

Scilly, July 17: Nearly all the dry part of the cargo of the Belle of the South, London to Algoa Bay, beached at St. Mary’s is expected to be discharged to-morrow. All the cargo from the deck downwards for ten feet is uninjured. The water amidships reaches nearly eight feet above the ceiling.”

Morning Advertiser, Monday, 7/8/1871:

The Belle of the South has been hauled alongside of the new pier, to receive her cargo again.”

Note: A sequence of reports like this is unfortunately rare.

Excellent detail in IOSM, page 93.

BELLONA [1818] (PTL) - Times: Friday, 16/1/1818, Issue 10355:

Possible Wreck: A quantity of mahogany has been cast on shore on the coast of France, and at Cape Clear, Ireland, which, by the marks upon it, appears to be the cargo of the Bellona, Wallace, of Aberdeen, not heard of since the 21st November, when she was parted with near the Capes of Virginia, on her voyage from Honduras to London. The unfortunate vessel has, therefore, probably been lost on the Scilly Islands.” Also; Taunton Courier, 22/1/1818.

BELMONT / PILOT CUTTER [1/1888] (Col) (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 19/1/1888:

Shortly after five o’clock, on Monday morning, the steamer Belmont, of Newcastle, for Cardiff, was in collision with a pilot cutter, off Scilly, and the latter was sunk. The steamer lowered a boat and cruised about for some time, but did not succeed in saving the crew of the cutter.

Identity of the cutter not traced.

BENLLURE [1916] - See M. Benllure.

BEN VRACKIE [19/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) - 3,908 gross tons, 19/8/1915, 55 miles N.W. by N. from Scilly Isles, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

BERNADETTE [25/5/1916] (TL) (WL1) – Cornishman, Thursday, 25/5/1916:

A telegram from Philadelphia states that the Norwegian steamer Falkland has arrived; she picked up Capt. Dausey and four seamen of the French barquentine Bernadette, reported torpedoed off Scilly.”

BERNARD [15/12/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,682 gross tons, defensively-armed, 15/12/1917, 180 miles WSW from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 1 life lost.


BERNARD DE PERCIN [16/1/1972] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: 17/1/1972 & IOSM page 134:

French Motor Fishing Vessel which was abandoned and sank.

BERNARDO [11/3/1888] (TL) – Times: Monday, 12/3/1888, Issue 32331:

The Italian barque Bernardo, from Alicante for Cardiff, in ballast, drove ashore on Annet Island, Scilly Islands, at 7 a.m. yesterday, and has become a total wreck. The captain was saved; the rest of the crew were drowned.” The captain was picked up from Old Woman’s House Rock by a local gig.

Reports in IOSM and SI. Good detail in WoS page 88 - Off Annet, located recently by Islands Maritime Archaeological Group (IMAG). The figurehead is in the Valhalla Collection, and a piece of carved planking is on display in the Turks Head Pub on St. Agnes.

BERYL (BERRYL) [19/1/1843] (AD) (Sal) – Northern Whig, Thursday, 26/1/1843, page 4:

Tresco, Scilly, Jan. 20: The schooner Berryl, of Greenock, was fallen in with, near the Wolf Rock, yesterday, with loss of masts and bowsprit, and full of water, and taken to St. Mary’s – crew supposed drowned.”

Morning Post, 24/1/1843: “Scilly: The Beryl, M’Huaith, abandoned, dismasted and full of water, was fallen in with on the 19th inst., near Land’s End, and towed in by the Chace, Halson.

BERTHA [29/1/1869] (TL) – Western Daily Press, Saturday, 6/2/1869:

The French schooner, Bertha, Barnard master, from Nantes, bound to Penarth, with a cargo of barley, which had gone adrift and shifting, rendering the vessel unmanageable, in endeavouring to get into Scilly on Thursday struck on a deep ledge near the island of St. Martin’s, and began to fill with water. Immediately the crew, with a pilot, lowered the boat, and pulled ashore to St. Martin’s. The Bertha sank in deep water soon after the crew had left her, and they lost all their clothes and other effects.

Lloyd’s List: No. 17,100 Listed in WoS, similar detail in IOSM. SI has the name as Berthe.

BERTHA / J.B. BROWN [23/1/1879] (Col) (TL) – Morpeth Herald, Saturday, 1/2/1879:

The British barque Bertha of Liverpool, guano laden, bound from Huanillos for Antwerp, was abandoned at eleven o’clock on the evening of January 23rd, after having been in collision with the American ship, J. B. Brown, from Huanillos. At the time of the collision it was very dark, and the Bertha being considerably damaged, her crew left her and went aboard the J. B. Brown; but unfortunately one man, David Jones, a native of Almwich, was drowned. The crew were not able to save their clothes. They were transferred at ten o’clock on Monday morning to a cutter belonging Falmouth, which landed them at that port. The American vessel was perfectly tight, but had sustained injury to headgear, &c.

Cornish Times 4/3/1879 & 22/4/1879.

Little more detail in IOSM. In SI the American ship’s name given as the T. H. Brown.

BERWICK PACKET [11/1812] (DNR) – Hull Advertiser and Exchange Gazette, 28/11/1812:

The Berwick Packet, Armstrong, lately arrived at Plymouth from Cadiz, for this port, has proved leaky in consequence of striking on the Seven Stone, near Scilly, and must unload.”

BESTIK [2/1/1917] – (TL) WL1) The Norwegian steamer Bestik was sunk by explosive device from UB-18, 30 miles SW of Bishop Rock. She was on a voyage from Cardiff to Philippeville with a cargo of coal. No casualties. Ref.

BETSY [20/11/1737] (TL) – This reference seems to originate with John Troutbeck.

November 20th, 1737, a vessel belonging to Bideford, from Malaga bound to Amsterdam, was lost, laden with raisins and Barbary goat skins, called the Betsey, Richard Hogg, master. The vessel foundered and all hands on board perished, except the Captain, and two men who were saved in the ship’s boat.”

Ref. A survey of the Ancient and Present State of Scilly, 1796. Detail in IOSM.

BETSY or BETSEY [24/12/1787] (TL) - Times: Saturday, 5/1/1788, Issue 944:

The Dowson, Best, from Liverpool, Betsey, Williams from Chester (24/12/1787), are both lost at Scilly, people saved.” Also; New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 4/1/1788, No. 1948.

WoS page 76 (St. Mary's Sound) See also Betty.

BETSEY [12/1792] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 21/12/1792, No. 2464:

The Betsey, Thomas, from Kinsale to London, is got into Scilly with much damage, having been on the Rocks.”

BETSY [17/4/1806] (TL) – Trewman's Exeter Flying Post Issue 2209, 20/2/1806: ‘Plymouth’

The ship was wrecked on St. Damans Rocks, Isles of Scilly with the loss of five, of her eight, crew.”

BETSEY [c.12/1808] (TL) - Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Tuesday, 6/12/1808:

A boat, marked on the stern Betsey of London, Joshua S. Wedge, has been picked up at sea by a pilot boat, and carried into Scilly.

BETSEY [c.2/1819] (AD) (PTL) – Bristol Mercury, Issue 1506, 8/2/1819:

The ship was dismasted in a squall off the Isles of Scilly. She was taken in tow by the Lord Cathcart (United Kingdom). The tow parted the next day and the ship was abandoned. Betsey was on a voyage from Bristol, Gloucestershire to São Miguel, Azores, Portugal.” Note: The crew got to Penzance.

BETSEY [12/1819] (DNR) - Saunders’s News-Letter, Saturday, 4/12/1819:

Scilly, Nov. 24. - Betsey, Phillips, from Newhaven to Liverpool, with flints, drove on shore and broke her keel; must discharge to repair.” Similar report IOSM page 54.

BETSEY [1/1822] (DNR) - Morning Post, Monday, 14/1/1822:

Arrived the Betsey, Power, from Swansea to Cork, leaky, with loss of mainmast, &c.”

BETSEY [c.1827] (TL) – Reported in SI and referenced from the Port of Bristol Ship Registers. Apparently taken from the Danes. Recorded as “Lost at Scilly.”

BETSEY [2/1867] (PTL) – Gore’s Liverpool General Advertiser, Thursday, 14/2/1867:

Saturday, Feb. 9: A long boat marked ‘Betsey’ full of water, was passed 7th Feb. off Scilly, by the Tiber (S), from Alexandria at Liverpool, which also reports a very heavy gale from N.W. on the 6th Feb. in lat. 49 N. long. 7 W. with tremendous sea.

BETTY [1/1788] (TL) – Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Monday, 14/1/1788:

The brig Betty, Capt. Williams, from Liverpool to London, laden with lead, empty casks, &c. struck the same rock coming in. She came to an anchor in the Sound, and went down immediately. The Captain and crew had just time to hoist the boat out, and save themselves. They are now on this island in a very distressed situation, having not saved either money or cloths.”

Also; Cumberland Pacquet, Wednesday, 9/1/1788: “On the 24th ult. the Betty, Capt. Williams, of Chester, was lost on a ledge of rocks, on the island of Scilly, going into St. Mary’s; the Captain and the crew with difficulty saved themselves by taking to their boat. Such was the severity of the gale that no pilots would venture out; and another brig* shared the same fate.” (*Duke of Cornwall)

BETTERLUCKSTILL [1/1805] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 15/1/1805, No. 4183:

The BetterLuckStill, of Whitby, Capt. Yeoman, bound to Newport, and the Mary, Shapley, from Deptford to Plymouth, are put into Scilly with damage, having been on the Rocks.”

BIRKBY [18/9/1825] (DNR) – Morning Post, Wednesday, 21/9/1825:

Birkby, Captain Miller, from the Havannah for Cowes, with sugar, while passing near the islands, carried away her foretopmast and maintop-gallant-mast, and was brought into St. Mary’s Road to repair the damage.”

BISCAYNEER [13/1/1789] (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 20/1/1789, No. 2057:

The Biscayneer, master? from Newfoundland and Barnstable to Dartmouth, has been ashore at Scilly, and much damaged.” Sherborne Mercury, 3/1791 has it lost on the Western Rocks.

BLACK ROCK WRECK [c. 1550] (TL) – Black Rock Wreck - Probably one of the most important wreck sites on Scilly. It lies close to Pednathise Head, Western Rocks. It was discovered by local divers, in the late 1980s. The wreck site is on a steep slope a few metres from the surface extending to depths in excess of 45 metres. There are at least 14 iron guns still present on the site. At least 200 gold coins (certainly lots of Spanish, four escudos) were recovered, and information suggests, that others, emanated from many different European countries. They were removed from Scilly to the mainland and auctioned; unfortunately, it is not possible to identify which coins in the auction catalogue came from the Black Rock site. Perhaps one of the most significant losses, although in poor condition, was an astrolabe, dated to the mid sixteenth century. Rumour suggests that this was sold for about £700 and may have initially gone to Australia. Had this stayed in Scilly it would certainly have been one of the Scilly Museums star attractions. It is also reported that other artefact material was found, including sounding leads.

Its importance was recognised by local divers in the late 1980s. Unfortunately for Scilly's maritime heritage, and against the stated wishes of part of the dive team, the material found on the site was not declared to the Receiver of wreck.

Note: After a period of nearly 25 years, the astrolabe has been located and may, one day be returned to the IOS Museum, thanks in part to the report in

BLAZER [10/11/1918] (TL) – The 283 gross ton tug Blazer was sunk in November 1918, after hitting the Steval (rock) and settling near Conger Ledge, Scilly. Ref.

Excellent detail in SI. Some detail in IOSM. (See also MAT.) Scillonian Magazine December 1936.

Hull Daily Mail, Thursday, 27/2/1919, page 3 has a picture of the Blazer, prior to it being wrecked.

BLONDE [11/1888] (PTL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 15/11/1888:

A ship’s boat, bottom-up was washed on shore at St. Mary’s on Tuesday. It was so broken that no name could be found but is supposed to be a French one. Some oars have been found marked ‘Blonde Nantes’.”

BOADICEA [27/11/1864] (AD) (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 16/12/1864:

Scilly: The salvors of the derelict schooner Boadicea, of Bridgewater, have accepted, by private contract, £530 for bringing the cargo of that schooner (fish and oil) into port. The value of the property is estimated at £1,760.” Brought into Scilly by the pilot cutter Agnes.

BODUOGNAT [7/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Sheffield Evening Telegraph, Saturday, 3/7/1915:

The Belgian steamer Boduognat, 1441 tons, bound from Bayonne to Barry, with a cargo of pit props, has been sunk off Scilly by a German Submarine, and her crew of 18 men have been landed at Falmouth. The submarine first fired at the steamer, and after the Belgian sailors had escaped in the boats, the submarine torpedoed the vessel, which sank in ten minutes.”

BOHALLARD [12/2/1899] (PTL) – Western Times, Monday, 13/2/1899:

During the gale yesterday morning the French schooner Bohallard, Newport, for Audierne, and another French schooner broke from their mooring in the roads at Scilly. The Bohallard stranded and is likely to become a total wreck.

Lloyd’s List: 14/2/1899. Detail in IOSM, SI & WoS page 150.

BOLINA [12/1/1887] (TL) – Cheltenham Chronicle, Saturday, 15/1/1887:

Lloyd’s agent at Scilly telegraphs that the schooner Bolina, of Pieuhelli, from Port Madoc for London, with slates, went ashore on Tuesday night at the entrance to St. Mary’s Sound, and will become a total wreck. Crew (of five) saved.”

Extra detail in SI. Lloyd’s List: 13/1/1887, No. 15,411.

BONA RESOLUTION [19/4/1786] (Sal) – Sussex Advertiser, Monday, 8/5/1786:

St. Mary’s, Scilly, April 19. – Yesterday was towed into St. Mary’s Pool, with great difficulty, by the joint efforts of at least 600 people, and a proportionate number of craft from Torbay, Mountsbay, and these islands, with the assistance of Captain Johns, of the Dolphin revenue cutter, the ship La Bona Resolution, burthen about 700 tons, Captain Andreas Lundyren, belonging to Sweden, but in the service of the Dutch East-India Company; from Batavia, in August last, from the Cape of Good Hope, about 3 months since; bound to Rotterdam, laden with pepper, salt petre, and coffee. On Friday the 14th inst. Between the hours of four and five in the afternoon, the weather then very thick, she ran (with all her sails set) on the rocks very contiguous to Land’s End, near Cape Cornwall, called the Long Ships, and filled. The second mate, surgeon, his mate, passengers, &c. to the number of 25 souls, took to the long boat, with some provisions, a large quantity of dollars, and some valuables, and have not since been heard of, supposed to have reached the coast of France, or gone to the bottom.

Two of the crew were lost by the small boat sinking along-side of the ship. The Captain, chief mate, some French officers, passengers, with the rest of the crew, remained on board till morning, and were taken off by a boat from Cornwall, leaving one man on board. The wind blowing fresh from the eastward occasioned her being brought hither. The cargo having been so many days under water, and of a nature perishable, ‘tis supposed will not be of sufficient value to defray the expenses.”

Later: Sale of Wreck Goods - Times: 13/2/1787, Issue 674 - Swedish Brig, 600 tons, Batavia to Holland. Andreas Lundgreen, Commander. Sale of Pepper, Dyewood & Sundry Plank.

BONNE MALOUINE [20/5/1863] (TL) - Recorded in SI only. Very little detail.

No other references found.

BORDELAISE [4/4/1874] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 11/4/1874:

The SS Bordelaise, of Liverpool, Capt. O’Keeffe, from Newport (Mon) for Oporto, with railway iron, struck on a half tide reef, called the Hats, in entering Crow Sound, St. Mary’s, Scilly, on Saturday morning. The captain did not take a pilot, and it being nearly low water the passage was some what dangerous. The Bordelaise, which is built of iron, now lies on a fair keel, hard and fast on the Hats, and it is doubtful if she will float again. All her compartments fill with the tide, and lighters are now engaged removing the cargo, the only chance of saving the ship being to diminish the draught of water, when, if the weather should remain fine, there is a bare hope of floating her. She was built last year at Whiteinch, and is owned by the Boscawen Steamship Company, Liverpool. She is 691 gross tons.”

Location: N49-56-427; W006-16-992: Detail in SI & WoS page 155.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 23/5/1874, p1: Sale of the New Clyde-built Steamer, Bordelaise on the 27/5/1874, at 10 o’clock. Lots of detail. Agents; Frances Banfield & Sons.

BORODINO [7/2/1830] (PTL) - St. Mary's: Times: Friday, 12/2/1830, Issue 14148:

Wreck. - The Borodino, from Sierra Leone to Milford, was driven ashore at Scilly: cargo and materials expected to be saved.

Also; The Hull Packet and Humber Mercury Issue 2362, 23/2/1830:

The ship was driven on to the Carn Morvel Rock, Isles of Scilly and wrecked. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Sierra Leone to Milford Haven, Pembroke.” Detail in SI & WoS page 105.

BOSSI [1/12/1916] (TL) (WW1) - On 1/12/1916, the Norwegian steamer SS Bossi, on a voyage from Bordeaux to Barry with a cargo of pit props, was scuttled by the German submarine UB-29 (Erich Platsch), 33 miles WSW of the Lizard. There were no casualties. Ref.

BOTHNIA [3/1898] (Sal) – Edinburgh Evening News, Wednesday, 30/3/1898:

The German steamer Castalia, from New Orleans to Hamburg, to-day towed into Falmouth the Liverpool barque Bothnia, 719 tons, which was encountered early on Tuesday morning abandoned and in a dist-masted condition about 100 miles south-east of Scilly. The Bothnia has a cargo of guano from Lobos, and last week received orders at Queenstown for some port in the Channel. It is presumed that her crew have been taken off by a passing vessel.”

BOYNTON [24/9/1917] (TL) (WL1) - SS Boynton was a 2,578 gross tons, defensively armed British Merchant steamship built in 1892. On the 24/9/1917 when 5 miles WNW from Cape Cornwall she was torpedoed by German Submarine UC-47 when on route from Manchester to France with a general cargo. 23 lives, including the Master were lost. Ref.

(See also MAT.), position only a possibility.

BRAEMAR [1967] – RNLI rescue. Silver medal to Coxswain Matthew Lethbridge Junior and bronze medals to Second Coxswain Ernest Roy Guy and Motor Mechanic William Burrow for saving the yacht Braemar and rescuing 19 people aboard. Bowman Richard Lethbridge, Assistant Mechanic William Lethbridge and crew members George Symons, Rodney Terry and Freddy Woodcock were awarded the Institution’s thanks inscribed on vellum.

BRAVE – See later on, full story 'Le Brave' (& HMS Brave) [12/4/1806] – Incorrectly listed as wrecked on the Western Rocks.

BRIARDENE [1/12/1916] (TL) – Dundee Courier, Monday, 4/12/1916:

Falmouth, Saturday. The Dutch steamer Luna, New York for Rotterdam, arrived to-day and landed the crew of the British steamer Briardene (2700 tons, St. John, Newfoundland), which vessel was sunk at 3 p.m. on Friday.”

Briardene, 2,701 gross tons, 1/12/1916, 12½ miles SE by S from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by bombs. Ref.

Excellent detail in SI, saying that she was torpedoed by UC-13.

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 66.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 27.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 74. (See also MAT.)

SS Briardene, built by Scott & Co., Greenock in 1882 and owned at the time of her loss by Overseas Shipping Co. Ltd., Halifax, was a British steamer of 2701 tons. On 1/12/1916, Briardene, on a voyage from New York to London with general cargo, was scuttled by the German Submarine UB-29 (Erich Platsch), 12.5 miles SE by S of Bishop Rock. There were no casualties.


BRIGAND [12/10/1842] (TL) - Western Rocks, Bishop Rock.

The Times Newspaper - Monday, 17/10/1842, Issue 18116:

Total Wreck of a First Class Steamer’ – Bristol, Saturday, Oct 15.

A letter was received this morning at the Commercial rooms here stating that the new iron-steamer Brigand had been lost on the Scilly Islands. This news created considerable excitement in the mercantile world, and more particularly from the fact of the Brigand having been built to trade between Bristol and Liverpool, calling at Wexford, in which trade she had been employed for the last two years, having left the station only a fortnight since for the purpose of proceeding from London to St. Petersburgh, for which port she was intending to sail from the St. Katharine’s-dock on Thursday next.

The Brigand was one of the largest and most beautiful iron steamers ever built, being of 600 tons’ burthen, and 200 horse power, and was remarkable for the beauty of her workmanship, the splendid fittings of her saloon, and her extraordinary speed. She cost in building 32,000l. The rumour to which we have alluded above was unfortunately too soon confirmed by the arrival of the Cornish steamer Herald, Samson Hawes commander, from Hayle, bringing the crew of the unfortunate steamer, 27 in number, and confirming the statement of her total wreck on the Bishop rock, a portion of the Scilly Isles.

Upon receiving this confirmation, we immediately took steps to ascertain the particulars of this unfortunate accident, and the following statement, derived from the chief mate and one of the engineers of the Brigand may be relied on as correct.

It appears that the Brigand having taken upwards of 200 tons of coals, and a large quantity of patent fuel for her consumption on the voyage to St. Petersburg, sailed from Liverpool to London at 2 o’clock on Monday afternoon, and proceeded safely on her voyage until 5 o’clock on Wednesday morning, when they saw St. Agnes’ light, which from the refraction of light, the weather being very hazy, they conceived to be a considerable distance-they were then steaming at 12 knots an hour: suddenly the man on the lookout at the bow sang out “Breakers ahead!” which they distinctly saw, but too late, unfortunately, for the rate at which they were going was such that they could not stop her; and, although they put the helm hard to port, to endeavour to shave the rock , the vessel immediately afterwards struck most violently, and two plates of the bluff of her bow were driven in. She rebounded from the rock, but in an instant afterwards she struck again, broad side on, the force of which blow may in some measure conceive from the fact, that it actually drove a great portion of her paddle-wheel through her side into the engine room. The vessel was built in four compartments, the plans adopted in iron ships, or she would have gone down instantly, two of her compartments now being burst, and the water rushing into them at a most fearful rate. By the two shocks four and a half plates were destroyed, and four angle-irons were gone in the engine room. The two compartments aft being, however, still water tight, she continued to float, and every exertion was used by the commander, Captain Hunt, for upwards of two hours to save her, when the crew took to the boats, and shortly afterwards went down, about seven miles from the rock, in about 45 fathoms of water. The mate attributes the loss to the strong current setting them upon the rock, and to the haze having deceived them as to the distance of the St. Agnes light. The men connected with the engineering department whom we saw give the following interesting narrative of the occurrence. They say that having left Liverpool on the Monday afternoon, everything proceeded well until a few minutes before 5 o’clock on Wednesday morning, the vessel then going at full speed, her engines making upwards of 20 revolutions in the minute, being then, as they have since learned, close of St. Agnes. They were at work below in the engine room, when suddenly they felt a tremendous shock, accompanied with a roar like a cannon, and almost instantaneously a second shock, and the water rushed in a fearful manner. They immediately ran on deck, and found that the vessel had struck a rock as before described. One of them was ordered by the captain to assist the carpenter in endeavouring to stop the leak, for which purpose he went down to the engine room, where they were still trying to work the engines, put the paddle wheel being driven in had torn the injection pipes, so they could not work, but at slow motion; the engines being kept working, the captain, as this man imagines, not thinking the leak so bad, and that they could get the better of it, or that, as the weather was so moderate, they might reach some port. On examining the leak in the engine room, they found a rent of at least five feet in length, the rivets being started, and the plate broken, through which water rushed in a truly fearful manner. They immediately procured a plank, and having fixed it against the leak by means of stays to the cylinder, they got a quantity of waste tow and grease, which they stuffed in and endeavoured to keep out the water , and partially succeeded in doing so; but the other leak in the fore hold being out of reach, rendered all their efforts ineffectual, and the water continuing to pour in soon put all the fires out, after which, there being then more than four feet of water in the engine room, they were compelled to quit it. In the mean time another portion of the crew had been ordered by the captain to go into the hold and throw the coals and parent fuel overboard, in order to lighten her, and blue lights were burnt and other signal of distress made. The men went to work steadily in the hold, getting out the coals &c., until, the water having gained very much upon them, they rushed on deck. The captain having, however, address and encouraging them, they returned to the hold and continued their exertions for about a quarter of an hour longer, when the water having risen over the hatches of the lower deck they were compelled to quit the hold.

The captain then called them all aft on the quarter deck, and, finding that no further exertion could be made to save the ship, and she was then fast sinking forward the sea at that time breaking over her bow, ordered then to make preparations for saving themselves, and the two boats belong to the Brigand (both jollyboats) were got out, and the crew 27 in number, placed in them. The captain and mate remained on the quarter deck of the unfortunate vessel until the last. The boats were completely crowded, then shoved off, without having any provisions on board, except a small quantity of bread, and in a few minutes the Brigand disappeared, sinking head foremost, about seven miles from where she stuck in deep water. The weather fortunately, was at this moment, particularly moderate, or the boats in their crowded state could not have lived in the sea, and not a soul most probably would have been left to tell the tale. Having rowed to the rock, upon which they landed, to survey the coast, they shaped their course for St. Agnes Bay, where to their inexpressible joy, they saw two boats, well manned, coming to their relief, by whom (the men in the Brigand’s boats being much exhausted from their exertions on board) they were taken in tow. Some of the hands were placed on board the other boats to lighten their own, and render them less crowded, and at about 2o’clock or 3 o’clock in the afternoon they were fortunately landed at St. Mary’s, Scilly, without the loss of a single life. From St. Agnes [St Mary’s?] they proceeded in a pilot boat to Penzance, and the ship-wrecked crew were kindly conveyed, passage free, to Bristol in the Herald. The rocks were the Brigand was lost have proved particularly fatal; no longer than 1841 the Thames steamer was wrecked within three miles of the same spot and 70 to 80 lives lost. Various suggestion have been made by nautical men as to the cause of this wreck, some saying that the steamer ought not to have gone within many miles of the Scilly Islands; and that the weather being moderate, she was not driven there; while on the other hand, it urged, that from the haziness of the weather she was not aware that she was so near until too late, the refraction of the light deceiving them as to the distance of St. Agnes light; and the current, which is very strong there and runs for nine hours in one direction, and only three hours in the other, having set them down on the rock. Unfortunate, however, as this accident has been decidedly proved the advantage of iron vessels built in compartments., for had the leak affected only one compartment, she would undoubtedly have been saved, and even although, by the extraordinary fact of her rebounding and striking a second time, two compartments were burst, yet it is seen that she floated for more than two hours and a half, enabling the crew to save themselves, while, if she had been built of wood, she must with such injuries have gone down in less than 10 minutes, and all hands would have perished.”

Lloyd’s List: 15/10/1842, No. 8923.

Good report in SI & WoS page 26 & 27. Article in the Illustrated London News, 12/1842.

BRIGHOUSE [19/12/1887] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 23/12/1887:

The anxiety which has prevailed for some days past respecting the safety of the crew of the steamship Brighouse, of Cardiff, which was supposed to be lost with all hands, was set at rest on Tuesday afternoon, when it became known that all the crew were safe and well on board the Seven Stones lightship, near the Scilly Islands. This welcome intelligence was brought by the schooner Advance of Plymouth, Captain Laity, which was on her homeward voyage from Huelva to Bridgewater, with a cargo of pit wood. The Advance passed near the Seven Stones lightship on Tuesday, and observing signals flying bore up, and after considerable difficulty, owing to the heavy sea which prevailed, one of the lightship’s crew was transferred to the Advance, which then bore up for Mounts Bay, where she arrived late in the afternoon. Up to the present time only the barest of details are procurable, but it appears that the Brighouse was bound from Bordeaux to Cardiff, and on nearing the English coast encountered very thick weather. On Monday, the 12th inst., late in the afternoon, the crew at the Seven Stones lightship made out a vessel, but a dense fog prevailed, with a heavy sea, and she was speedily lost from view. About an hour later the lightship’s crew observed two boats coming towards them, and soon afterwards the occupants of them were safe on board. It was then found that the men belonged to the Brighouse, and that the steamship had struck on the Seven Stones and foundered.”

Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette, Thursday, 12/1/1888:

The official inquiry into the loss of the Brighouse, on the Seven Stones Rocks, off Scilly in December last, resulted in a judgment that the master was in default, and his certificate was suspended for three months.”

Lloyd’s List: 22 & 23/12/1887, 15,698. Reports in SI & WoS page 169.

BRINKBURN [15/12/1898] (TL) - Times: Saturday, 17/12/1898, Issue 35702:

The steamer Brinkburn, belonging to Messrs. Harris and Dixon, of London, from Galverton for Havre, with cotton, ran ashore on the Maiden Bower Isles of Scilly, on Thursday at midnight during dense fog. The crew of 30 took to their lifeboats and landed in safety. The Brinkburn is a total wreck.”

Lloyd’s List: 23/12/1898, No. 19,125.

Excellent detail in SI & WoS pages 125-127, which includes photographs.

BRITANNIA [15/11/1753] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 13/11/1753, No. 1871:

The Britannia, Davis, from London for Philadelphia, was lost on the 8th inst. On the Woolpack, (St. Mary’s) and the Captain and 12 others drowned.” More detail in IOSM, page 22.

BRITANNIA Report [5/5/1790] (AD) (PTL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 18/5/1790, No. 2195:

The Britannia, Whytock, from St. Vincents, on the 5th ult. passed a Brig upset, 86 Leagues off Scilly, but could not board her; no Persons on Board; had only the Mainmast standing; appeared to be British built.

BRITISH EMPIRE [28/12/1895] (DNR) - Times: Thursday, 23/1/1896, Issue 34794:

Ship Incident, British Empire. Board of Trade Inquiry;

This steam ship was built of steel in Belfast in 1889, length 345ft., beam 40ft., depth 26ft 7inches. Left Boston on 14th December 1895 with cattle, horses and general cargo. On 28th December she hit a sunken rock near the Scilly Islands in fog. Luckily she was able to make for Falmouth and was repaired later in London. This enquiry could not identify the rock that was hit. The only criticism of the ships officers was for not using the lead soon enough.”

BRITISH QUEEN of Scilly [31/1/1860] (LV) (PTL) – Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser, Saturday, 4/2/1860:

The British Queen, of Scilly, of 105 tons, Capt. Rich, from Rio Grande, for Falmouth, with a cargo of bones and bone ashes, was fallen in with twelve miles south of the Start, in a sinking state, on Tuesday afternoon, by the Rising Sun, from Sunderland for Bordeaux, the master of which vessel, fearing to jeopardize his own ship, would not take her in tow or guarantee to stay by her; and, as the crew were worn out by fatigue, and some of them, including the master, were ill, and as the water was up to her decks and gaining on their efforts, so that her head was settling down, and also that from the tremendous weather endured her boats were useless, it was determined to abandon her, and take refuge on board the Rising Sun; and, in coming down channel, when off Falmouth, the crew were landed by the kindness of Mr. Toms, outfitter, in his cutter, and were received into the Royal Cornwall Sailors’ Home.” IOSM & SI have very vague information?

BRITON [14/1/1791] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 14/1/1791, No. 2264:

The Briton, Coningham, from London to Georgia, foundered 12 Leagues off Scilly, and 5 Men drowned.”

BRITTA [6/12/1939] (TL) (WL2) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Monday, 11/12/1939:

Six men were lost when a Norwegian oil tanker, the Britta, was sunk off the Cornish coast. Twenty-five survivors were landed at a Cornish port by a Belgian trawler, and five of them were taken to hospital. The captain of the Britta said the ship was in ballast and was bound from Antwerp to the West Indies. At about 8.30 p.m. there was a terrific explosion, followed by several smaller explosions, in the engine-room. They had five lifeboats on board, but some of these were damaged by the explosions, one being smashed to pieces. The crew managed to get away in boats, one of which became partly filled with water when it was launched. Luckily the sea was fairly calm at the time, and the weather was fine, so that even the injured men were able to climb down into the boats unaided.

Ten minutes after the explosion they could see the Britta standing on end, but the captain could not say how long it was before she went down or what caused the explosion.

Torpedoed and sunk by U-47 (Capt. Gunther Prien) on 6/12/1939 when 45 nautical miles southwest of Longships Light, on a voyage from Antwerp to Curaçao. 6 died. Also; Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW2, page 26. Ref.

BRODFIELD [13/11/1916] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 23/11/1916:

Owing to the stormy weather at Scilly Isles on Tuesday afternoon, the crew of the steamer Brodfield, which was on the rocks, were landed at Blue Carn (East side Porth Minnick) by means of a basket drawn on a wire hawser, similar to the rocket apparatus. During Thursday night the wind increased, and on Friday morning there was a heavy sea. About seven o’clock the masts and funnel gave way, and in less than an hour the vessel had entirely disappeared, the coast being strewn with timber broken to match-wood. Fortunately, no lives were lost.” Many of her rusting plates can currently be seen at low tide among the rocks between Blue Carn and Church Point.

Additional detail in SI. Excellent detail in WoS page 99. (See also MAT.)

Location: N49-54-603; W006-16-993.

BROTHERS [28/11/1769] (TL) – Bath Chronicle, and Weekly Gazette, Thursday, 7/12/1769:

The Brothers, May, from Biddiford for Falmouth, is lost off Scilly, with the master and one man.

BROTHERS [9/4/1793] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 9/4/1793, No. 2497:

The Brothers, Gadin, from Pool and Ireland, to Newfoundland, is stranded at Scilly. The cargo saved.”

Also; Caledonian Mercury, 13/4/1793.

BROTHERS [17/12/1833] (DNR) – Bristol Mercury, Saturday, 28/12/1833:

The Brothers, Mosey, from Bristol to Limerick, drove from her anchors during a squall near Scilly, 17th inst. and went on the rocks. She has since been assisted off with damage.”

Caledonian Mercury, 11/1/1834, reports she was stranded at Tresco, got to the quay on the 21st inst., and 234 tons of cargo were landed in good order.

Reported in IOSM giving the master as Mosey, and voyage from Bristol to Limerick.

BROTHERS [22/1/1868] (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 30/1/1868, has a lengthy and detailed report of the Brothers being caught in the tremendous gale around the 23rd & 24th January. Précis: She sailed from Cardiff on the 21st inst., with a cargo of coals for Rio Grande. The gale started and the master Warren attempted to weather the Lizard but the gale worsened to hurricane force. At 6.30 a.m. on Saturday he was not far from the Seven Stones Light-ship. The fore-gaff was carried away, and the mainsail and mizzen were split. He was lucky to eventually make Penzance. This report differs from IOSM & SI which say she foundered on the Seven Stones.

BROTHER AND SISTER [c.3/1891] (TL) - Dundee Courier. Saturday 14/3/1891, page 5:

"The French vessel Brother and Sister has been lost off Scilly. Three of the crew being drowned and two saved."

BRUNELLE [12/1869] (AD) – Gore’s Liverpool General Advertiser, Thursday, 16/12/1869:

Brunelle, from Quebec for London, was abandoned on the 7th inst., full of water, 70 miles off Scilly. Crew landed at Lowestoft on the 13th inst.”

BURROWA [27/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - Sailing vessel, 2,902 gross tons, 27/4/1917, 60 miles W from Scilly Islands, captured by submarine, sunk by bombs. Ref.

On 27/4/1917, the British bark Burrowa, on a voyage from Bordeaux to Newport in ballast, was scuttled by the German Submarine UC-65 (Otto Steinbrinck), 60 miles west of Scilly.

There were no casualties. Ref. (WoS has the name as Burrows.)

BUTESHIRE [27/3/1911] (AD) (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Saturday, 1/4/1911:

When the steamer Raphael reached Liverpool yesterday the captain stated that he fell in with the derelict barque Buteshire on Tuesday about 100 miles west of the Lizard, and took her in tow for about twenty-four hours. Water was then gaining rapidly, the foredeck being level with water and she would not steer and there was no prospect of getting her to port he fired the derelict vessel and withdrew his men and abandoned her.

Dundee Courier, Friday, 5/5/1911:

Judgment was given yesterday by the Board of Trade representatives at Glasgow as to the loss and abandonment of the Glasgow sailing ship Buteshire off Brest on March 27. The Court found that the abandonment and loss were due to the vessel springing a leak, owing probably to severe weather, or possibly through contact with submerged wreckage. Neither the captain nor any of the officers were found in default. The crew of twenty-five hands were saved by a passing steamer.

Excellent report in SI & WoS, including a photograph, page 180-181.

BYKER [c.24/5/1843] (PTL) (RNR) - A stern plank of a large vessel (230 tons), with the name ‘Byker’, painted on it in gilt, was picked up, probably around Scilly. Unfortunately, the report in IOSM page 70 does not say where.

Evening Mail, Friday, 16/6/1843:

Llanmadock. June, 11 – A boat with Byker, of Newcastle on the stern was picked up off the beach, apparently a long time in the water.

As yet, no evidence found of a vessel wrecked with this name.


C’ Entries

CACTUS [11/8/1875] (TL) – London Evening Standard, Friday, 13/8/1875:

Cactus, Italian barque, Tripoli to Cardiff, struck on some rocks off Scilly, on Wednesday night; afterwards anchored near Mincarlo, with eight feet of water in her hold. At noon yesterday the barque was under weigh working in for St. Mary’s.” Note: Another report, Hertford Mercury and Reformer, 21/8/1875: Reports the vessel Castus was wrecked on the Western Rocks in a fog.

CADEBY [27/5/1915] (TL) (WL1) – 1,130 gross tons, 27/5/1915, 20 miles SW by S from Wolf Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

Excellent detail in SI.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 13. (See also MAT.)

CALIPSO (LA) [6/1803] (PTL) - Lloyd’s List: Fri. 3/6/1803, No. 4355:

Calipso, Lascallier, and Freres, Coleninemur? from St. Domingo to Havre, are taken by the Providence Revenue Lugger, and sent to Scilly; the former is on Shore there and likely to be lost.”

CALLIOPE [30/10/1850] (TL) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 5/11/1850:

Scilly, Nov. 1: The Calliope, Consulapulo, from Odessa, for Falmouth, in working into St. Mary’s Sound, on Oct. 30, struck on the Bartholomew’s Ledge, was run on shore near the Woolpack Battery, and became a wreck; the cargo (wheat) is washing out, and it is feared none will be saved, as the vessel came on shore at low water.”

Lloyd’s List: Nos, 11,426, 11,429 & 11,432. Detail in IOSM & SI & Listed in WoS.

CALLIOPE [14/1/1865] (AD) (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 27/1/1865:

On Sunday, the crew of the Norwegian barque, Calliope, 381 tons, from Odessa, with maize, were landed at Falmouth by the French brig, Regina Coeli. The Calliope was left in a sinking condition on the 14th inst., in 47.40 N., and 8.40 W.” (180 miles off Scilly)

CAMARGO [3/11/1893] (Col) (TL) – Buckingham Advertiser, Saturday, 4/11/1893:

The Newport steamer Camargo sank off Scilly, to-day, after collision with a French steamer. Crew were saved.” Landed at Cardiff. Brief detail in SI. Listed only in WoS. Name here, spelt Carmargo.

CAMBRIA [2/1/1868] (M) (RNR) – Shields Daily Gazette, Tuesday, 5/1/1868:

The Tantivy, Downing, from Yarmouth for Leghorn, which arrived at Falmouth on Saturday, reports having had the brig Cambria, of Shoreham, from Swansea for Alexandria, in tow on the 2nd inst.; but in consequence of the violence of the weather the warps parted at about 2 o’clock yesterday morning about six miles from Scilly.”

CAMBRIAN HILLS [9/3/1905] (TL) – Northampton Mercury, Friday, 10/3/1905:

The crew of the Liverpool ship, Cambrian Hills, were landed at Queenstown this morning. The vessel sank off the Scilly yesterday, the crew taking to their boats just in time.

Dundee Evening Post, 10/3/1905 adds; “The vessel, which was bound from Iquique to Havre with nitrate, sprung a leak off Scilly. So rapidly did she fill that the crew had to abandon her without saving any of their effects.”

CAMIOLA [1/10/1892] (TL) - Times: Monday, 3/10/1892, Issue 33759:

A serious disaster occurred not far from the Seven Stones lightship, between Scilly and Land’s End, early on Saturday morning, and the crew of 24 men of a large steamer were landed at Penzance late the same evening by the Trinity steamer Alert. They were the officers and crew of the fine steamer Camiola, of Newcastle, and owned by the Newcastle firm of Messrs. Chapman and Miller, of that town. The Camiola, which was 1,500 tons’ register, left Barry Docks, Cardiff, about 11 o’clock on Friday morning with 3,400 tons of coal for Malta. At about 6 o’clock on Saturday morning, when Captain Story was below and the vessel was in charge of the first officer, Mr. Davidson, a terrific shock was felt. The engines were going at full speed, and were not immediately stopped, if indeed they were stopped at all, and with every revolution of the propeller the vessel was forced on to the jagged rock which had pierced her bows. This naturally made the rent that much greater. At the time of the accident, the first officer was on the bridge, but the captain was immediately called, and took command. The ship was past saving, and all efforts were concentrated on the saving of life. The Camiola carried two lifeboats, and the order hastily given to lower them was not easily obeyed. The boats and their fastenings had never apparently been over hauled, and there was extreme difficulty in lowering them. The gear had become useless with rust; ropes and blocks refused to work, and at one time 13 or 14 men were pulling their hardest to start a rope around a block, but without success. No hatchets were to be founding the boats with which to severe the connections, and it was only after the ropes had been tediously cut through with small knives, and chains and fastenings smashed with hammers, that the boats were eventually lowered. Even then, there was danger, nearly realized more than once, of the boat capsizing when the supports were being cut away, and so pitching the whole boatload into the sea. The water had been gaining rapidly on the ship ever since the moment of the contact with the reef, and, when the engines had expended themselves, she seemed to fall back somewhat, giving the water a fuller course through the rent.

Before the boats had got one hundred yards from her, she had sunk, and when the stern was gradually being lifted out of the water the boilers burst, and the coal gas in the after hold blew out the decks. A whole cloud of coal dust was seen, and the stern reared up quite perpendicularly, with the propeller in the air like a windmill. The vessel was lost to sight in a moment. The keepers on the lightship had observed the wreck and, being unable to see the boats themselves set out for a pull of two miles and a half, in the hope of rescuing those who might be in the water. They met the crew and returned to the lightship where the men, who had lost everything they possessed, were provided with such old garment as were to be found. Communication was in some way effected with Penzance, and Captain Reading, the Trinity House superintendent, immediately went to their assistance in the Trinity steamer Alert, in which they were brought to Penzance. The crew were sent to their homes yesterday.”

Lloyd’s List: 3/10/1892, No. 17,190.

Cornish Times, 1/10/1892. Good report in SI & WoS page 170.

Scillonian Magazine 274/187 & Scilly Now & Then No. 59, page 19.

CANNEBIERE [24/10/1916] (TL) (WL1) – On 24/10/1916, the French barque Cannebiere, on a voyage from Buenos Aires to Le Havre with 3000 tons of Quebracho wood, was scuttled with explosives by the German Submarine UB-18 (Otto Steinbrinck), 30 miles SW of Bishop Rock. Cannebiere sank in 3 minutes after the charges exploded. UB-18 took the crew on tow until they were saved by the British patrol boats Tyne and Cymric.

Ref. (See also MAT.) Referenced in SI.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 65.

CARAPANAMA [c.1/1905] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 12/1/1905:

The steamer Carapanama which is believed to have been wrecked in the Irish Sea (Some reports, 20 miles N.E. of Bishop Rock) was only launched at Garston on November 10th. She was built for the Amazon trade, and was on a voyage to South America, leaving Liverpool on Sunday and putting into Holyhead the same day. It is believed the steamer had a crew of twelve hands, and it is feared that all have perished.”

Lloyd’s List: 7/1/1905. IOSM has the master as Wheelam.

CARBINEER HMS [18/5/1916] (TL) – Admiralty trawler, minesweeper, Military class, Adty No 1164. One of ten trawlers, of three different types, purchased while building for a total cost of £93,800 - six by order 11/12/14, four by order 14/4/15. Launched 15/2/15 Smiths Dock, 276 gross Tons, Armament: 1-3pdr. Wrecked 18.5.16 on Crebawethan Point, Scilly.


Referenced in IOSM page 121, as an armed auxiliary trawler which struck the Crim Rocks.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 14.

Good reports in SI & WoS page 58.

CARDIGAN CASTLE [10/1876] (PTL) (RNR) - Times: Saturday, 14/10/1876, Issue 28760:

Scilly, Oct. 13 – Two head boards marked ‘Cardigan Castle’ were picked up on the Island of Tresco yesterday.”

Also reported in the Dundee Courier, 16/10/1876. No evidence of a wreck incident found.

CARL JOHANN [c.3/1867 (TL) – Waterford News, Friday, 10/5/1867: The only evidence of this wreck is in the following advertisement “Wanted, Intelligence. Of a young man named Patrick Brophy a native of Waterford or its vicinity, sole survivor of the Crew of the late Norwegian Ship Carl Johann, wrecked off Scilly Island, in March last. Benjamin Moore & Sons, Ship Agents.

CARLTON [29/5/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 5,262 gross tons, defensively-armed, 29/5/1918, 270 miles W by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.


CARNANTON [17/3/1867] (TL) – Hampshire Advertiser, Saturday, 30/3/1867:

Four of the crew of the Carnanton, master Brabyn, of Llanelly, which was wrecked at Scilly (Samson Island) on Sunday on Sunday week have been forwarded to Penzance per steamer Little Western and taken care of by Mr. W. B. Ludlow, hon. Agent of the Shipwrecked Mariners’ Society.

Lloyd’s List: 21/3/1867, No. 16,517 & Lloyd’s List: 26/3/1867, No. 16,521.

Interesting additional information in SI.

CAROLINE [7/5/1799] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/5/1799, No. 3068:

The Caroline, Ellis, from St. Michael’s to London, foundered at Scilly: Crew saved.”

CAROLINE [25/1/1803] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 8/2/1803, No. 4323:

The Caroline, Jennings, from Limerick to Poole, was lost at Scilly on 25th January; Cargo saved.

CAROLINE [29/9/1848] (TL) – Norfolk News, Saturday, 21/10/1848:

A wreck attended with fatal consequences, occurred off the Scilly Islands, on Friday week. About ten o’clock in the morning, the watch on duty on board the Seven Stones lightship, observed the schooner Caroline, Capt. Gothay, belonging to Newport, with a general cargo from Barnstaple, and bound to Barcelona, bearing down to the westward under press of sail. On rounding the rocks, she unfortunately mistook the distance, and ran upon them with great violence; and almost immediately went down.

All on board except the mate met with a watery grave.

Morning Chronicle, Friday, 13/10/1848:

About ten o’clock on Friday morning the schooner Caroline, of Barnstaple (on her first voyage) struck on the Rollard (Pollard?) rocks, near Scilly, filled, and went down in deep water almost immediately. The master John Cothay, and his son (a boy of ten years old), a young man, son of William Millman, pilot, of Barnstaple; a boy named Sexon, and a man named Squire, of Bideford, were drowned. Frederick Davis, the mate, was picked up by a boat, after swimming for two hours and a half.”

CAROLINE [21/11/1868] (PTL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Tuesday, 24/11/1868:

Scilly, Nov. 23: A heavy S. gale at Scilly on Saturday night. All wind bound rode it out except Caroline, Devanten (French), from Marennes for Rouen (salt), which drove ashore.”

Lloyd’s List: 24/11/1868, No. 17,040.

CAROLUS [13/1/1910] (AD) (PTL) – Lincolnshire Chronicle, Friday, 21/1/1910:

The steamer Wolf of London, on Saturday brought into Kingston the shipwrecked crew of 21 hands of the Greek steamer Carolus, Piraeus, which was abandoned on January 13th about 40 miles’ south-west of Scilly Island. The vessel left Selina two days before the Wolf with 4000 tons of maize and barley. Water got into her cargo, which shifted, and when the crew abandoned her she was on her beam ends.” May be Karolus.

CARPATHIA [17/7/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 13,603 gross tons, defensively-armed, 17/7/1918, 170 miles W by N from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 5 lives lost.

Ref. This is the Carpathia that assisted the Titanic.

CASTILLIAN [8/1882] (DNR) – Cornishman, Thursday, 17/8/1882, page 4:

On Sunday morning, the 13th inst., a steamer was seen from the look-out in the Garrison, by Mr. Alfred Hicks, with signals of distress flying. Owing, however, to the density of the atmosphere it was sometime before he could make the signals out, but after a while he found that the steamer was the Castillian, Pritchard master, owned by Messrs. Leyland and Co., Liverpool, and that she was from Oporto for Liverpool, laden with iron ore, apples, onions, and wine. Boats went to her assistance, but the captain preferred waiting for the Lady of the Isles, who was aground at the time. At noon the Lady proceeded to the spot, and very soon towed her to a safe anchorage in St. Mary’s roadstead. The Castillian broke down on the morning of the 12th, when the bottom of the high pressure cylinder was blown out, shattering it badly, and breaking the piston rod.”

CASTLEFORD [8/6/1887] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 16/6/1887:

The SS Castleford, Capt. McLean, from Montreal for London, having on board 460 head of cattle and a general cargo, ran on shore on Crebawethan (one of the Western Islands of Scilly) on the evening of the 8th, at 7 p.m. A dense fog prevailed at the time. The Castleford was going full speed, struck hard, and remained immovable. The fore compartment was quickly full of water. Soon after striking the chief officer and the boat’s crew left the vessel to ascertain their position. The first thing they sighted was the Bishop light. Knowing their position, they tried to get back; but after long toiling, they found themselves back at the Bishop again. They were now taken on board by a French fishing boat and remained till 3 a.m. when they left and landed at St. Mary’s. The captain and crew did not leave the Castleford till daylight. All the crew are saved, but the vessel is a total wreck, and the greater part of the bullocks are drowned. Nothing of the wreck was known at St’ Mary’s till 10.30 that night, when boats from St. Agnes and Bryher had returned from the scene of the disaster. The lifeboat was at once dispatched. The Castleford left Montreal on the 26th of May. The Castleford still remains whole.

About 60 head of cattle are saved and landed on Annet Island.

Times: Friday, 10/6/1887, Issue 32095 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Saturday, 11/6/1887, Issue 32096 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Monday, 13/6/1887, Issue 32097 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Tuesday, 14/6/1887, Issue 32098 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Monday, 11/7/1887, Issue 32121 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Tuesday, 12/7/1887, Issue 32122 – Wreck of the Castleford

Times: Tuesday, 9/9/1887, Issue 32146 – Wreck of the Castleford

WoS page 9 and pages 56-57.

Location: N49-52-703: W006-25-054.

CASTLETON [12//7/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 2,395 gross tons, defensively armed, 12/7/1917, 60 miles SSW from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gun. Ref.

CATHARINA MARIA [28/10/1827] (TL) – Detail in IOSM, pages 58/59:

On 16th November, part of the log-book belonging to the Danish galliot Catherina Maria, master Fredrickson, from Newport, was found in a broken chest washed ashore on St. Martin’s. On the 28th October she had been seen off Land’s End, and it was thought she had been lost that night on the Seven Stones.”

Listed in Lloyd’s List: 22/11/1827.

CATHERINE [c.21/3/1743] (TL) - Newcastle Courant, Saturday, 26/3/1743:

They write from Chester of the 21st ult. that they have Advice there that the Catherine, Walker, from London for that Place, was blown up at Scilly, but the Crew were saved.”

CATHERINE [4/1807] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 28/4/1807, No. 4147:

The Catherine, Wood, from Guernsey to the Isle of Man, is towed into Scilly, with loss of Masts.”

CATHERINE [7/1807] (Incident) – Royal Cornwall Gazette: 18/7/1807:

"The 'Catherine' from Jamaica to London laden with rum, sugar etc., struck upon the Rosevear Rock, to the westward of St. Agnes. The crew were saved, as was the rum and logwood! The hull of the ship has been got off and towed into St. Mary's Pool, but with considerable damage."

It was later reported that a soldier in the Garrison "after drinking a large quantity of Jamaica rum, fell insensible on a guard-bed and expired."

CATHERINE [1/1809] (Sal) (DNR) (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 28/1/1809:

The Catherine of Bideford, Williams, from Bideford to Plymouth, was on shore at Scilly; but is got off, on paying salvage.”

CATHERINE [2/1820] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Wednesday, 9/2/1820:

The Catherine, Randall, has arrived at Scilly, from St. Michael’s with loss of sails, bulwarks, &c.”

CATHERINE [16/10/1820] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/10/1820, No. 5536:

The Catherine, Campbell, from Cork to Plymouth, was on shore at Scilly 16th ult. but got off with trifling damage.”

Taunton Courier, Wednesday, 25/10/1820:

On Monday the 16th inst., the sloop Catherine, of about 50 tons’ burden, from Cork for Plymouth, with butter, corn &c. parted her cable in St. Mary’s Pool, Scilly, and was one the point of being dashed on the rocks at Permellin (sic), when a number of the Islanders, with their accustomed intrepidity, boarded her from several small boats; and, finding every effort to get her within the pier ineffectual. They succeeded in running her ashore on the sand near Carn Thomas; whence, however, she was heaved off in the evening. She is very leaky, and her cargo must be landed as soon as the wind moderates.”

CATHERINE [8/2/1854] (AD) (TL) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 14/2/1854:

Scilly Feb. 10: Catherine schooner, of Cork, Murray, from Kinsale and Cork for London, with oats, was abandoned on the morning of the 8th of February, about 10 miles south of the island, and soon afterwards foundered – crew saved, and towed in here.”

Lloyd’s List: 13/2/1854, No. 12,446. Report in SI & WoS page 178.

CATHERINE ELIZABETH [12/1816] (DNR) – Morning Post, Monday, 2/12/1816:

The Catherine Elizabeth, Schroeder, from Bordeaux, bound for Copenhagen arrived Scilly, very leaky, and must discharge.” Also; Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 4/1/1817:

The Cathrina Elizabeth, Schiorgen, from Copenhagen, put into Scilly 20th inst., with four feet water in her hold, and must discharge.”

CATHERINE GRIFFITHS [1/11/1875] (TL) - Times: Wednesday, 3/11/1875, Issue 28463:

At 11 o’clock on Monday night (Nov. 1), during dense fog, the brigantine Catherine Griffiths, of Sunderland, Captain Henry Johns, from that port for Rio de Janeiro, with coals, struck on Correggan, one of the western rocks of the Scilly Islands. The captain and seven men took to the longboat, which has since been picked up, and there is no doubt that they all drowned. A seaman named John Morgan, who took a small boat, was thrown on St. Agnes Island and saved. His two companions died from exhaustion. The captain’s wife had wished to accompany her husband, but was prevailed to remain on shore, and thus escaped."

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 6/11/1875:

In the thick weather of Monday night, another vessel, the Catharine Griffiths, was lost at Scilly; unhappily, with all hands except one. The wreck was first known on the islands by the coming ashore of a white boat, bottom up, on Tuesday morning, at Porthcressa, St. Mary’s -name outside Catharine Griffiths -inside, Henry Johns, Master. Other light wreckage was found, and a gig went out to the westward rocks to search. The weather continuing very foggy. Eventually a poor fellow, (Morgan) who was in a sad state of exhaustion, and who turned out to be the only survivor, was discovered on some rocks. From him it was ascertained that the lost vessel was the brigantine, Catharine Griffiths, bound from Sunderland for Rio, with coal laden. She struck on a rock westward of the island called Gorregan, at about eleven o’clock on Monday night, and immediately backed and sank. Seven men got into the longboat, which was jammed between the mizzen mast and rigging. Morgan got into a small boat with two others, but they both died from exhaustion in the water-laden boat, and he had to throw the bodies overboard, as they were floating against him. He drifted ashore at nine, and crawled up the rocks to the place where he was found. The vessel was on her first voyage, and sailed last Monday. It is stated that the captain’s wife intended to sail with him, but luckily she did not. Boats were out searching for the vessel on Tuesday but could not find her, the weather continuing thick. On Wednesday the search was renewed, but no trace of the wreck could be found. In a personal narrative, Morgan, stated that about eleven o’clock on Tuesday night, when the fog was very dense, he suddenly saw a shade in the water. The helm was ported; but almost immediately the vessel struck on a high ledge, ten feet higher than the deck; carrying away the bowsprit and jib boom. The vessel fell of and the damage was thought to be trivial; but soon after it was seen that the vessel was sinking. They had no idea where they were.

He thinks that if the boats were got out immediately, all would have been saved; but the captain stuck to the craft hoping to save her. She sank very fast, and the small boat, which was in the longboat, was taken out and pitched overboard bottom upwards; but then the long boat became jammed between the rigging and the mast. The boatswain and boy jumped overboard and got to the keel of the small boat. He (Morgan otherwise Carstulovich), waited until the last minute, when he jumped overboard, and joined them. Almost immediately the boat and the ship sank with the seven hands on board; all disappeared at once, longboat and all; and no sound whatever was heard. The boy soon began to get week, and moaned in his despair, but he helped to get the boat righted, and got in her. The poor lad, however, fell away on the gunwhale, upset the boat and was drowned. They righted the boat, and in about two hours the boatswain fell away and died. The boat was again capsized and it took half an hour to right her. Morgan got very cold and cramped, and despaired of escaping the fate of his companions. At length he found himself in breakers, and saw land near. The sea swept over him and he was at last thrown on some rocks; got out the boat, held on by almost supernatural effort, got ashore and was saved; after being nine hours in the water. He came ashore at St. Agnes and was seen by a girl, who told her father, William Hicks, and the poor fellow received prompt and kind attention.”

Lloyd’s List: 3/11/1875, No. 19,198.

CATHERINE O’FLANAGHAN [14/2/1838] (PTL) – Belfast Commercial Chronicle,

Monday, 26/2/1828:

Catherine O’Flanaghan, Phillips, to Wales was driven on the rocks of Scilly, on the 14th inst.” One of four vessels lost during this great storm.” Currently not clear whether this vessel was a total loss.

See also Lloyd’s List: 19/2/1838, No. 7476: Reported also as Kitty O’Flanagan.

CATO [11/1844] (AD) (PTL) – Greenock Advertiser, Friday, 22/11/1844:

The Cato of Plymouth, Benson, from Quebec for Newport, was abandoned 600 miles west of Scilly, waterlogged; crew saved.

CATTARO [26/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 2,908 gross tons, defensively armed, 26/6/1917, 130 miles W.S.W. from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

CAUCASIAN [1/7/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Cornishman, Thursday, 8/7/1915:

The Caucasion, an oil tank steamer of 4,650 tons gross. Was owned by the London Petroleum Co. Ltd., and was built in 1899. She was bound from London for Port Arthur, Texas, USA. Soon after 6 o’clock on Thursday morning, when about thirty miles southwest of Scilly, she encountered a submarine. The latter started firing immediately she got within range, with the intention of compelling the captain to stop. This the latter did not feel inclined to do, and endeavoured to the utmost of his ability to get away. In all seventeen shots were fired at the steamer; her funnel was smashed, and other damage was done, but it was not until the wheel was shot away from the gallant captain’s hand that he ordered the engines to be stopped. The crew got into the boats; it was then that another side of the captain’s nature was displayed. Whilst waiting for the captain who was evidently the last to leave his vessel the crew noticed a little dog scratching at the side of the steamer. As many of them had only recently joined the vessel, they were not aware that there was a dog on board, and from the position which the boat was in they could not get to save it. When the captain had got on board the boat, they mentioned to him what they had seen, and then, when they had pulled clear of the steamer, they observed the little dog swimming towards the submarine. They immediately pulled for it, but those on board the submarine waved them back. The captain, however, said he was going to have his little dog, anyhow, and doffing his coat and slippers, plunged into the sea, which was quite rough at the time, and swam for his dog. Evidently those on board the submarine had not noticed the animal before, as one of the officers on the conning tower, was observed to touch the commander and point to what was happening. The commander of the submarine then shouted; He save de little dog eh. And the crew replied; Yes. Very goot, was the approving remark of the German pirate. *

Having secured his little pet, the captain returned to the ship’s boat, which was then ordered alongside by the submarine, whose officers required her name, registration, tonnage, cargo etc.? The skipper (according to our information) was somewhat disappointed, as he imagined he was ordered alongside in order to be supplied with a dry suit of clothing, which, however, was not forthcoming!

The boats having got clear of the steamer, the submarine began firing shots into her with the view of sinking her, but this did not prove easy of accomplishment. Two shots were put into her forward and two astern, without making any appreciable difference. A shot was then put into the engine room and she began to take a bad list. Before she disappeared beneath the waves, however, the smoke of another steamer was descried on the western horizon, and the submarine made off at full-speed in the direction in which it was seen.

*Most newspapers during this period were referring to these submarines as ‘Pirates’.

Sunk by U-39. WoS page 187. Also in the Times: 3/7/1915, Issue 40897.

Note: The crew were about to be rescued by the 4,331 ton Inglemoor, unfortunately the submarine reappeared. See Inglemoor.

CAURINUS [1859] (AD) (PTL) - Reported in IOSM, page 49. Master Tabo, of Padstow, struck the Wolf Rock whilst bound for Sidmouth with slates. She was abandoned in a sinking condition.

CAVALIER [13/12/1891] (PTL) - Shields Daily Gazette, Tuesday, 22/12/1891:

The steamer Indian Prince has arrived at Rotterdam, and reports that on the 13th ult. she passed an English steamer, abandoned, 16 miles west, southwest from the Bishop Rock, Scilly. She had a heavy list to starboard, her cargo no doubt having shifted. The Indian Prince steamed partly round her, but could see no person on board, and as three of the boats had gone, it was concluded that the crew had left in the boats. It was impossible to make out her name, as the seas were breaking right over her. The steamer was schooner-rigged, hull painted lead colour, funnel black, with white band about twelve inches deep, and about three feet from funnel top. She was lying right in the track of vessels entering the channel. The owner of the SS Cavalier, is still without any word of that vessel, and he states the description of the steamer seen of the Bishop’s Rock, Scilly, tallies with the description of the Cavalier in all respects.

Dundee Courier, Wednesday, 6/1/1892: “It has now been placed beyond doubt that the steamer which foundered off the Scilly Islands about a month ago was the Cavalier, of Newcastle. Five bodies were washed ashore at Hayle, Cornwall, yesterday morning, and four of them have been identified as those of officers and men of the Cavalier. The Cavalier was a steamer of 1,833 gross tons, built at Sunderland in 1878, and owned by Mr. W. Forster.” Little more information in SI & WoS page 177.

CAYO LARGO [23/5/1911] (PTL) – Manchester Courier & Lancashire General Advertiser, 9/6/1911:

Lloyd’s report that advices from Rocheford state that the barque Mashona, from Australia, reports having picked up on the 23rd May, 200 miles’ south-west of Scilly, a boat belonging to the overdue British steamer Cayo Cargo (sic), which left Swansea on the 16th of April for Tampico.”

Cornishman, Thursday, 25/5/1911:

A Lloyd’s Scilly message received from HMS Cumberland says she picked up an empty lifeboat belonging to the Cayo Largo, a British steamer. The Cayo Largo left Swansea on April 16 for Tampico.”

Also; Western Daily Press, 15/6/1911, page 3.

CECILIA (Other reports are found with Sicilia and Cealra) [17/11/1824] (TL).

Times: Tuesday, 23/11/1824, Issues 12505 & 12507:

Scilly, November 18. – On the 17th ult., an alarm* was made of a wreck on the Westward Rocks; all the boats of the different islands were manned and went to the rocks, where they found floating in different directions, a mast of a large size, about 22 inches in diameter, some sails, and rigging, supposed to be a vessel about 500 tons’ burthen, and by all appearance to be a Dutch ship from the East or West Indies, as some grains of coffee and cotton were seen in parts of the wreck. One of the sails is marked “M. T.” and on part of the stern is ‘Amsterdam’ but none of the cargo is yet discovered. It is supposed she struck on the Gilstone Rock. These are all the particulars that can be collected at present.”

There is further information in the Truro West Briton 26/11/1824 & 10/12/1824 and the Royal Cornwall Gazette 04/12/1824. Wreck appears to be the Cecilia, wrecked near Rosevear Island.

The Times - Tuesday, 25/11/1824. Issue 12507, page 2: “The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off the Isles of Scilly in mid-November."

Saunders’s News-Letter, Friday, 26/11/1824: “Reports that an East Indiaman with all the crew had been lost off Scilly were probably erroneous, as letters from the agent to Lloyd’s at Scilly, state only the loss of a large Swedish ship, the Cealra, from Stockholm, and which being a large vessel, between 600 and 700 tons, might have been mistaken for an East Indiaman.

Later report – Bury and Norwich Post – Wednesday, 24/11/1824: “The most severe loss, however, is that of the Sicilia Swedish East Indiaman, on the Scilly Islands. Her cargo was composed of indigo, and therefore very valuable, and it is said that she was insured at Lloyd’s only to the amount of more than 100,000l.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 23/11/1824, No. 5962: Very well documented, similar data to above.

*- Lloyd’s List: “A Flag was descried at the Light House at St. Agnes, being a signal for a Vessel lost amongst the Western Rocks.”

CEDERIC [5/10/1916] (TL) (WL1) - On 5/10/1916, Cederic, on a voyage from Bordeaux to Barry with a cargo of pit props, was stopped and torpedoed by the German Submarine UB-38 (Erwin Waßner), 18 miles S1/2W of Wolf Rock. There were no casualties. Ref.

CELIA [2/1/1864] (TL) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 18/1/1864:

Liverpool, Jan. 12. – The Celia, which foundered near Scilly 2d Jan., was of and for Penzance, from Cardiff, (not as before reported, with coals, Rowe, master.

CERES [21/1/1796] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 2/2/1796, No. 2790:

The Ceres, White, from London to Lisbon, put into Scilly 21st Jan. with some Damage.

CHALLENGER [21/11/1843] (TL) – Northern Whig, Tuesday, 28/11/1843:

The Challenger, Jones, from Smyrna to London, was totally lost, on the 21st inst., on a sunken rock, near Brier (sic) Island, Scilly – crew saved.”

The Royal Cornwall Gazette, 1/12/1843, has the captain as Jones and the sunken rocks as the Nundeeps. The eight-man crew saved themselves in their boat and got to Bryher, resulting in the island being put under quarantine for fear the crew may have cholera! WoS page 64-65.

CHANCE* [26/9/1814] (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 18/3/1815:

Auction of a Brigantine Hull, found by some St. Agnes Pilots on the 26/9/1814.

*Originally recorded as unnamed.

See: Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 8/10/1814:

A brig, of about 50 tons, laden with potatoes, from Jersey to Newfoundland, was towed into Scilly 26th ult. by some pilot boats, having been found at sea without any person on board; supposed to have been plundered by an American privateer.” Morning Post, 3/10/1814, reported it at 80 tons with all the rigging cut away and hatches open. It had two white streaks and the bulwarks very sharp. No papers except a letter dated 20th, addressed to a sailor at Newfoundland which led them to think she was from Jersey.

CHARD [28/4/1880] (AD) (PTL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Monday, 3/5/1880:

The Chard of Bridgewater, from Port Madoc for Southampton, lost mainmast off Mount’s Bay, through eyes of chain plates giving way. The mast went over the side, wind being easterly; the vessel drifted near Ushant, when the crew abandoned her on Thursday, and got on board the Norwegian barque Teteus, and were transferred to the Atlantic cutter, and landed at Scilly.

Also Glasgow Herald, 3/5/1880 which adds that when the Chard, a vessel called a ‘Dandy’, was abandoned on the 28th, she had part of the deck torn up, and was making a little water.

CHARLES [5/2/1853] (AD) (PTL) – Belfast Mercury, Friday, 25/2/1853:

Liverpool, Feb: The Charles, from Cardiff for San Francisco, was abandoned on the 5th inst., about 20 miles N.N.W. of Scilly, with nine feet of water in her hold. Crew taken off by the Hemisphere, arrived this morning from New Orleans.

Brief mention in SI & WoS.

CHARLES TOWN [22/4/1765] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/5/1765, No. 3059:

A Snow from S. Carolina for London, mention’d in the List of the 30th of April as being stranded (lost) at Scilly, proves to be the Charles Town, Mills, out of which 150 Barrels of Rice are saved.”

CHARLOTTE [25/12/1848] (TL) – Greenock Advertiser, Friday, 5/1/1849:

St. Mary’s, Scilly, Dec. 26: The Swedish brig Charlotte, Stranvitz, of Stockholm, from Gothenburgh for Monte Video, was totally lost on the Island of Melledgan, yesterday, 25th inst., at 4 a.m., when the master, chief mate, two men, a one passenger, were drowned; the remainder of the crew 10 in number, were observed from St. Agnes, at daybreak, on the uninhabited island of Melledgan, with a flag flying, and where they had erected a tent. They left Gothenburgh on the 19th inst., and made St. Agnes Light about 2 a.m. yesterday, but could not weather away the rocks, the wind having veered from S.E. to S.W. blowing a gale.

Lloyd’s List: 29/12/1848, No. 10,852.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 29/12/1848. West Briton 29/12/1848. Detail in SI & WoS page 92.

CHARLES EUGENE [c.7/1874] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 28/7/1874, Issue 28066:

The Wreck assumed to be of the Charles Eugene from a box of paints found at the scene. The crew were heard in the ship’s boats but nobody has since been found.

Also; West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 23/7/1874:

On Monday, the 13th inst., a ship foundered near the Seven Stones, between the Land’s End and the Islands of Scilly. The weather was fine. At three o’clock in the morning two boats, with the crew, passed the light-vessel, without, apparently, noticing her. The crew were heard to speak in a foreign language. At eight a.m. a dog on a hatch came near the light-vessel, and was taken on board, as were also some light articles. The vessel is supposed to be the Charles Eugène, of Havre.”

CHARLES FRANCES of Scilly [11/12/1900] (PTL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 20/12/1900:

Plymouth; Dec. 11.- Ketch Charles Francis, Mumford, from Plymouth for Scilly, put back with part cargo of lime on fire. Later; Ketch Charles Francis assisted to Deadman’s Bay, Cattewater, by two tugs and scuttled. Deck cargo of sails, deck fittings, &c. placed on board tug. Dec. 12.- The ketch Charles Francis dries out at low water. The vessel is straining heavily and the water runs out of the butts on either side. Her mast has fallen over and the decks is partially burned.

CHARLOTTE DUNBAR [17/1/1881] (TL) – The Star, Tuesday, 18/1/1881:

The French schooner Charlotte Dunbar has been totally wrecked at St. Agnes, Scilly. No tidings of the crew.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 21/1/1881:

All Monday night it blew a strong gale from the east south west, with thick storms. On Tuesday morning a brigantine was seen ashore on Burnt Island, St. Agnes, Scilly. A boats crew went to her, and found that it was the French brigantine Charlotte Dunbar, of L’Orient, 82 tons’ register, coal laden. It was feared that the crew after abandoning the ship were carried to sea by the tide, but they have since reached land in safety.

Note: Other reports suggest they were drowned, including the Captain.

Lloyd’s List: 19/1/1881, No. 20,820. See SI & WoS page 77.

CHARMING MOLLY [19/11/1780] (TL) - Bryher, Stoneship Porth, Bryher. See a report by Islands Maritime Archaeology Group in Section 8, Part 2.

CHERUB [1826] (DNR) - Times: Thursday, 31/8/1826, Issue 13060:

Penzance, Aug. 27. – The Lord Wellington, Scilly packet, whose fate was doubtful yesterday, has reached Scilly; but the other packet, the Cherub, got on shore on one side of the islands, on Friday night; the damage not known. No lives lost.

Also; Lloyd’s List: Fri. 1/9/1826, No. 6147:

Scilly, 29th Aug. - The Cherub (Penzance & Scilly Packet) in working into St. Mary’s Poole, 25th ult. missed stays and ran on the Rocks; she was got off the following evening with considerable damage, and brought into St. Mary’s Pier.”

CHERUB [3/1831] (DNR) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 12/3/1831:

On the evening of the 28th ult. the Scilly packet, Cherub, on entering St. Mary’s Pool, got too near Rat Island, and the chain of her anchor having broke, drove on the rocks, where she continued till next morning, when she was brought alongside the quay. The vessel is much damaged, but the passengers were landed in safety.”

CHERUB of Scilly [29/10/1837] (TL) (LV) – Belfast Commercial Chronicle, Monday, 29/1/1838:

Ramsgate, Jan. 17: Upwards of fifty casks of wine have been picked up near the Goodwin Sands, and brought in here, supposed to be part of the cargo of the schooner Cherub, of Scilly, wrecked on the night of the 29th Oct. last.”

CHIEFTAIN [c. 12/1823] (TL) - The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off the Isles of Scilly in mid-December.

The Morning Chronicle Issue 17061, 24/12/1823, & Lloyd's List: Tuesday, 23/12/1823, No. 5866:

Scilly, 16th Dec. On the 14 & 15 ult., three or four pieces of Fir bulk timber were found near these Islands, & brought on shore here; they do not appear to be long in the water - About a fortnight since a Boat about 14 feet keel, copper fastened, marked on the outside of the stern 'Chieftain of London' and on the inside 'Patterson' was brought in here by a Boat belonging to the Islands - Some pieces of wreck, bulwarks black outside and green in, some stanchions, and a piece of a Boat, without any name on them, have also been picked up.

Some detail in IOSM which notes there is a Chieftain figurehead in the Valhalla Collection at Tresco, problem is, which Chieftain?

CHIEFTAIN [1856] (PTL) – Reference can be found in IOSM page 76. There is a bust of a man in full Highland chieftain dress in the Valhalla Collection. See comment above.

CHISWICK [5/2/1891] (TL) - Times: Monday, 9/2/1891, Issue 33243:

The Trinity Corporation Steamer Alert arrived at Penzance yesterday afternoon with news of a calamity which occurred off Scilly early on Thursday morning, by which 11 out of 19 of the crew of the steamship Chiswick, of London, lost their lives, and the vessel and her cargo were entirely lost. It seems that the Chiswick, a steamer of 796 tons’ net and 1,261 gross register, was proceeding from Cardiff to St. Nazaire with a cargo of coals. She left Cardiff between 11 and 12 o’clock on Tuesday and anchored in Burry Roads, and about 12 hours later, with a crew of 19 on board, started down the coast, with a fair wind and a light sea, and the Godrevy lighthouse was sighted in the early hour of the following morning. At 4 o’clock the watch was changed, and at that time, according to one of the crew who went below, the weather was clear. There was no heavy sea nor was there a high wind, though it was very dark. The vessels course was kept south, south west and everything went well until about 5 o’clock, when she suddenly struck a reef of rocks, which subsequently proved to be one of the Seven Stones, a dangerous reef about six or seven miles off Scilly. The shock was a severe one, and awoke all those who had gone below. There was immediately scene of the greatest excitement. The captain rushed on deck and took charge. The men were running from one end of the ship to the other and directed their attention to the lifeboats, notwithstanding the fact that the captain continued to shout” She’s all right”. He ordered the vessel to be sounded, and it was found that she had 51½ ft. of water in the hold. The captain still, however, believed that the damage was not very serious, and hesitated to give the order for the boats to be manned, when suddenly she settled down and sank immediately. This was within a quarter of an hour of the time she struck. None of the boats had been cut adrift, nor would they have been but for the prompt action of one of the crew, who, as the vessel was sinking, seized an axe and cut away the falls to the lifeboat, thus releasing it from its position. Fortunately for some of the crew they had, when the ship struck, put on cork jackets, and so it is believed that every one rose above the water again. But now the importance of casting adrift the lifeboat was seen, for when they rose to the surface it was the only visible thing with the exception of the heterogeneous article of wreckage; and to the lifeboat eight of the crew managed to cling. The boat, however, had turned over, and all their efforts could not restore it to its proper position, and they were therefore obliged to climb on the boat and cling to the keel. Those few who reached the boat did not know for how long the boat would bear so heavy a cargo. They could not render no help whatsoever to their comrades, and were thus obliged to look on and watch them sink one by one from sheer exhaustion. They could also see the lightship about three miles distant, but had no means of attracting the attention of the men on board until daylight, when one of them fastened a scarf which he had around his neck to a broken oar, and this was used as a signal of distress.

The lifeboat appeared frequently in danger, and it was only by careful handling with a couple of oars which had been picked up the men were able to keep her off the breakers. The scanty clothes which they wore were wet though, and in these they were obliged to remain for seven hours, having had nothing to eat since the previous evening, and being nearly exhausted with cold and exposure. At about 11 o’clock the keepers of the lightship discovered the signal, and four men put off in a boat to the rescue. They were all picked up by the lightship boat shortly before 12, and were conveyed back to the lightship, where they were treated with every kindness by the keepers. Signals were at once hoisted from the lightship with to object of calling attention from the mainland, but the weather was too hazy, and no notification of the fact was received by the Trinity authorities at Penzance until late on Saturday night, and yesterday morning the Alert was sent out. The crew were landed at Penzance in the afternoon and sent on to their homes by the agent of the shipwrecked Mariner’s Society. The survivors are unable to furnish a complete list of names of the crew, but as far as can be obtained, they are as follows:

Captain, William Hughes, an Irishman from Cork; Mr. Smith, first officer (address unknown); Mr. Gilliody, second engineer (believed to belong to Cardiff); John Frost, fireman, a coloured man, of Cape de Verdes; Charles Vanderel, able seaman, Antwerp: Philip Morser, able seaman, of Rotterdam; The steward (name unknown, but believed to belong to Bristol); the engineer’s boy (a foreigner); the donkey man, who was shipped from Cardiff. Those saved are: Samuel Strong, second mate, London; William Davies, engineer, London; Thomas Hole, seaman, Exmouth; Frederick Bayers, seaman, Antwerp: Van Waeslerghi, seaman Antwerp; Joseph Bogerto, fireman, Antwerp; Alfred Alexander, fireman, Cardiff; The cook is detained in hospital, is named William Martindale, and is a foreigner.

Lloyd’s List: 9/2/1891, No. 16,677.

West Briton 9/2/1891.

Good reports in SI & WoS, page 169. Scilly Now & Then No. 60 page 19.

CHRISTIAN [17/1/1780] (DNR) – New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 25/1/1780, No. 1131:

The Christian, Bleeker, from Liverpool to Ostend, came to an Anchor at Scilly, in a violent Gale of Wind, where she struck so hard, as obliged the Captain to cut his Cabl’s, and run for a safe Harbour; but finding his Ship so much damaged, as rendered him incapable of proceeding, was under the Necessity of unloading her Cargo.

CHRISTIAN [5/12/1814] (TL) – Lloyd's List: - Dec. 27. 1814:

The ship was captured by the privateer Lawrence (United States) in the Atlantic Ocean 9 leagues

(27 nautical miles (50 km)) west of the Isles of Scilly. She was set afire and sunk. Christian was on a voyage from Faro, Portugal to London.

Also; Caledonian Mercury Issue 14518, 31/12/1814.

CITA: [26/3/1997] (TL) – IOSM pages 136 & 137. WoS page101 to 104.

The Cita by Richard Larn & David McBride. ISBN: 0 9523971 1 0. 1997 & 1998.

Scillonian Magazine. 245/2; 248/130; 249/137; 250/139; & 265/167.

Location: N49-54-806: W006-16-695.

See Bibliography and Appendix II.

CITÉ DE VERDUN [22/3/1925] (TL) – Cornishman, Wednesday, 25/3/1925:

The French steam trawler City of Verdun went ashore on Rosevear a small islet, lying one and a half miles south-east of the Bishop Lighthouse on Sunday morning at 2 o’clock. Snow and hail storms obscured the Bishop light. Flare lights were seen by the Board of Trade watchers at St. Mary’s, who telephoned to St. Agnes, the nearest island to the wreck, but the men there thought the flares were a boat on the fishing ground.

At 8.30 St. Agnes people saw the wreck and Mr. Osbert Hicks, an old Trinity pilot, got out his 70-year-old gig, and found thirty men and one boy on the rocks with a fire. The St. Agnes men got them aboard and were met by the lifeboat, which landed them at St. Mary’s. The French vessel was making for France with 60,000 mackerel, and will be a total wreck.

Western Morning News, Wednesday, 9/3/1927:

Commander Hargreaves, R.N., district inspector of Coastguards, Penzance, visited the Isles of Scilly and on the public square presented bronze medals and certificates to six men for services to the French Trawler, The City of Verdun, which was wrecked on the one of the Western Islands a year ago. The men were of St. Agnes – Messrs. Wm. Geo. Mortimer, Jack Hicks, Grenfell Legg, Charles and Arthur Trenery, and John Scott. The latter is now in New Zealand.

Lloyd’s List: 24/3/1925, No. 34,512.

WoS page 52.

CITY OF BREMEN [4/1/1915] (TL) – Birmingham Daily Post, Monday, 5/4/1915:

Lloyd’s agent at Penzance yesterday telegraphed as follows: City of Bremen, of Dublin, sank 20 miles off Wolf Lighthouse at six o’clock this morning. Captain and twelve men brought here by brigantine Fanny, of Liverpool. Four of the crew were drowned.

CITY OF EDINBURGH [16/10/1820] (Sal) – Various Reports.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/10/1820, No. 5536: “The City of Edinburgh, Godby, from St. John N. B. to London, parted from her anchors at Scilly on the 16th ult., and ran on shore on the Point of Crow Bar, & filled with water. Sails and Stores landed.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 31/10/1820, No. 5538: “The City of Edinburgh, from St. John NB. To London, which was on shore at Scilly, was got off on 19th ult., with her Cargo on board, and carried into St. Mary’s Pier with considerable damage.”

Lloyd’s List: Fri. 13/4/1821, No. 5583: “The City of Edinburgh, Godby, from St. John N.B. to London which was stranded at Scilly in October, was got afloat on the 10th ult., and was to proceed to Falmouth in Company with two Pilot Boats."

Caledonian Mercury Issue 15543. 16/4/1821: “The ship was driven ashore in the Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from St. John, New Brunswick, British North America to London. She was re-floated on 10 April 1821 and taken in to Falmouth, Cornwall. "

Listed in WoS & Some detail in IOSM & SI

CITY OF EDINBURGH [9/11/1841] (PTL) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Saturday, 20/11/1841:

The City of Edinburgh, from Quebec to London, water-logged, was fallen in with, 9th inst., about 60 miles to the westward of Scilly and the crew taken off, by the Charles arrived Beaumaris.”

CLAIRTH [24/1/1939] (AD) (PTL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 26/1/1939:

The British steamer Hertford on Tuesday sent out a message stating that the schooner Clairth, of Driault, is on fire and has been abandoned about 120 miles from Scilly.”

CLAN DAVIDSON [24/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 6,486 gross tons, defensively armed, 24/6/1917, 130 miles S.W. by W ¼ W from the Scilly Isles, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine,

12 lives lost. Ref.

CLARA [8/5/1818] (Plundered) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Sunday, 24/5/1818:

The Clara, from Baltimore to Bremen, arrived off Scilly, 8th inst.; she was plundered on the passage of considerable property by a Spanish pirate, which also robbed the sailors of their cloths.”

CLARENDON [27/2/1809] (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, 4/2/1809: “Scilly, Feb. 1st – On the night of the 27th inst. the ship Clarendon, Hine master, from Prince Edward Island, with timber to London, about ten o’clock came in amongst the westward rocks. – The captain finding the breakers all around him, came to anchor, and fire guns of distress – The pilots from St. Agnes went off, cut the cable, and brought her into St. Mary’s Road, and were awarded 200l, pilotage.

Saga of the Clarendon, Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Thursday, 9/2/1809:

The watchful hand of Providence, we believe, was never more clearly perceived than in what happened here in the night of the 27th instant. The ship Clarendon, Captain Haynes, of 421 tons, laden with ship-timber and spars, sailed on the 1st instant, from Prince Edward Island, near the River St. Lawrence, bound for London. She altered her course, steering E. S. E. a direct course up Channel, thinking to fall in with the Lizard. At six o’clock, the look-out man cried ‘Breakers, close to windward, on the starboard-bow;’ shortly after, ‘Breakers a-head.’ The ship was then wore immediately, and in a very short time after, other breakers were seen. It then blew very fresh, and the weather very thick. The ship was tacked nearly every quarter of an hour to avoid the rocks, from six to ten at night; at which time, finding the ship surrounded by the breakers, an order was given to let go the anchor; she brought up in 20 fathoms water. The sails were furled, and the haze clearing a little, they saw St. Agnes Light-house, which the Captain knew by its being a revolving light (supposed to be one of the best in Europe), about a mile and a half distant; signal guns were now fired, and a lanthorn placed in the shrouds, as a signal for pilots, and before eleven o’clock three boats were alongside the ship. The Captain was then informed, the rocks he first passed over were the Bishop and Clerks, Gillstone, &c. where Sir Cloudesley Shovel was lost, in the Association, of 100 guns, October 22, 1707, at night. The haze clearing away, the moon shone out, and they found the ship had anchored, surrounded by rocks, and close by a ledge of sunken rocks, not half a mile from either. The Captain having consulted with the Pilot, the latter was of the opinion it was impossible to weigh the anchor, and in which the Captain concurring, orders were given to cut the cable, and the ship got under-weigh, and was conducted between the Gunner and Old Wreck, and by one o’clock in the morning, she was at anchor in St. Mary’s Roads. So close was she to the rocks, that had she missed stays, she must inevitably have been a wreck, and it is more than probable all on board would have perished.

Mentioned in IOSM, but apparently not a total wreck.

CLEMANTHE [10/1/1870] (AD) (PTL) - Shields Daily Gazette, Monday, 17/1/1870:

The Danish schooner Louisa Caroline, of Thisted, Gylstorff, from Leghorn for Hamburgh, put into Portland Roads on Friday, and landed the master and crew (eight in number) of the brig Clemanthe, Colliver, of Bideford, from West Coast of Africa for London (nuts), which vessel was abandoned in a sinking state 100 miles S.W. of Scilly, on the 10th inst.

CLERMONT (LE) [2/1782] (TL) – Cumberland Pacquet, and Ware’s Whitehaven Advertiser, Tuesday, 26/2/1782:

A letter from St. Mary’s, Scilly, received yesterday, brings advice, that a French frigate called Le Clermont, was driven on the rocks in a gale of wind, and soon after went to pieces; most of the crew climbed up the rock, and waited there until the wind abated, and then some boats took them in, and carried them on shore; many of them are very sickly. She was bound from Martinico to Bourdeaux, but had been a long time on her passage.

CLYDEVALE [15/9/1858] (DNR) – Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette, Saturday, 2/10/1858: “Scilly, St. Mary’s, September 24: The Clydevale, Hesketh, from Clyde for London, which got on the Black Rock Ledges, has discharged part of her cargo, and is repairing damages.

A 40-ton iron smack. Cargo; iron castings. (Greenock Advertiser)

Also; (Cornish) West Briton 24/9/1858:

On Wednesday, the 15th instant, the iron smack “Clydevale,” Hesketh, from Glasgow for London, with iron castings, whilst standing in to leeward of St. Martin’s (one of the group of Scilly Islands) ran on a reef of rocks, but was got off with the assistance of boatsmen, and brought into Old Grimsby harbour. She stove in her bows and would have sunk but for a nearly watertight compartment. She is now discharging her cargo in the sand, in order to get at the damage.”

CLYTHA [16/2/1894 (Col) (TL) – York Herald, Tuesday, 20/2/1894:

A Cardiff correspondent telegraphs that a collision attended by a serious loss of life, occurred off Scilly on Saturday between the Cardiff steamer Clytha, which left the East Bute Docks that morning with coal for Southampton, and the steamer Cadoxton, also coal laden, for Genoa, lying at anchor. The Clytha received such severe damage that she foundered in three minutes, and seven of her sixteen hands were drowned, the names of those lost being W. J. Babbidge, steward; Peterson, boatswain; J. Hampson, chief engineer; W. Roberts, second engineer; T. Thomas, donkeyman; Vithatris, fireman; George Burford, mess-room steward. The Cadoxton also sustained considerable damage, but managed to return to Roath Dock, where she will be unloaded and surveyed.

COBER [21/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Dundee Courier, Monday, 23/8/1915:

The London steamer Cober has been sunk. The crew landed. The Cober was a steel screw steamer of 3060 tons, and was built in 1904 by W. Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool. She was owned by the London and Northern S.S. Co., Ltd.” Note: She was torpedoed and sunk by U-38.

Also; Cober, 3,060 gross tons, 21/8/1915, 45 miles SSW from Isles of Scilly, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 187.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 24. Mentioned in SI & WoS page 183.

COLA SS [8/1898] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 25/8/1898:

The SS Cola, of Sunderland, 1,200 tons’ register, from Galveston, South America, to a Continental port, with a cargo of grain and oil cake, struck in Broadsound at the Scilly Isles on Saturday afternoon at about 4 o’clock, and sank in very deep water seven minutes afterwards. The captain and crew, twenty-seven all told, were only able to launch the large boat and board her in the clothes in which they were dressed. Soon after the vessel sank the fog lifted a little, and those in the boat burnt blue lights. These were seen by some of the fishermen on St. Martin’s Island, who promptly launched their boat and went to the crew’s assistance. It is feared that both the steamer and her cargo will be a total loss.

COLOSSUS HMS [10/12/1798] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 18/12/1798, No. 3047:

The Colossus Man of war, of 74 Guns, from Lisbon, parted her Cables at St. Mary’s, Scilly, the 10th inst., drove on the Rocks, and is lost. All the People saved.”

Times: Wednesday, 19/12/1798, Issue 4361:

"It is with great concern we learn the loss of his Majesty’s ship Colossus, of 74 guns, Capt. George Murray, in St. Mary’s Roads, Scilly, on Monday the 10th ultimo. All the brave crew were saved except one Quarter Master, who fell overboard in heaving the lead. The particulars are given in our Ship News. The Colossus was one of the ships which shared in the glorious victory off Abourir."

Dodsley's Annual Register, Vol. XL, page 102.

Belfast News-Letter, Tuesday, 12/11/1833:

It is now 35 years since HMS Colossus was wrecked in St. Mary’s Roads, Scilly. A few weeks ago since two young men, with diving apparatus of a new construction, succeeded in bring up several pieces of cannon, &c. from the wreck. The following extraordinary fact merits investigation: one of the guns exploded on being struck with a hammer, while lying near St. Mary’s Quay, and the wadding, &c. fell on Rat Island. Master-gunner Ross was severely injured in the leg by the accident.!”

Near Samson in two distinct sites. Stern; N49-55-472: W006-20-482.

Morris Site 1; N49-55-409: W006-20-596.

Article in Scilly ‘Up to Date’ 114, Page 19, 1998 by Humphrey Wakefield.

Site 1 - Book by Roland Morris. ISBN 1-904381-38-3 (1979)

Site 2 - Book by T Stevens who discovered this second site. ISBN 987 0 9553430 1 8 (2007)

COLUMBIAN [2/1838] (DNR) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Sunday, 25/2/1838:

The Columbian, Pritchard, from Singapore to London, must be entirely discharged, and placed on the blocks.”

COMEDIAN [29/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,889 gross tons, defensively-armed, 29/4/1917, 200 miles W by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 3 lives lost one gunner made prisoner. Ref.

COMESI [8/8/1888] (DNR) – Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough, Thursday, 9/8/1888:

During a dense fog this morning the Portuguese steamer Comesi, from Cardiff for Oporto with coals, ran ashore on the eastern island, Scilly, and is now full of water. The crew were saved.”

COMET [14/9/1773] (TL) - Caledonian Mercury Saturday 25/9/1773, page 3:

The ‘Comet’, a large French frigate of 36 guns, and 300 men, from St. Domingo, bound to Dunkirk, was lost on the 14th inst. In a very hard gale of wind, on the rocks of Scilly, and most of her crew perished.”

Also; A large ship very deep laden, was seen to founder last Thursday, off Scilly, and is imagined all the crew perished.

COMET [9/12/1828] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: No. 6386-7, 16 & 19/12/1828.

Put into Scilly damaged. Later wrecked. 16/12/1828. Good detail in IOSM & SI.

COMMERCE [2/1784] (Sal) - New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 13/2/1784, No. 1542:

The Commerce, Pickmore, from St. Lucia to Liverpool, abandoned at Sea by her Crew, is brought into Scilly.”

COMMERCE [3/11/1809] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 6/11/1809:

The Commerce, Rands, from Gibraltar to London, has been on shore at Scilly, and must discharge to repair.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: 28/11/1809. Reported in IOSM.

COMMERCE [c.16/5/1813] (AD) (Sal) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 24/5/1813:

The Commerce, King, from Cork to Southampton, was abandoned, on Sunday last, by the crew near Scilly, but was picked up by some Scilly boats, full of water, and carried into Penzance.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 22/5/1813: Reports that the late master was William King, that the vessel was laden with wheat and barley and was picked up 10 leagues from Scilly.

COMMERCE [21/3/1825] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 29/3/1825, No. 5998:

Scilly, 22d March. The Commerce, from Madoc, bound to London, struck on a ledge of rocks at the entrance of St. Helen’s Pool in coming into the Islands yesterday, and received so much damage that she must discharge to repair.”

COMMERCE [4/12/1830] (DNR) – Evening Mail, Monday, 20 12/1830:

The Commerce, from Dartmouth to Gibraltar, was abandoned on the 11th inst., having lost her mainmast, &c. and being very leaky.” IOSM, page 61 reports she was towed in by the Marlborough.

Detail in SI. See Royal Cornwall Gazette, 18/12/1830.

CONDESA [7/7/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 8,557 gross tons and defensively armed, 7/7/1917, 105 miles West from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.

Ref. (See also MAT.)

CONDOR / BEECHER STOWE [12/1856] (Col) (TL) – Dorset County Chronicle,

Thursday, 18/12/1856:

A collision took place between the brig Beecher Stowe, bound to London, from Alexandria, with the Condor, schooner belonging to Hamburg, some 100 miles w. of Scilly. It is feared that the Condor went down, and that two only of the crew were preserved.”

CONQUERANT [10/2/1781] (TL) - Leeds Intelligencer, Tuesday 13/3/1781:

The ‘Le Hector’ and ‘Sartine’, French armed ships of 36 guns each, with all their people, were entirely lost on the 6th ult. At Scilly. Advice was received last night at the Admiralty, that the Conquerant, a French ship of 74 guns was cast away a few nights since off the rocks of Scilly and not a single man out of 700 has escaped the wreck. Her masts and stern beam, with the word Conquerant carved upon it; and her head, a lion rampant, are driven ashore off Penzance.” WoS page 80.

CONRAD [1/1860] (Incident) – Isle of Wight Observer, Saturday, 21/1/1860:

On Wednesday 18th January morning the schooner Duchess of Beaufort put into the Roads, from Torquay for Hartlepool, for the purpose of landing 9 seamen part of the crew of the ship Conrad, Summerfield, of Newcastle, from Cardiff for Cadiz with coals. They left behind the captain, mates and two apprentices near Scilly because the captain would not enter the port for water and supplies.”

Greater detail in the report. Fate of the vessel not known.

CORDELIA [3/1838] (PTL) – Caledonian Mercury, Thursday, 1/3/1838:

The Cordelia, Dumble, from Newcastle to Cadiz, was fallen in with 19th, inst. off Scilly, waterlogged and with loss of foremast, &c. Crew saved by the Palmyra, arrived here.

No record of salvage found.

COREA [c.1890] (PTL) – Name board in the Valhalla Collection. Portuguese vessel which was possibly lost off Scilly.

CORNELIA [4/4/1861] (TL) – Greenock Advertiser, Thursday, 11/4/1861:

The American ship Cornelia, Woodside, of Portland (Maine), from Greenock for Santos, with a cargo consisting of two locomotive engines, railway sleepers, coals, &c., foundered about 25 miles north from Scilly, on the 4th inst., at 2 p.m. The crew and two passengers, consisting of 16 men and two women, landed at St. Mary’s in three of the ship’s boats, having saved most of their effects, and some provisions and other articles belonging to the ship. It appears that the ship sprang a leak on the 31st ult., but it did not become serious until about midnight of the 3d inst., the weather being fine and nearly calm, when it was found that she was making a deal of water, and it rapidly increased to so alarming an extent, that it was feared she would go down, and she was abandoned about 11a.m., on the 4th, and disappeared about 2p.m. The crew and passengers were taken on board the Mary Anne, Jones, of Aberystwith, from Glasgow for Genoa, and brought to within two or three miles of St. Mary’s, when they got into their own boats and pulled on shore. The boats, provisions, &c., have been sold by auction, and the crew will proceed by steamer to Penzance.

CORNISH GIRL [9/6/1873] (TL) – See IOSM page 96, SI & Lloyd’s List: 12/6/1873, No. 18,453.

No other references found as yet. Fishing vessel. Struck Round Rock in St. Mary’s Sound and sunk. Crew saved.

COSTELLO [3/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Merchant ship, 1,591 gross tons, 3/8/1915, 95 miles W by S from Bishop, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire, 1 life lost. Ref.

COURIER [c.1/1808] (TL) - Caledonian Mercury Issue 13428, 23/1/1806:

The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off the Isles of Scilly with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland to Dartmouth, Devon.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: 19/1/1808, No. 4221.

The Courier, Webber, from Newfoundland to Dartmouth, is lost off Scilly with all the crew.”

CRAGOSWALD [18/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,235 gross tons, defensively-armed, 18/4/1917, 60 miles W by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 2 lives lost.


CRAIG ELVAN [25/1/1898] (TL) - Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 17/1/1898:

The Barque Craig Elvan, of Greenock, from Iquique to Ghent, with nitrate, struck on a rock the Bishop Lighthouse at five o’clock on Tuesday morning, and foundered in 30 fathoms. The barque was a fine one of 1,348 tons, built at Greenock, and owned by Mr. J.D. Clink, of that port. She had left Iquique on October 20th, and had a very fine homeward voyage. It was fortunate the sea was smooth and the weather fine, for matters had become so bad that the crew and officers had to leave the ship at once without saving anything at all in the shape of clothing, other than that which they were wearing. The twenty-two got into the lifeboat, and they had not pulled away more than a couple of ship’s cables, before they saw the barque go down by the head; and then with a report like an explosion of a gun, the decks burst open and she went down in deep water. Captain Saunders considered his best course to make for St. Mary’s, and there they arrived just in time to catch the mail Lyonesse leaving for the mainland. On their arrival at Penzance, they were met by Mr. E. T. Mathews, the agent of the Shipwrecked Mariners’ Society. Captain Saunders is a Canadian, and most of the crew belonged to London.”

Also good detail in the Cornishman, Thursday, 27/1/1898, page 5.

Lloyd’s List: 25/1/1898, No. 18,841. Reports in IOSM & SI.

CRAVEN [6/5/1757] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 6/5/1757, No. 2226:

The Craven, Stewart, from Jamaica for London, was lost coming out of St. Mary’s, Scilly.

CRICCIETH CASTLE [9/2/1883] (TL) - Times: Monday, 12/2/1883, Issue 30741:

Yesterday morning at Porthcressa Bay, St. Mary's, Scilly, was strewn with wreckage, apparently of a vessel of about 200 tons. Part of a boats stern-post with 'Carnarvon' cut in it, and a lifebuoy with 'Criccieth Castle, Porthmadoc 1876' on it have been found amongst the wreckage. There are no signs of the crew or cargo. A further telegram states that sacks marked with a bullock within a circle, are being washed ashore from the wreck. The vessel lost is supposed to be the Criccieth Castle, which left Fray Bentos on the 10th of November for the Channel. She is a brig of 234 tons built at Porthmadoc in 1876, and owned by Mr. Morris Owen, of Porthmadoc.”

Also, WoS page 98. See report by T Stevens, Islands Maritime Archaeology Group. Anchors, chain and iron ballast, that lay close to the rock named ‘The Chair’ near Peninis Headland, are supposed to be from this wreck. Lloyd’s List: 16/2/1883.

Location: N49-54-249: W006-18-405.

CROWN OF CASTILE [30/3/1915] (TL) (WL1) - Times: Thursday, 1/4/1915, Issue 40817:

Crown of Castile sunk by U-28. Précis – The 43 members of the Crown of Castile of Glasgow, which was sunk off the Scilly Isles by the German Submarine U-28 yesterday morning, were landed at Barry this evening. While the lifeboats were alongside the submarine the German commander handed members of the crew cigars.

Crown of Castile, 4,505 gross tons, 30/3/1915, 31 miles SW from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine and sunk by bombs. Ref.

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 187. Excellent detail in SI.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, listed page 5. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1.

CROWN POINT [6/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 5,218 gross tons, defensively-armed, 6/2/1917, 55 miles W from Scilly Isles, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 7 lives lost including Master.


CRUMBURLIE [12/1891] (TL) – Manchester Times, Friday, 11/12/1891:

A vessel ashore at Scilly turns out to be the Crumburlie steamer, of 2,390 tons’ register, belonging to Gillison and Chadwick, of Liverpool. She left Barry on Wednesday with a cargo of coal for South Australia, and encountering the gale, she dropped her anchors, but at four yesterday morning the vessel began to drift, and at seven o’clock was blown on to the rocks of Scilly. Heavy seas commenced to wash over her, and 14 of the crew took to the lifeboat, which, however, was stove in. Happily, a tugboat happened to be standing by to rescue them. The rest of the crew, numbering 18, were compelled to take to the rigging. Captain Pomeroy has gone out with the lifeboat to attempt their rescue. The lifeboat men at Penarth have also gone to the scene of the wreck. Fourteen men who first left the steamer have just been landed at Cardiff. They have lost all their effects.

CRYSTALINE / WATER LILY [c.14/11/1884] (Col) (PTL) – Edinburgh Evening News, Monday, 17/11/1884:

The brigantine Water Lily of Fowey, Captain Scantlebury, put into Hayle on Saturday, evening, having on board the crew (seven in number) of the barque Crystaline, of Liverpool, Captain D. Curran, from Liverpool to Plymouth with coal. The Water Lily and the Crystaline had been in a collision at six o’clock in the morning about four miles from the Longships.” Much more detail follows.

Cornishman, Thursday, 27/11/1884:

Salvors of the derelict Liverpool barque Crystaline, which was towed into New Grimsby (Scilly) harbour on the 16th inst., have accepted £250 for their services. This arrangement was made through Mr. Henry Hicks, receiver of wreck.

CUBA SS [c.11/1858] (TL) – Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser, Friday, 26/11/1858:

Kinsale, Nov. 20: The schooner Annie Grant, of Dartmouth, from Zante for Plymouth, when 50 miles N.W. of Scilly, picked up a boat with 13 men in it, belonging to the SS Cuba, Appleby, of Waterford, from Cardiff for London, which foundered about 40 miles off Scilly. The captain with fifteen other men left in the long-boat, and fears are entertained for their safety. They were not seen by the survivors after they left the ship.”

Also; Cork Examiner, 22/11/1858:

The Cuba was a fine new vessel, built by Messrs. Malcolmson, of Waterford. She was intended for the Baltic trade, and was, consequently, flat bottomed, to suit the shallow water in the Baltic ports, but having been finished too late this summer for the Baltic, she was sent to Newport for coals, and was lost on her voyage.

CUBANA [25/4/1866] (TL) - Times: Monday, 30/4/1866, Issue 25485:

The Cubana from Swansea for St. Jago de Cuba, struck on the Seven Stones in the night of the 25th of April and foundered. Master, second mate, carpenter and four men drowned.”

Liverpool Mercury. Tuesday 8/5/1866: Shipwreck and Loss of Seven Lives.

Narrative of one of the survivors.

"The Board of Trade received on Saturday a report, from the Receiver of Wreck at the Scilly Islands, announcing the total loss of the ship Cubana, 600 tons’ register, with most of her crew, and containing the statement on oath of William Loveless, one of the survivors, which is as follows;

“I was the late Mate of the Cubana. She belonged to Sunderland, and sailed from Swansea for St. Jago de Cuba on the 19th of last month, with a cargo of coal, scrap iron, wire rope & c. At 2.30am on the 26th, the weather clear and the wind E.S.E., moderate was steering W by S, with all plain sail set, going about 8 and a half knots per hour, when she struck very heavily on the Seven Stones rock, about 3 miles W by S of the Seven Stones Lightship. I, being unwell, was below in my berth when the ship struck. On feeling the shock, I jumped out and ran upon deck to ascertain the cause. The Master, who’s watch it was, had been in the cabin and went on deck at the same time. I immediately went into the fore-castle and found she was filling fast, the water being upon the forecastle deck. I therefore at once ran upon deck and cut the lashings of the Pinnace, which was launched over the ships rail in 5 minutes, when I, with ten of the crew and the passenger got into the boat, and called upon the master and the others to leave the ship but they would not do so. All was confusion, but the master stood upon the deck and never spoke. The second Mate said the ship was alright; that she was going off and there was no danger; on hearing which one man went from the boat on aboard the ship again. The boat then got under the quarter of the ship, when the master and the others were again called to and urged to get in the boat, but they would not leave the ship. The boats painter then got loose from the ship, and the boat drifted away astern of her with only 3 oars and no thowl pins.

The boats painter was cut to make gummets, but the boat could not be got back to the ship, and when between a quarter and a half a mile distant, the ship appeared to turn round, and fell on her starboard side, about 15 or 20 minutes after she struck and disappeared. Nothing whatever could be seen of those that were left on board. We pulled with our 11 hands in the boat, to the Seven Stones Lightship and got on board of her a little after 4. am. The pilot cutter Argus afterwards arrived from St. Martins Scilly, and we went in the ships boat to the pilot cutter, which took us to St. Mary’s Scilly about 2. pm. I do not know the exact quantity of the cargo, but the ship was not over loaded. Seven lives were lost by going down with the ship; viz, the Master; Second Mate; Carpenter; Steward and two seamen. There were two boats remaining on board, by which they could have left the ship had they wished to do so. I am of opinion the casualty arose from the ship being sailed too close to the Seven Stones. The Carpenter, who had the watch, and probably not knowing her dangerous position, could not feel justified in altering her course without orders. Had anything been said to me I should certainly have caused the ships course to be altered. Signed – “William Loveless"

Liverpool Daily Post, Wednesday, 2/5/1866:

On Sunday the Little Western, steamer, brought to Penzance from Scilly Isles the survivors of the crew of the barque Cubana, 500 tons’ register, of Sunderland, wrecked on Thursday morning last on the Seven Stones, nine miles north of St. Martin’s, Scilly, with the loss of seven hands. She was a new ship, and this was her second voyage.

CUBANA [1888] (TL) - Probably a misprint, see above. However, the IOSM reference mentions mining equipment.

Reported in IOSM only. See Cubana 1866.

CULMORE [7/5/1881] (TL) – The Star, Saturday, 7/5/1881:

During the fog last night the steamer Culmore, of Liverpool, from Gibraltar with oranges, struck on a rock off the Bishop’s Scilly Island, and foundered. The captain and three men were drowned.”

Western Gazette, Friday, 13/5/1881: “During a fog on Friday night, the steamer Culinore (sic), of and for Liverpool, struck near the Bishop Rock, Scilly, and sank. Captain Cobb, two engineers, and the steward, were drowned. The remainder of the crew landed in two boats at St. Mary’s Scilly. Capt. Cobb was picked up by one of the boats floating on an orange box, but he died shortly after being taken.”

IOSM, page 101 gives the master as A. Coble and the steamship, which struck the Crim, as 540 tons.

Only listed in WoS but excellent additional detail in SI.

CUPICA [19/10/1917] – (TL) (WL1) Motor vessel, 1,240 gross tons, 19/10/1917, 75 miles W by S ½ S from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire.


CUSTOMS Report – [23/2/1739] - Newcastle Courant, Friday, 23/2/1739:

They write from Falmouth, that Capt. Cocart, of the Custom-house Sloop there, informs, that seven Ships were ashore at Scilly; but the particular Names were not known.”

CUSTOS [28/8/1856] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 5/9/1856:

The Custos, Shaw, of and from Liverpool, bound to Bonny, Africa, with a general cargo, struck on the Western rocks of Scilly about 2 o’clock on the morning of the 28th ult., and very soon became a total wreck. The master and crew, 17 in number, took to the boat, and were safely landed, having saved very little beyond what they were wearing at the time of the vessel striking the rocks. Upwards of 80 casks of spirits, some boxes of soap, and sundry articles in a damaged state have been salved from the wreck.

Lloyd’s List: 1/9/1856, No. 13,236. Excellent detail in IOSM, SI & WoS page 59.

West Briton 19/9/1856 Auction on St. Mary’s, 2/10/1856.

Also among the goods reported salvaged and sold from this wreck by Francis Banfield, on the 2nd October, were “191 muskets, 2 casks of musket flints, 136 barrels of gun powder and 4 bags of Manillas.” See also Douro.

CYGNET [2/1838] (TL) – London Evening Standard, Friday, 16/2/1838:

The Troy, Wood, from Charleston, at Liverpool, sailed on the 13th of January: On the 10th inst. off Scilly fell in with the smack Cygnet, of Southampton, in a sinking state, and took off the crew.


‘D’ Entries

DALMATA [11/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) - On 11/2/1917, the Norwegian cargo ship SS Dalmata, owned at the time of her loss by Bruusgaard, Kiosterud & Co., Drammen, was on a voyage from New York to Le Havre in ballast, when she was sunk with explosives by German Submarine UB-38,

40 miles northwest from Bishop Rock. 1 person was lost. Ref.

DANDY [10/1818] (DNR) – Morning Chronicle, Wednesday, 21/10/1818:

The Dandy, Capt. W, in endeavouring to tack in a gale of wind, missed stays, but fortunately made one of the Scilly Islands, where she now remains to repair her rigging.”

DANE [11/12/1934] (M) (TL) - Dundee Evening Telegraph, Tuesday, 11/12/1934:

The Dane, Hull, missing off Scilly.”

DANIEL of Scilly [5/1809] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 27/5/1809:

The Daniel of Scilly, Capt. Duff, has foundered off Lundy Island; and we are sorry to add, on the authority of our Scilly correspondent, that all her crew perished.

DAPHNE [26/12/1927] (Sal) – British sailing barge was abandoned by her crew and foundered one mile east of St. Mary’s. Salvaged. Reference; Shipwrecks of Scilly by F. M. McFarland, 1928.

DARIOLL [6/1901] (Col) (TL) – Hull Daily Mail, Friday, 7/6/1901:

Captain Albini and 14 of the crew of the Italian barque Darioll were landed at Falmouth on Thursday by the steamer Twilight, belonging to West Hartlepool. The vessels had been in collision off the Scilly Islands during a heavy fog, with the result that the barque foundered immediately. Whilst trying to get into a boat an English sailor on board the barque fell overboard and was drowned.”

DART, HMRC [8/10/1832] (DNR) - The Times: Monday, 15/10/1832. Issue 14983:

HM Customs Ensign. HM Board of Customs: “The cutter was severely damaged on the Carn Thomas Rocks, Isles of Scilly. She was later taken in to St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly.

DARTMOUTH [1790] (DNR) - Times: Friday, 31/12/1790, Issue 1762:

The Dartmouth, Captain Marshall, from Bordeaux, to Ostend, put into Scilly the 25th ult., with the loss of her masts, and four feet of water in her holds.”

DASHER of Scilly [26/8/1815] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 5/9/1815, No. 5002:

The Dasher of Scilly, from Cork to Weymouth, sailed from Cove on the evening of the 25th ult. and the following morning sprung a leak and foundered. Crew saved in the Boat and arrived at Crookhaven.”

DASHWOOD, Report [28/4/1787] (TL) - Saunders’s News-Letter, Friday, 11/5/1787:

Extract of a letter from on board the Dashwood packet, Falmouth, April 28.

We are just arrived here from the Leeward Islands, after a passage of 38 days blowing weather as ever I met with at this time of the year, and I believe many vessels have felt the ill effects of it, for off the rocks of Scilly we saw several pieces of wreck and dead bodies floating about, and soon after the hull of a large ship, foreign built, driving before the wind, which we with great difficulty kept clear of.”

DAUPHINE [14/2/1866] (TL) – Manchester Courier and Lancaster General Advertiser, 20/2/1866:

The French Schooner Dauphine, from Liverpool to Cette, with a cargo of pitch in bulk, was burnt on Wednesday night. The master states that when about 10 miles from Scilly, he discovered that his vessel was on fire, and the flames made such rapid progress that within a quarter of an hour afterwards the crew had to take to the boats, and abandon the ship and all contents except a few clothes. The fire having been seen from St. Agnes Island, a boat put off to the vessel, and met the crew coming ashore. The schooner also drifted in that direction and about two o’clock the following morning came ashore on the south-west part of St. Agnes, where she burnt to the water edge. Some of the masts and rigging are saved, but the hull and cargo are wholly destroyed.”

Same full report in SI and WoS page 93.

DAVID [6/7/1867] (Col) (TL) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Thursday, 11/7/1867:

Plymouth, July 9: The David, of and from Poole to Newfoundland, was run down and sunk on the 6th inst., in lat. 49 N. long. 7 W., (approx. 40 miles west of Scilly) by the Halley (S), from Liverpool to Montevideo; The crew and passengers were taken on board the steamer, which afterwards transferred them to the Gebroedders v.d. Beck, from Batavia to Rotterdam, which landed them here this morning by a pilot cutter.” Reported in the IOSM, page 89.

D’ ESTAING [c.3/1784] (DNR) – Saunders’s News-Letter, Thursday, 1/4/1784:

Scilly: Since my last, D’ Estaing, Capt. Lamatre, from St. Domingo to Dunkirk, put in here in great distress, having been eleven days on her passage, and meeting with a great many hard gales of wind, which carried away her main and mizzen mast, and bowsprit, and so leaky as to have four feet water in her hold; she buried fourteen of the crew who died through fatigue of pumping, and those on board are very weak and sickly.

DE VREDE [2/11/1853] (DNR) – Morning Post, Monday, 7/11/1853:

Scilly, Nov. 2: The De Vrede, Potjewyd, from Nickerie to Rotterdam, has put in here leaky, and with loss of sails and will probably have to discharge.”

Some additional detail in SI.

DECOY [13/8/1904] (Col) (TL) - Times: 15/8/1904, Issue 37473: Collision of Decoy & Arun:

A very significant Naval story.

Torpedo Maneuvers - Loss of a Destroyer."

"About 11 last night, between Scilly Isles and the Wolf Rock, the Decoy and Arun were in collision. The night was very dark, and the wind blew fairly hard. The Arun, the Sturgeon, and the Decoy were proceeding in line, when the first named doubled back and failed to clear the Decoy, which was rammed abreast the engine-room. Boats were immediately lowered from the Sturgeon and Arun. The latter is supposed here to be undamaged, because she has not put into port. As the Decoy remained afloat half an hour, there was ample time in which to affect the rescue of her crew, all of whom found safety, some on the Sturgeon and others on the Arun. So rough was the sea that the Sturgeon found it impossible to hoist her whaler aboard again, and therefore this boat was abandoned. Personal injuries resulting from the collision were confined to two men, William T. Miller, first-class petty officer, whose collar-bone was broken, and Robert Dunn, stoker who, while in the water, was struck by the revolving propeller of the Decoy, causing serious injuries to both legs. The Sturgeon came on to Falmouth with the injured men, who received attention from the doctors of the Devastation depot ship and the Grasshopper. Then the Sturgeon proceeded to Plymouth, taking with her those whom she had brought from the Decoy.”

The Decoy was built at Chiswick, by Thornycroft, in 1894. She had a displacement of 260 tons, an i.h.p. of 4,200, and a speed of 27.6 knots. She was 185ft long. Her armament was 6-pounder quick firing guns, with three torpedo tubes. Her complement numbered 85, the Officers being Lieutenant W. D. Paton (in command) and Sub-Lieutenant J. S. Hincks (acting).”

Note: This report formed part of a much larger dialogue on the exercise between the Blue and Red battle fleets. The report that there were no fatalities is repeated!

Times: Tuesday, 16/8/1904, Issue 37474:

"The Ostrich, t.b.d., Lieut. and Com. A. F. St. C. Armitage, arrived at Plymouth yesterday, having on board Lieut.-Com. W. D. Paton, Sub-Lieut. J. S. Hincks, the gunner, and leading signalman of the Decoy, which was sunk in a collision of the Isles of Scilly. The Ostrich had no news of the only member of the Decoy’s crew not accounted for, and little doubt is felt that he was drowned. He was a native of Devonport.” (t.b.d. – torpedo boat destroyer)

Note: The drowned crewman was a T. Linnon. More information in the report.

Also; Times: Tuesday, 23/8/1904, Issue 37478 & Times: Wednesday, 31/8/1904, Issue 37487.

Listed in IOSM & WoS only, limited detail in SI. See also Royal Cornwall Gazette, 18/8/1904.

DEFIANCE [5/11/1844] (TL) – The Defiance was a Cutter, purchased by the men folk of Samson, in St. Mary's in 1842, to replace the Fly wrecked in 1837. The boat was purchased to be used for piloting and salvage, to enable the island to become a productive community.

Not to be; she was wrecked in 1844.

DEFT [27/3/1831] (DNR) – Liverpool Mercury, 8/3/1831:

Scilly: Deft, London, hence for Ipswich, ran on the rocks of New Grimsby harbour, 27th ult., but got off the following tide, with little damage to her bottom.”

Ref. Story of Samson by Zélide Teague Cowan, 1991, page 39.

DELAWARE [20/12/1871] (TL) – As far as newspaper reports go, this wreck must be one of the most widely reported at this period. In summery the Delaware, a steam ship, nearing Scilly met with a very violent gale. Unfortunately, the engine bearings overheated and they had to stop the engine. Out of control the vessel approached the rocky island of Mincarlo. The bridge was swept away along with the captain and foremast. More heavy seas and she foundered. Only the mate and third officer survived, they were found exhausted on White Island. 47 other members of the crew were lost. Bodies and cargo were washed ashore.

Times: Friday, 22/12/1871, Issue 27253: Times: Friday, 29/12/1871, Issue 27254:

Times: Saturday, 13/1/1872, Issue 27272: BOT Enquiry.

Western Gazette, Friday, 29/12/1871, Excellent Report.

Cornubian and Redruth Times, Friday, 31/5/1872: Scilly:

The divers who succeeded in recovering the Scud, are about to try their skill on the wreck of the Delaware. Much valuable property, is believed, may yet be salved from her with proper energy and appliances.”

Extensive Reports. IOSM, SI & WoS page 122-124. Scillonian Magazine. 265/172.

‘The Last Piece of England by Richard Barber’, ISBN 184 114 1631: 2002. Pages 29-34.

See poem by Robert Maybee, 17 verses. St. Mary’s Museum.

Location: N49-56-326; W006-23-084.

DELPHIC [10/8/1917] (TL) (WL1) – 8,273 gross tons, defensively-armed, 16/8/1917, 135 miles SW ¾ W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 5 lives lost.

Ref. Short report in WoS only, page 187. See also her sister ship Persic.

DELTA B [2/6/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Birmingham Daily Post, Friday, 4/6/1915:

The crew of eleven of the Belgian trawler Delta B, sunk off Scilly by a German Submarine, landed at Penzance yesterday. Captain Titelgon stated when eight miles off the Bishop Rock the submarine suddenly began firing at his trawler. He endeavoured to get away, but shots fell around too fast, damaging the vessel and injuring a boy. After the crew had got into a punt the submarine commander offered to take them on the submarine, saying he was not aware they were Belgium.”

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 14.

Mentioned in SI & WoS page 183.

On 2/6/1915 the Delta B. was stopped by U-boat (U-34) while fishing 12 miles S.S.W. of the Scilly Isles, shelled and then the skipper was forced to place explosive charges. The crew of ten took to the boat and was later picked up by the HMT Dewsland (FY2664) which landed them at St. Mary's, Scilly Isles. Ref.

DENBIGH HALL [18/5/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 4,943 gross tons, defensively-armed, 18/5/1918, 90 miles WSW from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.


DENURGE [14/9/1810] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 28/9/1810, No. 4497:

The Danish Brig, Denurge Johan Joak, Lude, from Malta to Plymouth, was burnt 14th ult., near Scilly. Crew saved.”

DESIRÉ DE LA PAIX - See Le Desire de Paix.

DEUTSCHLAND [6/12/1875] (TL) – Derry Journal, Friday, 28/7/1876:

The decisions of the German naval inquiry at Bremen, into the loss of the Deutschland, upon Scilly rocks, have been almost unanimously contrary to the opinions expressed by the English court.”

No other details found.

DEUX AMIS [11/1819] (DNR) – Saunders’s News-Letter, Wednesday, 17/11/1819:

The Duex Amis, Flor, from Ostend to Newry, put into Scilly about 28th ult. leaky. Cargo discharging.

DEUX SOEURS [26/5/1838] (PTL) – London Evening Standard, Friday, 1/6/1838:

The Deux Soeurs, Brindejone from Guadaloupe to Havre, struck on a rock on the 26th inst. off Scilly, was run on shore, bilged and filled; part of the cargo saved in a damaged state.” Similar detail in SI.

DEVONSHIRE [12/12/1815] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 23/12/1815:

The Devonshire, Algar, from Newfoundland to Bristol, put into Scilly on the 12th inst., with damage to vessel and cargo.”

DIAMOND [30/10/1855] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 20/11/1855, Issue 22216:

The schooner, Diamond of Swansea to Southampton, Captain Ching (William Thomas in SI). Foundered off Scilly c. 30th October and the crew took to a small boat. Davis the mate, Hughes, a seaman and Perry apprentice. Perry died c. 1st Nov. Picked up many days later, near starving by a Dutch East Indiaman, Noorwarts, Captain Buo, Amsterdam to Calcutta. Perry was committed to the deep and the others eventually transferred to the Rival, Captain Norris from Madeira.

They arrived back to London on the 20th November.

An extensive narrative can be found in the London Evening Standard, Monday, 19/11/1855, page 3.

See also The Scillonian Magazine, No. 270, pages 169 – 171 by Cyril Noall.

DIANA [11/1738] (TL) – “On April 28th, 1738, a vessel laden with wool, from Cales, drove ashore upon the island of Mincarlo, and was totally lost, and all on board perished. Some part of the cargo was saved by the islanders, and a great part of it went away upon the tide.

Reference; John Troutbeck. 1796, page 203.

WoS page 124 mentions ‘wool’ as the cargo.

DIANA [1/12/1863] (PTL) – London Evening Standard, Tuesday, 8/12/1863:

The Diana from Quebec to Southampton, and the Lavinia, from Newport to Poole, which drove ashore on Rat Island, are being dismantled, and all their stores, rigging, &c., will be saved; when the weather becomes moderate the cargo (deals) of the Diana will be landed.”

Also Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 11/12/1863: Adds; that the master’s name was Duff and three of the crew narrowly escaped drowning by foolishly leaving the vessel in a small boat at the height of the storm.

DILIGENCE [30/12/1738] (TL) (Plundered) - Newcastle Courant, Friday, 9/2/1739:

The Diligence, Boulton, from Rotterdam for Liverpool, was lost the 30th of December on Scilly, the Ship and the Cargo plunder’d by the Country People.

DILIGENCE [c.2/1740] – (TL) Caledonian Mercury, Tuesday, 5/2/1740:

The Diligence, Capt. Bolton, bound from Rotterdam to Liverpool, was lately lost off Scilly and the Captain drowned.

DILIGENCE [12/2/1858] Listed in WoS. No further information found.

DILIGENTE [12/5/1694] (WL) – French man o’ war, Captain Rene du Gray. Interesting story reported in the IOSM, page 14.

No other details found.

DIOMED [22/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser, Saturday, 28/8/1915:

The Holt steamer, Diomed, 4672 tons, has been sunk, Captain John Myles and several of the crew being killed. The survivors were rescued by a steamer and landed.

Diomed, 4,672 gross tons, 22/8/1915, 57 miles WNW from Scilly Isles, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire, 10 lives lost including Master. Ref.

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 130.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 24.

Mentioned in IOSM & WoS page 183. Useful report in SI.

DIPTON / WAR HIND [5/11/18] (Col) (TL)– SS Dipton built in 1906 by Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd., West Hartlepool for Penarth S.S. Co. (Beckingham & Co.) 1917 purchased by Sutherland S.S. Co., not renamed. 5/11/1918 sunk in collision with War Hind in English Channel.

Ref. & (See also MAT.) Possible position, far south of Scilly.

DIRECTOR [9/1790] (PMR) - Stanford Mercury. Friday 3/9/1790:

Monday; a very disagreeable report was spread, that a seventy-four-gun ship and a frigate are run ashore in a fog, on the rocks of Scilly and it is feared will be lost, though every possible assistance is given them by the fleet.

As Englishmen, we are bound to hope it is untrue; and though the name of the seventy-four ship

(The Director) is mentioned, yet without any pretended gift of prescience, we hope and believe it will turn out to be nothing more than a report. This account is pretended to have been received from Lord Howe in letters of the 26th.”

Newcastle Courant, Saturday, 11/9/1790: “We are authorized to contradict the report of his Majesty’s ship Director having been wrecked among the Scilly Islands.”

DISPATCH [1812] (TL) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 13/6/1812: Lloyd’s List: 9/6/1812:

The Dispatch packet, from Malta (to Falmouth), was lost 14th April, on the west end of Scilly

(Western Rocks); crew, passengers, and mail saved.” Detail also in IOSM page 49.

DOLORES [c.17/10/1810] (M) (PTL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 2/4/1811, No. 4550:

The Dolores, Samgemga, from Cadiz to London, put into Scilly the 7th October last; sailed from thence the 17th, and has not since been heard of.

Caledonian Mercury Issue 13931, 4/4/1811:

Spain: The ship departed from the Isles of Scilly, United Kingdom for London. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.

DOLPHIN 10/3/1787 (PTL) – Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, Thursday, 22/3/1787:

St. Mary’s, Scilly, March 11. – On Saturday morning the 10th inst., before daylight, in a most tremendous gale of wind, amounting to a perfect hurricane, the Dolphin revenue cutter, belonging to the port of St. Ives, commanded by Captain Johns, parted from her cables, and was driven on shore amongst the rocks, where she lies on her beam ends, and fills: it is apprehended she will be totally lost. The crew are saved, and all her materials taken out. This is the first accident* that has happened at Scilly in the course of the winter.” *A point being made perhaps? See Section 2.2.

DOLPHIN / GEORGE [2/4/1818] (Col) (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 14/4/1818, No. 5271:

The George, Davies, from Liverpool to Antwerp, put into Scilly 2d ult. with loss of bulwarks and stanchions, having run foul of the Dolphin, Miller, from Yarmouth to Milford, in Mount’s Bay, on 31st ult. when the latter sunk. Crew saved by a Boat from Mount’s Bay.

DON BENITO / ULTONIA [27/3/1917] (Col) (TL) – SS Don Benito was a British Admiralty collier of 3,749 gross tons. On the 27/3/1917 when on route from Swansea for Livorno she was in collision with the SS Ultonia and sank.

Ref. (Detail in SI.)

DOSSIETEI [21/2/1846] (Sal) - Times: Monday, 20/7/1846, Issue 19293:

This was an action brought by the owners, master, and crew of the Scilly pilot lugger Pet, to recover remuneration for asserted salvage services rendered to the Dosseitei on the 24th February last. The Dosseitei was an Austrian brig, bound from London to Trieste, the value of the ship, freight, and cargo being estimated at £10,000. She left St. Katharine’s Dock on the 15th February, but before long got into difficulties near Scilly and was towed in by the Pet. The court did not agree that the Pet justified any more than a pilot fee of £50 despite the fact that the Dosseitei was damaged."

More detail in the Times report and also a very worthwhile narrative re this salvage case in the London Daily News, 20/7/1846. Note: Name in this report is spelt Dosseiter.

DOUGLAS [c.10/1771] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 4/10/1771, No. 264:

The Douglas, Breckenridge, from Musquito Shore, loaded with Mahogany, is stranded off Scilly.”

Probably foundered see SI & IOSM.

DOUGLAS [11/1812] (DNR) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 21/1/1812:

The Douglas, Francis, in going into St. Helen’s (Scilly) struck upon a rock, and is obliged to discharge her cargo.

DOURO: [28/1/1843] (TL) – Kentish Gazette, 7/2/1843:

This vessel, registered at 400 tons’ burthen, with a valuable cargo on board, was totally lost, with all her crew, on the night of Thursday last, the 28th of January, upon the rocks at the westward of the Scilly Islands. At an early hour on the following morning the ill-fated vessel was discovered by some fishermen, with her mast gone, and thrown on the rocks upon her broadside, with the sea making a complete breach over her. They immediately bore down to the spot, but there was no one on board to give them the slightest information; every soul belonging to her had perished. In the course of the morning the vessel bumped so heavily upon the rocks that she soon went to pieces, and part of her cargo came ashore. Several bales of cotton twist, marked ‘K’, in a diamond, 832, Queen-street, Miles, S. and B., 24 Manchester, have been saved from the wreck, also some bales of printed goods, and bundles of hemp. On Saturday, the log book was found about two miles from the spot where the ship struck, from which it appears that she was bound to Oporto, and had reached a number of miles to the westward of the island, when a severe leak being discovered, obliged the crew to put her back, and was no doubt making all possible haste to England when the sad disaster occurred. On the same day four bodies were washed up on the beach, which have been proved to be belonging to the vessel. One of them is supposed to be her unfortunate commander, Mr. Gowland, and others his seamen. The rock upon which the vessel struck is called the Crekavesthan, and is situated about a mile from the beach. The vessel is reported as to be fully insured.

Note: It is possible that the main wreck on this site, 'Round Rock', near the island of Crebawethan is not only the Douro as many have long believed but actually the Custos. The cargo of the Douro was “baled goods and brass stops” whereas the cargo of the Custos matches exactly the artefacts found on this site. i.e. musket parts, gun-flints, slave manillas and beads. It is entirely possible that both vessels where lost here. Interestingly the Custos was bound for Africa. The evil practice of slave trading was outlawed in England in 1808. See also Custos.

A well dived wreck site, see WoS page 56. Location: N49-52-936: W006-25-154.

DOURO [5/9/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Merchantman, 1,604 gross tons, 5/9/1915, 79 miles SW by W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

DOVER [22/12/1667] (TL) - Calendar of State Papers Domestic series Charles II 1667-68:

Two vessels of Malaga have brought in the Captain of a vessel cast away near Scilly; two other ships with their crews have been lost near Scilly.”

DOVER [12/1768] Listed in WoS. No other reference found.

DOWSON & BETSEY [4/1/1788] (TL) - Times: Saturday, 5/1/1788, Issue 944:

The Dowson, Best, from Liverpool, Betsey (Betsy), Williams from Chester, are both lost at Scilly, people saved.” Similar report: New Lloyd’s List: 4/1/1788, No. 1948.

DRAGON [9/1810] (TL) – Exeter Flying Post, Thursday, 13/9/1810:

The Dragon, Parker, from Demerara, with a cargo of colonial produce, for London, is wrecked off St. Mary’s Scilly, and totally lost, ship and cargo.” No mention of the crew.

DRAGON Incident [12/1861] (DNR) - Times: Tuesday, 24/12/1861, Issue 24124:

Liverpool Dec 23. - The Dragon from Charente, arrived at the port leaky, having struck a wreck (sic) off Scilly.”

DRAPER [19/9/1745] (TL) – Reported in SI. Reference from the Sherborne Mercury, 19/9/1745.

DRAPER [13/5/1769] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Fri. 19/5/1769, No. 3477:

The Draper, Moor, that was wreck’d off Lands-end the 13th ult. loaded with linens, skins and provisions from Belfast to London, is since got into Scilly with all the materials on board.”

DREAM [5/3/1888] (TL) – Bristol Mercury, Wednesday, 7/3/1888: “From Lloyd’s List, Penzance, March 5: The steamer Dream, of Penzance, sprang a leak and foundered four miles from Wolf Rock Lighthouse. Crew saved. Steamer sunk in deep water.” Reported in WoS page 179.

DUBLIN [11/1812] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 21/11/1812:

The Dublin, Francis, from London to Londonderry, is put into Scilly leaky, having struck upon a rock. Cargo discharging with much damage.

DUCHESS OF KENT [20/2/1843] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Saturday, 4/3/1843: “Scilly, February 28: The Duchess of Kent, Stephens, from Clare to London, was so badly damaged, put in here on the 20th inst., must discharge her cargo.

DUCHESS OF LEINSTER [8/8/1768] (TL) – Oxford Journal, Saturday, 3/9/1768:

On the 8th inst. The Brig Dutchess (sic) of Leinster of Dublin, Bartholomew Sinnot, Master, from Dublin to Dunkirk, in Ballast, about three Leagues off Cape Cornwall, struck against something which appeared to be a Fish, or Piece of Shipwreck, and which suddenly disappeared; whereupon the Master immediately tried the Pumps, and found the Water had got over the Ballast; upon which he hove the Vessel to, and got out the Boat, in order to save his own and People’s Lives, and in about ten Minutes after they quitted her she sunk. The Master and Crew got safe ashore the next Day at St. Mary’s Pier in the Island of Scilly.”

DUCK [3/1807] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 17/3/1807, No. 4135:

The Duck, Billing, from Padstow to Falmouth, is on shore at Scilly and full of Water.”

Also; Caledonian Mercury Issue 13294 21/3/1807, & Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, 19/3/1807: “The brig Duck, Billing master, from St. Ives to Falmouth, with Pilchards, got on shore, on the 9th inst. at Scilly. Her cargo is landed, much damaged.

DUCKINGFIELD HALL [2/1801] (Col) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/2/1801, No. 4128:

The Duckingfield Hall, Pedder, from London to Antigua, is towed into Torbay by the Russel man of war with the loss of her Foremast, Fore Main, and Mizzen Topmasts, having been run foul of off Scilly by a vessel which is supposed to have foundered.” Also; Caledonian Mercury, 28/2/1801.

DUC DE CHARTRES [c.27/4/1781] (TL) - Leeds Intelligencer, Tuesday, 22/5/1781:

We have advice from Morlaix, that the ‘Duc de Chartres’, Privateer, of 18 guns, Captain Merciere, was lost the 27th ult. In the night, upon the rocks WSW of Scilly, and blowing a strong Northerly wind she beat to pieces and the crew are supposed lost.”

DUE FRATELLI [20/10/1871] (AD) – Morning Advertiser, Thursday, 26/10/1871:

Scilly, Oct. 24: It is supposed that the derelict brig towed in here is the Due Fratelli, from Cronstadt to Naples, previously reported abandoned.” See also IOSM page 93 & 94.

DUKE OF CORNWALL [24/12/1787] (PTL) - Times: Saturday, 5/1/1788, Issue 944:

The Duke of Cornwall, from London to Falmouth, is drove on shore at Scilly.

Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Monday, 14/1/1788:

I cannot omit to inform you of the total loss of the Duke of Cornwall, Capt. Hoskin, of Penzance, from London, one of the tin ships bound to Falmouth, with a very valuable cargo of silks, linen, groceries, gun-powder, &c. &c. who, in coming into St. Mary’s Sound, struck the Bartholomew Ledge; when the Captain, to save lives of his passengers and crew, ran her on the Light-house Island, where she now lies stranded, and all her cargo either plundered or washed away. I believe very little will be saved for the unfortunate proprietors.” Also; New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 4/1/1788, No. 1948.

Excellent report in SI. Sherborne Mercury, 7/1/1788 & 18/8/1788.

DUKE OF CUMBERLAND [17/2/1764] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 17/2/1764, No. 2932:

Capt. Fegarthen of the Betsey, who is arriv’d at Penzance from Scilly, has brought home the crew of the Duke of Cumberland, Deputron, loaded with Pilchards for the Straights, who was lost at Scilly; the Cargo is saved.

DUKE OF CUMBERLAND [25/9/1773] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 5/10/1773, No. 473:

The Duke of Cumberland, Paddock, from N. England to London, was lost the 22nd ult. at Scilly.”

Lost on St Helen's. Report in WoS page 143.

DUKE OF CUMBERLAND [17/5/1776] (TL) - Important papers lost at Scilly in the wreck of the ‘Duke of Cumberland’ in 1776. Taken from Naval Documents of the American revolution.

Extract from a letter from AMAE Correspondence Politique Angleterre Vol. 516.

Mr. Garnier to Count Vergennes London 15/5/1776:

"A Packet boat despatched from Virginia, by Lord Dunmore, ran aground on the Sorlingues (Scilly Islands off Cape Lizard) One assures that all the packets which it carried are lost, although the crew escaped. This report aroused strong suspicion on the part of the opposition that the news is very bad, especially since Lord Sandwich confessed publicly that he expected nothing more of the expedition against Virginia, after the complete scattering of Sir Peter Parkers fleet."

Lord George Germain then wrote to Lord Dunmore regarding this same incident.

Germain to Dunmore Whitehall 21/5/1776. (Public Records Office, Colonial Office 5/1353, 749)

"My Lord, I take this opportunity of the reverend Mr. Maddison, who is going back to Virginia, to acquaint your Lordship that the ‘Duke of Cumberland’, packet boat, on her return home, had the misfortune to strike upon a rock off Scilly, and went down so suddenly that the crew had only time to save themselves, and the three Frenchmen who your lordship put on board in their boat, but all the dispatches were lost with the vessel. This misfortune is the more to be lamented as we are so long without any authentic advices from the southern provinces, and the Master reports that he had received letters from all the governors as well as from your lordship and General Clinton; I trust, however, some safe opportunity will soon present itself of sending duplicates, and that they will be accompanied with the agreeable information of Lord Cornwallis’s arrival, & of the happy effects of the landing of the troops under his command. I am & ca Geo Germain."

Also; New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 17/5/1776, No. 746: “The D. of Cumberland Pqt. Boat, from Virginia to Falmouth, foundered off Scilly; one of the people saved.”

DUKE OF SPARTA [19/4/1948] (PTL) – Hartlepool Mail, Monday, 19/4/1948:

A Lloyd’s message from Land’s End to-day stated that the British Steamer Duke of Sparta (5,397 tons) bound from Liverpool to London, was ashore on the Seven Stones Rock, Scilly Isles. The vessel was said to be making water rapidly in No. 2 hold and to be endeavouring to re-float herself.

The Scilly Isles lifeboat has gone to the vessel’s assistance.”

DUKE OF WELLINGTON [19/11/1859] (TL) –See IOSM page 79 & Lloyd’s List: 22/11/1859:

A schooner carrying oats from Waterford to Truro, was wrecked in thick fog and lost with all hands.”

DUKE WILLIAM [12/1768] (M) (PTL) - Kentish Gazette, Saturday, 10/12/1768:

Letter from Portsmouth, December 8. – We hear that his Majesty’s Cutter, Duke William, was lost off Scilly in the late stormy weather, and all perished.” Also; Oxford Journal, Saturday, 10/12/1768:

The Duke William Cutter, which left Scilly some Time since on her Return to this Place, is given over for lost. It is supposed she must have foundered. Lieut. Field, who commanded her, was, upon his Arrival, to have been married to a young Lady of this Town.”

DUNCAN RICHIE [28/3/1853] (DNR) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 29/3/1853:

The Hanoverian galliot, Aginata Juliana, came in here this evening, having on board 13 of the crew and 15 passengers of the Duncan Richie (Mackinnon, master), from Leith to Port Philip. She left on the 19th inst., and on the 25th, 30 miles off Scilly, she was in great distress, having sprung a leak, and had four feet water in the weather pump. The galliot took off the above. The master, five officers of the ship, and about 30 passengers, were left on board, and when the galliot left she was making for Scilly.”

Note: She made Scilly the next day.

The Duncan Richie was certainly not a lucky ship. On 22/4/1853 during her repair in Scilly her topsides were found to be rotten and she must discharge.

On 29/7/1853 Mr. Donald McDonald, a passenger, slipped off the gangplank and drowned!


‘E’ Entries

EAGLE [22/10/1707] (TL) – See Association. Historic Site: See also Tearing Ledge (Designated Site):

Wessex Archaeology Ref. 53111.03yy. Location: N49-52-120: W006-26-529.

EAGLE [6/1760] (Prize) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 24/6/1760, No. 2551:

A French Privateer of one Gun and four Swivels, was taken and carried into Scilly by the Eagle, Knill, of Bristol, where they sold her for sixty Guineas.”

EAGLE [7/12/1764] (TL) – “Lloyd’s List: Fri. 7/12/1764, No. 3016:

The Eagle, Bilby, from Petersburg for Bristol, is lost at Scilly.”

EAGLE [c.5/1789] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 12/5/1789, No. 2089:

The Eagle, Thomas, of Dartmouth, from Newfoundland, sprung her Bowsprit and Main-Top-Mast, and got aground going into Scilly, but was got off next Tide with little Damage.”

EAGLE [5/6/1790] (TL) - Times: Thursday, 17/6/1790, Issue 1710:

Wreck; The Eagle, Brown, from Charlestown to Falmouth, is lost at Scilly; the people saved.”

Caledonian Mercury Thursday 24/6/1790:

"On Sunday the 6th inst., above the hour of ten at night, the brigantine Eagle, from Charlestown, South Carolina, (American built) bound for Falmouth for orders, laden with tobacco and rice, was tonight lost, with the cargo, by striking on the westernmost rocks of these islands. Thick weather accompanied with rain prevented them descrying the lights; and the vessel, at the time she struck, was going better than eight knots. The Master, John Brown, of (Shields?) with the crew, a woman and her child, passengers, were providentially saved in the boat, but without ever having any time to secure any apparel whatever. They were brought to St. Mary’s Scilly in the morning, by some of the inhabitants of Agnes whilst going out fishing. A few casks of tobacco and rice were taken up, but in a state not fit for use."

Also; “The Eagle, Brown, from Charleston to Falmouth, is lost at Scilly; the People saved.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 15/6/1790, No. 2203. WoS page 92.

EAGLE [18/1/1848] (TL) – Hull Advertiser, Friday, 28/1/1848:

St. Mary’s (Scilly) Jan. 21: On the evening of the 18th inst., the Eagle, Scott, from Glasgow to Charente, struck on the western rocks on these islands, and foundered: Crew saved in their boat.”

Also; Caledonian Mercury, Thursday, 27/1/1848 & Royal Cornwall Gazette, 25/2/1848:

St. Ives; Pieces of timber and wreck found marked with the Eagle.

Lloyd’s List: 24/1/1848, No. 10,562.

Good reports in SI & WoS page 58

EAGLE POINT [28/3/1916] (TL) (WL1) - 5,222 gross tons, defensively-armed, 28/3/1916, 100 miles WNW from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

EARL OF ARRAN [16/7/1872] (TL) - Times: Monday, 22/7/1872, Issue 27435:

Scilly, July 17. – The Cargo and baggage from the Earl of Arran, steamer, official number 26,933, from Penzance to the Scilly Islands, which was run ashore on the island of Nornour yesterday, after striking on St. Martin’s, have all been saved in good condition, with the exception of five small packages of cargo, which were saturated with water.”

The Board of Trade Inquiry can be found in Bucks Herald, Saturday, 10/8/1872, page 2.

Also Times: Monday, 5/8/1872, Issue 27447. & East London Observer, Saturday, 10/8/1872.

Excellent detail in SI & WoS page 148-150.

EARL OF LONSDALE [8/6/1885] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 9/6/1885, Issue 31468:

Lloyd’s agent at Scilly telegraphs that the Earl of Lonsdale, steamer, of Newcastle, from Alexandria for Portishead with cotton-seed and beans, during a dense fog ran on shore at 1 a.m. yesterday on the west side of the Island of St. Agnes. She is on high rocks and filled with water fore and aft. Chance of saving the vessel very doubtful. Small boats are landing cotton-seed in bags at St. Agnes and St. Mary’s from the vessel and her materials and stores are being brought into St. Mary’s in boats. The Earl of Lonsdale, an iron screw steamer of 1,543 tons, was built at North Shields in 1871, and owned by Messrs. Elliot, Lowrey, and Dunford, Newcastle.

Parts of the wreck can still be seen around the rocks at low tide.

Lloyd’s List: 12/6/1885, No. 14,917.

Good reports in IOSM, SI & WoS page 78-79.

EASTERN QUEEN [3/1888] (TL) – Western Daily Press, Monday, 12/3/1888:

The crew of the barque Eastern Queen, of Newcastle, were landed at Cardiff on Saturday night from the Italian barque Fitamia, from Almeria. The Eastern Queen foundered on the 7th inst., 300 miles west of Scilly. The crew took to the boats, and after rowing several hours were picked up by the Lewis the Lamb, bound from Newcastle to Valparaiso. On the 8th she met the Italian barque bound to Cardiff, and transferred the shipwrecked crew, consisting of fifteen hands and Captain Rowlands, to that vessel. The crew were taken to the Sailors Home. The Eastern Queen is owned by a company in North Wales. The crew are mostly Welshmen.

EASTGATE [22/10/1917] (DNR) – Recorded in IOSM, page 123.

See Museum News in the Scillonian Magazine 248/93.

Pride of place this year must go to Mr. Clem Langs painting of the Schiller and a photograph of the torpedoed Eastgate ashore in the channel off Bryher, this dates from around 1917. This photograph was made into a postcard. This was sent by the Captain, Ellis Evens, to his wife to let her know that he was safe. The War Office and Commandant of the Islands did not allow photographs of sinking or torpedoed ships to be produced, lest they lower the morale of the country.”

Note: The Eastgate, a London steamship, 4,277 tons, torpedoed whilst in convoy for the USA.

ECLIPSE [8/11/1888] (TL) – Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, Friday, 9/11/1888:

A telegram from Portland states: - The Santiago, Wilson Line steamer, passed up for Hull, reports when 25 miles west of Scilly yesterday she sighted the barque Eclipse, of Helsingborg (Helsingborough?), sinking. She took of the crew and set fire to her. Her crew will be landed at Hull.”

EDALE [1/5/1915] (TL) - Times: Monday, 3/5/1915, Issue 40844:

Edale & Gulflight, torpedoed.

The Middlesbrough steamer Edale, 3,110 tons, met with a similar fate, being torpedoed off Scilly without warning on Saturday morning. The crew were saved."

Times: Tuesday, 4/5/1915, Issue 40845 – More on the Edale.

"The crew of the Middlesbrough steamer Edale (3,110 tons), which was torpedoed off Scilly on Saturday, reached Penzance from Scilly last evening, states the Western Daily Mercury. Captain Venning, of the Edale, said his ship was bound from the River Plate to Manchester. He sailed on March 27 with a cargo of cereals. At 6 o clock on Saturday morning, 45 miles north-west of Scilly they were suddenly torpedoed, being struck abaft the engine-room in No. 3 hold. The hatches were blown up and a column of water and debris rose 200 feet in the air. They immediately launched two lifeboats, which the crew of 24 got in safely and pulled away from the ship.

A quarter of an hour after the Edale was torpedoed a submarine appeared on the surface, that being the first time they had seen anything of her. The submarine then motioned the crew to get away, and immediately began to bombard the ship with shells. Several shots were fired at her engine room and two at her stern, but although many projectiles were discharged, it was two hours before she sank. As soon as the Edale sank the submarine disappeared, and the survivors hoisted the sail of their boat and made for Scilly. When 15 miles off the island they were picked up by a patrol-boat, which landed at Scilly at 6.30 in the evening.”

Edale - 3,110 gross tons, 1/5/1915, 45 miles NW by W from Scilly Isles, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref. The crew were saved. Sunk by U-30.

EDDYSTONE TENDER [3/10/1846] (TL) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Saturday, 10/10/1846:

Tresco, Scilly, Oct. 4. – The Eddystone tender, in leaving Old Grimsby Harbour, yesterday, missed stays, was driven on shore on the rocks at the north of this island, and has become a wreck; Materials and crew saved.”

Lloyd’s List: 8/10/1846, No. 10,161 & Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper.

EDMUND [23/4/1874] – Recorded on Wikipedia as wrecked. Ref. CSIOS, page.155.

No evidence found as yet for a wreck. May have been recorded as missing due to hurricane at the time.

EDOUARD MARIE [5/3/1918] (TL) (WL1) - Edouard Marie, built by Auguste Cattoor, Ostende in 1907 and owned at the time of her loss by Edouard De Gruyter, was a Belgian fishing vessel of 32-tons. On 5/3/1918, Edouard Marie was sunk by the German Submarine UC-75 (Walter Schmitz), 5 miles south of Wolf Rock. 1 person lost. (See also MAT.)

EDWARD [9/11/1816] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 19/11/1816, No. 5127:

The Henrietta, Perry, from Swansea, and the Edward, Banfield, from Malaga, parted from their cables and drove on shore at Scilly, during a tremendous gale at W.N.W. on the 9th inst.; the former was got off on the 11th, but driven ashore again at night during another heavy gale.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 26/11/1816, No. 5129: “both were finally got off and carried to St. Mary’s Pier; the former with considerable damage, almost full of water, and must discharge; the latter (Edward) with trifling damage, and has arrived at Milford.

EDWARD of Scilly [1/1819] (TL) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Monday, 18/1/1819: “Whitehaven, Jan. 13. – The schooner mentioned yesterday proves to be the Edward, Banfield, of Scilly, from Seville to Dublin. The cargo all lost, and the vessel gone to pieces: crew saved.”

EDWARD CHARLTON 20/12/1836 (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 3/1/1837, Issue 16303:

The Edward Charlton, from Llanelly to London, struck the Bartholomew Ledge, and immediately went down. Captain and crew taken off by a pilot boat; the vessel is a total wreck. It is feared very little will be saved.”

Note: There follows a list after this report, which goes on to describe a large number of ships that were damage during this period just prior to the New Year.

See also IOSM, page 65.

EDYSTONE, Saga of, [19/10/1823] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 28/10/1823, No. 5850:

Scilly, 21st Oct. – The Edystone, Bell, from Hudson’s Bay, arrived here 19th ult., under jury fore mast and bowsprit, having experienced very bad weather on her passenger, particularly on the 9th ult. when a sea struck her, and carried away the head and bowsprit and stern boat, stove the long boat and yawl, swept away all the lee bulwarks, and 16 feet of covering board – broke some planks of the deck, with a great deal of other damage, and the Ship lying on her side, the foremast was obliged to be cut away, also two anchors from the bows to lighten her. One man was drowned, one killed, and another much hurt. It is feared that the cargo has received damage, as a great deal of water went down the hold whilst she lay on her side, and she made a great deal of water during the gale. She has been supplied with two anchors, &c. and will sail the first fair wind for London.”

EEMLAND [22/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – SS Eemland was a Dutch Cargo Steamer of 3,770 tons built in 1905 by A. McMillan & Son, Dumbarton for Zuid Amerika Lijn. She was powered by a steam, triple expansion, single screw, giving 10.5 knots. In 1908 she was purchased by Koninklijke Hollandsche Lloyd. On the 22/2/1917 she was captured by German Submarine U-21 and blown up 30 nautical miles west of Bishop Rock.


Part of the 22/2/1917 Dutch convoy.

EGBERDINA [11/1828] (Col) (DNR) – London Evening Standard, Saturday, 15/11/1828:

Scilly, Nov. 11: The Egberdina, Bastrens, from Cardiff to Dordt, drove foul of a vessel in St. Mary’s Roads, and received considerable damage, her stern being cut down near to the water edge. She lost her rudder, stern boat, main-boom, rigging, &c., but was brought into St. Mary’s Pier with assistance, and has commenced discharging her cargo.” Additional detail in IOSM, page 59.

EGYPTIAN MONARCH [5/1888] (DNR) – Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, Tuesday, 29/5/1888:

A Board of Trade inquiry into the circumstances attending the stranding of the steamer Egyptian Monarch off the Scilly Isles, during a fog, terminated at Falmouth yesterday. The court held that the master was to blame, but taking Captain Harrison’s high character into consideration they did not suspend his certificate.

ELAINE [1876] (TL) - Reported in IOSM, page 98: A yacht which foundered in heavy seas in St. Mary’s Road. Crew saved by a French brig.

ELIZA [28/10/1815] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 11/11/1815:

The Eliza, Nowlan, from Dungarvon to Chichester and Portsmouth, put into Scilly 28th ult. with her pumps choked, and three feet water in her hold. Cargo damaged, and landing.”

ELIZA [3/5/1817] (DNR) - Morning Post, Friday, 16/5/1817:

Falmouth, May 12. – The Eliza, Herron, from Scilly; she is originally from Cork, with a cargo of provisions, bound to Maderia, but put back to Scilly in a leaky state, and is now come here to discharge.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 13/5/1817, No. 5176:

The Eliza, Heron, from Cork to Lisbon, put into Scilly 3d inst., very leaky, and would be obliged to discharge and repair.”

ELIZA [20/12/1817] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 2/1/1818, No. 5242:

The Eliza, Randall, from London to Chepstow, in going into Scilly struck on a rock and sunk; she had been weighed and was discharging her cargo, but would be re-shipped in another Vessel, the Eliza having received so much damage as not able to proceed.”

ELIZA 13/6/1824] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 18/6/1824, No. 5917:

Scilly, 15th June. – The Eliza, Griffiths, from New York to Antwerp, has been brought in here in distress, with loss of foremast, maintopmast, spars, sails &c. both bower anchors, boats, bulwarks, &c.

The Exeter Flying Post, 24/6/1824 has;

brought into St. Mary’s Pool, Scilly, on Sunday the 13th inst., in a very disabled state, although her hull and cargo do not appear to have sustained much injury. Three of her passengers (two gentlemen and a foreign lady) have arrived at Penzance.

Later No. 5925:

Scilly, July 13th; Eliza is ready for sea, being complete in mast, rigging, sails, &c. and is only waiting a wind.”

ELIZA [5/1/1867] (TL) – Reported in IOSM and an excellent report in Royal Cornwall Gazette, 17/1/1867:

Although Scilly was close and a small Fiddle Head of Grapes in the Valhalla may have come from this vessel; this incident tends to be much nearer to Land’s End.

ELIZA [13/11/1882] (PTL) – York Herald, 14/11/1882:

The brig Eliza, Swansea for Honfleur, has been beached at Scilly in a sinking condition.

A report in the IOSM, page 102, has the Eliza as a 211-ton Jersey brig, cargo coal, master

William Lurn which ran aground near St. Martin’s Head.

ELIZA [9/3/1891] (TL) – North Devon Journal, Thursday, 26/3/1891:

Captain John Ford sailed in the smack Eliza on Monday preceding the late gale from Gloucester for Padstow with a cargo of salt. He has not been heard of since. He had with him his son William, a lad, about 17 years of age, and his nephew by marriage, James Wood, a young married man. Grave doubts are entertained as to their safety.” Victim of the Great Blizzard.

Cornishman, 23/4/1891:

A body found on Melledgan was dressed in a brown mole-skin trousers and sea boots. Mr. W. M. Gluyas, J.P. deputy coroner, held an inquest on the body for the purpose of identification, if possible. It was found that on the inner part of the leg of one of the stockings were the letters ‘J. W. (James Wood), worked in white letters. The stocking is now lying at the Custom-house, St. Mary’s. It is supposed that the corpse must have been that of one of the crew of a small vessel, the after part of which drove on to Melledgan.” Extra detail in SI & IOSM.

ELIZA JANE [21/1/1881] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 1/2/1881, Issue 30106:

The Italian barque Amabile Caterina arrived in Cardiff yesterday afternoon with three of the crew of the Eliza Jane, of Carnarvon, who were rescued off the Scilly Islands on the 21st ult. They reported that the captain and mate had been washed overboard and drowned.”

ELIZABETH [27/7/1757] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 5/8/1757, No. 2252:

The Elizabeth, Robertson, from Oporto for Hull, was lost on the 27th ult. on the Seven Stones between Scilly and the Land’s End.”

ELIZABETH [12/1774] (TL) - New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 27/12/1774, No. 601:

The Elizabeth, Line, from Cadiz to Dartmouth, is lost at Scilly; part of the Materials saved.”

Note: This ship is wrongly named in many publications as ‘Elizabeth Line’. ‘Line’ was the master!!

ELIZABETH [5/3/1786] (TL) – Hereford Journal, Thursday, 23/3/1786:

On Tuesday the 5th of this month, the Elizabeth, master? from Bordeaux, was wrecked on the rocks of Scilly (Western Rocks); Mr. Noble, Mr. Alexander, and two other gentlemen, who were passengers, were alone saved. The crew took to the long boat, but unfortunately they all perished. This news is brought by one of the above gentlemen, who is just arrived in town.” Sherborne Mercury, 20/3/1786.

ELIZABETH [11/1/1788] (TL) - New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 11/1/1788, No. 1950:

The Elizabeth, Watson, from Quebec and Cork to Newcastle, foundered to the N.W. of Scilly, the Crew and Passengers saved.”

ELIZABETH [8/6/1790] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 29/6/1790, Issue 1720 & 1723:

On Friday night the 8th inst., at Scilly, a Number of Guns was heard from the Westward, supposed to be Signals of Distress from some ship, and, on Saturday Morning, the Stern of a Ship was seen out of the Water. On her Stern was written; 'The Elizabeth of London'. She must have been a Ship of very large Size: as a Piece of carved Work of her Stern Gallery measured 17 Feet in Length. Part of the carved Work described as the Bust of a Man, with two Lamias, one each Side. None of the Crew were saved. She drifted all round the islands of Scilly on Saturday and Sunday with the Tide. Twenty Boats attempted to tow her into Port, but could not, as she was so entirely Water logged, and the fore Part sunk.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: 2/7/1790, No. 2,208:

"The Elizabeth, Wilton (Wilson), from Alicant to the Baltick, is lost at Scilly, and it is feared the crew are drowned." Reports in SI & WoS page 144.

ELIZABETH [1792] – Bryher, listed in WoS. No other detail found.

ELIZABETH [29/10/1815] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 11/11/1815:

The Elizabeth, Marshall, from Havre to Liverpool, drove on some rocks near St. Helen’s Pool, Scilly, on the 29th ult. but was got off, and would be carried into St. Mary’s to be examined.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/11/1815, No. 5020. Similar report.

ELIZABETH [1/1820] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Thursday, 27/1/1820:

The Elizabeth, Mather, from St. Lucas, has arrived at Scilly, with loss of anchor and cable. She was driven down the Crow Sound missing several rocks.” IOSM only, similar report.

ELIZABETH [1825] (DNR) - Times: Tuesday, 3/1/1826, Issue 12854:

Scilly, Dec, 27. – The late heavy gales, though productive of no serious damage here, have yet occasioned some loss to many who are ill prepared to sustain it. Some houses have been partially stripped of their thatch; several large boats have been driven on shore, having either parted their chains or, broken their anchors; and one (the Elizabeth of St. Martins) went down on her moorings, with the loss of the greater part of her materials, &c. The weather still continues stormy, though the wind is frequently veering.”

ELIZABETH [3/1833] (TL) – Sussex Advertiser, Monday, 18/3/1833:

The ship Elizabeth, Banks, master, belonging to merchants in this town (Newhaven), was we are sorry to hear, wrecked on Saturday se’nnight in a gale off Scilly. She was laden with grocery and corn, consigned to the trade here. Both the vessel and cargo, with the exception of the corn, are, we believe, uninsured. – Crew saved.”

Note: Sussex Advertiser, 3/6/1833:

The Pic Nic Society give an Entertainment at our Theater to-morrow (Tuesday evening), in aid of the subscription, for the benefit of Captain Banks, who lost nearly all his property by the wreck of the ship Elizabeth (of which he was part owner) on the 9th March last, off Scilly by which misfortune the vessel and cargo were entirely lost.”

ELIZABETH [25/12/1836] (TL) - Times: Monday, 16/1/1837, Issue 16314: Wrecks of the Elizabeth and the Mary Ann.

Scilly, January 10. – The Orlando arrived here on the 5th ult., From Gloucester, with loss of stern boat, bringing with her the masters and crews of the Elizabeth and Mary Ann, both of Cork, which vessels foundered westward of Scilly, the former on the 25th, and the latter on the 29th December.”

Slightly different detail in the Morning Post, Monday, 16/1/1837: “The crews of the Elizabeth, Phillips, from Newport, and the Mary Ann, Griffiths, from Cardiff, both of Cork, which were abandoned on the 25th and 29th ult., have been landed here from the Orlando, Coulson, from Gloucester to London.

ELIZABETH [11/8/1852] (TL) – Recorded in IOSM page 74, Ref. RNLI.

Elizabeth, master Roche, from Quebec for Cork and Newcastle, was lost on the north-western side of the islands. All crew were rescued.

ELIZABETH [12/1860] (DNR) – London Evening Standard, Tuesday, 4/12/1860:

Scilly, Nov. 30: The Elizabeth, for Hull, has been assisted in, dismasted, and must discharge her cargo (beans) to repair.”

Extra detail in IOSM page 81, assuming it is the same vessel?

ELIZABETH [15/3/1873] (TL) (RNR) – Shields Daily Gazette, Wednesday, 19/3/1873:

Some remnants of a small vessel, supposed English, were washed ashore on Sunday, at St. Agnes, Scilly, and a broken headboard painted blue, with the word ‘zabeth’ on in gilt letter, evidently part of the name Elizabeth, has been picked up at St. Mary’s.”

More detail in SI & WoS page 93. Cornish Telegraph 19/3/1873.

ELIZABETH MARY [4/1870] (Col) (Sal) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 7/4/1870: “The Elizabeth Mary of Plymouth, commanded and owned by Thomas Shannahan of Penzance was run into by a French lugger off the Land’s End. She was laden with 86 tons of coals, from Cardiff for Penzance. The captain and crew abandoned the vessel very quickly without, it is said, assessing the damage. The crew were picked up by the Elizabeth Thomas of Porth Madoc and landed at Penzance. The Elizabeth Mary was picked up with very little water in her by a Scillonian pilot and taken to Scilly. The finding of the Board of Trade was as follows: “We find that at the time the schooner Elizabeth Mary was abandoned she was not in an unseaworthy condition and ought to have been safely taken to Scilly by the crew. We consider from the evidence that the master and crew abandoned their vessel with improper precipitancy, and had the master been certificated we should undoubtedly have suspended his certificate, but under the circumstances and considering that he is the sole owner of the vessel, and that she was uninsured, and consequently that the master has already sustained severe pecuniary loss as the result of his conduct, we refrain from ordering him to pay any portion of the costs of this inquiry.” More detail available in the report.

ELIZABETH TAYLORSON [12/1872] (AD) (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Saturday, 28/12/1872:

The Florist, Evans, from La Rochelle, picked up the crew of the Elizabeth Taylorson, Hooper, of South Shields, from Tyne for Malaga, on the 24th inst., off Scilly, and landed them at Whitehaven. The Elizabeth Taylorson had both masts carried away. The crew were compelled to abandon her, as she was fast sinking, The Elizabeth Taylorson was a vessel of 236 tons’ register, was built at Monkwearmouth in 1833, and was the property of Mr. James Young, of South Shields.

ELIZABETH AND MARY [26/10/1834] (DNR) – Times: Monday, 3/11/1834. Issue 15625:

The ship ran aground on the Seven Stones Reef and was eventually beached at Old Grimsby, Tresco, Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from Great Yarmouth, Norfolk to Bristol, Gloucestershire.

Also; London Evening Standard, Friday, 31/10/1834: Master given as Welsh, and that she would need to discharge the cargo to repair.

ELLEN, Saga of [c.1821] (PTL) – Saunders’s News-Letter, Tuesday, 22/10/1822:

About ten months since, a vessel called Ellen, Magrath, master, sailed from Youghal bound to Poole, but not having been heard of for a considerable time since it was rightly conjectured that she was lost. A letter has been received in Youghal, within these few days, from one of the crew, at Southampton, stating, that the vessel foundered off Scilly, and that the master and crew got into the long boat, and were after some time taken up by a Dutch East Indiaman, on her voyage to Batavia, and taken to that settlement, where they were treated in the most handsome manner by the Authorities in that Island, and a passage procured for them in the first ship homeward bound. The man states, that the master and remainder of the crew, might be daily expected.”

Also the Lancaster Gazette, Saturday, 9/11/1822 which expands the story; “On the 4th and 5th (January) the wind moderated, the leak still continued, and was now gaining fast on the men, who were almost exhausted from constant pumping for three days.

On the morning of the 6th the vessel was filling fast; about noon an American ship appeared in sight; the Ellen put out a signal of distress; to this the crew of the ship paid no attention but by tauntingly beckoning with their fingers to come up to them, which they well knew was impossible, as the ship was water logged; they passed on, inhumanly leaving four fellow-creatures to a death which appeared inevitable, without making one effort to save them, and adding insult, to make their barbarity, if possible more striking.” Fortunately, the Dutch East-Indiaman appeared, reported here as the Arinus Marinus, Captain Duhan, for Batavia.

ELLENIA / INDUNA [16/9/1926] (Col) (TL) – Cornishman, Wednesday, 22/9/1926:

The crew of the Italian steamer Ellenia were landed at Newlyn on Saturday afternoon. The Ellenia had been in collision with the steamer Induna in a fog and foundered. The crew were picked up by a French fishing boat, who found the men adrift in their boats 200 miles west of the Scilly Islands on Thursday afternoon. They numbered 29 all told. Once landed they were taken charge of by Messrs. W. D. Matthews and Sons, the Italian consular agents at Penzance. The Ellenia was a vessel of 4,080 tons gross. No lives were lost.

ELLIK [2/1/1917] (TL) (WL1) - On 2/1/1917, Ellik, on a voyage from Villagarcia to Swansea with a cargo of pit props, was sunk by the German Submarine UB-18 (Claus Lafrenz), 40 miles southwest of Bishop Rock. There were no casualties. Ref.

Note: She was sunk the same day as the Bestik by the same submarine.

ELMSVILLE [3/1891] (DNR) – Western Times, Thursday, 12/3/1891:

The British steamer Elmsville, from Liverpool to Cette, France, put into Queenstown last evening in a damaged condition and with three of the crew seriously injured. The vessel encountered a terrific gale off Scilly.”

ELSPETH [21/9/1857] (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Monday, 28/9/1857:

The Elspeth, Cull, from Shields for Martinique, foundered off Scilly on the 21st inst.”

Newcastle Journal, Saturday, 3/10/1857: Additional; “The crew were saved by Euxine, of Hartlepool, from Havana, arrived at Falmouth.” Report in the IOSM only, see page 78.

ELY RISE [1878] (Sal) - Stranding & Trial of James Nance.

Times: Friday, 25/10/1878, Issue 29395: “Standing of the Ely Rise steamer of Cardiff, captain Vickermann, from Cardiff for Savannah in ballast ran into Crow Sound, Scilly Islands, at dusk on Wednesday night. Before a pilot boat could be got off she ran on to the Hats. The steam ballast pump was set to work, but about 9 p.m. a steam pipe gave way, and the fires were soon put out by the rising tide. The Lady of the Isles, steamer went off at 11 p.m. The vessel floated for two hours before high water, and was towed on the bar in three fathoms of water, where her bow grounded. Her anchor was let go, as they feared it would hole the fore compartment. About 3 a. m. yesterday the gale increased very much and drove her off the sand into deeper water. According to the latest reports, she was floating at anchor and her deck awash, between the Hats and Guthers, in six fathoms of water, on sandy ground, but in a favourable position for lifting. She will probably be got further in the next tide. Her position is about midway between Hats and Crow Bar. Lloyd’s agent at Scilly thinks a couple of steam pumps and a diver will be necessary to get the vessel afloat and into St. Mary’s.”

Times: Wednesday, 20/11/1878, Issue 29417: ‘Trial of James Nance. Wrecking at Scilly’

“At St. Mary’s, Scilly, a pilot named James Nance has been committed for trial at the Bodmin Quarter Sessions on a charge of wrecking. It appears that about £200 worth of provision and furniture was missed from the steamer Ely Rise, which was recently stranded at Scilly, and the coastguard had instructions to watch. While going his rounds at St. Martin’s Island, on the night of the 6th ult., a coastguard came across a dozen or more men, laden with goods. They all ran away, except Nance, who, it is said was found lying near the goods, mattresses, &c., which belong to the Ely Rise. The other men got clear off. Bail was accepted for the prisoner in two sureties of £100 each, and himself £200.”

EMBIRICOS [6/2/1892] (TL) - Times: Monday, 8/2/1892, Issue 33555:

A Reuters telegram from Scilly states that the Greek steamer Embircos, laden with coals, bound from Cardiff to Malta, has foundered off St. Martin’s Island (White Island). Fifteen men were landed in their own boat, but ten of the crew were missing, including the captain, the mate and engineers. The steamer struck on a rock about half past 4 on Saturday morning and sank in ten minutes. The captain and the other missing men were last seen endeavouring to get out a boat, and it is supposed that they went down with the vessel.

Times: Wednesday, 10/2/1892, Issue 33557: ‘Mutiny’

"The 15 survivors of the Greek steamer Embiricos, which went ashore at St. Martin’s, Scilly, in a fog early on Saturday morning, were landed at Penzance yesterday from the steam ship Lyonesse. Since the wreck, stories of the most sensational character, founded, it is alleged, on statements of members of the crew themselves, have been circulated, and have given rise to considerable speculation as to their truth or falsity. The most serious allegation is to the effect that the captain and the officers of the vessel were murdered by the survivors. The story is told with much circumstantiality, it being stated that a mutiny broke out sometime before the vessel struck, and that it was in the course of the mutiny, indeed, whilst the fight was going on, that the affair occurred.

On the other hand, it is said that the bloodshed did not occur until after the accident, when a rush, having been made for the boats, knives were drawn and a fight for life ensued, during which the captain and officers were murdered. From the statements made on Monday it is very evident that there were scenes of violence, for the three serving Maltese alleged that the Greeks, who formed the large majority of the crew, used all their endeavours to prevent them entering the boat. When questioned as to whether the knife was not used, they admitted that there was a call for “knives” but this, they say, was only to cut the boat adrift. Another story was that after the boat had been launched some of the men who have been drowned swam in the rear of the boat for some distance, but that they were threatened with the knife, and one who was clinging to the stern was struck across the hands with an iron bar, which caused him immediately to lose his hold and sink. John Balzan, one of the Maltese survivors, in an interview yesterday afternoon, said that the vessel left Cardiff about 11o’clock on Friday morning. She was a fine steamer, and made good speed during the day. Towards the close of the afternoon a thick fog came on, and, as it was accompanied by a heavy sea, navigation became somewhat dangerous, and the engines were eased down to half speed. He and the other Maltese took no night watches, and consequently they went below during the evening. Early in the morning he was awakened by a violent shock, which threw him from his berth. He went up on deck, and found that they had struck on a reef of rocks some little distance from an island. The rock had apparently torn the bottom of the vessel before the foremast, and the water was pouring in and rushing down into the stern, so that the steamer was already starting to settle down. The captain was on the bridge endeavouring to direct operations, but there was a general scramble on the deck for the boats. He himself with a number of Greeks and two of his fellow countrymen got alongside the lifeboat. The Greeks endeavoured to prevent the three Maltese from getting into the boat, but they scrambled in and refused to turn out. On being asked if any knives were used, Balzan replied that there was a call for knives, nearly every one had a knife, but they did not use them, as far as he knew, except to cut the boat off from the stanchions. The lifeboat was lowered, and they began to pull away. Balzan alleges that the captain and officers and the other men were, at the time they left, trying to launch the other boat. There would have been plenty of room in the lifeboat for them because there were only 15 men in a boat that could hold 50. When they had pulled some little distance they heard those who had been left on the ship shrieking out for help and imploring them to come back to save them. Balzan and the other Maltese immediately began to “back water” with the object of putting back to rescue them, but the Greeks turned on them, took the oar away from Balzan, and threatened what they would do with them if they did not do what they were told. Although the boat was only a few yards distant from the vessel, they refused to render any assistance whatsoever. They did not see the vessel go down, but when the boat had left about ten minutes they could see no light, and they supposed she must have sunk within that time. When the men landed at St. Martin’s it was noticed that they each carried a knife. It was this fact that, in the first place, formed the groundwork for the extraordinary stories which have since floated about. If the bodies of the officers are recovered, all doubts will be set at rest as to the alleged foul play."

Times: Thursday, 11/2/1892, Issue 33558:

Wreck of the Embiricos, Enquiry Report.

“The depositions of the 15 survivors of the Greek steamer Embiricos are being taken by the Greek Consul in Cardiff. The examination of Charles Camiliesi, of Malta, lasted half of yesterday. It was stated that the vessel left Cardiff on Friday last, laden with coals, for Malta, and that on Saturday morning about 4.30 she struck on rocks off Scilly. A boat was launched, and at that time the ship was fast filling, her decks being level with the boat. She appeared to sink stern first, with her bows in the air. The boat put off with three Maltese and 12 Greeks. It was so foggy that they could not see what course to take, but at about 5 45a.m. they sighted land, and got ashore Sandy Beach, St. Martin’s, Scilly, and were taken care of by the Greek Consul and the coastguard and Customs officials. On Tuesday they left for Cardiff. On their departure from the wreck of the Embiricos there was some shouting, and the witness Camiliesi stated that he heard the voice of the boatswain, but he could not understand what he said. As to the report reflecting upon the Greek members of the crew, he declared that no knives were used and that there was no rough treatment whatsoever. They all behaved most orderly and in sympathy with their mates, Maltese and Greeks alike. He had not heard his country men complain once being roughly treated by the Greeks. Our Liverpool Correspondent states that Mr. Knowles, chief engineer of the Embiricos, contradicts the published story with regard to a mutiny on board the vessel before she disappeared. He asserts that up to that time perfect harmony prevailed among the crew. When the vessel sank the captain was on the deck, and was heard shouting after the boat on which the engineer had left the vessel. Messrs. Green, Holland, and Sons, London, have received a letter from Captain Matthews, of their steamer Rutland, at Havre, in which he says:

“I picked up on Sunday, five miles off the Lizard, four men in a small boat, their steamer Embiricos, of Andros, Greece, having foundered. They proved to be the first, second and third engineers, and one Greek sailor. The engineers are Englishmen. They had been out in the boat 28 hours, with very little clothing and nothing to eat or drink.

Their ship struck on Scilly on the Saturday morning at half-past four, and foundered in deep water 20 minutes after. The men were in an exhausted condition. I brought them on to Havre to the British Consul.”

The Scillonian, No. 270, Winter 2009, pages 148 & 149.

Scilly Now & Then No. 62 page 47, October 2013. WoS pages 145-146.

EMILIE [18/9/1866] (TL) – Glasgow Herald, Thursday, 27/9/1866:

Scilly, St. Mary’s, Sept. 24: On Tuesday morning last (18th inst.), the schooner Emilie, of Glasgow, Johnson, from Poole for Runcorn, with a cargo of China Clay, struck on the Seven Stones, and very soon went down. The crew, five in number, had just time to get out the boat and leave the sinking vessel, and after some time they saw the Seven Stones Lightship, and pulled towards her and got on board, and remained there until Saturday afternoon, when they were taken off by the Seven Stones tender, and landed the same evening at Tresco. The signals were flying for five days, but were not seen from Tresco. The crew have lost all their clothes. The weather was thick and hazy at the time the accident occurred.

Lloyd’s List: 24/9/1866, No. 16,365.

Reported in SI & WoS page 166.

EMILYA [1/1904] (AD) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Saturday, 2/1/1904:

The West Indian mail steamer La Plata reported at Plymouth yesterday that she passed the Russian barque Emilya, of Riga, in an abandoned condition on Wednesday, 350 miles westward of Scilly.

The barque, which had lost her masts, is drifting right in the track of navigation.”

EMMA [13/1/1843] (PTL) – Liverpool Mercury, Friday, 20/1/1843, page 8:

Scilly, January 8: The Emma, Percival, from Liverpool for Leghorn, parted from her anchors in St. Mary’s Bay during a heavy gale on the 13th inst., and drove on shore, when she fills with the tide.

Liverpool Mail, 18/3/1843: “Triton, from Scilly at this port (Liverpool) with wrecked goods from the Emma, hence for London.”

Dublin Evening Mail, 7/4/1843:

A sale, in Liverpool, of a huge variety of Manchester Goods from the Emma, wrecked on the Scilly Islands. Some extra detail in SI.

EMMA of Scilly [c.5/2/1873] (TL) (LV) – Derry Journal, Wednesday, 5/2/1873: Wexford Tuesday:

A cloaths bag, containing papers belonging to a schooner named the Emma of Scilly has been driven ashore near Rosslare. From the papers it appears that the Emma was bound to Wexford, laden with manure, from Plymouth. A ship’s boat came ashore near the same place. The captain of the Jenny Lind reports that he passed a quantity of wreck outside the harbour, which he believed belonged to a schooner.

EMMA LOUISE [3/4/1890] (DNR) – Cornishman, Thursday, 24/4/1890:

The 79-ton schooner Emma Louise, Leonard Parsons master, with 140 tons of slate and three passengers from Bangor for London, after anchoring in St. Mary’s road, April 1st (she left Bangor March 26) sailed April 3rd, at 8.30 p.m. and an hour after struck Bartholomew ledge, swung round, and remained for about 10 minutes, bumping two or three times, when she came off. Making for St. Mary’s pool she struck the west side of the Bacon ledge and remained 45 minutes, but was warped into the pier, very leaky (her two pumps could hardly keep her afloat) and several planks on both sides chaffed and stove.”

EMPIRE [26/11/1860] (TL) – Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette, Saturday, 8/12/1860:

Has an extensive report by Captain Woodcock on the loss of the SS Empire, which was wrecked at Scilly on the 26/11/1860. The Empire in attempting to find shelter to recharge her coal bunkers entered Scilly but struck the Picket Rock. Water entered the engine room and extinguished the boilers. Distress signals were hoisted and the anchor let go. Thirteen crew escaped on the ship’s boats and were fortunately picked up by pilot cutters from Bryher and St. Agnes. Initially the master and carpenter remained on the steamer but just prior to Empire sinking they too were taken off by the pilots. Basically the captain should have acquired pilots before attempting the enter Scilly.

More precise detail available in this report.

Additional information in SI.

Lloyd’s List: 28/11/1860, No. 14,556.

EMPRESS [31/3/1866] (AD) – Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Saturday, 7/4/1866:

The ship Empress, from Moulmeim for Liverpool, was abandoned near the Scilly Isles on Sunday week, the crew being picked up by passing vessels.

ENCHANTRESS [c.1/1867] (TL) – Western Times, Friday, 18/1/1867:

The barque Enchantress, of Sunderland, laden with wheat, and bound for Falmouth, has foundered off Scilly, on her voyage from Odessa, whence she sailed Oct. 1. The total loss is £9,000. All hands were saved.”

A lengthy and detailed report available in the Hampshire Telegraph, Saturday, 19/1/1867, page 7.

ENDEAVOUR [1666] (TL) – Calendar of State Papers. Charles II Vol. 176. October 23-31, 1666.

October 24. Falmouth 23. Thomas Holden to Williamson.

The Endeavour, laden with coal from wales, with 20 more vessels, left Milford on the 14th, put into Scilly in a storm, in which one vessel is lost and several missing, and has arrived at Falmouth.”

This reference reads very differently from the IOSM version. Only one vessel was lost, and that vessel is unidentified and it was lost in a position unstated and not necessarily lost at Scilly.

ENDEAVOUR [1737] (TL) – Reported in IOSM, page 17. Very little information found.

ENDEAVOUR [31/3/1781] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 17/4/1781, No. 1259:

The Endeavour, Langdon, from Leverpool (sic) to Portsmouth, is lost at Scilly, Part of the Cargo saved.

Sherborne Mercury, 20/5/1782 has the detail of the sale of the cargo.

ENDEAVOUR [1791] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 23/8/1791, No. 2327:

The Endeavour, Sillock, from Chester to Marseilles, is put into Scilly with Loss of Mainmast, and very leaky.”

ENDEAVOUR [c.10/1815] (M) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 30/12/1815:

The Endeavour, Woodman, sailed from Cork for Plymouth and Southampton, on the 26th October, and has not since been heard of.” West Briton, 19/1/1816. Possibly lost on the Seven Stones.

ENFANT DE BRETAGNE [13/2/1977] (TL) – St. Malo, motor fishing vessel lost on the Western Rocks.

IOSM pages 134-5. WoS page 47.

ENGLISH MERCHANT [8/1771] (TL) – Kentish Gazette, Tuesday, 6/8/1771:

The English Merchant, Rivers, for North Carolina, is bulged and sunk off the Scilly islands.”

ENTERPRISE [15/2/1838] (DNR) - Caledonian Mercury, Thursday, 1/3/1838:

The Enterprise, Pigeon, from Gambia to London, leaky (four feet water in hold), having been on her beam ends.”

ENVOY [10/2/1874] (Col) (PTL) – Fife Free Press, & Kirkcaldy Guardian, Saturday, 14/2/1874:

Falmouth, Feb. 13: The Envoy (brig), of Shields, from Leith to Havannah, with coals, was abandoned with mainmast only standing, leaking, 12th inst., 100 miles west of Scilly, having been in collision at midnight of the 10th with a ship, name unknown.

Also; West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 19/2/74:

On Friday the crew of the brig Envoy of North Shields, William Bryant master, were landed at Falmouth from the Italian bark Nuenio Geunna, they having abandoned the brig about 70 miles W.S.W. of Scilly.” More detail in this report.

EPTAPYRGION [23/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,307 gross tons, defensively-armed, 23/4/1917, 150 miles W by S from Scilly Islands, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.


E.R.I. [30/1/1871] (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Monday, 6/2/1871:

A portion of the cargo, consisting of a few tons of bones and bone ash, were saved on Monday (Feb 2) from the wreck of the E.R.I. of Sunderland, ashore at White Island, Scilly. The sails, spars, and rigging will all be saved.

Dundee Courier, Friday, 3/2/1871:

Information was received in Sunderland yesterday, that during the heavy gales on Monday night, the schooner E.R.J., (sic) of Sunderland, from Monte Video, laden with bone ash, went ashore to the north of St. Martin’s, Scilly, and is likely to become a total wreck.

Detailed report in SI. Cornish Times 8/2/1871 & 22/2/1871.

ERIGNAC [19/2/1892] (PMR) – Possibly a misspelling in SI & WoS.

ERNE HAGEMEISTER [19/2/1861] (TL) – London Evening Standard, Tuesday, 26/2/1861:

Scilly: A vessel on her beam ends was seen close to the islands on the 19th, and soon afterwards foundered. Several small pieces of wreck were seen, and a seaman’s chest, in which there were several letters, showing it to belong to Johan Riech, cook of the Erna Hagemeister, Herman, bearing post marks, Cardiff, July 29, 1860 and dated from Wieck, or Stralisund.

A life buoy marked Erna Hagemeister, Rostock has also been picked up.”

(Mem, The Erna Hagemeister, Rostok, sailed from Constantinople, Dec. 7 for Falmouth)

Lloyd’s List: 25/2/1861, No. 14,631.

ERNST VON HOMEYER [13/2/1872] (Sal) – Glasgow Herald, Friday, 16/2/1872:

The Ernst von Homeyer (barque), of Barth, with a general cargo, has been taken into Scilly derelict, and with 4 feet water in her hold and port quarter stove. The master and crew have been landed at Dover, and proceed to Scilly to rejoin their ship.

See additional information in IOSM page 94.

ERIK RICKMERS [25/10/1899] (TL) - Times: Friday, 27/10/1899, Issue 35971:

Two vessels were wrecked on Scilly rock in the Isles of Scilly during dense fog on Wednesday night. About ten o’clock the German full-rigged ship Erik Rickmers struck on a rock. In response to her signals of distress gigs put off from the different islands, and the lifeboat from St. Mary’s. The crew were landed by gigs from Bryher. The vessel is of 1,900 tons’ register, and had a cargo of rice from Akyab.

It was her first voyage.

Lloyd’s List: 26/8/1889, No. 19,046. Also 22/9/1889.

Erik Rickmers & the Carn Thomas Bell - [Scilly Now & Then, No.17, p10]

Excellent reports in SI & WoS page 127-128.

ESCAPE [10/2/1861] (TL) – Inverness Courier, Thursday, 28/3/1861:

The crew of the Escape, of Stornoway, Stephen, master, which foundered off Scilly Islands on Sunday, 10th February, arrived at Stornoway on the 11th ult. They were saved from the wreck by the George Turner of Portland, U.S., landed at Bremen, and sent home by the British consul at that port.”

Cargo: railroad iron from Newport for Lisbon.

ESPERANCE [2/11/1801] (TL) - Times: Wednesday, 25/11/1801. Issue 5272:

The Esperance, Barber, from Penzance to Venice, was wrecked in the Isles of Scilly while on a voyage from Portsmouth, Hampshire to Venice. Her crew were rescued.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: Fri. 13/11/1801, No. 4203. Nut Rock, WoS page 136-137. Royal Cornwall Gazette, 14/11/1801. Cargo; Pilchards.

ESSIE [24/1/1877] (TL) – Edinburgh Evening News, Friday, 26/1/1877:

Reports from Scilly state that the schooner Essie, of Leith, was seen on fire yesterday some miles south-east of the islands, outward bound. A steamer was near the schooner when she was first observed, but she shortly proceeded. Some pilot boats then went in chase of the burning ship; and after several hours she was overhauled. The fire had by that time obtained such mastery that she was boarded with great difficulty. The medicine chest and barometer and clock were saved. Nothing more could be learned about the vessel. It is supposed that the steamer took the crew off.”

Similar report in IOSM & SI.

ESTON [c.4/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Western Times, Friday, 16/4/1915:

Harry Elliston, seaman, of the steamer Eston, formally South Point, sunk by submarine sixty miles off Cornwall, writing to Cardiff from Lisbon, states that the crew of 36 were adrift eleven hours before being picked up, and the sufferings of some of the men were terrible. He says: The inhuman dogs left us to our fate in two small boats. When our captain asked for a tow towards land, they only laughed and jeered at us.

ETHEL [17/2/1877] (DNR) – Edinburgh Evening News, Wednesday, 7/3/1877:

A Board of Trade inquiry took place at Plymouth yesterday concerning damage done to the Ethel, of Plymouth, by running on the Seven Stones Rock, between Land’s End and Scilly, at midnight on Friday 17. The vessel having had a most marvelous escape from foundering.”

Shetland Times, Saturday, 10/3/1877:

A protracted Board of Trade inquiry has been concluded at Plymouth to-day. The master of the schooner Ethel, Richard Dyer, and the mate, Henry Newman, were each sentenced to suspension of certificated for three months: the former for having chosen a dangerous passage and then going to bed leaving navigation to the mate; and the latter for want of caution, whereby the vessel went upon the rocks off Scilly and was wrecked.”

EUPHEMIE [2/12/1863] (TL) – See Adophe. Detailed report in SI. Lloyd’s List: 5/12/1863.

EUROPA [22/3/1763] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 22/3/1763, No. 2837:

The Europa, Stevens, from London for Lisbon with Corn, founder’d off Scilly, but the Capt. and Crew were taken up by a Dutch Ship from Leverpool (sic) for Ostend, who passed by Dover the 19th ult.”

EUROPA [6/1854] (TL) – Limerick and Clare Examiner, Saturday, 17/6/1854:

Intelligence has just reached that the Europa (transport) belonging to Messrs. Somes, has just been destroyed by fire about 100 miles west of Scilly. It is supposed that the whole of the troops and crew have been saved by her Majesty’s ship Tribune. The intelligence arrived by the Arno at Liverpool which spoke the Tribune at sea.”

A very detailed narrative of this tragedy can be found in the Hull Packet, Friday, 23/6/1854.

EUROPE [1/5/1915] (TL) (WL1) - SS Europe, built by Hawthorn, Leslie & Co. Ltd., Newcastle in 1890 and owned at the time of her loss by Plisson & Cie., was a French steamer of 1887 tons. On 1/5/1915, Europe, on a voyage from Barry to St. Nazaire with a cargo of coal, was sunk by the German Submarine U-30 (Erich von Rosenberg-Grusczyski), 3 miles N.W. of Bishop Rock.

There were no casualties. Ref.

Reported in SI & WoS page 182. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record, page 11.

EUROPE [12/6/1925] (DNR) – Steam trawler of Boulogne which struck Rosevear in fog. Floated off as the tide rose. Good story in CSIOS page 48. Damage, if any, not known.

EXCELSIOR [22/1/1881] (PTL) - Times: Wednesday, 30/11/1881, Issue 30365:

The German barque Excelsior, of Hamburg, with rice, from Rangoon, parted her cables during a heavy gale on Sunday, and drove ashore on Crow Bar, Scilly, at high water, passed over the bar, and drove on the sand near Cruther’s Point, St. Martin’s Island. The vessel is full of water. A survey was held on Monday, and the discharge of cargo has commenced, and the ship is being stripped. Pilot from St. Mary’s went on board while the ship was driving, and directed the vessel as far as possible. The lifeboat Henry Dundas was out and stayed by the vessel throughout the night, and sustained some slight damage.”

Cornishman, Thursday, 1/12/1881:

The German barque Excelsior, Capt. Loose, from Rangoon with rice for orders, parted her chains on Sunday afternoon. A third anchor was let go and she rode to this time, but, after a while, began to drive. A flag being hoisted for assistance the gig Hound, from St. Mary’s, and the Albion, from Bryher, went to her aid. Soon afterwards, the lifeboat, under the charge of Mr. Alfred Hicks, chief coxswain, went off. Night coming on and no improvement in the weather, it was deemed advisable to slip before night. This being done she grounded on the bar, and soon began to make water. As the sea rose she cleared the bar and her head canting to the north they had no alternative but to get her on to St. Martin’s ashore; consequently, she grounded off Cruthers Hill, and as the tide rose, filled. Preparations are making to get her cargo out. The lifeboat stayed by her during the whole of the night. It is thought she will be a total wreck.” Lloyd’s List: 24/1/1881, No. 21,136.

The Scillonian Magazine; No. 214, page 112 & No. 215, page 97:

Cornishman, Thursday, 26/1/1882, page 5: ‘An Amazing Story of Salvage’

Narrow Escape at Scilly of 80 or 90 Sailors and others from Drowning or Injury.

Extra detail in IOSM, SI* & WoS page 145. *Has wrong date.

EXCHANGE [20/6/1804] (TL) - Times: Saturday, 28/7/1804, Issue 6085:

The Exchange, of Newcastle, Capt. Wm. Johnson, from Waterford to London, with provisions, foundered near Scilly on the 20th ult., occasioned by a butt starting? The crew were picked up by the John (USA), from Charlestown, which is arrived at Liverpool.”

Also; Caledonian Mercury Issue 12934, 2/8/1804 & Issue 12937, 9/8/1804.

EXPEDITION [11/12/1766] (PTL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 23/12/1766, No. 3227:

The Expedition, Smith, from Leverpool (sic) for London, was stranded at Scilly the 11th inst.

The Crew were saved.

EXPEDITION [11/12/1785] (TL) - Times: Friday, 30/12/1785, Issue 317:

They write from St. Mary’s in Scilly, that the Expedition, Capt. Collins, belonging to Dublin, was drove on the rocks of Scilly with such violence, that she soon went to pieces. The crew remained on the rocks for several hours, but at length were taken off by a French ship, and landed at St. Mary’s.

Also Saunders’s News-Letter, 3/1/1786. Brief detail in IOSM.

EXPEDITION [9/1821] (DNR) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Monday, 17/9/1821:

The Expedition, Potter, from Newcastle to Oporto put into Scilly 7th inst. very leaky and with loss of stern, boat stanchions, and part of the bulwarks.”

EXPEDITION CUTTER [12/7/1787] (DNR) – Northampton Mercury, Saturday, 21/7/1787:

Scilly, July 12. – Yesterday in the Afternoon arrived here, the Expedition Cutter from a Cruise, without any Mast standing, having that Morning lost all in a violent Storm, attended with Thunder and Lightning, which struck one Man on the Deck dead upon the Spot.”

EXPERIMENT [1811] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 7/5/1811, No. 4560:

The Experiment, Tregatha, from Penzance to Lisbon, put into Scilly 22nd ult. with her Sails split, and other damage.”

EXPERIMENT [11/1828] – Western Times, Saturday, 15/11/1828:

His Majesty’s schooner Experiment (sic) continues at Scilly, where she put in from distress of weather, and having been obliged to cut away her masts, she remains in a very perilous situation.”

Later: Southern Reporter, 22/11/1828:

The Swedish schooner of war Experiment, in a gale slipped her cable and ran close to the lee of the island of Samson, and was obliged to cut away both masts; she has since been brought to St. Mary’s Pool.” Additional detail in IOSM, page 59.

EXPERIMENT [9/1835] (DNR) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Monday, 28/9/1835:

Falmouth, Sept. 23: The Experiment, Williams, from Poole to Newfoundland, has put in here with damage and leaky, having struck on the Seven Stones.” Similar report IOSM.

EXPERIMENT [12/10/1836] (Sal) - Times: Thursday, 20/10/1836, Issue 16239:

We are also sorry to state that yesterday the brig Experiment, of and from Carbonear, Newfoundland, R. Bransfield late master, laden with oil and fish, bound for Poole, was brought into St. Mary’s by three or four pilot-boats, which fell in with her in the morning to the southward of the island, with loss of mainmast and foretop-mast, with all the sails, rigging etc., thereto belonging, the said vessel having, on the evening of Wednesday last the 12th ult., been struck by a heavy sea, whilst lying to, which threw her on her beam ends, when she instantly filled with water through the companion and fore-hatch, or scuttle, by which means the master and mate, who were in the cabin, and four of the crew in the forecastle, were drowned. Three men were saved by getting on the foretop, the vessel having righted after the masts were carried away, and floated with her deck level with, or rather under water. She is now at St. Mary’s pier, and the water having been got out of her this morning, the bodies of the master, mate, and seamen, have been found in the cabin and forecastle, and we shall get them buried here as soon as possible.”

Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Friday, 18/11/1836:

The brig Experiment, Williams, late Bransfield, sailed on the 10th for Poole. The sum of 800l., which was awarded by the magistrates of Scilly, to the salvors of the Experiment and cargo, (as reported in the Shipping Gazette) has not been paid, the owners considering the sum too great, therefore have appealed to the High Court of Admiralty.”

Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 1/5/1837:

The Inquiry: Sir J. Nichol, without hearing the case, said, the Court was not disposed to interfere with the decision of Magistrates, where the facts were thoroughly examined. In this case, for all the facts stated, he though the Magistrates had not given too much, and he should pronounce in favour of the award, with interest at the rate of four percent from the period it was made.

Note: There is confusion here with dates, perhaps there are two incidents for the same vessel.

Note “Williams, late Bransfield

IOSM, page 64 has that she was boarded by St. Agnes men and confirms the bodies were buried on the Island.

EXPRESS [15/12/1869] (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 25/12/1869:

The French barque Express, of Marsailles, from Sierra Leone, 400 tons, laden with palm nuts, went ashore on the island of St. Mary’s, Scilly, about midnight on Tuesday evening last. The captain and crew (12) safely reached the shore, and were taken to Penzance on Friday evening.

Lloyd’s List: 18/12/1869, No. 17,372.

WoS page 106.


‘F’ Entries

FACTORY GIRL [2/12/1863] (TL) – Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, Saturday, 12/12/1863:

On Friday, the Norwegian brig Albatross from Cardiff. Put into Falmouth, having on board the mate and six others of the crew, with the captain’s wife and child, of the ship Factory Girl, of Liverpool, Captain Thomas Tallistire, 463 tons, which foundered, 160 miles off Scilly bound from Swansea to Valparaiso, on Wednesday morning, when the captain and six of the crew were drowned. It appears that the Factory Girl left Swansea on the evening of the 30th November, with a cargo of coals, bound for Valparaiso. She proceeded without anything particular occurring until Wednesday, when a terrific gale from the north-west took place at four a.m., shortly after which the vessel’s cargo shifted, and the gale continuing with unabated violence, the mizenmast and foretopmast were cut away, and the mainmast went over. Shortly after this the Albatross came in sight, and a boat was lowered, in which eight of the Factory Girl’s crew and the captain’s wife and children were with difficulty placed. It was blowing a gale, and the boat was pulled towards the Albatross, the crew intending to return again to the Factory Girl for the remainder of the crew; but they had not proceeded far when they observed the vessel go down head foremost. They heard the captain shouting, and saw him take off his coat and wave it just as the vessel sank; but could not from the violence of the wind and sea hear what he said. Those lost were the captain, the second mate, carpenter, steward, and three men.

FAIR KATHLEEN [24/11/1852] (DNR) – Reynold’s Newspaper, Sunday, 12/12/1852:

Messrs., J. and J. Waite, owners of the Fair Kathleen of Tynemouth, have received information of a sad disaster, which happened on board that vessel while off Scilly, on the 28th ult. She was on her passage to Venice, from the Tyne, and, in a gale of wind from the W.S.W. about eight p.m., was struck with a terrible sea, which swept her decks, stove in her boats, carried away the bulwarks, and drowned the mate and two seamen. The master received a severe scalp wound, and another seaman was disabled by the same fearful disaster. The vessel has been got into Cowes, strained, and making water.” Limited detail in SI.

FAIR ELLEN [7/8/1826] – CSIOS, page 85. St. Ives not Scilly. Bristol Mercury, 18/8/1826.

FAIRPORT [15/4/1916] (TL) (WL1) - 3,838 gross tons, 15/4/1916, 31 miles N by W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

FAIRY QUEEN [24/1/1834] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Saturday, 1/2/1834:

Scilly, Jan. 27: The Fairy Queen, Christmas, in endeavouring to get underway on the 24th inst., beat over a reef of rocks, knocked off the false keel, and damaged her copper; she was assisted into St. Mary’s Pier, and has been repaired.” Similar report in IOSM, page 63.

FAIRY [29/3/1878] (DNR) - Times: 2/4/1878, Issue 29218:

Scilly, March 29. – The Fairy, from Carnarvon for Newcastle, arrived here with the loss of sails, bulwarks, and boats stove.” In the same report; “The No. 100 fishing boat of Penzance, reported seeing an English schooner founder off Scilly during a gale of the 29th March.

FALKLAND [22/6/1901] (TL) - North Devon Journal, Thursday, 27/6/1901:

The Liverpool four-masted ship Falkland, from Tacoma for Falmouth, missed stay when off the Bishop’s Rock, Scilly, on Saturday evening, struck on a rock, and foundered in ten minutes. Twenty-five were saved in the ship’s boat, including the captain’s wife and child; but the captain, the chief mate, the steward, two seamen, and a passenger have, it is feared, been drowned, as the boat in which they left the ship has been found bottom upward, and the body of one of the crew was picked up.”

Times: Monday, 24/6/1901, Issue 36489: Wreck of the Falkland:

The four-masted barque Falkland, from Tacoma for Falmouth, with grain, was wrecked on Saturday evening on the Bishop Rock, Scilly Isles. Twenty- seven persons in all were saved, but six were drowned – namely Captain Gracie, Mr. Bateson (first mate), Anderson (the steward), and three seamen. It appears from the narrative of the survivors that the Falkland was 135 days out from Tacoma. The Bishop Rock lighthouse was sighted about 5.30 on Saturday evening, and after passing the lighthouse the ship tacked, but the tide prevented her from going about. The ship missed stays and drove right on to the rock about quarter to 7. She struck amidships and sank in about ten minutes from the lighthouse. When the Falkland struck, the crew got a boat out as quickly as possible and two or three men got in and took the captain’s wife and child and the rest of those on board except the captain, mate, steward, and three men. One sailor and the cabin boy jumped into the sea, but both were rescued. Meanwhile the St. Agnes and the St. Mary’s lifeboats went out to rescue the crew. The St. Agnes lifeboat reached the ship’s boat and landed its occupants, including the captain’s wife and child. The St. Mary’s lifeboat returned later on Saturday night from the scene of the wreck without seeing the missing crew. It blew a gale from the S. W. during the night. The Falkland was an iron four-masted barque of 3,676 net tons, built at Liverpool in 1880, and owned by the Palace Shipping Company (limited), of Liverpool.

According to another narrative the Falkland got among the rocks and trying to clear them struck on the Western or Bishop’s Rock, her main yard actually touching the lighthouse.

She then turned over and went down in a few minutes. It was blowing so hard at the time that a staff erected by the Admiralty on Friday in connection with the development of the wireless telegraphy system, and standing160 ft. high, was blown away. The boatswain in a statement said that after the vessel struck orders were given to launch the lifeboats but the vessel having a list, only one of the lifeboats could be got out. When he himself jumped along with the others into the water and was picked up by the boat, the captain and mate were on the poop, but he did not see the other missing men. The vessel went down, blowing up her hatches, deckhouse, and poop as she foundered. A boy jumped from aft, and after swimming for about 15 minutes was also picked up. A man was seen clinging to a hencoop, but the sea being so rough and the boat so crowded they could not render any assistance. After being in the boat about an hour they caught sight of the St. Agnes lifeboat, which brought them into the island of St. Mary’s, where they were supplied with clothes, having saved nothing of their own.

The body of a man, supposed to be the one seen clinging to the hencoop, was seen yesterday morning in a bay near the scene of the wreck, but owing to the heavy sea it was impossible to launch a boat to recover it. The hencoop was picked up close to where the body was seen. The body of Bateson, the mate, was landed in the afternoon.”

Times: Tuesday, 25/6/1901, Issue 36490: – ‘Wreck of the Falkland.’

The survivors of the crew of the Falkland, wrecked off Scilly, Mrs. Gracie, the captain’s wife, and his child arrived at Penzance yesterday. All the crew speak well of the kind treatment they received at Scilly. They state that Captain Gracie and the chief officer, Mr. Bateson, were seen doing their duty bravely up to the time the vessel went down. An old man who stayed with them secured a lifebelt and threw himself into the sea but he slipped through the belt and disappeared. The boat in which the survivors took refuge was very leaky, and the men say that the lifeboat only reached them just in time.

The inquest on the body of Gilbert Bateson, 32 years of age, a native of Bentham, Yorkshire, chief officer of the Falkland, was opened yesterday at Scilly.”

It has always been thought that a charted wreck in Broad Sound, (to the north of Round Rock) is the Falkland 2600 tons. However, this wreck seems too small to be the Falkland and could be the wreck of the smaller Craig Elvan of 1400 tons. There is, however, a very large, as yet unidentified wreck, on the south east corner of the Flemming’s Ledge in 35 to 45 metres of water that could be this wreck. This theory is currently under investigation by the authors.

Another detailed report in the Edinburgh Evening News, 24/6/1901, page 3.

Lloyd’s List: 23/6/1901, No. 19,900.

Good report in WoS, page 29.

Also; Islander Magazine, Autumn/Winter 2010, page 49.

Location: N49-52-986: W006-25-804.

FAME Privateer [9/1781] (DNR) – Newcastle Chronicle, Saturday, 29/9/1781:

Just arrived the Fame privateer, of 18 guns, under jury masts, having lost her masts and rigging in an engagement off Ushant with a French privateer, which Capt. Cox of the Fame imagines sunk, as they saw nothing of her in the morning but some pieces of wreck and several drowned men floating; the Fame is so leaky that the men were obliged to keep constant pumping.”

FAME [4/2/1836] (AD) (TL) – Newcastle Courant, Saturday, 13/2/1836:

The Fame, Henry Nelson, master, from Newport to Newcastle, having sprung a leak, was abandoned on the 4th inst., off Scilly.” More detail IOSM, page 64.

Also; Lancaster Gazette, Saturday, 13/2/1836: “Brothers, Pettyjoke, wrecked in Mount’s Bay, Fame, Newport to Newcastle, abandoned off Scilly.”

FAME [27/4/1859] (TL) – Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, Saturday, 14/5/1859:

Extreme Gales: The Fame (Newlyn fishing boat) reached to the southward on a wind, and it is thought she contemplated making the Scilly Islands; but she was seen from the lightship (Seven Stones) to disappear; and the crew seven in number, met a watery grave. They were all of Newlin (sic), and skillful, well-conducted men.

FAMIGLIA CAVALLO [1/1904] (PTL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Wednesday, 13/1/1904:

When ninety miles west of Scilly, the captain of the steamer Evangeline observed a flare light, and on making for it found a boat full of men. They were the crew of the Italian vessel Famiglia Cavallo, and had been in the boat three and a half days, having abandoned their ship on her beam ends. They were taken aboard the Evangeline, which arrived in the Thames on Monday.”

FANNY [8/12/1809] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 11/12/1809:

The Fanny, Maddick, from Malaga to Dublin, arrived at Milford, must unload there in consequence of damage sustained by being on shore at Scilly.”

FANNY [10/1820] (TL) - Times Newspaper Saturday, 4/11/1820:

Extract from a letter from St. Mary’s, Scilly dated 24/10/1820;

"On Sunday last we experienced one of the severest gales from the south-west that has been known here for several years. It was impossible to stand in any open part of the island. About five o’clock in the evening, which was the time of high water, spring tide, the scene was tremendously interesting.

The sea, rushing, with a violence that seemed to threaten devastation to all before it, into St. Mary’s Roads and pool, burst over the quay with incredible force, and spray flew over the tops of the highest houses, into the street. Quantities of sea-weed were even thrown on the roofs of some of those houses by the strength of the surge. Most of the cellars, courtlages, &c., on the south and west sides of Hugh Town were overflowed. Providentially no great damage was sustained, as there were but few vessels here. A large ship from America, which had gone on shore before, and was with great difficulty brought into the pool, and moored, on Saturday last, again dragged her anchors a considerable way, and got foul of some small craft, but without doing them much injury. His Majesty’s brig, Shamrock, lying at Old Grimsby Harbour, Tresco, was in such imminent danger, that the crew were obliged to cut away both her masts. The Fanny a fine boat of about 20 tons, employed in the preventative service, was driven from her moorings, and literally dashed in small pieces on the rocks on the east side of the harbour of St. Mary’s. Some of the poor fellows belonging to her had a very narrow escape from drowning in their endeavours to carry out a cable and anchor in a small punt, which was swamped. Many of the houses shook violently; and, had the storm raged from the south-east, the whole town, which is situated on a low sandy isthmus, would have been again inundated. As it was, the sea was not more than a foot below the level of the greater part of the buildings. The general view- a town menaced with destruction by a furious sea on either side- the waves flying up over the loftiest cliffs, and sending showers of spray over the adjacent lands- the neighbouring islands gloomy in mists and clouds-the struggles of the anchored vessels- and the expressive countenances of those islanders whose curiosity had drawn them towards the principal scene of elemental violence- was such as I never saw before, and, notwithstanding any supposed partiality for the sublime, would certainly never wish to see again."

FANNY [c.28/5/1841] (AD) (Sal) (RNR) – Morning Chronicle, Thursday, 5/8/1841:

Picked up on the 28th May, off Scilly, a boat marked ‘Fanny of Greenock, T. S. Stoyle’ by the George, arrived at St. Vincent’s.” Fate of this vessel needs investigating, re other missing vessels.

FANNY [1873] (TL) - Report in IOSM, page 95: Fanny wrecked on the Seven Stones.

No other information found.

FANNY ANN [2/1793] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Fri. 15/2/1793, No. 2480:

The Fanny Ann, James, from Milford to London, is put into Scilly, after being on Shore.”

FANTEE [6/10/1949] (TL) – Torbay Express and South Devon Echo, Saturday, 8/10/1949:

Scilly Islanders and members of the crew denied today that looting had occurred on the Fantee.

The 6000 ton, Elder Dempster motor vessel, Fantee, from Liverpool grounded on Thursday on the Seven Stones Reef, off Land’s End.”

One of the Fantee’s officers reported that it was all a misunderstanding saying that because the Islanders boats went out, they were after loot. In fact, everything recovered was handed to the customs, importantly all 58 crew were saved. The Fantee has since broken up and the after part has disappeared.

Good reports in SI & WoS page 172.

The Scillonian, No. 270, Winter 2009, pages 179-182 by C. Tregarthen.

FARLEY [14/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,692 gross tons, defensively-armed, 14/5/1917, 70 miles SW ½ W from the Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

FAVOURITE [5/1814] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 14/5/1814:

The Favourite, Wood, from Plymouth to Bilboa, put into Scilly 1st inst., leaky, but it was expected would proceed on her voyage without discharging.

FEDE [5/12/1916] (TL) (WL1) – A war loss recorded in SI. Torpedoed by a German Submarine.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 75.

Italian steamer Fede, was sunk by UB29 (or UC19 - sources are uncertain) 35 nautical miles S of Bishop Rock. Ref.

FELICE QUEIROLO [9/1887] (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Tuesday, 6/9/1887:

The master of the Coot’s, at Liverpool, reports on the 3rd, off Longships fell in with Kate Cresby*, Havre, to Philippines, which vessel had picked up 11 of the crew of the Italian barque Felice* Queirolo, Antwerp to Genoa, on the previous day, the barque having foundered. The Coot took the crew on board and landed them at Liverpool.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 30/3/1888:

The Mayor of Bideford read a letter he had received from the Board of Trade, to the effect that the silver medal had been awarded by the Italian Government to Captain J. Hanson, of the British ship Kate Crosby, of Belfast, in recognition of his services in rescuing the crew of the Italian brigantine Felece (sic) Queirolo, wrecked in September last off the Scilly Islands.” There is more detail in the report but not much about the wreck incident itself. *Assumed the correct spelling.

FELICITI [13/8/1783] (TL) – Reading Mercury, Monday, 1/9/1783:

London, Tuesday, August. 16; Friday advice was received of the ship Feliciti, for Havre de Grace, from St. Domingo, with a valuable cargo, being driven by tempestuous winds on one of the Scilly Islands, and lost: The Captain and sixteen of the crew were drowned, but part of the cargo was saved.

FELICITY [7/5/1773] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 7/5/1773, No. 430:

A Ship, Name unknown, from St. Domingo to Havre, is lost off Scilly; the Captain and 10 Men saved, with about 40 Tons of Cotton.” Later; New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 25/5/1773, No. 435:

In ours of the 7th inst. a Ship from St. Domingo to Havre, lost off Scilly, proves to be the Felicity.”

Different story in the Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 29/5/1773:

On the 17th of last month, the ship Felicite, of Havre de Grace, bound from St. Domingo to that place, laden with sugar, coffee, cotton, &c. was driven on one of the Islands of Scilly, and lost, together with the greatest part of her cargo; and the Master, Chief Mate, and sixteen other people, were drowned.”

FELICITY [12/1790] (TL) - Times 3/12/1790.

The Felicity revenue cutter was drove on shore on Sunday last off Scilly, and totally lost; the crew were taken up by a fishing boat who landed them at Scilly; the cutter had on board upwards of one thousand anchors of brandy and Geneva, besides near two tons of tea, &c. which she had seized out of a smuggling cutter, notwithstanding two of the Felicity’s crew were put on board her.

FELIX GUEMOLE [9/1889] (TL) – An Italian brigantine, wrecked in heavy seas.

Recorded in IOSM, SI & WoS. See Felice Queirolo.

FENAY BRIDGE [24/3/1916] (TL) (WL1) - 3,838 gross tons, 24/3/1916, 54 miles W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

FERNDENE [24/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,770 gross tons, defensively-armed, 24/4/1917, 150 miles W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Nine lives were lost including the Master. Ref.

FIERY CROSS [3/7/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Newcastle Journal, Thursday, 8/7/1917:

The crew of the Norwegian barque Fiery Cross, which was sunk by a German submarine, as already reported, were paid off at Swansea. The following receipt was given by the commander of the submarine to the master (Capt. Gedde): Translation: Scilly Isles, 3rd July, 1915.

Certificate: I hereby certify that I have sunk the Norwegian barque Fiery Cross, Capt. John Gedde, on the 3rd July, 1915, at 6 p.m., as she had contraband (lubricating oil) for France on board. – Commander of the German Submarine, Forstmann, Capt. Lieut.

The official stamp bore the words ‘Imperial Maritime. – His Majesty’s Submarine U--.’”

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 18.

Reported in SI & WoS page 185.

FIFE [2/3/1838] (DNR) - Times: Monday, 19/3/1838, Issue 16680:

Scilly, March 9. – The Fife, from Newport to London, which was on shore at this place on the 2nd inst. Has been got off with trifling damage, after discharging part of the cargo.

FINANCIER [5/9/1783] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 16/8/1783, No. 1499:

The Financier, Lobec, from Charles Town to London, was lost on the Island Scilly (Annet), and three Men drowned; a very small Part of the Cargo saved.”

Also another Vessel was lost at the same Place, Name or Voyage not mentioned.

Useful report in SI & WoS page 87.

FINGALTON [c.28/8/1853] (DNR) – London Daily News, Monday, 29/8/1853:

The Fingalton, bound for Gloucester, went on shore at Scilly.” Major gales at the time.

FIREBRAND HMS [22/10/1707] (TL) - Smith Sound, WoS page 44.

Scillonian Magazine. 214/9: Discovery by Mark Groves (The Roland Morris diving team.)

The Bell, dated1692, was recovered.

Location: N49-53-256: W006-21-301. See also Golden Lyon.

FIVE SISTERS [c.11/1880] (PTL) – Dundee Advertiser, Wednesday, 13/10/1880:

Fears are entertained respecting the safety of the schooner Five Sisters, of Goole, which left Hull for Weymouth, and was last seen in the Downs during the storms between the 5th and the 7th inst. An empty boat and wreckage have been observed off Weymouth. Nothing has been heard of her crew of five men.

Cornishman, Thursday, 4/11/1880:

Picked up at St. Mary’s, on the 31st ult., the stern of a ship’s boat, with the words Five Sisters, Goole, Thomas Lowther.” This wreckage is exceptionally well spread? More detail required.

FLAMINIAN [29/3/1915] (TL) (WL1) - Times: Thursday, 1/4/1915, Issue 40817:

The torpedoing of the Ellerman liner Flaminian off the Scillies involves one of the most expensive casualties since the opening of the submarine campaign. The liner was outward bound from Glasgow and Liverpool to South Africa, and is the first in that trade to have been lost through the war peril. She was 3,440 tons, built last year, and valued at £40,000. Her general cargo may be estimated to have been worth at least £100,000, so that, allowing for freight, £150,000 would be a moderate estimate of the total interests.”

Excellent report in Sheffield Evening Telegraph, Wednesday, 31/3/1915, page 4.

Flaminian, 3,500 gross tons, 29/3/1915, 50 miles SW by W from Scilly Isles, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 9.

Limited detail in SI & Listed in WoS as the Plaminian, page 182.

FLEM ART [15/8/1996] (TL) – Fishing Vessel grounded and sank in Crow Sound. IOSM page 136.

FLINK [18/3/1867] (TL) – Northern Standard, Saturday, 30/3/1867:

The barque Flink, Stuve, of Swinemunde, from Liverpool for Memel, with salt, foundered off Scilly on the 18th inst.; crew saved.” IOSM has the master as Stawe. The Little Western took her in tow but she foundered four miles off shore.

FLORENCE [8/12/1872] (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 14/12/1872:

A story of true heroism and goodness of heart which is not often recorded has now come to light. A fine steamer named the Florence, from Cardiff bound to an Italian port laden with fuel, was caught in a terrible hurricane off Scilly, and, after making almost superhuman efforts to keep their ship afloat the crew gave up all as lost, and burnt torches and flare-ups to attract attention. About ten o’clock at night, a steamer, the Edgar, of Newcastle, Capt. Smith approached but the fearful weather prevented them giving any assistance. The Edgar then left to return, however, about one o’clock the next morning, when she endeavoured to put her life boat out. This was then found to be impractical and again the Edgar disappeared. About four o’clock the next morning the Edgar was seen approaching the third time despite the fearful weather. The wind having now slightly moderated, the Edgar put out her lifeboat, into which seven brave seamen went. With intense eagerness her progress was watched by those on board both vessels; the one crew fearing for their own comrades, the other for themselves. After a desperate struggle with the foaming billows the sinking steamer was reached, and the nineteen men slung themselves into the boat, and presently stood in safety on the Edgar’s deck. Nor was this the only reason to be grateful to their deliverers. They gave up their own berths to the half-dead crew of the Florence, supplied them with their own dry clothes, fed the famished men with the best the ship’s stores contained, and landed them at Falmouth as thankful for their kind treatment as for their preservation from imminent death.”

FLORESTA [15/2/1875] (TL) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Saturday, 20/2/1875:

The barque Florester, of Sunderland, Captain Wente, from Tagenrog for Cork, with wheat, left Falmouth on Saturday, at four a.m. On Sunday she struck the Seven Stones, a dangerous cluster of rocks, two thirds of the distance between Land’s End and the Scilly Isles. A dense fog prevailed and the vessel speedily filled and foundered, as many ships have done before her at the same fatal spot. The crew. Ten in all, left in their boat and were picked up by the lugger Josephine Olander.

Lloyd’s List: 16/2/1875, No. 18,976.

Some detail in IOSM, SI & WoS page 167.

FLOSSIE [23/10/1880] (AD) (PTL) – The Star, Thursday, 28/10/1880:

Castilian crossing the Bay of Biscay; On Oct. 23, at noon, in lat.50 19 N. & long 6.55 W., sighted a vessel showing signals of distress, bore down to her and she proved to be the Flossie, brig, of Guernsey, bound from Brest for Swansea in ballast, with pumps choked and making water, the ballast having shifted during the gale, which caused the vessel to have a heavy list. The captain wished to be towed to Scilly or other port of refuge, but owing to the strong gale blowing at the time from E.S.E., with heavy sea, the Flossie could not be towed with safety. The crew refused to stay by her, and the captain requested to be taken off. The port lifeboat, with four hands in charge of Mr. Wilkie, chief officer, succeeded in taking off the crew seven in number.

Lloyd’s List: 25/10/1880.

FLOWER OF EDINBURGH [12/1835] (AD)(TL?) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Monday, 4/1/1836:

Deal, Dec. 29: The Flower of Edinburgh, from Vigo to London, was abandoned 21st inst. about 76 miles S.S.E. of Scilly. Crew saved by the Ocean, Stewart, bound to Constantinople, which vessel was spoken with in lat. 45. long. 10. by the Rapid, Rosewell, arrived in the Downs.”

FLY [19/2/1781] (TL) – Reading Mercury, Monday, 26/2/1781:

The Fly, privateer belonging to Jersey, was totally lost the 19th inst. Near Scilly, and all the crew perished.”

FLY [2/12/1837] (TL) - This Fly was the Samson Islander’s cutter. It had been purchased from the St. Agnes islanders the year before. It smashed to pieces on the island rocks during a winter storm.

IOSM page 65.

FLYING FISH [1736] (TL) – Reported in IOSM, page 16 as ‘wrecked’. No other references found.

FLYING FISH [10/1840] (DNR) – London Evening Standard, Saturday, 17/10/1840:

The cargo of the Flying Fish, from Liverpool to Syra, has been discharged very much damaged.

FLYING JOAN [1617] (TL) - Calendar of State Papers Colonial East India, China and Japan Vol. 3. 1617-1621. “Ship driven aground at the Scillies.”

The Flying Joan was described as an armed Pinnace of 120 tons. John Chidley was her Captain and she had a crew of 25 men. A fleet under Sir Walter Raleigh, equipped at his own private expense, that numbered 13 ships in all, left Plymouth for the west indies on the 12/6/1617. The mission was to seek El Dorado; the fabled city of Gold. When just 8 leagues west of Scilly these ships were scattered by a storm. Most of these vessels made it in relative safely back to port. However, one ship, referred to simply as: a fly boat, under Captain Sam King, was blown way up into the Bristol Channel and went ashore there. Also, somewhere, the full circumstances and exact position as yet unknown at Scilly, the Flying Joan is known to have come to grief and sunk. It appears that the crew got away, as not long after the incident Captain Chidley rejoined Raleigh on another ship to complete their intended voyage. The fact that Chidley and his crew were saved may be pointing towards the circumstances in which this ship sank possibly being in among the islands. It is not inconceivable to see a ship come to grief around Scilly only to sink inside the archipelago. There have been many such instances.

Note: A Tudor Wreck found by IMAG in St. Mary’s Roads. This wreck was dubbed ‘The Lizzy’ as its remains appear to be of the Tudor (Elizabethan) period. The Media possibly incorrectly assumed (and prematurely reported) that this was the remains of the Flying Joan mentioned above. Indeed, laying on top of these wooden remains are three very old guns which have been identified, by two separate experts, as sakers and originally cast somewhere between 1560 to 1585. However, as iron guns were often in service over long periods of time, means that the wooden remains beneath the sand could easily be a wreck of a later date. Wood samples were taken of the hull structure of the ‘Lizzy’ site for dating by English Heritage, but these sadly proved to be inconclusive. However, the authors believe this ship to have been a Cog and possibly earlier in date than the guns it carried. A broken swivel gun, with its horseshoe still attached, lays about 50m away to the South West of this wreck.

Location: WGS84, N49-55-375: W006-19-583:

FOAM [16/4/1852] (AD) (PTL) –Limited detail in SI & WoS page 178. Only report found so far is in the Morning Chronicle, Friday, 30/4/1852:

Falmouth, April 28: The Foam, of Wexford, from Cardiff for Wilmington, was abandoned in a sinking state, on the 16th inst., in lat.50 N., & long. 15 W.: Crew saved.

FORESTER HMS [13/2/1833] (DNR) – Times: Saturday, 23/2/1833, Issue 15096:

Loss of His Majesty’s Ship Forester: St. Martin’s Island, Scilly – The 13th instant His Majesty’s Ship Brigantine Forester parted from her anchors, and was driven on shore at Crown Bar, and from thence to Crouther’s Point, where she bilged. The Commander, Lieutenant W. H. Quin, at the time she parted was on shore for the purpose of procuring an anchor and cable in lieu of one he lost on the previous day; but finding the brig had parted before he could embark, he immediately made sail in a pilot-boat, and had not proceeded far when the gig belonging to pilot-boat swamped and from the tremendous hurricane that was raging he unfortunately failed in getting aboard, and was driven past his ship. In a very short time the sails of the boat were blown to pieces, but he succeeded in getting three volunteers from her to proceed in the punt, and was at last driven on shore on St. Martin’s Island, Scilly (after having been several hours on the water), and it will easily be supposed, in a state of great exhaustion. Shortly after he left the pilot boat she went ashore on the rocks, where she was wrecked, and it was with the utmost difficulty that the crew belonging to her saved their lives. On the brig getting on shore on the rocks the swinging boom was got out, and the gunner (Mr. Shallo) took a line and endeavoured to take it on shore, but unfortunately the boom struck him against the rocks so severely that he was obliged to abandon the attempt, and was dragged almost exhausted on shore by the preventing men. Mr. B. A. Wake, midshipman, then secured a line, and made it fast around him, and succeeded in giving the line to the people on shore, by which means a stout hawser was hauled to land, by which most of the ship’s company saved themselves – thus effecting a landing on the rocks though the surf. Not knowing the state of the tide, fears were entertained that the brig would drift off the point again, and the commanding officer in consequence gave orders for the men to get on shore as quick as possible, but the tide being ebbing she was left at low water high and dry, and with the help of the people on shore nearly all the stores &c., have been taken out of the ship, and, as she is not much damaged, they hope when she is clear to haul her off the rocks to the sandy beach. The escape of the commander in the boat, after the other two had been wrecked, was little short of a miracle, being a mere cockle shell, and exposed to tremendous sea that was running.” (Devonport Telegraph).

During researching Admiralty pattern anchors lost in St. Mary’s Roads, (as we have found and are trying to identify one such item – IMAG) we came across this letter about a sixth rate warship, Forester, that must have been anchored within the immediate vicinity of the large anchor we raised from south of Nut Rock, and not anchored near Crow Bar as has been previously reported. A newspaper of the time stating: “On the 13th inst. in a violent gale from the West, His Majesty’s ship Forester, from Plymouth to the coast of Africa, (for suppression of the slave trade) parted her chains and drove out of St. Mary’s Roads but was brought up by striking Crow Bar.”

The letter below was written from ‘Watch House’ on St. Martins Island. Sadly, being only a sixth rate warship (Brig), the Forester’s anchors would be too small to have been our find; and, being from 1833 quite probably of a slightly differing style to ours too. However, the letter referring to the Forester incident is well worth a read. It was written by a midshipman named Wake, whom was then in charge of the ship; as the Commander, Lieut. W. H. Quin, was reported at the time to have been: ‘on shore procuring an anchor and cable, in lieu of the one lost on the previous day’. When realising the Forester was again dragging, Lieutenant Quin tried desperately to get back on board by taking a pilot boat back to his ship. Unfortunately, the boat was reported to have become swamped: ‘from the tremendous hurricane then raging, and was driven past the ship’ As a result, Quin, never made it back on board until after the Forester went aground. As a consequence, Midshipman Wake was left in command, and, as you will read in the letter, he literally went overboard in his efforts to save the ship and crew. Not only does Wakes letter give the real facts surrounding this saga, it also gives one an insight into what those on board were thinking, feeling and going through, whilst trying to ride out a ‘perfect hurricane’ at Scilly.

Letter by Mr. Wake, an officer on board HMS Forester, to his father Dr. Wake.

To- Dr. Wake. Blake Street. York.

From- Watch House, St. Martins, Scilly. February 15. 4 o’clock, AM.

"My Dear Father,

I have a short but dismal tale to tell you which perhaps you will be in some degree prepared for, by previous reports of the heavy westerly gales, which, after much buffeting, have at last wrecked the little Forester on this Island. Since we left England, we have had scarcely anything but gales; after being out about two days our chronometer was broke, and we put back to Falmouth, sailed the next day, and in the Bay of Biscay encountered a heavy south wester, which obliged us to lay too for a week, in which the crew suffered a good deal from cold and wet. We were at last enabled to bear up for a port, and anchored at St. Mary’s (Scilly), about ten days ago. Three days ago, we parted our best bower, for the second time within a week. On the 13th, a heavy westerly gale came on. We dined at two, in the gun room, and the whole conversation was, what would happen if the ship went adrift (scarcely, however, thinking our fate was so near) After dinner I relieved the deck, and reported a heavy squall coming on. Miller, a midshipman, and a great friend of mine, was just saying to me, ‘I wish the sheet was down.’ The Sheet and Stream anchors (our last hopes) were very smartly let go, and we had the happiness to see them bring the ship up (i.e. hold her). You may fancy our anxiety, having no pilot on board. We made signals of distress, but before any assistance could reach us, our sheet parted, and away we went, we scarcely knew where. About six, we began to touch the bottom, and, to our joy, the commander of the coast guard and lieutenant Pike (a passenger on board the Forester) came on board; our hopes soon vanished when the former told us, he had no hopes of getting us to sea. He left us to our fate, telling us, our only chance was to run the ship on shore at the best place we could, and to hoist the boats out, and try to save the ship’s company. Our state was then very bad,- the wind blowing a perfect hurricane,- the ship, bump, bump, bumping, on the ground,- the spray flying over her, the rain pouring, and the lightening flashing,- and, what was most dreadful of all, the ships company in a desperate state; some of the best sailors had prepared themselves for their graves in beastly drunkenness, the rest with the exception of all the officers, two or three fine fellows, and some of the marines) were in a state of utter helplessness, partly from fear, partly from awkwardness, and partly from bruises. The Cutter was suspended in her tackles, and ready for lowering in the water, but only one hand was in her to cut the tackles; I jumped into her bows, and we cut the tackles; the boat had scarcely touched the water when she was dashed against the ship and sunk; by the mercy of providence I got hold of a rope, and raised myself high enough to allow them to haul me on board. My poor companion had not the same good fortune; for, just as I got safe, the ship, having cleared the ground, again flew ahead and the poor fellow quitted his hold. I ran down to my cabin, thanked God for my escape, shifted my clothes, put my pistols, primed and loaded, into my pocket, (in case of mutiny) my *honorary medallion, and a lock of dear Charlotte’s hair, kissed all your pictures, and went upon deck in very good spirits. The ship was running we knew to her destruction, and the only thing we could do was, to get her as near the shore as possible. Between six and seven she grounded on a sand bank, and hung ‘til nearly high water, when she again flew ahead. In a short time, we saw lights on a rocky point, which we steered for, and ran the ship on the shore within twenty yards of the rocks; the swinging boom was then rigged out and just touched the rocks. The gunner put the end of the line round his neck, and attempted to take it on shore; he reached the shore, but was obliged to let go the line, and got a good deal bruised. I made the next attempt, and was fortunate enough to succeed. When I got near the end of the boom the ship gave two rolls, and soused me under water, but I held on the line between my teeth and scrambled up the rocks, and got safe without a scratch. Having learnt the situation of the ship, I was anxious to get on board again, to desire them to secure the ship in her present situation; my bridge, however, broke in pieces before I could attempt it. A hawser was then hauled on shore, by which about sixteen people came on shore; the foremast then fell and carried away the hawser.

I then hailed the ship to tell them then they were safe, and not to attempt sending any more people on shore. In a few hours the tide left the ship dry upon the rocks.

P.S. The above was written in my sleeping hours; the hands are now turned up, and I must go to duty.

"February 16: At high water we are going to attempt to get the vessel off the rocks; as her bottom is full of holes, it is doubtful if we shall succeed in getting her round to the sandy beach. Nearly every thing is saved from her (thanks to the Scilly men). Our own people are mostly in a bad state of health; but they work pretty well now. We shall get round to Plymouth, perhaps in a fortnights time. Or, perhaps, less. Don’t be uneasy, the dangers are all past. A Large Indiaman lying at the same anchorage is wrecked; having been saved. I must now conclude, and believe me ever your affectionate son,

B. A. Wake".

“I dare say the date of this letter, Watch House, will rather surprise you.”

That same night a large free trader ‘Providence’, of 700 tons was also driven from the anchorage to Crow Bar, and nearly all the pilot boats belonging to the different islands were also reported as having been wrecked in that fearful storm. On Thursday the 28th, The Forester, was reported as towed back to England by the steamer Rhadamanthus. She was then taken to dry dock for inspection and: “found to have knocked off her keel from stem to stern-post and to have injured some planks and timbers in her bilge.”

The Evening Mail, 11/3/1833:

The Tavey lighter arrived at Plymouth on Monday, from Scilly, with the Forester’s guns and stores.”

*The Honorary medallion mentioned in the letter, was given to Mr. Wake by the Humane Society, for his intrepidity in preserving the lives of two men from drowning in a separate and previous incident elsewhere.

Naval Chronicle. Yorkshire Gazette, 2/1833.

The United Service Magazine Vol. 11.

The Nautical Magazine Vol. 2.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 23/2/1833.

Lloyd’s List: 19/2/1833.

West Briton, 22/2/1833.

Excellent reports in SI & WoS, page 144.

FORTITUDE [12/1809] (FFU) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Tuesday, 5/12/1809:

Fortitude, Morello, from Minorca to London is on shore near Scilly.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 5/12/1809, No. 4413.

FORTUNA [12/1809] (FFU) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 5/12/1809, No. 4413:

The Fortuna, Merritt, from Minorca to London, is on Shore at Scilly.”

FORTUNE [28/2/1759] (TL) – Leeds Intelligencer, Tuesday, 20/3/1759:

A snow called Fortune, with lemons, drove ashore at Scilly and beat to pieces: 220 chests saved, and sold at 3s 9d each chest.”

FORTUNE [13/2/1802] (TL) - Times: Monday, 8/3/1802, Issue 5359:

The Fortune, Wiseman from London to Dublin, was lost on the Seven Stones, near Scilly, on the 12th ult. Two pilots from Scilly drowned; the Captain and crew saved.

Four pilots boarded the derelict but it sank rapidly, no record as yet of the two Pilots names

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 20/2/1802:

St. Mary’s, Feb. 12. This morning at eleven o’clock, the brig Fortune, of Bamff, from London bound to Dublin, laden with a valuable cargo of merchandize, struck on the Swan Stones (sic), about three leagues from this island. The crew remained on board about an hour; but finding the water increasing very fast, they were obliged to leave her, and were picked up by a Yarmouth brig, and safely landed at this port. A pilot-boat boarded the vessel after the crew had quitted her; but the pilots, four in number, had not been on board but a short time before the vessel foundered in forty fathom of water, and two of them were unfortunately drowned.”

Lloyd’s List: Fri. 19/2/1802, No. 4231.

See also report in WoS page 164.

FOSCOLO [11/1875] (DNR) – Dundee Courier, Saturday 27/11/1875:

The Toscolo (Italian barque), from Monte Video for Dundee, with bones and scrap iron, struck the Seven Stones at 2 p.m. on the 23rd inst., and was run ashore two hours after on Crow Bar in a sinking state. A gang of men and force pump employed last night could not keep the water under. The vessel has since been partly stripped.

London Evening Standard, Monday, 29/11/1875:

Scilly, Nov. 26: The Foscolo, Italian barque, was got off Crow Bar this afternoon, and brought by steamer within St. Mary’s Pier.”

FOUR BROTHERS [4/1817] (DNR) – Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, Monday, 14/4/1817:

The Four Brothers, Barnes, from Waterford to London, put into Scilly on the 7th inst. with loss of maintop-mast.

FRANCES JANE [28/5/1870] (DNR) – Liverpool Daily Post, Wednesday, 1/6/1870:

The Frances Jane (schooner), from Runcorn for Plymouth, ran on the Bartholomew Ledge, Scilly, on the 28th inst., but was assisted off, making much water and stern split.”

Additional detail in IOSM: The master was John Lavery who thought he was in Whitesand Bay, passing between the Longships and Land’s End.

FRANCISCO [1802] (TL) – Reported in the IOSM, page 42:

A brig from Majorca for London, lost on the Western Rocks.”

FRANCISCO [7/2/1811] (DNR) - Caledonian Mercury Issue 13914, 23/2/1811:

The ship was driven ashore and wrecked in the Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from Malta to London.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: Tues. 19/2/1811, No. 4538:

The Francisco, Gelle, from Malta to London, was driven on shore at Scilly, 7th inst., and is full of water. Part of the Cargo is saved.

Extra detail in IOSM. Only listed in SI & WoS.

FRANCOISE (LA) [30/11/1786] (Incident) – Saunders’s News-Letter, Friday, 22/12/1786:

Scilly, Nov. 30. – This morning at day-light was descried, amongst the western rocks, near the island of St. Agnes, a vessel apparently on the brink of destruction; however, a boat gained her in time to preserve her, and she is safely moored in St. Mary’s. She proves to be La Francoise French brigantine, about 100 tons, belonging to Cherburg (sic), last from the great bank at Newfoundland, with cod fish. The weather had been so bad and the scurvy so severely afflicted the ship’s crew, that when they were boarded only one man (the second mate) was capable of standing the deck. Out of eleven souls, the Captain and four men died on the passage. Of those that remain, one is at death’s door and three incapable of the least duty. Had not cooked victuals for the last month, or swallowed any thing hot. Sailed from France in March last, and have not touched any port, or been on shore since.

FRAU MINNA (MINI) PETERSON [4/8/1911] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 10/8/1911:

About seven o’clock on Sunday morning there landed at the Barbican, Plymouth, from an ordinary open boat, seven seamen, comprising the crew of the Norwegian schooner Frau Mini Peterson vessel was run into and sunk a few miles off Land’s End late on Friday night. The Frau Mini Peterson is a ship sailing under the British flag, and of some 180 tons. She was on a voyage from Bervie to Hamburg with a cargo of phosphate. Everything went well until the vessel got to the south of England. When about twelve miles west of the Seven Stones Lightship, and about thirty miles from Land’s End, she was run into by a French steam trawler. The name of the French vessel is unknown, but it is stated she struck the Frau Mini Peterson amidships, nearly cutting her in two.

So great was the damage done to the Norwegian vessel that she began to fill rapidly, and, it is stated, sank in about five minutes. The French trawler was hailed, and their captain asked if the Frau Mini Peterson was making any water, and when informed that she was, he replied that he would take the crew off. The French boat pulled in her trawl, but greatly to the astonishment of the crew on the sinking ship, turned round almost immediately, and the last that was seen of her was her stern lights. Seeing the great danger they were in, the crew of the Frau Mini Peterson quickly got into the ship’s boat before the vessel went under. Fortunately, all of them managed to get away from the ship safely, but the whole of their belongings went down with her. The crew, which, as already stated, numbered seven then set about rowing to Plymouth, which place they reached on Sunday morning.

Note: The Editor of the newspaper queried why they had not taken a shorter route.

WoS page 170.

FREDEN [1796] (TL) – Reported in IOSM, page 40. Danish brig lost on the Western Rocks.

No other reference found.

FREDERICK [c.11/1793] (DNR) - Times 14/11/1793:

Tuesday advice was received from Scilly with an account of the Frederick, letter of marque, belonging to Liverpool, having put into that place, with the loss of all her masts, rudder and rigging, in great distress, after being chased by a French frigate; the frigate in chasing her drove on shore, within one league of Scilly, and is supposed will be lost.”

FREDERICK [29/3/1878] (TL) – York Herald, Saturday, 6/4/1878:

A Norwegian brig (Meenstadt) has brought to Hayle, Cornwall, two sailors, survivors of the schooner Frederick, of Llanelly, which sank on Friday night off Scilly, after being in collision with the brig. The captain, mate, cook, and mate’s wife went down in the vessel. The two men saved jumped on the brig.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 5/4/1878, page 4.

Lloyd’s List: 2/4/1878, No. 19,948.

Excellent detail in SI

FREDERICUS [23/2/1783] (TL) – Gentleman’s Magazine. Vol. 53, Part 1:

From Scilly, on the 23rd February, That the most boisterous weather had prevailed there for some days past, and then continued. That several ships had passed by that island dismasted, and that very morning a large ship was discovered on shore, but no boats could put to sea to her relief; at length the crew hoisted out their long boat, and as many as she could stove got safe on shore. Part of them were left behind, who perished, as the ship sunk soon after. She proves to be the Fredericus, a Swede.

See also Johannes Fredericus. Similar report in SI.

FREDRICK WILHELM IV [14/1/1857] (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 23/1/1857:

The Fredrick Wilhem IV., was salved off Scilly on the 14th, and brought into Penzance on the 15th, by Henry Stiddeford and six other, of the pilot boat Rapid, of Grimsby, Bryer (sic), one of the Isles of Scilly. The pilots found the ship in distress, with a French barque alongside, and part of the latter’s crew on board. The Frenchmen returned to their vessel and the Scilly men brought the Fredrick Wilhelm in safe to Penzance. They claimed 600l., but the bench awarded 150l., each party to pay their own costs.”

FRERE ET SOEUR [12/3/1891] (TL) – London Daily News, Saturday, 14/3/1891:

Telegram from Scilly states: On the 12th inst., during a gale from the east, French chasse-marée Frere et Soeur, of Vannes, Swansea for Charlestown, coals, drove ashore east side of St. Mary’s Island. Captain and mate saved, three of the crew drowned; vessel broken up.” IOSM & WoS page 104.

FRIAR TUCK [2/12/1863] (TL) - Times: Friday, 4/12/1863, Issue 24733:

On Wednesday, the Friar Tuck, of Liverpool, from China, laden with tea for London, drove ashore at Scilly St. Mary’s.” Excellent detail in IOSM, SI & WoS page 107.

Islander Magazine, Spring 2009, page 59.

FRIDE [6/8/1898] (PTL) – Aberdeen Journal, 5/11/1898, page 2:

The Fride was a missing Swedish brig which left Le Havre on the 30th July, and was last seen on the 6th August just prior to a severe S.W. gale. A chest of drawers was discovered 12 miles E.S.E. of St. Anthony Head containing ship’s papers, bills, foreign money.” Good report in SI.

FRIENDS [1/1805] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 8/1/1805, No. 4181:

The Friends, Peace, from Bristol to Exeter, is put into Scilly leaky and must discharge.”

FRIENDS [4/1853] (DNR) - Times: Tuesday, 19/4/1853, Issue 21406:

Scilly, April 16. – The Friends, from Newport for Southampton, is leaky, having been on shore, and must discharge part of her cargo.

FRIENDLY EMMA [5/1/1813] (TL) – Bell’s Weekly Messenger, Sunday, 10/1/1813:

The Friendly Emma, from St. Vincent’s to Bristol, foundered about 250 miles to the westward of Scilly, the crew saved by the Lady Sherbrook from Halifax.” Also; Lloyd’s List: Tues. 5/1/1813, No. 4734. FRIENDSHIP [26/1/1758] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 10/2/1758, No. 2305:

The Friendship of Carnarvon, from London for Bristol, was lost near Scilly the 26th ult.”

Also; Manchester Mercury, Tuesday, 21/3/1758: “From among the Fleet that arrived here Thursday last the 9th inst., the Friendship Merchantman is missing: There are several Gentlemen here whose Effects are on board her, waiting with Impatience; but we hear there were some Privateers lurking about the Fleet, ‘tis feared some of them have picked her up, which is supposed to be chiefly owing to her not keeping near enough to her Convoy.”

Interesting report, but no evidence to suggest they are the same vessel.

FRIENDSHIP [9/12/1779] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 24/12/1779, No. 1122:

The Friendship, Bleker, from St. Eustatia to Amsterdam, was lost off Scilly the 9th ult. three Men and some Women drowned; the Cargo, consisted of Tobacco, Coffee, Cotton, Indigo, &c. A great Quantity of Tobacco is come on Shore much damaged, and is expected Part of the Stores will be saved.”

FRIENDSHIP [1/1789] (DNR) – Hereford Journal, Wednesday, 14/1/1789:

Scilly, Jan. 2. – Yesterday came in here the Friendship, Captain Vint, from Philadelphia for Ostend, under jury masts, and having three feet water in her hold, with most of the crew scarcely able to stand, owing to the fatigue of pumping night and day. She had been out three months and 11 days, and was short of provisions that the crew for 15 days had only one biscuit a day allowed them, and a pint of water.

FURNACE [20/1/1758] (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 10/2/1758, No. 2305:

The Furnace, Park from London for Newry, is stranded off Scilly, but part of the Cargo will be saved.

Crow Sound, SI & WoS page 156. Referencing Sherborne Mercury, 13/2/1758 & 27/2/1758.

FURU [10/9/ 1916] (TL) – Steam Ship sunk at the same time as the Polynesia by bombs from German Submarine UB-18 (Otto Steinbrinck), northwest of Ushant (Ouessant).

There were no casualties. 55 miles S. of the Bishop Rock. Crews of both ships rescued.

Ref. &


‘G’ Entries

GAASTERLAND [22/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – “SS Gaasterland, built by Sir James Laing & Sons, Ltd., Sunderland in 1903 and owned at the time of her loss by Koninkl. Hollandsche Lloyd, Amsterdam, was a Dutch steamer of 3917 tons. On 22/2/1917, Gaasterland, on a voyage from Rotterdam to Sandy Hook, was scuttled and sunk by the German Submarine U-21 (Otto Hersing) 30 miles northwest of Bishop Rock. There were no casualties.” Ref.

Part of the 22/2/1917 Dutch convoy.

GABRIEL [12/1768] (TL) - Kentish Gazette December 1768.

“The ship, ‘Gabiel’ of Flemsburgh in Denmark, Jacob Hanson, master, bound from Chester to Dieppe, laden with lead, being obliged to come to anchor in the Bay of Porth Crozier, near St. Mary’s Sound, in the Island of Scilly, when the water ebbed she struck very hard and broke in pieces, part of the vessel and cargo saved.

GADSBY [1/7/1915] (TL) (WL1) - 3,497 gross tons, 1/7/1915, 33 miles SSW from Wolf Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref. (See also MAT.)

GALLAWAY [26/7/1763] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 26/7/1763, No. 2873:

The Gallaway, Smith, from St. Kitts for London, struck on the Seven Stones and immediately sank, but the Crew, except a black Man and Woman, were saved.

GALLIER 2/1/1918] (TL) (WL1) - 4,592 gross tons, defensively-armed, 2/1/1918, 7 miles E.N.E. from Wolf Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

GALWAY CASTLE [13/9/1918] (TL) (WL1) – Sheffield Evening Telegraph, Tuesday, 17/9/1918:

Johannesburg, Monday: The torpedoing of the Galway Castle has aroused the bitterest resentment throughout South Africa, which hitherto had suffered little from German submarine piracy. The outrage, however, is expected to result in many hundreds of new recruits, indeed it can be regarded as the best recruiting stimulant received by the Union and Rhodesia since the sinking of the Lusitania and the murder of Nurse Cavell.” Aberdeen Evening Express, Thursday, 19/9/1918: Reports on the experiences of the sixth engineer, Mr. Alexander Davie. At 07.30 hrs. on 12/9/1918 when two days out from Plymouth, she was torpedoed by U-82 and broke her back. At the time she was carrying 400 South African walking wounded, 346 passengers and 204 crew members. So severe was the damage that it was thought that she would sink immediately and it was apparent that U-82 was lining up for another attack. In the rush to abandon ship several lifeboats were swamped by the heavy seas and many finished up in the sea. Some detail in WoS page 190.

GAMEN [8/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) - On 8/9/1916, Gamen, on a voyage from Barry to Algiers with a cargo of coal, was sunk by the German Submarine UB-18 (Otto Steinbrinck), 35 miles southwest of Bishop Rock. Ref. (See also MAT.)

GARNET [17/2/1795] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 17/2/1795, No. 2691:

The Garnet, Lambton, from Halifax to Quebec, has been drove off the Coast of America, and put into Scilly in great distress, after being three months at sea.”

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 2/6/1795, No. 2721:

The Garnet, Lambton, which put into Scilly in February last, after having been blown off the coast of America, sailed from St. Mary’s about ten days ago for London, and it is feared is since lost in a gale of wind.”

GARTHCLYDE [15/10/1917] (TL) (WL1) - On 15/10/1917, Garthclyde, on a voyage from Clyde to Bordeaux with a cargo of coal, was sunk by the German Submarine UC-79 (Werner Löwe), 12 miles W1/4S of the Lizard. There were no casualties. (See also MAT.)

GAULOISE [15/1/1888] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 19/1/1888:

The French barque Gaulloise, Harand, from Bordeaux for Porthcawl, with pitwood, has run ashore on Great Arthur, one of the eastern islands of the Scilly group. She lay on Sunday on a ledge of rocks with keel broken, her bottom damaged, and the water rising in her as the tide flowed. There was no probability of getting off the barque unless the cargo was discharged, and the position was not good for lighters going alongside for that purpose, though the water was smooth. The wind was from the east.

Lloyd’s List: 16/1/1888, No. 15,723. Detail in IOSM & SI. The Figurehead is in the Valhalla Collection.

GELLERT [19/4/1879] (DNR) - Times: Tuesday, 22/4/1879, Issue 29548:

At 4 o’clock on Saturday morning, ten miles’ south-west of Scilly, the Hamburg-American mail steamer Gellert came into collision with the brigantine Rozzeila Smith, of Winsor, Nova Scotia, bound from New York for Rouen, with wheat. The Gellert was bound from Havre for New York, having sailed on Saturday morning. She had 300 passengers on board. The Gellert lost one boat, and the Rozzeila Smith lost her foremast jib boom, main topmast, and some sails. Her topsides were crushed in, and she sprung a leak. The Gellert remained by the brigantine and took her in tow arriving at Scilly at 6 o’clock on Sunday evening. The Gellert left Scilly at 7 o’clock yesterday morning, having been given bail for £7,000.”

GEM [5/1/1867] (TL) – Reported in IOSM page 88. The Gem, carrying slate, foundered off the Bishop Rock. No other reference found.

GEM [14/4/1874] (TL) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 16/4/1874:

During the night the pilot cutter Gem, of St. Agnes, broke from her moorings, drove ashore, and went to pieces; a great loss to her crew, who are uninsured.”

Lloyd’s List: 16/4/1874, No. 18,715.

Cornish Times 15/4/1874. More detail in SI.

GEM [21/11/1881] (TL) - Times: Thursday, 24/11/1881, Issue 30360:

The Mail steamer from Scilly, which arrived at Penzance yesterday, brought intelligence that during a heavy gale which raged at Scilly early on Monday morning the steamer Gem, of Preston, parted from her moorings and drove ashore. The crew saved themselves in their own boat, and were brought to Penzance yesterday. It is expected that the Gem will become a total wreck.

Cornishman, 24/11/1881:

On Monday morning, about 5 o’clock, the screw steamer Gem, Capt. Parr, of Liverpool, drove from her moorings, in St. Mary’s Pool, and went on shore at William's Bay (Porthloo). No lives were lost, but she is become a total wreck. The Gem was a small steamer, about 36 tons’ register. She came in for coals, and was bound to South Africa, where she was to remain as a river boat. She was fitted for that purpose with two wheels, and a rudder set at each end. Capt. George Gibson, of Liverpool, was then in command, but has since left her.”

Lloyd’s List: 24/11/1881, No. 21,086.

Detail in IOSM & WoS page 107. Excellent detail in SI.

GEMMA [9/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) - The cargo ship was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 43 nautical miles (80 km) south west of the Wolf Rock, Cornwall, United Kingdom (49°16′N 6°10′W) by Submarine UB 23 (Kaiserliche Marine). Her crew survived. Ref. Wikipedia.

GENERAL DEGOUTE [1/1920] (DNR) – Dundee Evening Telegraph, Wednesday, 28/1/1920:

A Lloyd’s Royal Exchange message says; the Belgian Steamer General Degoute, which went ashore on Scilly Island, was assisted off last night, and entered Barry. The damage is unknown.”

GENERAL HAVELOCK / OCEAN WAVE [7/10/1861] (Col) (TL) – Jersey Independent and Daily Telegraph, Monday, 14/10/1861:

Plymouth, Wednesday: Yesterday afternoon Mr. John Davis, master and crew, 13 men, belonging to the brig General Havelock, 225 tons, of and from Newport with coals for Malaga, landed here in her long boat. On Saturday morning last, between 7 and 8 o’clock, when 70 miles’ south-west of the Scilly Islands, the brig was running under full sail, the wind being north to north-east, a strong gale, with very thick weather. Another brig, also belonging to Newport, the Ocean Wave, about 300 tons, Captain Roach, from Porto Rico with sugar for London, hove in sight suddenly. She was on the port tack; her topgallant sails were in, and the crew were reefing topsails. The brigs had nearly passed each other when the Havelock took ‘a heavy yaw off’ and would not answer her helm in time to clear. Her port quarter came in contact with the port quarter of the Ocean Wave. The Havelock’s stern was knocked out, and in 20 minutes she went down. Her crew with some difficulty got into the long boat and went on board the Ocean Wave, which sent them ashore when near the Eddystone. She received very little injury, and is gone up Channel. Mr. Davis and his men were immediately taken in charge by the honorary agent to the Shipwrecked Mariners’ Society, who this morning dispatched them by rail to Bristol. Not one of the crew subscribes to this useful institution.”

GENERAL NOTT / VALENTINE & HELENE [2/3/1892] (Col) (TL) – Dundee Evening Telegraph, Saturday, 5/3/1892:

The steamer Bardentower, Captain Millar, from Norfolk, Virginia, to Bremen, landed at Falmouth yesterday afternoon Captain Williams and the crew, fifteen in number, of the English barque General Nott, from Caleta Buena with nitrate for Hull. The steamer also landed Captain Jouanjean and the crew, sixteen, of the French barque Valentine and Helene, from Newcastle with coals for Iquigue. Early on Wednesday morning, when off Scilly Islands, 72 miles S.S.W. of the Bishop’s Rock Lighthouse, the two barques collided. The French vessel sank immediately, the crew having just time to reach the other vessel. Seven hours afterwards the General Nott was taken in tow by the Bardentower, but on Thursday morning she was found to be settling down, and was abandoned.

Short report in SI & WoS page 179.

GENERAL PRIMO [8/1888] (TL) – Aberdeen Evening Express, Tuesday, 14/8/1888:

The schooner General Primo, of Christiansand, from Teignmouth with clay, has foundered off Scilly. The crew were landed at Kingsdown, near Deal.

GENERAL ROBERTS [5/6/1906] (TL) – Wells Journal, Thursday, 7/6/1906:

A Hull trawler, General Roberts, foundered off Scilly Isles last night. The Crew were landed.”

Western Times, Thursday, 7/6/1906:

The Hull trawler, General Roberts, sprang a leak and foundered 15 miles north of Round Island Lighthouse, Scilly Isles, on Tuesday night. The crew were landed at Tresco, after being seven hours in an open boat.” Informative report in SI & WoS page 143.

GENERAL WASHINGTON [26/11/1791] (DNR) - Times: Monday, 5/12/1791, Issue 2198:

On the 26th ult. the General Washington, American Bark, about 200 tons’ burthen, from Philadelphia to Ostend, was towed into Scilly by a cutter a mere wreck, having lost all masts, part of her rudder, with three feet of water in her hold, and only 5 out of 16 on board, the others having died on their passage through fatigue of continually pumping.”

GEORGE BAKER [17/8/1917] (TL) (WL1) - George Baker, trawler, 91 gross tons, 17/8/1915,

45 miles N from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

GEORGE LOCKWOOD [19/12/1837] (DNR) – Morning Advertiser, Monday, 25/12/1837:

Penzance, December 21 – The George Lockwood, Robson, from Quebec to London, struck the rocks of Scilly during a severe gale 19th inst. and has since been brought into this port and run on the beach.”

IOSM page 65:George Lockwood, master McKenzie, of Scarborough struck on the Western Rocks, drifted off in a waterlogged state and managed to reach Penzance.

GEORGE IV / Unidentified Sloop [9/1822] (Col) (Sloop TL) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 30/9/1822:

The George IV, Banfield, from Cardiff to Marseilles, ran foul of a sloop 13th inst. off the Land’s End, carried away jib boom &c. and put into Scilly on 16th to repair; she sailed again on the 21st; the sloop is supposed to have gone down.

GEORGES [12/1/1911] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 19/1/1911:

St. Mary’s, Friday morning; A shipwrecked crew of six reached Scilly this morning. They reported that their vessel, a French yawl-rigged craft named The Georges, of Auray, foundered on Thursday night during the gale. The men were landed at St. Mary’s in an exhausted condition.”

Lloyd’s List: 13/1/1911, No. 22,870. Short report in WoS page 77.

GEPHIENA HELENA [19/11/1864] (DNR) - Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday 25/11/1864:

Put into Scilly, on the 19th inst., the brigantine Gephiena Helena, of Holland, J.P. Vries, master, from Buenos Ayres bound to Falmouth for orders, having lost bulwarks and stanchions, and sustained other damages, together with five of her crew washed overboard and drowned. She was fallen in with at sea, on Thursday night, the 17th, in a very heavy gale of wind by the pilot cutter Agnes of Scilly from which vessel a pilot and three men were put on board to assist her into Scilly; there having been only one seaman, with the master and his wife and child left on board.”

GERETHLIGHEIT [4/10/1817] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 14/10/1817, No. 5220:

The Gerethligheit, Sudenburg, from Morlaix to Bremen, put into Scilly 4th ult. with loss of sails and leaky, and must discharge her Cargo to repair.”

GERHARDINA [13/1/1879] (AD) – Cornishman, Thursday, 23/1/1879:

The SS Gladiator, Capt. O’Keefe, from Bilboa, for Cardiff, fell in with the German brigantine Gerhardina, laden with pipe-clay, abandoned on the morning of the 6th inst., at 7 a.m., about 30 miles S. of St. Agnes, and brought her into harbour at 3 p.m. The Gerhardina had five feet of water in her hold and pumps broken, but was quite perfect about the hull and spars. Since writing we have learned that the crew were landed at Havre on the 16th.” WoS page 176.

GIFT OF GOD [24/3/1635] (TL) - Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series of the reign of King Charles I. by Great Britain Record Office 24/3/1635:

“Recognizance entered into before Sir Henry Marten, judge of the court of Admiralty, by Robert Dicer and John Seed, and sureties Edward Forde, of St. Mary Aldermanbury, London Merchant, Thomas Burnell of the parish of St. Olave, Hart Street, London Merchant, and Peter Jones of St. Andrew undersight, London merchant in 1000/. To pay to the salvors of the ‘Gift of God’ of Kirkaldy, wrecked at the Isles of Scilly, such sum as the said judge shall award them”. Also in March: “Petitioner being interested in the ‘Gift of God’ of Carcada (Kirkaldy) in Scotland, lately let the ship from London to Bristol with goods to the value of 14000l. She was driven by extremity of weather into Scilly where she was relieved by Thomas Basset, Captain of St. Marys Castle. A composition was made between the captain and merchant of the ship; the captain being paid his costs of salvage. Petitioners goods being so unlawfully divided without their consent. And petitioners offer to pay salvage and stand to his award of the judge of the Admiralty they pray for some order to Capt. Basset whereby they may have the goods redelivered.”

GILMORE [12/4/1866] (TL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 19/4/1866:

A shipwrecked crew, 18 in number, arrived at Penzance on Saturday, in pilot cutter Presto, of Scilly. They were the officers and seamen of the barque Gilmore, 530 tons’ register, Capt. Duff, that had been wrecked off the Scilly Islands on the previous Thursday. The captain and the crew got into the ship’s jolly boat about 14 feet in length, and were assisted into St. Martin’s by a pilot. The seamen were sent on by rail to their homes by the honorary agent at Penzance for the Shipwrecked Mariners’ Society. Captain Duff and the mate (Thomas James) remained at Penzance, that being their home.

There is additional detail in the Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 3/5/1866:

With the wind blowing strong from the south-west, at about 3.15 p.m. that day, she struck upon the Hard Lewes Rocks, about one mile east from the headland of the Island of St. Martin’s, Scilly.

The ship filled so rapidly that the stern went under water in five minutes, the bow remaining fixed upon the rocks, and a small boat which was hanging in davits was immediately lowered, and 17 hands with difficulty got in her, with only two oars and no thowls, and she was at once carried away from the ship by the strong tide, one man who was sick, and apparently insensible and helpless, being on board. An effort had been made to get him from his berth into the boat, but it failed. The man, however, jumped overboard towards the boat, but could not get him to render any assistance, and he succeeded by some means in getting on board again and into the mizzen rigging, which was half underwater. The little boat was so overcrowded, and the sea so very rough, that the water washed into her, and she was in danger of foundering, being only kept afloat by constant bailing with the chronometer case which the master had broken in two for that purpose. After being in the boat nearly one hour and a half endeavouring to get towards the islands into smoother water, a rowboat named Lively, with a crew of nine from the east part of the island of St. Mary’s, two or three miles distant, reach them, and took part of them out of the small boat, and towed her, with the remainder, to St. Mary’s. About the same time the pilot cutter Queen, with a crew of seven, proceeded from St. Martin’s to the wreck, and saw the sick man clinging to the mizzen rigging a few feet above water. The pilots got out their punt, and pulled to the wreck, and asked him to leave it; but he was unable to speak or move, and they had to release his hold, and carry him down into the punt, and then took him on board the cutter. Blood was oozing from his mouth. He was wet, and cold as death, helpless, and insensible They therefore proceeded with all haste to St. Mary’s, in the meantime removing his wet cloths, and putting their own dry clothes upon him, and doing all in their power to restore him. He was landed at St. Mary’s about half-past five p.m., and afterwards recovered sufficiently to leave Scilly with the rest of the crew on the morning of the 14th. – The magistrates considered the services of both cases to be meritorious, and deserving liberal rewards; they therefore awarded the crew of the rowboat Lively the sum of £12, and the crew of the pilot cutter Queen £10, being in all £22, to be paid out of the proceeds of the few stores that had been saved from the wreck, which were sold and realized £93; the salvors of the property being paid, according to agreement, one half of the proceeds, less 10 per cent.

See comments in WoS page 147. Location: N49-57-986: W006-14-555.

GIPSY [1/7/1848] (TL) - Times: Friday, 30/1/1848, Issue 19903: Précis: Sprung a leak in the Channel. 23rd June a Scilly pilot boat, Active fell in with the disabled steamer and rescued what stores they could. The Gipsy sunk in deep water and the Active landed the captain and crew at St. Mary’s. Some detail in IOSM.

GIUSTIZIA [3/12/1916] (TL) (WL1) – SS Giustizia was an Italian cargo steamer that was sunk by gunfire from German Submarine (either UC-19 or UB-29) near the Isles of Scilly when on route from Lisbon for Glasgow with a cargo of cork. Ref.

Referenced in SI. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 75.

GLADIATOR [19/8/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Birmingham Daily Gazette, Saturday, 21/8/1915:

The Harrison Line Steamer Gladiator was sunk on Thursday. The crew were all landed yesterday. The Gladiator was a steamer of 6,857 gross tons and had a speed of 12 knots.

SS Gladiator, built by Charles Connell & Co. Ltd., Glasgow in 1904 and owned at the time of her loss by Charente Steamship Co. Ltd. (T. & J. Harrison), Liverpool was a British steamer of 3359 tons. On 18/8/1915, Gladiator, on a voyage from Liverpool & Cardiff to Pernambuco with general cargo, was sunk by the German Submarine U-27 (Bernd Wegener), 68 miles N.W. of Bishop Rock.

There were no casualties. Ref.

Gladiator, 3,359 gross tons, 19/8/1915, 68 miles N by W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

Reported in WoS, page 176.

GLADYS [5/1920] (TL) - Cornishman, Wednesday, 23/6/1920: See Local Tragedies.

The Gladys was the crabber owned by the Lethbridge family. The brothers who were drowned when it sank, were the sons of the St. Mary’s lifeboat coxswain.

GLAMEN [8/9/1916] – Listed in WoS. No further information found.

GLANENS [1/1865] (DNR) – Paisley Herald and Renfrewshire Advertiser, Saturday, 21/1/1865:

Intelligence was received in town on Wednesday that the brig Glanens, 226 tons, Jones, master, from Pernambuco to Liverpool, had been towed into Scilly by the tug steamer Azar, in a very disabled state, having lost foremast, maintopmast had decks swept, and part of deck cargo carried away, besides other damages. The Glanens left Pernambuco for Liverpool on 13th December last. No accident is reported as having befallen the crew. The brig is owned in this port by Messrs. J. & W. Stewart.

Shields Daily Gazette, Saturday, 11/2/1865: has the name Glaucus of Greenock?

GLASGOW, HMS [1778] (DNR) – ‘Incident at Crow Rock’. See HMS Glasgow, Section 8, Part 2, taken from: The Scillonian, No. 271, Summer 2010, pages 172 & 173, by T. Stevens.

GLEANER [8/5/1868] (TL) – Morning Post, Wednesday, 13/5/1868:

Plymouth, Tuesday: The wreckage of the brig Gleaner, Captain William Prance, of Newport, from Bilboa, and bound for Eug? has been found 20 miles S.S.E. of Land’s End. The brig is supposed to have been lost on the Seven Stones.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 14/5/1868:

On Monday, the master of an east country fishing lugger reported at Penzance having picked up, off Land’s End, a writing desk, meat safe, and other portions of wreck. Letters in the desk showed the wreck was that of the brig Gleaner, of Newport, Monmouth, 135 tons’ register, William Prance, master, owned by Messrs. A. H. Tapson and Co., ship-brokers, Newport. The brig had been on an outward voyage to Bilboa, in Spain, and several of the letters were addressed to the captain at Bilboa, whence he must have started since the 24th ult. Among the papers a certificate of character of William Kelly, A. B., Bristol, and a certificate of insurance of the captain’s effects for £50 in the Neptune Marine Insurance Company, Limited; but nothing was discovered to show whether the ship was insured, or what was the number of the crew.” Similar report in SI.

GLENALADALE [27/7/1835] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 8/8/1835:

The Glenaladale, Taylor, from Llanelly to Antigua, ran on to the Seven Stones, was assisted into Plymouth very leaky and must discharge to repair.”

GLENDOWER [5/2/1898] (TL) – Dundee Advertiser, Wednesday, 9/2/1898:

A crew of 19, belonging to the steamer Glendower, from Carthagena to Cardiff, which foundered south of Scilly Islands on Saturday, were landed at Liverpool yesterday.

The rescue was undertaken by the steamer Prince.

GLENLEE 29/5/1915] (TL) (WL1) - 4,140 gross tons, 29/5/1915, 67 miles SSW from Wolf Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref. (See also MAT.)

GLENSTRAE [28/7/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,718 gross tons, defensively armed, 28/7/1917, 66 miles SW by S ¼ S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 1 life lost.

Ref. (See also MAT.)

GLORIA PETTALSGOA [8/1875] (DNR) – Dundee Courier, 27/8/1875:

The Gloria Pettalagoa, a large steamer which went ashore on the rocks near Scilly on Wednesday night, was towed off and taken into St. Mary’s Sound yesterday afternoon.

GLORY [16/1/1780] (TL) – New Lloyd's List: Friday, 28/1/1780, No. 1132:

"The Glory, Lewis, from Plymouth to Dublin, is on Shore at Scilly, and it is feared will be lost."

Similar report in the Caledonian Mercury, 31/1/1780.

GOLDEN FLEECE [9/1869] (TL) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Friday, 17/9/1869, page 3:

The Golden Fleece, which foundered near Scilly has parted in the middle. The cargo is from Lisbon and Naples to Dublin and Glasgow.”

Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Friday, 24/9/1869, page 2 has a very lengthy and detailed Board of Trade inquiry report. Précis: The Golden Fleece was an iron steamer of 1,439 tons, built in 1854 with a cargo of 2,635 tons of coal, to be conveyed from Cardiff to Alexandria. On the 10th inst. she sprang a leak and sank off Scilly. The crew, with the exception of the cook, were saved by the boats.

Shields Daily News, Saturday, 18/6/1870, has details of the wreck being blown up, as a danger to navigation, by the Royal Engineers using three iron containers containing a total of 1,500lb of gunpowder.

GOLDEN LION [1681] Shown on the Simon Bayly Chart. See Historic Wrecks Section 8, Part 2 & the rear cover of this publication’s.

GOLDEN SPRING [16/5/1837] (DNR) – London Evening Standard, Thursday, 18/5/1837:

Penzance, May 16: Arrived the Golden Spring, from London, assisted in leaky, having struck the Seven Stones; cargo discharging, bound for Liverpool.” See also IOSM page 65.

GOMES V [9/8/1888] (TL) - Times: Friday, 10/8/1888, Issue 32461:

The screw steamer Gomes V, of Lisbon, which left Cardiff for Oporto on Wednesday with a cargo of coals, ran ashore early yesterday morning at the back of Great Ganilly Island, Scilly, during the fog. The captain and the crew, together with one passenger, were all saved, having taken to the boats. A pilot boat from St. Martin’s, discovering the boats drifting seaward, brought them to St. Mary.

The wreck is under water at high tide.

Shields Daily Gazette, Thursday, 9/8/1888: “The Portuguese steamer James V.(sic) from Cardiff for Oporto, with coals, is ashore at Ghanilly (sic) Island; crew saved; steamer submerged to bridge.”

Lloyd’s List: 10/8/1888, No. 15,900.

Excellent report in SI. Reported in WoS page 150-151 as Gomes IV.

GOOD INTENT [1793] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 12/11/1793, No. 2559:

The Good Intent, Pratt, of Pool, with Pilchards, from Penzance to the Mediterranean, is got into Scilly with much Damage, after being on the Rocks. The Cargo is landed.

GOOD INTENT [6/3/1809] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 21/2/1809, No. 4329:

“The Good Intent, Lefevre, from Waterford to Lisbon and Cadiz, is put into St. Mary’s Scilly, with loss of Anchors and Cables, having been on shore.

Also; Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 11/3/1809:

The Good-Intent of Jersey, Lefevre, from Waterford for Lisbon, struck on the Woolpack rock, Scilly, 6th inst. and filled. Part of the cargo is lost, but the vessel has been towed into St. Mary’s.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 14/3/1809, No. 4335.

GOOD INTENT [25/11/1814] (TL) – Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Monday, 28/11/1814:

The ketch L’Egere, from Nantz, arrived here last evening, having part of the crew (the mate and five men) of the brig Good Intent, of and bound to Teignmouth, Samuel Tamlin, master, from Newport, with coals, taken by the American schooner privateer Lawrence, Capt. Vassey, which had taken seven prizes, five of which were sent to America, one given up, and the seventh, the Good Intent, burnt.”

Lloyd’s List: 25/11/1814, No. 4926, reports the Lawrence had nine guns and 70 men.

GOOD INTENT [4/1817] (DNR) - Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 5/4/1817:

The Good Intent, Tregarthen, lately got stuck in coming out of Scilly, and filled with water, but has been since repaired.”

GOOD INTENT [30/10/1823] (DNR) - The Morning Chronicle Issue 17025, 12/11/1823:

The Good Intent was driven ashore at St. Helen's, Isles of Scilly.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 11/11/1823, No. 5854: “Scilly, 4th Nov. – During the Gale or Hurricane on the 30th ult. the Good Intent, Brunard, from Newport to Waterford, drove from her anchors in St. Helen’s harbour, on the Rocks, where she bilged and remains full of water. The material will be saved, and should the weather prove moderate next spring tides, she may be got off after discharging.”

GOOD INTENT [12/1867] (TL) – Recorded in the IOSM, page 89. A Portuguese brigantine with coal for Oporto lost in fog at the back of Great Ganilly. No other records found. Further research needed.

GOTHLAND [24/6/1914] (Sal) (TL) - Times: Thursday, 25/6/1914, Issue 40559:

The Red Star liner Gothland, which ran on to the Crim rocks, about a mile from the Bishop lighthouse, Scilly, on Tuesday, in a thick fog, was reported by Lloyd’s yesterday to be in a perilous position. The vessel had a considerable list to port, having been badly holed, and five salvage boats were standing by. The passengers numbering over 80, mostly Russian and other emigrants returning from Canada after rejection, were housed and fed at St. Mary’s after their rescue, described in the Times of yesterday. The only mishap was the falling of one of the Gothland’s boats into the sea, owing to the breaking of the tackle. After an exciting scene, in which gallantry was shown by a quartermaster of the liner and the coxswain of the St. Mary’s lifeboat, all the passengers were got safely ashore. They will be taken to Antwerp, whence the Gothland was bound from Montreal. There has been no loss of life, and only two or three cases of injury. The fog cleared yesterday, and a large part of the crew returned to the stranded liner to remove the cargo, in the hope of getting her off at high tide. A large part of the cargo is grain, and this was escaping into the sea yesterday through rents made in the hull by the rocks.

Note: The St. Mary’s and St. Agnes lifeboats record that 152 persons were saved.

GOUGOU [12/1927] (AD) (Sal) – Cornishman, Wednesday, 28/12/1927: A very long and dramatic story of the plight of the three-masted schooner Gougou ten days out of Cardiff with a cargo of coal. The vessel was bound to a French port, and ran into a strong easterly gale which blew her towards the Scillies. She lost her small boats so crew could not leave what became an uncontrollable vessel. Fortunately, she was spotted by the German steamer Westphalia which radioed for assistance. The lifeboat put out from St. Mary’s and succeeded in rescuing the seamen and leaving the Gougou derelict. The Gougou was eventually recovered by the Trinity steamer, Mermaid, and salvaged.

Much more detail in the report.

GOVERNOR MILNE [11/1805] (TL) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 9/11/1805:

The Governor Milne, Moffat, from Grenada to London, is retaken by the Minerva, of Guernsey, and is on shore at Scilly. 130 hogsheads of sugar saved.” More detail in IOSM, page 43.

GRACIA DIVINA [25/10/1758] (TL) - Leeds Intelligencer Tuesday, 21/11/1758:

The Happy Adventure, Captain Repham from Leghorn, for London, last from Scilly, laden with silk & sundries, is arrived in Mounts Bay, and brings an account that the Gracia Divina struck on a rock some distance from that island; twenty-nine men escaped in the long boat; fifty men were left on board, who perished. The ship was immediately beat to pieces and little or nothing saved. Her cargo consisted of 350 bales of currents, 64 bales of silk, 70 of cochineal, and betwixt 30 and 40,000 pounds sterling in dollars.” Also; Lloyd’s List: Fri. 3/11/1758, No. 2381 & detail in IOSM, page 25.

GRAFTON [24/1/1770] (DNR) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 30/1/1770, No. 3548:

Lynn Jan. 24, we have advice from Scilly that the pilot of the Grafton, Green, ran her upon a rock going into Scilly & has done a considerable deal of damage, but that she got off by laying her ashore & stopt part of her leaks & will be able to get her to Liverpool where she is bound to, loaded with corn.

CRAIGARD 1/7/1915] (TL) (WL1) - 3,286 gross tons, 1/7/1915, 50 miles SW by S from Wolf Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref. (See also MAT.)

GRAND TRIMMER [c.22/2/1781] (TL) - Reading Mercury, 5/3/1781:

A letter from Falmouth, dated February 22nd says, “A cutter is just arrived from a cruise; the Captain of which says, he saw the Grand Trimmer, privateer of London, lost on the rocks off Scilly and every soul perished.

GRANVILLE [6/12/1754] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 3/1/1754 No. 1981:

The Granville, Knox, from Boston for London, is ashore at Scilly, but most of the Cargo is saved, and tis thought the Ship will be got off.

GRASSHOLM [8/1906] (DNR) - Cornishman, Thursday, 23/8/1906: “The steam trawler Grassholm, of South Shields, went ashore at Scilly during a fog on Monday night. She was re-floated, and assisted into harbour by the St. Mary’s lifeboat. The Grassholm was making for Milford, with a cargo of fish.”

Later report: “It appeared that in response to signals of distress on Monday night, the lifeboats at Scilly put out early on Tuesday morning. The St. Mary’s boat found the steam trawler Grassholm, of South Shields anchored near Minalto. She had struck and was making water. Assistance was put aboard, and the steamer was taken to harbour. The damage will not be known till low water.

GRATITUDE [18/3/1813] See Providence [1813]

GRENADA [9/1810] (TL) - Morning Chronicle September 1810: Wreck of the ‘Grenada’.

"The Master of the vessel lost near Scilly in August (at that time supposed to be the ‘Juno’ in consequence of an oar washing ashore with the name on it) is Thomas Oxton, his body having been washed on shore near Padstow, and by the bill of sundries* found in his pocket, for the use of the ships company, the following are supposed to be part of the crew, viz. – Matthew? Andrew? Lawson; J. Winder; Ennis; John Bremelow; John Crune; F. Carpenter; James Henery and John White. There is little doubt but the above vessel was the ‘Grenada’ Captain T. Oxton, from Grenada." *Water damaged.

GRENADA [c.12/9/1908] (PTL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 17/9/1908:

At 2.10 p.m. on Saturday the steamer Manchester Spinner, passed Scilly east, and reported having rescued the crew of the barquentine Grenada.” No other references have come to light.

GRETA HOLME [11/12/1911] – See Antonios.

GREYHOUND [1735] (TL) - Caledonian Mercury, Thursday, 23/1/1735, page 2:

The Greyhound, Harrison, is lost upon the Coast of Scilly, and all on board perished, except one Boy.

GREY GHOST [14/10/1976] (TL) – Ref. IOSM page 134: Charter dive boat, broke from her moorings, and drove ashore at Porthmellon, St. Mary’s, where she became a total loss.

GRIFFIN [c.26/5/1739] (TL) - Newcastle Courant, Saturday, 26/5/1739, page 1:

The Griffin, of North-Yarmouth, Capt. Nichols, bound from Sicily with Wheat to Harvre de Grace, having lost her Rudder in bad Weather, stood for the islands of Scilly, where Assistance came off, and brought her to Anchor; but a Gale of Wind springing up, and the Ground being foul, her Cable parted and she driving upon the Rocks, went to pieces; but the Crew was saved.

The incident above is what gave rise to the name on ‘Nichols Rock’ in Porthcressa, St. Mary’s.

GROOTZEESJK [3/11/1864] (TL) – Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, Saturday, 12/11/1864:

Shields: The barque Mary Hall, Mackey, of South Shields, from Taganrog, arrived at Scilly on the 6th inst., having on board the 8 crew of a Dutch schooner Grootzeesjk, which foundered on the 3rd inst.”

Also Royal Cornwall Gazette, 11/11/1864, giving the master as Mackey, schooner Grootzeesjk, from Buenos Ayres for Antwerp with a cargo of hides. “The crew having a great part of their cloths.

GRUSHBEKA [8/1870] (TL) – Newcastle Journal, Tuesday, 23/8/1870: Shields:

Six of the crew of the new screw steamer Grushbeka have arrived here, their vessel having foundered off Scilly.

Also; Belfast Morning News, 26/8/1870. Note: This was a new Tyne steamer built by Messrs. Mitchell & Walker, near Shields. It had a total crew of thirteen who were picked up by a Spanish brig and transferred on board the Glasgow steamer William Connon. This report spells the name Grushehka.

GUERNSEY PACKET [c.3/2/1785] (TL) - Sussex Advertiser Monday, 21/2/1785:

A letter from Guernsey says, that the ‘Guernsey Packet’, bound from Southampton to that island was lost in a storm of wind on the morning of the 3rd ult. The crew were taken up by a French ship, which was afterwards driven upon the rocks of Scilly; at which place the crew were again taken aboard another ship and carried to St. Mary’s Island, from whence they got passage home.”

GUILDHALL [25/6/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 2,609 gross tons, defensively armed, 25/6/1917, 40 miles SW by W ½ W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 12 lives lost.


GULFLIGHT [1915] (DNR) - Times: Monday, 3/5/1915, Issue 40844:

An American oil tank vessel, the Gulflight, Port Arthur for Rouen, was torpedoed on Saturday off the Bishop Lighthouse. The captain died of heart failure from the shock and two sailors were drowned.” Times: Tuesday, 4/5/1915, Issue 40845: Loss of Gulflight.

The steamer Lyonesse has brought from Scilly to Penzance 33 of the crew and the body of Captain Gunther of the American tank steamer Gulflight, torpedoed off Scilly on Saturday. The chief officer and the chief engineer remain on the island to look after the company’s interests.”

Important war story with good detail. More detail available. See Edale.


‘H’ Entries

H 28 [6/1913] (FFU) – Cornishman, Thursday, 5/6/1913:

The French pilot boat H 28, while trying to enter Scilly harbour became unmanageable, and drove ashore on Tresco beach, east of the Mare Ledges. The crew got ashore with assistance from Tresco. St. Mary’s lifeboat was launched, but was too late to render assistance. The boat lies in an exposed position.”

HAKON ZARL [2/1893] (AD) (Sal) – Hartlepool Mail, Tuesday, 28/2/1893:

Lloyd’s: The Hakon Zarl, Norwegian barque, Jamaica for Goole (log wood), has been picked up abandoned off Scilly by the Nigretia, steamer, and towed into Falmouth.

HAMPTON [12/1758] (PTL) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 6/1/1759:

The Hampton, Pearson, from Whitehaven for Southampton, was stranded the 8th ult. on St. Agnes Island, Scilly, but the People are saved.

HANLEY [30/5/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 3,331 gross tons, defensively-armed, 30/5/1917, 95 miles W from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, 1 life lost.


HANNAH [1/1/1740] (TL) – “The Hannah, of London, Archibald Liddal, Master, with salt from Lisbon. The vessel and cargo were lost, but the men were saved.” John Troutbeck, 1796, page 203.

HANNAH LOUISA [22/2/1839] – See Louisa Hannah. WoS page 87.

HAPPY JENNET (Y?) [12/1756] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 28/1/1757. No. 2198:

The Happy Jennet, Stewart, from Falmouth for Naples, is lost off Scilly.

HARLEQUIN [5/1/1770] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: Fri. 2/2/1770, No. 3549:

The Harlequin, Auckland, from N. Carolina to Hull, struck the 5th ult. in the night in a hard gale of wind, on the west rocks of Scilly and came off there, but foundered about 8 leagues S. W. of Scilly, the crew were saved with great difficulty in the boat and were taken up by captain Thompson bound to Newcastle, who arrived at Portsmouth the 13th ult., the Harlequin carried 1800 barrels of tar.

HARRIETT [24/3/1866] (TL) - Liverpool Daily Post, Tuesday, 27/3/1866:

The Harriett, from Ardrossan for Bordeaux, has foundered near Scilly.

Additional: Western Times, Thursday, 29/3/1866: “She sprung a leak, and one man was washed overboard and drowned. The Tiber, of Halifax came to her assistance, and took off three men. The vessels then separated, when the master, mate and a boy of the Harriett got into a boat, which was swamped and its occupants drowned. The three men saved were landed at Penzance on Monday.

More detail in IOSM & SI.

HARRIET [15/10/1886] (DNR) – Cornishman, Thursday, 21/10/1886:

On Friday morning the schooner Harriet, with part of her cargo (coal) on board, broke from her moorings at the old pier, St. Mary’s. Neither the captain nor the crew were on board at the time, but several men from Trinity steamer Hercules boarded her and let go her anchors. Notwithstanding this she continued to drive, and about 8 a.m. went ashore at Porthmellen, together with several boats which she had carried away with her. Fortunately, she went on the sand, and did not break up, but she is strained very much.” Lloyd’s List: 19/10/1886, No. 15,358. Extra detail in SI.

HARRIET & ANN [22/12/1807] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 22/12/1807, No. 4213:

The Harriet and Ann, Wilkins; and the Swallow, Painter, laden with Copper Ore, from Cornwall to Wales, foundered off Scilly. Crew saved.” Note: Record not very clear.

Hibernian Journal; or, Chronicle of Liberty, Wednesday 23/12/1807: “The Harriet and Ann, Wilkins master, with copper ore for Wales, foundered about 15 leagues S.W. of the Lizard. Captain Wilkins and his crew were taken up by the Hound bomb, and landed at Scilly.

HARRIOTT & JOHN [3/11/1810] (TL) – Reported in IOSM, page 47: “Harriott and John, master Baker, from Waterford to London, got on shore on the rocks of St. Agnes, but was towed clear and taken to St. Mary’s. Her cargo was saved but the vessel was lost.” No other reference found.

HARROVIAN [16/4/1916] (TL) (WL1) - 4,309 gross tons, 16/4/1916, 60 miles W from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

HARVEY [1805] (TL) – IOSM reports that Harvey, a brig was wrecked. No further information found apart from the reference to the Active. 24/12/1804.

HAST [11/4/1891] (TL) – Dundee Courier, Friday, 24/4/1891: “The fishing lugger Harbinger landed at Porthleven, Cornwall, yesterday Captain Neilsen and the crew, seven all told, of the brigantine Hast, of Arundel, from Cardiff to Newhaven, with a cargo of coals. The Hast sprang a leak and foundered when 15 miles north-west of the Scilly Islands on Wednesday morning. The crew took to their boats, and after pulling about six hours were picked up by the lugger in an exhausted condition.”

HATHOR [2/12/1920] (TL) – Cornishman, Wednesday, 1/12/1920:

The German steamer Hathor, seven thousand tons, while being towed from Chili, where she was interned during the war, was wrecked on Wednesday night off the Scilly Isles. The crew were saved by lifeboat.” Excellent detail in SI & WoS page 85-86. Lloyd’s List: 3/12/1920, Nos 33,193-5.

Hathor: 7060 ton German steamship, built 1912. 3-cylinder triple expansion engines. Nitrate of soda, oil cake, Chile to Portland. Sunk: 2/12/1920, on Lethegus Rocks after breaking free from tow and dragging anchors. Ref.

HAVELOCK [12/1868] (AD) (PTL) – Western Daily Press, Tuesday, 22/12/1868:

The schooner Havelock, of Chepstow, James Martin, from Tenema, for Antwerp, with zinc ore, was abandoned dismasted, and in a sinking state, on the 18th inst., off Scilly. The crew were saved by the Hugo, George, and have arrived at Falmouth.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 21/1/1869:

“Scilly: The salvors of the derelict vessel Havelock of Chepstow, from Tinas Mavor, for Antwerp, have by private arrangement been paid £198 for the cargo (about 140 tons calcined zinc ore), and by the award of the magistrates, they are to be paid £135 for the vessel, which was valued at £400. The first arrangement for the cargo was £181, but this has been increased to the sum above named.

The said cargo is said to be worth £6 per ton in the market.”

HAVIRE LA MONETTE / FRANCISCO CIAMPA [20/8/1896] (Col) (TL) – Cork Examiner, Monday, 24/8/1896:

London: The Italian ship Francisco Ciampa, from Swansea, for San Francisco, with coals, has arrived here, and reports that at 10 p.m. on Thursday, forty-five miles north-west of Scilly, she collided with and sank the French fishing schooner Monette, from Iceland, for Pontrieux. Ten men were saved and fourteen were drowned.” The survivors were landed at Falmouth; the captain was drowned.

Reported in IOSM, page 107. Havire La Monette, 133 tons, master Botrel, sunk off Scilly following a collision.

HAZARD [20/11/1807] (TL) – Morning Post, Saturday, 28/11/1807:

The Unity, S. Francis, of this port (Plymouth), from Bristol, bound hither, is lost at Scilly; Crew saved; also, the Hazard, on a small voyage, is lost at the same place, with the crew, except one boy.

HAZARD [28/12/1836] (AD) – Morning Post, Monday, 9/1/1837:

Scilly, Jan. 3: The Hazard, of Kinsale, was fallen in with, abandoned, on the 28th ult., in lat. 50. long. 10, by the Star, Hicks, arrived here from St. Michael’s: crew saved by the Ann, of Bristol, which was lying close to her.

HEADLANDS [12/3/1915] (TL) (WL1) – 2,988 gross tons, 12/3/1915, 8 miles S from Scilly Isles, chased by Submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref.

SS Headlands, built by Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd., West Hartlepool in 1892 and owned at the time of her loss by Sefton SS. Co. Ltd. (H. E. Moss & Co. Ltd.), Liverpool, was a British steamer of 2988 tons. On 12/3/1915, Headlands, on a voyage from Marseille to Bristol with a cargo of ore & fruit, was sunk by the German Submarine U-29 (Otto Weddigen), 8 miles south from the Scilly Islands. There were no casualties. Ref. Wrecksite. (See also MAT.)

WoS page 182.

HEADLEY [19/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 4,953 gross tons, defensively-armed, 19/2/1917,

35 miles SSW from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine.


HEART OF OAK [1/1808] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 30/1/1808:

The Heart of Oak, Wells (Willis), from Chepstow to Portsmouth, (with timber for the dockyard), is put into Scilly with damage, having been on a rock. It is supposed she must unload.

HEATHDENE [7/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) - SS Heathdene was a 3,541 gross tons British Merchant steamer. On the 7/9/1916 when 38 miles SSW from the Lizard she was captured by a German Submarine UB-39 and scuttled. Vessel was on route from Benisaf, Algeria for the Tyne.

No casualties. Ref.

HEATHER [24/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Referenced in SI. Steam fishing trawler scuttled by a German Submarine. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 123.

Heather, steam fishing trawler, 58 gross tons, 24/4/1917, 14 miles W by N from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by bombs. Ref

HEATHMORE [5/7/1897] (TL) – Shields Daily Gazette, Tuesday, 6/7/1897:

A telegram from Lloyd’s agent at Penzance to-day states that the steamer Heathmore, master A. F. Hird, of London, from Bilboa for Glasgow, with a cargo of iron ore, struck the Seven Stones Rock, and sank in forty fathoms last evening. The captain and crew were saved and landed at Penzance by the Trinity steamer Alert. The Heathmore was a fine vessel of 1,864 gross tons, and built in 1883.”

Lloyd’s List: 5/7/1897, No. 18,668. & Lloyd’s List: 6/7/1897, No. 18,669.

Reports in IOSM, SI & WoS page 170.

HECLA [1/1832] (DNR) – Morning Post, Tuesday, 24/1/1832:

The Hula (sic), Jameson, from Dundee, has arrived at Scilly with much damage, and about a quarter of her cargo thrown overboard; bound to New York.” Cargo included linens and she had to discharge in order to be repaired.”

HECTOR (LE HECTOR) [c.6/3/1781] (TL) - Leeds Intelligencer Tuesday, 13/3/1781:

The Le Hector and Sartine French armed ships of 36 guns each, with all their people, were entirely lost on the 6th ult. off Scilly.

Same report: “At Scilly; Advice was received last night at the Admiralty that the Conquerant, a French ship of 74 guns was cast away a few nights since off the rocks of Scilly and not a single man out of 700 has escaped the wreck. Her masts and stern beam, with the word Conquerant carved upon it; and her head, a lion rampant, are driven ashore off Penzance.

Also; Possibly related to above is: Caledonian Mercury Wednesday 14/3/1781:

The ‘Juste’ frigate of 44 guns, and 340 men, was wrecked upon the rocks of Scilly on Saturday the 10th, and not a single person, officer or man, saved. A sixty-four-gun ship named Le Priappes, supposed to have been the Atlas, was lost at the same time, and all the crew perished.”

Check – Admiral de Ternay and an English Convoy, G Rutherford p 158.

HECTOR [3/1783] (TL) – Hibernian Journal; or, Chronicle of Liberty, Friday 28/3/1783:

London, March. 20. – The Hector, a French Merchant Ship, from Nantz to St. Domingo, drove on Shore off Scilly, on Friday last, in a Gale of Wind, and was totally lost, with several of the Crew.”

HEDDA [4/1894] (PTL) – Nottinghamshire Guardian, Saturday, 14/4/1894:

A Lloyd’s telegram from Scilly says there was picked up on Friday at Scilly Head a board six feet long marked on one side Hedda; on the other Goteborg; also a passenger list of second and steerage passengers, about 450 names, principally Germans. No date of ship’s name was attached to the paper, which had not been in the water long.” Warrants research.

HEED [21/1/1832] (DNR) - Plymouth Chronicle, 29/1/1832:

Heed from Sierra Leone, for London, arrived at Scilly badly damaged, cargo removed for repair.”

HEKLA [26/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - Ref. (See also MAT.) Stopped (U-53) and sunk 120 miles NW of Skyne Head. Relevance of entry needs checking. Listed in WoS as 30 miles S.W. of the Wolf Rock.

HELICOPTER G-BEON – [16/7/1983] (TL) – Sikorsky S-61 Air-crash. IOSM page 135 & 136.

HELEN’S BANK [18/11/1864] (DNR) – Detailed report in Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday 25/11/1864. Précis: The Helen’s Bank of Alloa, Lawson, master, from Colombo for London was anchored in a very exposed position with only 3 men and a boy on board. The master and the rest of the crew were on shore suffering scurvy and diarrhea. She dragged her anchors until she was close to the rocky shore on the north side of St. Mary’s. As the tide ebbed she beat heavily on a rocky bottom. Efforts were made to get her off and finally the Little Western was able to get her to the St. Mary’s Pier.

HENDON [29/4/1877] (TL) - Times: Friday, 4/5/1877, Issue 28933:

Falmouth, May 3 - The Hendon from Liverpool for Cronstadt, with salt, sprung a leak, and the pumps becoming chocked the vessel was abandoned ten miles E. N. E. of Scilly at 2 p.m. on the 29th April, and foundered half an hour later. The Jeune Henri, from Cardiff for Madras, brought the crew of the Hendon to this port.” Similar report in SI & IOSM.

HENRIETTA [14/10/1794] (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 10/10/1794, No. 2654:

The Cutter Henrietta, with part of the Cargo of the Beckford, from Saffee, performing quarantine at Scilly, was drove on shore at Scilly on the 4th ult. the skins are landed.

HENRIETTA [9/11/1816] (DNR) - The ship was driven ashore in the Isles of Scilly. She was refloated on 11 November but was subsequently driven ashore again. Henrietta was later re-floated and taken in to St. Mary's. Lloyd's List: - Nov. 26. Caledonian Mercury, Issue 14824, 22/11/1816.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 26/11/1816, No. 5129:

“The Henrietta, Perry, from Swansea to Rotterdam, and the Edward, Banfield, from Malaga, which were driven on shore at Scilly 9th ult. have been got off and carried into St. Mary’s Pier; the former with considerable damage, and almost full of water, and must discharge; the latter with trifling damage, and has arrived in Milford.

HENRY [5/1/1805] (FFU) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 8/1/1805, No. 4181:

The Henry, Wheatley, from Liverpool to London, struck on a Rock at Scilly, and is full of Water.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette; Liverpool to London: Adds; master Wheatley. Cargo: wheat & flour.

HERALD [4/9/1814] (FFU) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 13/9/1814.

The Herald Transport, Radley, from Lisbon, put into Scilly 4th ult., in a leaky state, having struck a Rock.”

HERALD [9/5/1845] (DNR) – Glasgow Citizen, Saturday, 24/5/1845:

The Herald from Lisbon to Liverpool, bore up for Scilly Islands with a strong N.N.E. gale; when off the Land’s End, on the 9th inst. in working up St. Mary’s Sound, missed stays and ran on a rock, but got off with loss of anchors, and ran to St. Mary’s Pool without much damage, and will proceed.

Detail in IOSM, master reported as Scaddan.

HERCULES [4/1865] (Sal) – Shields Daily Gazette, Saturday,15/4/1865:

The Hercules, ketch-rigged vessel, about 51 tons, of Swansea, apparently laden with timber, deals, &c., has been brought into Scilly, a derelict, by the brig Irt, Consitt, of Sunderland from Bordeaux; she was found on the 5th inst. in lat. 47 44 N, long. 6 W, with rudder gone, and waterlogged; the hatches being off, part of the cargo appears to have been washed out and lost, and she is stripped of all sails and running rigging. No documents have been found on board of the vessel to show where she was from or where bound to.

HERO [5/10/1821] (TL) – A Pilot boat salvaging the Providencia. Lloyd’s List: 16/10/1821, No. 5636:

Scilly, Oct. 6th. – On the 4th ult. the Pilot Boat Lord Nelson*, with five Men, sailed for Penzance, the wind shifted to N & NNE from SW in a moment, to such a Hurricane never remembered here. The Pilot Boat Hero was lost on the following day, on the Rock of Helweathers; 21 Men remained on the Rock all night.”

Also; Caledonian Mercury Issue 15621, 20/10/1821:

The pilot boat departed from the Isles of Scilly for Penzance, Cornwall. No further trace, presumed foundered in the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of all seven people on board.”

*This loss resulted in eighteen orphans on the Isles of Scilly.

HERO [12/1841] (PTL) (RNR) – Morning Post, Friday, 10/12/1841:

Scilly, Dec. 7: Two boats, marked on the stern Hero of Dundee, Patrick, were picked up here 26th ult.”

HERO [23/1/1857] (PTL) – London Evening Standard, Thursday, 29/1/1857:

Scilly, Jan: The Hero, (Morse), from Penryn to this place, arrived to-day, and sank inside the pier head. Efforts will be made to raise her.” Report in IOSM.

HESPERIA of Scilly [12/1840] (LV) – Morning Chronicle, Wednesday, 23/12/1840:

Grimsby, Dec. 19: The Espereur or Hesperia, of Scilly, is lost near Christiansand; three of the crew landed here by the Whitby, arrived in the roads.”

HESPERUS [3/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) – SS Hesperus was a Finnish cargo steamer of 2,231 gross tons that was torpedoed on the 3/4/1917 by German Submarine U-46 when 72 miles WSW of the Bishop Rock, Cornwall, England when on route from Barry Docks for Marseille with a cargo of coal.


Referenced in the SI. Ref. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 112.

HESTER [5/2/1721] (TL) - Stanford Mercury Wednesday 22/2/1721:

On the 5th inst. The Hestor brigantine, Captain Marshall, from Carolina, was lost on the rocks of Scilly but all the men were saved. The only daughter of the Lord Edward Hatley lies dangerously ill.

HIBERNIA [10/5/1790] (DNR) - Times: Saturday, 15/5/1790, Issue 1682 & Lloyd’s List: Tues. 14/5/1790, No. 2194: "The Hibernia, Thomas, from London to Waterford, struck the Bundle Stone [sic] the 10th inst., and was carried into Scilly with 5 feet water in her hold."

HIBERNIA / WESTMORLAND [26/2/1811] (Col) – Caledonian Mercury, Saturday, 9/3/1811:

The Hibernia, Lennon, from London to St. Thomas’s, put into Portsmouth on Friday, with loss of bowsprit, head, and cut-water, having been run foul of near Scilly 26th ult., by the Westmoreland of Liverpool.”

HIND [11/12/1667] (TL) - Calendar of State Papers Domestic series Charles II 1667-8 - April 1668.

“Certificate by John Withers, Commander, and two other officers of the Hind, Ketch, that their vessel was forced ashore on the South west rocks of Scilly, 11th Dec, and was lost.” WoS page 63.

HINEMOA [7/9/1917] (TL) (WL1) - Sailing vessel, 2,283 gross tons, 7/9/1917, 35 miles W.S.W. from Bishop Rock, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire. Ref.

HIPPOLYTE / KEYSTONE [18/10/1876] (Col) (TL) – Manchester Courier and Lancaster General Advertiser, Tuesday, 24/10/1876:

Intelligence received from Lloyd’s yesterday morning, states that on Saturday last the iron ship Hippolyte, Captain Cooper, of and from Liverpool to Rangoon, put into Scilly, having been in collision 120 miles west of Scilly during the night of the 18th inst., with the barque Keystone, of Truro, Nova Scotia, 500 tons, bound from Baltimore to Lynn with a cargo of maize. The latter vessel went down in fifteen minutes after the collision, but the whole of the crew were saved by the Hippolyte. The Keystone was almost a new vessel, having been built in November last.” See also Keystone.

HIROSE [1/6/1915] (TL) (WL1) - Times: Saturday, 5/6/1915, Issue 40873:

Two Trawlers Sunk off Scillies - The Milford Haven trawler Victoria and the Cardiff trawler Hirose have been sunk off the Scillies by a German Submarine (believed to be the U-34), the former on Tuesday and the latter on Wednesday. In the case of the Victoria five men and a boy were killed by shell fire. The survivors from both vessels, numbering 14, were landed at Milford Haven on Thursday night by the Cardiff steamer Ballater.” More detail in this report.

HITTEROY [2/12/1916] (TL) (WL1) – Western Daily Press, Tuesday, 5/12/1916:

The Norwegian steamer Hitteroy has been sunk.”

On 2/12 1916, Hitteroy, on a voyage from Glasgow to Civitavecchia with a cargo of coal, was scuttled by the German Submarine UB-29 (Erich Platsch), 26 miles W.S.W. from Bishop Rock. No casualties. Ref. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 74 & Reported in SI.

HOBART [5/1862] (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 9/5/1862:

Scilly: The American brigantine Hobart, which was run ashore on Samson Island on the 29th of April, was got off on Friday morning, and towed into St. Mary’s Pier by two of the pilot boats, and it is expected that a great part of the cargo (barley) will be saved, although very much damaged.

IOSM has the name as Hobard.

HOLLANDIA [13/7/1743] (TL) - Caledonian Mercury Monday 1/8/1743.

The Dutch East India Company has lost a new ship from Amsterdam, for Batavia, with Mr. Imhoff, brother of the Governor of that name and all his family, with a very rich lading; which ship was cast away on the rocks of Scilly and not a man saved.”

Oxford Journal, Saturday, 13/2/1768:

“We hear from Scilly that some experienced Divers and Engineers were arrived there, in order to get the best Information concerning the Place where a large outward bound Dutch East India Ship was wrecked in the Year 1744, the Hull of which lies sunk in twenty Fathoms Water on the Coast, with a large Quantity of Silver on board.”

Also- Oxford Journal Saturday, 9/3/1754:

“A scheme is proposed, which will be carried into execution next month, for recovering the money and effects of all ships and vessels lost on the rocks of Scilly; particularly the Hollandia, a Dutch east Indiaman lost about 10 years ago; and we hear that the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Godolphin, Lord of those isles and seas adjacent, has granted to Gilbert Douglass Esq.; full power and authority to use ways and means for making this recovery for the term of five years. A new invented machine, to work underwater, with which many successful experiments have been made, is provided for this purpose, and several divers are appointed, among them is Mr. Mitchel, who recovered money belonging to the Indiaman that was lost some time ago on the Cape Verde Islands.”

Also; In Robert Heaths famous, A Natural and Historical Account of the Isles of Scilly written in 1750:

“About the year 1743, a Dutch east Indiaman, outward bound, was lost off St. Agnes in about 20 or 22 fathoms of water, with all the people. Their firing of guns as a signal of distress, was heard in the night; but none could give her assistance.”

WoS page 80-83. Plus, extensive bibliography.

Location: N49-53-660: W006-23-493.

HOMESTEAD [6/9/1920] (TL) – Western Times, Tuesday, 7/9/1920:

The steamship Homestead, of Newcastle, bound for Cork with coal, foundered ten miles north-west of the Seven Stones yesterday, in heavy seas. The crew of fourteen, with the captain’s wife and child, took to a boat, and were picked up by the French crabber Vauban, which landed them at St. Ives.

Lloyd’s List: 7/9/1920.

Brief reports in SI & IOSM.

HONEY [3/1824] (DNR) – Bristol Mercury, Monday, 22/3/1824:

The Honey, Annington, from Malden to this port, put into St. Michael’s Mount, Pier, on the 14th inst., leaky, having been stranded at Scilly. Cargo discharging.

HOPE [8/1785] (DNR) - Saunders’s News-Letter, Monday, 20/8/1785:

St. Mary’s, Scilly: The Hope, Captain Hamilton, belonging to Corke, is put in there in great distress, having received great damage in her hull, by being drove against a rock in a gale of wind, and it was with great difficulty she was got off; two of her hands fell overboard and were drown; one was left upon the rock, but was got off a few hours after.

HOPE [10/1795] (TL) - Lloyd’s List: Tues. 20/10/1795, No. 2761:

The Hope, Sliten, from Jamaica to London, is put into Scilly, with some Damage to Sails, &c.”

Later, Hull Advertiser, 14/11/1795, seems to indicate she was lost:

The Hope, Sliten, from Jamaica to London, is lost near St. Mary’s, Scilly.” Recorded in SI.

HOPE [2/1806] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 11/2/1806, No. 4296:

The Hope, Rees, from Falmouth to Neath; and the London Packet, Roberts, from Milford to London, have been on shore at Scilly, but got off; the former trifling, but the latter much damaged.”

HOPE [7/1807] (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 17/7/1807, No. 4170:

The Hope, Slater, from Waterford to London, is put into St. Mary’s Scilly, with much damage, having been on Shore. Cargo landed.”. Reported in IOSM, page 44. Detail in SI.

Later: Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 1/8/1807: Details of a Public Auction on 3/8/1807:

Auctioned: Bacon. Butter, Beef, Pork & Tongues.

HOPE [10/1810] (Plundered) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 6/11/1810, No. 4508:

The Hope, Craig, from New Brunswick to Plymouth, arrived at Scilly 28th ult. with loss of Bowsprit, Foremast, Maintopmast, Yards, Sails, Rigging, &c. in a Gale on the 22nd: on the 16th was plundered by a French Brig Privateer, of rigging, sails, stores, &c. and the following day was boarded by the Charles Privateer, from Rayonne, who offered to supply Hope with any thing she might want.

HOPE [5/5/1814] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Friday, 20/5/1814: (Issue number not shown)

The Hope of Fowey, Allen, from Swansea, was lost 5th inst. on the Seven Stones.

The Master Crew and Passengers drowned.

HOPE [2/11/1814] (TL) - Times: Friday, 11/11/1814, Issue 9365:

The snow, Hope, of 136 tons, from Lisbon to London, with wool, ran on shore on the rocks going into Scilly, on Saturday last; cargo saved, ship lost.

Also; Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet & Plymouth Journal, 12/11/1814 & Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 14/11/1814: “The Hope, Bartlett, from Lisbon to London, run on shore at Scilly on the night of the 2d inst.; Cargo landed with damage.”

Later: Royal Cornwall Gazette, 19/11/1814:

The Brig Hope, Bartlett, master, which lately went ashore at Scilly, as stated in our last, has since been beaten to pieces by the force of the sea. The hull had previously been disposed of for £40, but we know not what part of it has been saved to the purchaser.

Lloyd’s List: Fri. 11/11/1814, No. 4922: “To be Sold by Auction, the Brig Hope.

Bristol Mirror, Saturday, 11/2/1815: Anchors, Cables, Spars, Running Rigging &c.

HOPE [18/5/1827] (PTL) – IOSM page 58: “Hope, master Catt, for London, in leaving Scilly struck the Bacon Ledge.” No reference given and none found.

HOPE [19/1/1830] (TL) - Times: Thursday, 4/2/1830, Issue 14141:

Wreck of the Hope. On Thursday morning the brig Hope, Noble master, was wrecked near St. Martin’s, the day mark on that island having been mistaken for the lighthouse on St. Agnes. She dropped anchor but, was driven on a rock and went to pieces. About 100 casks of palm oil, 300 elephant’s tusks, a box of dollars, and some other articles of cargo, have been saved by the exertions of the islanders, who have behaved with the utmost kindness and hospitality to the captain and crew. Before the ship went down, a boat containing a Dutch officer, his lady, a black boy, and others put off for the shore; but before she had cleared the vessel, the main mast of the brig fell and crushed the boat to pieces, by which the officer, his lady, the boy, and one of the crew, were drowned.”

Times: Wednesday, 24/2/1830, Issue 14158:

Scilly, February 15. – Two small boxes of gold dust and 47 more elephant’s teeth have been saved from the wreck of the Hope, from Cape Coast, castle to London.

Later: “Scilly, February 20: Five more boxes of gold dust have been got up from the wreck of the Hope, and about 49 more elephants’ teeth.” Good report in SI.

HOPE [6/9/1839] (TL) – Western Courier, Wednesday, 18/9/1839:

Scilly: About one o’clock in the morning of Thursday, 6th inst. – the brig Hope, from Mogadore, with general cargo, struck on the rocks called the Bishop and Clerks and went down soon afterwards. The master and crew however, had time to get into their boat, and in a few hours reached St. Mary’s bearing the quarantine flag; but they were soon released, and have since been sent to England.

Nothing valuable has been picked up from the wreck.

Royal Cornwall Gazette, 13/9/1839. Similar to above.

HOPE [7/1853] (TL) (Sal)– Royal Cornwall Gazette, Friday, 11/2/1853:

The barque Hope, of Limerick, Fitzgerald, from Cardiff for New York, with railway iron, sprung a leak at sea on the 3rd inst., and was run on shore on Crow Bar on the following afternoon to prevent her sinking, having nine feet of water in her hold. She was got off and brought into St. Mary’s Pier on the following day, much strained and will have to discharge.

Times: Saturday, 9/7/1853, Issue 21476: ‘Salvage of the Hope.’

At Court: The Hope, of burden of 581 tons, bound from Cardiff to New York, with railway iron, split her sails, and became leaky. She made for the Scilly Islands, and was boarded by 23 men in three pilot boats, who succeeded in grounding her at Crow Bar. A tender was made of 16l., which the owners stated was done in error, and admitted that a very valuable service had been performed, but which lasted only two hours. The value of the property salved was £6,584. The Queen’s Advocate and Dr. Curtois appeared for the salvors, Dr. Addams and Dr. Twiss for the owners. The Court allotted £250.

HOPEWELL [27/11/1784] (TL) – Hereford Journal, Thursday, 23/12/1784:

On the 27th ult. was lost near Scilly a sloop, called Hopewell, belonging to Aberdovey. She was laden with pipe-clay from Tinmouth. The master and two of the hands were drowned.”

HORIZON [11/1864] (AD) (PTL) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Friday, 25/11/1864:

The ship Horizon, from Calcutta, with a very valuable cargo, has been abandoned off Scilly. She is owned by Messrs. Beazzey and Co. of Liverpool, who lost the Robin Hood, off Dungeness Bay, only three days since. The Horizon is insured at the Marine offices.

HORSA [4/4/1893] (AD) (PTL) – Sheffield Daily Telegraph, Thursday, 6/4/1893:

A Lloyd’s Scilly telegram states that the ship Horsa, previously reported ashore, has been abandoned. The crew have landed at Scilly.”

Lloyd’s List: 3 Entries: 17,347; 17,348 & 17,349.

Cornish Times 6/4/1893. Excellent report in SI. WoS page 146.

Location: N49-55-169: W006-23-354.

HORSE [21/5/1821] (TL) - Listed in IOSM. Royal Cornwall Gazette, 2/6/1821. Described as a fine Pilot boat. Sank drowning three skilled pilots, leaving large families. See: Pilot Incidents.

HOUND [10/7/1875] (TL) – The name of the six oared gig which overturned from Tresco to St. Mary’s drowning three men and a boy.

See: Local tragedies. Detail in SI.

HOUSATONIC [3/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Newcastle Journal, Monday, 5/2/1917:

Reuters Agency learns that the Housatonic was sunk off the Scilly Islands at noon by a German submarine. The crew were rescued by a British armed steamer.”

Times: Monday, 5/2/1917, Issue 41394:

Diplomatic relations between United States and Germany are severed. U.S. Steamer Sunk.

Twenty-five Americans among the crew.

The American steamer Housatonic (3,143 tons), belong to the Housatonic Steamship Company, of New York, was sunk on Saturday at noon by a German Submarine (U-53) off Scilly Islands. According to advices from Galveston, Texas, received via New York by Reuters Agency, the Housatonic had 25 Americans among her crew and 12 of other nationalities. She carried a cargo of grain.”

Report in SI. WoS page 186.

HOWARD of Scilly [2/7/1910] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 7/7/1910:

The ketch, Howard of Scilly, foundered off the Wolf in the early hours of Saturday morning, and the crew were rescued after an exciting time in an open boat and landed at Newlyn. The Howard was bound from Cardiff to Scilly and was laden with coal. She was in charge of Captain Cornish, and carried in addition another man and a boy.” More detail in this report.

HUDSCOTT [1/1862] (DNR) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Friday, 31/1/1862:

The schooner Hudscott, Quick, master, of Bideford, from Newport for Plymouth, coming in on the 22nd inst., without a pilot, struck and made so much water that when run aground in Old Grimsby harbour she filled. The Hudscott was boarded by a boat’s crew after she struck, without whose help she would have, no doubt, foundered in deep water and been lost. Her cargo it is expected will be discharged.

HUIT FRÈRES [30/1/1869] (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Thursday, 4/2/1869:

During the storm the French schooner Huit Freres parted her chains in St. Mary’s roads, and was run on the beach on the south-west side of the Island of Tresco, and will no doubt become a total wreck, as she is a very old vessel.” Lloyd’s List: 3/2/1869, No. 17,100.

HUNSTANTON [4/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) – 4,504 gross tons, defensively-armed, 4/4/1917, 36 miles W from Scilly Islands, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref.

On 4/4/1917, Hunstanton, on a voyage from Geelong to London with a cargo of wheat, was sunk by the German submarine UC-30 (Heinrich Stenzler), 36 miles west from the Scilly Islands.

There were no casualties. Ref.

Referenced in SI. Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 113.

HUGH [4/5/1809] (TL) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 3/6/1809, No. 4361:

The Hugh, McCoy, bound to Liverpool, was lost at St. Mary’s 4th May.”

Listed in IOSM, SI & WoS only. Little detail available.

HUNTER [24/2/1777] (PTL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 7/3/1777, No. 830:

The Hunter, Kennedy, from Lisbon to London, going into Scilly the 24th ult. at Night, struck on a Rock, and the next Morning filled with Water.” Limited information found.

HYDRA [6/2/1866] (PTL) – Liverpool Mail, Saturday, 10/2/1866:

Hydra, from Foochow at Scilly, with fore and main masts away.” Lost on St. Agnes.

Lake’s Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser, Saturday, 24/2/1866: “The salvage awards for assistance rendered to the barque Hydra, of Hamburg, on the 6th of February, are - £600 to the crew of the row boat Prince; £800 to the pilot and crew of the pilot cutter Gem; and £1000 to the steamer Little Western of Scilly. These claims have all been paid.”

HYDRA [30/1/1875] (AD) – Glasgow Herald, 4/2/1875:

The abandoned Danish barque Hydra, from Philadelphia to Copenhagen, with petroleum, is now entering the harbour in charge of the mate and four seamen of the Hoang Ho of Liverpool, having been fallen in with on the 30th January, 200 miles west of Scilly.” WoS, page 176 has Thyra.

HYDRANGEA [15/6/1905] (TL) – Western Daily Press, Saturday, 17/6/1905:

The crew of the Milford steam trawler Hydrangea struck on a sunken rock off Seven Stones in foggy weather, shortly before midnight on Thursday. The crew were nearly swamped in their punt, and were rescued by the lightship. The Hydrangea blew up just as the crew left her.

Lloyd’s List: 17/6/1905. Excellent report in SI.


‘I’ Entries

IDA of Scilly [22/10/1910] (TL) – IOSM page 116: Ida of Scilly, a motor fishing vessel of St. Mary’s was lost on Little Gannick in Crow Sound. Crew of three saved. No references found.

IDA MARIA [30/12/1869] (DNR) – Morning Advertiser, Wednesday, 5/1/1870:

The Ida Maria, of and from Dantzic for this port (Scilly), drove ashore on the 30th of December and filled, but got off, after discharging deck-load, with assistance, and now lies at the pier; her bottom is much damaged.”

Liverpool Daily Post, Wednesday, 13/4/1870, page 10, has a lengthy report detailing a complex salvage claim by the owners of the Ida Maria (which was itself in a badly damaged state)) against the owners of a vessel called Nerva which broke adrift and collided with the Ida Maria during a gale.

The outcome is summarised, a little later, in the Shields Daily News, Tuesday, 10/5/1870:

It was a case in which the owners of the Ida Maria barque claimed £300 for salvage services rendered to the Nerva, both vessels being weather-bound in tempestuous weather last December, in St. Mary’s Scilly Islands. The Ida Maria was water-logged and moored on shore ‘firm as a rock’; the Nerva lay further out and dragged her anchor, which caught the hawser of the Ida Maria, with which she came into collision. The Ida Maria threw the other vessel another rope, and saved her during the gale. His Honour held that there was only a partial act of salvage involved in giving out the second rope, and awarded £25 to the plaintiff.”

IKBAL [29/4/1917] (TL) (WL1) - 5,434 gross tons, defensively-armed, 29/4/1917, 200 miles W by S from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine, Master and 2 gunners made prisoners. Ref.

INDEPENDENCE [4/1843] (DNR) – Caledonian Mercury, Monday, 24/4/1843:

From Lloyd’s List, Scilly, April 17: The Independence, Keel, from Shoreham to Neath (in ballast) struck on a rock, beating into Grimsby 13th inst. knocked away her fore-foot, part of keel and stem, received other damage, and put into St. Mary’s to repair.

INDIAN [3/1832] (TL) – Fife Herald, Thursday, 29/3/1832:

The Indian, from Brazil, was totally lost off Scilly 4th inst. The crew took to the boats, and were picked up by a vessel from London to Newry.”

INDIAN CITY [12/3/1915] (TL) (WL1) – 4,645 gross tons, 12/3/1915, 10 miles S from St. Mary's, Scilly, captured by submarine, sunk by torpedo. Ref. WoS page 182. (See also MAT.)

INDIAN NAVIGATOR [31/12/1960] (TL) – “On 31/12/1960, the British cargo ship Indian Navigator, built in 1944 by California Shipbuilding Corp, on voyage from Hamburg to Calcutta with a cargo of sulphur, caught fire and was damaged by explosions, off Scilly Isles. Indian Navigator didn't sink immediately and was taken in tow, but foundered 3/1/1961.”


Excellent reports in SI & WoS page 192.

See also; Times, Monday, 2/1/1961, Issue 54968, & Times, Wednesday, 4/1/1961, Issue 54970:

The 13 Indian seamen on board the freighter Indian Navigator when she sank in heavy seas about 60 miles off the Scilly Isles on Monday night are now considered lost.” More in these reports.

INDIANA [18/3/1891 (AD) (TL) - Times: Friday, 20/3/1891, Issue 33277:

The brig Indiana of Liverpool, from London for East London, with a general cargo, was abandoned on Wednesday night, off Scilly, in a sinking condition and on fire. The crew landed at Scilly yesterday.

Times: Friday, 20/3/1891, Issue 33277:

The brig Indiana of Liverpool, from London for East London, with a general cargo, was abandoned on Wednesday night, off Scilly, in a sinking condition and on fire. The crew landed at Scilly yesterday.”

Times: Tuesday, 21/3/1891, Issue 33304: Inquiry into the Loss of the Indiana, 18/03/1891:

This was an inquiry ordered by the Board of Trade into the circumstances attending the abandonment and subsequent foundering of the sailing ship Indiana, of Liverpool, off the Scilly Islands on March 18 last.

The Indiana was a wooden brigantine of 300 tons, built at Sunderland in 1873, and purchased on January 30 last by Mr. G. S. Norris, who proposed employing her in the coasting trade at New Zealand. She left the Thames on March 13 with miscellaneous cargo. Including coal, corrugated iron, oil, paints, varnish, and other goods, bound to East London. The crew consisted of eight hands, and the owner was also on board. On March 18 the vessel was off the Scilly Islands, when she was found to be making more water than usual, and water was subsequently heard rushing into her. The ship was rolling and straining heavily, and, although two pumps were kept going constantly, the water continued to increase until about seven o’clock in the evening, when the crew abandoned her. Shortly after all hands had left an explosion occurred on board, and the vessel subsequently took fire. She was burning all night, and foundered at about 10 o’clock the following morning. The crew were picked up by a Liverpool barque. The Indiana was insured for £1,500, which was the price paid for her by Mr. Norris, but he had also expended over £900 in the purchase of stores, gear, provisions &c.

The Court on Saturday found that when the vessel left London she was in all respects in a good and seaworthy condition, and the cargo would have been a proper one had it been properly stowed, but the Court thought that, considering the mode of stowage, there was an undue proportion of dead weight. The cause of the ship making water on March 18 was that she strained badly owing to her excessive rolling in running before the wind in a heavy cross sea. Every possible effort was made to ascertain the position of and to stop the leak. All possible measures were also taken to keep the water under and get the vessel into port. She was not prematurely abandoned, and the ship and freight did not appear to be over insured. On the evidence placed before it, the Court was unable to determine what caused the fire, but when two crew left the vessel there were four lamps and a naked candle burning in the cabin and also a fire in the cabin stove: any one of the lights may have been upset by the heavy rolling of the vessel, thereby causing the fire. Neither the master nor the mate was in default, but the Court quite thought it a case that required investigation.

INDIPENDENZA [24/9/1881] (TL) - Times: Tuesday, 27/9/1881, Issue 30310:

During a dense fog on Saturday afternoon the Italian barque Independenza of Genoa, bound from Peru for Rotterdam, last from Bristol with guano, struck on the rocks near Bishop Rock, Scilly. The barque kept on her way but was abandoned by her crew while entering St. Mary’s Sound, there being six feet of water in her hold, and she afterwards went ashore. As the tide receded she fell over and became a total wreck, the cargo washing out of her. When the crew left the vessel the weather was so thick that the land could not be seen, and they could only guess their whereabouts. Arrangements were at once made for saving the cargo.”

Cornishman, Thursday, 29/9/1881:

The Independenza is become a total wreck. Several tons of her cargo have, however, been saved, and some sols (?), but it is very much damaged having been brought on shore in a puddle state.”

Lloyd’s List: 29/9/1881, No. 21,036. Cornish Times, 27/9/1881.

Reports in IOSM, SI & WoS page 10 & page 109. Anchors, rudder parts and an iron capstan from this wreck lie in position: N49-54-925: W006-19-529:

INDUSTRY [30/4/1756] (TL) – Leeds Intelligencer, Tuesday 11/5/1756:

The Industry, of and for Plymouth and Portsmouth from Malaga, was lost near Scilly last Friday se’nnight, a Boy and a Woman Passenger were drown’d, and the Cargo entirely lost.”

INDUSTRY [12/3/1782] (TL) – New Lloyd’s List: Fri. 1/3/1782, No. 1340:

The Industry, Griffith, from London to Dublin, was taken by a French Privateer off the Lizard the 11th inst. And ransomed for 1000 Guineas, and the next Day sunk going into Scilly.”

Varied report in Saunders’s News-Letter:

“The Industry, formerly the Thanley, late Morgan Griffith master, from London to this port, struck on a rock going into Scilly, and sunk at anchor in St. Mary’s Road, Scilly, 13th ult. The crew were all saved.”

INGLEMOOR [7/1915] (TL) (WL1) – Cornishman, Thursday, 8/7/1915: & Times: 3/7/1915,

Issue 40897: This story is a continuation of that of the Caucasian.

The Inglemoor bore down to pick up the crew of the Caucasian and had hauled up one of the boats when the submarine reappeared and opened fire. The Caucasian’s boat was lowered and 33 officers and men of the Inglemoor took to their boats and others got into a lighter which she had been towing. Then the submarine (U-39) torpedoed the Inglemoor, which turned turtle and sank rapidly.

Note: Both vessels were sunk near Scilly, the crews were taken to Penzance.

The Inglemoor was owned by Walter Runciman and Co., of Newcastle. (See also MAT.)

INGRID FREM [12/10/1976] (M) (TL) – Listed in WoS. Missing 35 miles north of Scilly in the Channel. Recorded in

INKUM [4/6/1915] (TL) (WL1) - SS Inkum was a 4,747 gross tons, British Merchant Cargo Steamer built in 1901 by Alexander Stephen & Sons, Glasgow, Yard No 392 for J. H. Welsford & Co., London. In 1913 she was purchased by The Gulf Transport Company (Liverpool). On the 4/6/1915 when on route from New York for London she was torpedoed by German Submarine U-34 and sunk when 40 miles SW from the Lizard, Cornwall. Ref. & (See also MAT.)

Possible position is far south of Scilly.

INTEGRITY [11/10/1878] (Sal) – Framlington Weekly News, Saturday, 12/10/1878, page 4:

The schooner Integrity of Aberyswith, having lost two masts, became unmanageable rounding Bishop Rock, Scilly, yesterday afternoon. One man (John Evans) attempting to swim ashore was drowned. Scilly pilots boarded and ran her ashore.

More in the Cornishman, Thursday, 17/10/1878. Here it is stated;

the vessel was about hundred tons, Evans master, from Lisbon for Wicklow, with phosphate of lime.”

INTREPID [3/11/1811] (DNR) – Morning Post, Saturday, 9/11/1811:

The Intrepid, Pray, from Peterborough for London, stated yesterday to have arrived at Plymouth in distress, encountered a very heavy gale on the 26th ult. in which she threw part of her cargo overboard. On the 3d inst. near Scilly, during a severe squall, her sails were split, and every article on deck was washed overboard, with two of the crew, who were drowned.

 INVERERNE of Scilly [1/1/1877] (TL) (LV) - Built in Scilly but not wrecked here.

See: ‘Wreck of the Invererne’ 1877 – Scilly Now & Then: 21, pages 19-21.

IRMA [30/9/1916] (TL) (WL1) - On 30/9/1916, Irma, on a voyage from Newport to Mortagne with a cargo of coal, was sunk by gunfire by the German Submarine UB-38 (Erwin Waßner), 28 miles south of Wolf Rock. Ref.

ISABELLA [23/12/1817] (TL) - Caledonian Mercury Issue 15013, 3/1/1818:

The ship was wrecked on the Seven Stones Reef, in the Atlantic Ocean off the Isles of Scilly. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from King's Lynn, Norfolk to Liverpool, Lancashire.”

Royal Cornwall Gazette, has the Master as Orriss and the voyage Lynn to Newport. Crew saved.

Lloyd’s List: Tues. 30/12/1817, No. 5241:

The Isabella, of and from Lynn to Liverpool, struck on the Seven Stones 23d inst. Crew saved and arrived at Scilly.”

Also; Lloyd’s List: Tues. 6/1/1818, No. 5243*:

The Isabella, Orress, from London to Newport, struck on the Seven Stones 23d ult. and sunk.

Crew saved, and arrived at St. Mary’s, Scilly.”

*Later report, may be a correction of the earlier one?

ISABELLA [6/2/1831] (DNR) - Caledonian Mercury Issue 17098, 19/2/1831:

The ship, Isabella, ran aground off Great Ganilly, Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from Aberdeen to Liverpool, Lancashire.”

The Morning Chronicle, 14/2/1831, has;

“The Isabella, Grant, from Liverpool to Newcastle, was on shore at Scilly, the 6th inst., and the great part of her cargo thrown overboard.”

ISABELLA [2/1832] (AD) (PTL) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 25/2/1832:

The ship Birmingham, of New York, from Liverpool to New York, out 21 days; about 200 miles west of Scilly picked up the wreck of a boat, marked on the outside of her stern, ‘Isabella’, and inside

‘J. Meyer’.”

ISABELLA & ANN [2/1/1811] Sal) - Caledonian Mercury Issue 13899, 19/1/1811:

The ship was driven ashore and severely damaged in the Isles of Scilly. She was on a voyage from Cadiz, Spain to Bristol, Gloucestershire. The ship was later salvaged & re-floated.”

Lloyd's List: - 15/1/1811, No. 4528: Master given as Barclay, Cadiz and Falmouth to Bristol.

Also; Lloyd's List: 22/1/1811: & Caledonian Mercury Issue 13902, 26/1/1811:

Auction of the cargo of Spanish Wool & Cork.

ISABO [27/10/1927] (TL) - Derry Journal, Friday, 28/10/1927:

The Italian steamer Isabo (6,827 tons gross) went ashore yesterday during a thick fog on Scilly Rock, Scilly Island. Twenty-seven of the crew were landed on Bryheer, (sic), and the St. Mary’s lifeboat stood by hoping to rescue the remaining eleven from the rigging of the foremast. There was a heavy sea, and the steamer’s condition is precarious.

Times: Thursday, 3/10/1929, Issue 45324 – Italian Awards to Lifeboat men.

The Italian Government has awarded silver and bronze medals to the coxswain and lifeboat crew at St. Mary’s, Isles of Scilly and to others who also took part in the rescue of the crew of the Italian steamer Isabo, which was wrecked on the Scilly Rock, in dense fog and a heavy swell, late in the afternoon of October 27, 1927. Three small boats succeeded, at great danger to themselves, in rescuing 28 men. When the motor lifeboat from St. Mary’s arrived after a perilous journey night had come, a gale was blowing, and the seas were breaking not only over the steamer, but over the men in the rigging. It was hopeless to attempt a rescue until day came, so the lifeboat stood by until dawn. Then she rescued the remaining three men. The Institution awarded silver and bronze medals for this rescue. The Italian medals are accompanied by certificates signed by Signor Mussolini, as Minister of Marine.”

RNLI: Silver medal to Coxswain Matthew Lethbridge and bronze medals to Second Coxswain James T. Lethbridge, Motor Mechanic T. H. Rokahr and Dr. W. E. Ivers.

Good reports in IOSM, SI & WoS pages 130-131. Location: N49-57-552: W006-22-938.

The Last Piece of England by Richard Barber, ISBN 184 114 1631: 2002. Pages, 73-78.

ITALIA: [13/5/1917] (TL) – Manchester Evening News, Monday, 14/5/1917:

Italian steamer Italia, 1,741 tons, went ashore on May 11. It is presumed she is a total loss.”

Newcastle Journal, Tuesday, 15/5/1917: “Italian steamer Italia (1741 tons) went ashore at 3.30 in the morning of the 11th, during thick fog: at 9 a.m. slipped off and sank; not visible at low water; presumed the vessel is a total loss.

Note: Like many war time reports details of the wreck site are lacking.

Popular diving site. Good reports in SI & WoS page 70 & 101. Location: N49-52-866: W006-20-320.


‘J’ Entries

J. L. NELSON [2/1916] (AD) – Derby Daily Telegraph, Tuesday, 22/2/1916:

The crew of the three-masted schooner J. L. Nelson, which was towed into Swansea on Monday derelict, were rescued by the steamer St. Helena, belonging to West Hartlepool. Captain Trott, of Bristol, master of the steamer, says that he encountered the schooner dismasted, and apparently sinking, off the Scilly Islands. He sent a lifeboat, and, despite the tremendous sea, the crew were safely transferred to the steamer, being hauled aboard by ropes. The lifeboat could not be reshipped, and was cut adrift.”

JACATRA [22/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – SS Jacatra was a Dutch Cargo Steamer of 5,373 tons built in 1912 by William Hamilton & Co, Port Glasgow as the Saint Theodore but was completed as the Jacatra for N V Rotterdamsche Lloyd, Rotterdam. She was powered by a steam triple expansion engine. On the 22/2/1917 she was captured, torpedoed and sunk by the German Submarine U-21 when 30 miles W of Bishop Rock when on route from Batavia to Rotterdam. Ref.

Part of the 22/2/1917 Dutch convoy.

JACKSON [1/9/1815] (TL) – Reported in the IOSM & SI. A vessel, master McCormick, which was wrecked amongst the Western Rocks. Crew of 16 rescued by boats from St. Agnes. No other references found.

JACOB JONES [6/12/1917] (TL) (WL1) - Times: Monday, 10/12/1917, Issue 41657:

The United States destroyer Jacob Jones has been torpedoed and sunk. Survivors have been landed at Scillies.”

Western Daily Press, Monday, 10/12/1917:

It is reported that a United States destroyer, commanded by Lieut. Commander David Bagley, brother of Mrs. Daniels (wife of the Secretary of the Navy) has been sunk. His name does not appear in the list of survivors.” Later report: “The lost destroyer is the Jacob Jones. She was torpedoed and sunk in the war zone on Thursday. A large part of the crew was lost.”

Sunday: “The Navy Department announces that Lieut. Commander David Worth Bagley, who was in command of the torpedo destroyer Jacob Jones, has been saved. The officers and four enlisted men, besides the 37 already reported saved, have been picked up by a motor boat and landed at the Scilly Islands.”

Excellent reports in SI & WoS page 186. Protected War Grave. (See also MAT.)

JAMES [3/1794] (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 4/4/1794, No. 2600:

The James, Pieters, from Carnarvon to London is run down off Scilly.”

JAMES [25/11/1817] (Incident) – Lloyd’s List: Tues. 2/12/1817, No. 5234:

The James, Harvey, from London to Corunna, was detained at Scilly 25th ult. for having landed some bags of wheat without entry.” Also a similar report, Caledonian Mercury, 6/12/1817.

JAMES [30/9/1821] (PTL) – Morning Post, Monday, 8/10/1821:

Scilly, Oct. 2. – A glass bottle was picked up on the 30th ult. by a pilot boat, with the following paper: - ‘Brig James, Dennison, Master, from Liverpool to Jamaica, this 16th, at 12 o’clock, all well,

50.6. N. long. 6.48. W.; thick weather.’”

JAMES ARMSTRONG [7/1874] (AD) (Sal) – West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 12/3/1874:

The derelict towed into Scilly by the Queen of the Bay is laden with mahogany. She is not yet got quite clear, but it is believed there will be no great difficulty in securing her.”

On the 19/3/1874: “The James Armstrong was towed round St. Mary’s and brought into St. Mary’s Roads on Saturday night; now beached in St. Mary’s Pool. Her cargo is valued at £8,000, and the salvors have put in a claim for three-quarters, viz., £6,000.”

West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, Thursday, 23/7/1874: “The James Armstrong, derelict ship, was sold by auction on Wednesday last, at St. Mary’s, Scilly for £460.”

JAMES GASKIN [12/1824] (AD) (Sal) – Morning Post, Friday 31/12/1824:

The James Gaskin, lately abandoned by the crew, was carried into Scilly 27th inst.

JAMES SPIER [17/6/1903] – Carter, C (1998):

Newcastle Steamer, bound for Bastia from Liverpool was rammed in dense fog by Norwegian barque Magdelen, 30 miles SSW of Scilly. She lost her mizzen mast and was towed to Penzance by steam trawler Buckhound.

JAMES and MARY [4/1789] (DNR) – Saunders’s News-Letter, Thursday, 16/4/1789:

The James and Mary, Higgins, from London to Limerick, sprung a leak off Scilly and put in there to unload and repair.”

JANE [1/1/1740] (TL) – “January 1st, 1740, the Jane, Thomas Barry, Master, from Newfoundland, with train oil and fish, for London, was stranded.” Ref. John Troutbeck, 1796, page 203.

Sherborne Mercury. 12/2/1740:

Very little is recorded of this incident other than the Master was Thomas Barry and the voyage was from Newfoundland to London. However, there is an interesting narrative in: The Gentleman’s Magazine. Vol. 130. July to December 1821. Page 637. Under Domestic Occurrences that may well be related to this same incident. Evidence being it stipulates a voyage from North America and by simple calculation the wrecking being of the same time period, i.e., the end of 1739, beginning of 1740.

The narrative is about the life of Michael Brennan who, was then being aged 112 years old, when describing events in his life, it states:

“He Left North America, and on his passage home was wrecked on the rocks of Scilly, lost all he possessed, and swam ashore naked and penniless, which brought him to his present situation. He is cheerful in his temper, engaging in his manners, and enjoys perfect health, and is able to travel 16 miles a day.”

JANE [22/3/1805] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 29/3/1805, No. 4203:

The Jane, Burge, from Bristol to London, put into Scilly 22d inst. very leaky.

JANE [10/1820] (Sal) – Royal Cornwall Gazette, Saturday, 28/10/1820:

On Sunday last, the Jane, Roberts, from Sierra Leone to London, was met by a Scilly pilot-boat in great distress, having lost her topmast, and sails blowing to shatters. The captain and crew were about to quit the vessel, and had put all the property they could remove with their letters in their only remaining boat, on deck, and were about to launch her, when a sea broke over the vessel and carried away the boat and all in her. The pilot boat happily succeeded in getting the vessel into Penzance.”

JANE [22/11/1825] (AD) (PTL) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 16/12/1825, No. 6073:

Scilly, 10th Dec. The Alert, Rainer, arrived here from Montreal, saw on the 22d ult. the Jane of Fowey, water-logged and abandoned, but it blew so hard that they could not board her.”

JANE [c.27/4/1852] (TL) – Montrose, Arbroath and Brechin Review, Friday, 7/5/1852:

Intelligence was received on Saturday at Lloyd’s of a fearful collision at the mouth of the Channel, which terminated in the loss of a fine ship and cargo and several lives. The vessel was the Jane, Mr. Carstairs master, of and for London from Boston with a cargo of general merchandise. About one o’clock of the night of Tuesday week, while bearing up towards Scilly, she was run into by a large ship at the mouth of the Channel, the name of which is not yet known. The Jane directly began to fill so rapidly that in the course of twenty minutes she foundered in deep water, and unhappily seven of the crew on board perished. The master and the remainder took to the boat, and were picked up by the Ontario, and afterwards transferred to a Dutch vessel which landed them in the Mersey. The vessel is understood to be insured.”

JANE [2/1859] (PTL) – Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury, Saturday, 12/2/1859, page 7:

On the 24th ult., a bottle was picked up from the sea-shore at Allenby, by the coastguard stationed there, containing a paper, upon which was inscribed the following;

“Off the Scillies; blowing a whole gale; masts gone by the board; water six feet in hold; making fast in spite of all hands to the pumps; master and three of the crew overboard. (God help us) James Harris (Mate). American ship Jane, of Boston, Dec. 24th, 1858. If this should happen, by God’s assistance, to reach land, telegraph to Lloyd’s, in London, immediately. Cargo thrown overboard. No hopes for ship.”

Also Times: Friday, 28/1/1859, Issue 23215.

JANE & ELLEN or JANE ELLEN [23/2/1840] (PTL) – Caledonian Mercury, Thursday, 5/3/1840:

Scilly, Feb. 25: The Jane and Ellen, Hughes, from Bangor to London, in coming through St. Helen’s Gap 23d inst., struck on a rock, un-shipped her rudder, went on the rocks near the Island of St. Helen’s, bilged, and filled with water.

Lloyd’s List: 2/3/1840, No. 8107. May be Jane Ellen. Cargo Slates. WoS page 143.

JANE OWEN [3/3/1889] (TL) – Northern Echo, Tuesday, 5/3/1889:

The Jane Owen, schooner, from Aberdovey for Plymouth, carrying slate, struck the rocks and sunk in New Grimsby Harbour, Scilly.”

More detail reported in SI.

Lloyd’s List: 5/3/1889, No. 16,076.

Figurehead is in the Valhalla Collection.

JANE SOPHIA / ZENOBIA [20/8/1886] (TL) – Cornishman, Thursday, 26/8/1886:

Part of the figurehead of the schooner Jane Sophia sunk by the steamer Zenobia, has been picked up and taken to Scilly. It was an arm, a red rose in the hand.”

Note: There is an arm holding a rose on display in the Valhalla Collection.

Currently recorded as from an unidentified shipwreck.

Seven Stones, Limited detail in SI & WoS page 168.

JANET of Scilly [1/1837] (PTL) (LV) – Morning Post, Monday, 9/1/1837:

Sheerness, Jan. 6: A jolly boat, painted inside of the stern ‘Thomas Barnes’ and outside ‘Janet, Scilly’ has been driven on shore on the Isle of Grain; also a skiff, about 16 feet long.”

JANETTS & MARGARETS [1/1822] (DNR) – Lloyd’s List: Fri. 4/1/1822, No. 5661:

Scilly, Jany 1st. We have experienced for the last fortnight, a continuation of the same dreadful Gales and tremendous Seas. The Janetts & Margarets, Marr, from London to Seville, drove from her anchor in St. Mary’s Poole, but fortunately got into a Sandy Creek, where she received very little damage. She has since got off and carried into St. Mary’s Pier. Part of a writing desk, legs of a cabin table, and several light articles have been washed on shore, those two or three days, but no marks to be found on them.

JANUS [6/2/1787] (TL) - New Lloyd’s List: Tues. 6/2/1787, No. 1853:

The Janus, master? from Dunkirk to Cape Francois, is totally lost off Scilly. The Crew saved.”

JANUS [1/1825] (AD) (Sal) – Lloyd’s List: 11/1/1825, No. 5976:

Scilly, 4th Jan. – The Janus of North Shields, lately brought in here, has sustained the following damage; her bottom much injured on both sides amidships; fore foot broke or carried away; stern post and skeg broke and damaged; rudder broke and part gone; mizzen mast cut away, and all her cables, sails, and a great quantity of rope gone.”

Later Lloyd’s List: No. 6006. “Penzance, 21/4/1825:

The Janus of North Shields, which was found abandoned at Sea, and carried into Scilly in December, has been purchased, and arrived here yesterday.

IOSM has good detail but need to check the date. Loss may have been earlier.

See Also; Public Ledger and Daily Advertiser, 13/12/1824, page 4.

JAPANESE PRINCE [10/2/1917] (TL) (WL1) – Newcastle Journal, Monday, 12/2/1917:

The Exchange Telegraph Company states that the steamer Japanese Prince was torpedoed without warning. The submarine was not seen but the torpedo, which struck the vessel amidships, was clearly visible. There was a terrific explosion. The crew, which numbered 75, including 30 American cattlemen, at once took to the boats. They were picked up in less than an hour. A number of the crew received minor injuries from the effect of the explosion, but no lives were lost. The Japanese Prince was a vessel of 3,079 tons’ net and 4,876 gross, and was built at Sunderland in 1911.

She belonged to the Prince Line Limited, Newcastle.”

Japanese Prince, 4,876 gross tons, 10/2/1917, 24 miles SW from Bishop Rock, torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. Ref. (Good report in SI)

British Merchant Ships Sunk by U-Boats, 1914 to 1918, page 98.

British Vessels Lost at Sea WW1, page 32.

Lloyd’s Confidential War Loss Record WW1, page 92.

JASON [20/5/1781] (TL) – Saunders News-letter, Thursday, 31/5/1781: